Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, May 20, 1789, Page 44, Image 4

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To George Hazard, Henry Merchant, George
Champlin, Peleg Clarke, William Tripp, and
George Sears, Efqrs. Reprefentativcs of the To-ton
of Newport to the Hon. Genera/ Ajfembly of the
State oj Rhode-Mand and Providence Planta
IMPRESSED with a sense of the necessity and
ruitice of an immediate compliance with the re
commendations of the Honorable the Congress,
refpecftingthe new form of government for the
United States of America, we cannot forbear
renewing our inftrudions to you on this interest
ing fubjeCt.
We are now arrived at a period, when the
principles which have actuated an opposition to
the calling a state convention in this State, can
not operate.
All the States (this and North-Carolina except
ed) have acceded to the new constitution, and
the latter hath ordered a convention to be called.
—The unanimity which hath prevailed in the
acceding States, in the election of a federal Pre
iident, Vice-President, Senators and Reprefen
tatives, hath fully evinced their approbation of
the prei'ent lyftem of government The new
Congreis is formed, and the new government
will be soon in regular motion, and operate with
suitable energy : The oppofers of it in this State
must therefore be convinced, that their oppofi*
tion to it hath proved and will prove ineffectual.
Let us now advert to some of the ruinous con
fluences which will result from the obflinate con
tinuance of an oppofitign to ameafure which has
been so generally adopted by die United States,
and is now established.
Thij State cannot exist without commerce,
agriculture and manufa<fiures ; these are natural
ly connected, and mult rife and fall together,
however the bad policy of some men may have
endeavoured to disunite them. But can \*e ex
peCl that our trade with the United States will
be continued if we still refufe to unite and har
monize with them, or that *t will be favorably
received by foreign nations ?
Have we not reason rather to conclude, that
we lhall be viewed by both as an impotent re
fractory State, which has forfei.ed all pretences
to a friendly intercourse with them : We lnav
therefore be assured, that our foreign trade must
cease for want of federal protection, and that the
ports of our once filler States will be fliut against us.
The inhabitants of the principal maritime towns
and of this in particular, will then fuffer the se
verest dillrefs : We receive the firft neceflaries of
life, bread and firewood, chiefly from the other
States ; and a large proportion of the inhabitants,
entirely depend for their subsistence, On Com
merce, and must perilh with its deftru<flion. In
this wretched situation, neceifity will oblige them
as the lalt alternative, to apply to the Federal
Government for relief and protection, and it Will
be undoubtedly afforded to them.
Anxious tc avoid the calamities, which threaten
us, and desirous to participate in the
which in the opinion of the WISEST and BEST
MEN in the United States, Svill result from an
adoption of the New Constitution, and at the
fame time, solicitous for the existence, happi
ness, and prol'perity of this State ; We your con
ftituents renew our InstruCtions, and urge you by
every confidcrarion that is dear and valuable, to
continue your strenuous and laudable exertions,
to obtain at the next session of the General Af
lembly, an a(ft fbr calling a Convention in this
State, for the purpose of adopting the Constitu
tion as recommended by the late General Conven
tion at Philadelphia.
Vfjtcd iffiajiimol/ sty.
P. BARKER, Toiuv-Cln^.'
"P HI L AT) tLPH lA, May 14, 1789.
A torrefpondent remarks, that were the Repre
sentatives in Congress to be continually present
ed With ail emblematic view of theftaples of their
refpecuve States, it might furniih them with
ufctul hints, and direct tlreir .councils to thept-o
motion of manufactures,from the great abundance
of raw materials produced in some States ; and
the extension of agriculture and commerce, from
the valuable produclions of others ; which might
afford a valt export trade, and be aii amazini
iburce of wealth a'fid prosperity.
In the Britilh House of Lords, the member are
i bated on wool Jacks, that the ittipoftattce of the
woolen manufacture, the great staple of Britain,
may be indelibly Jmpiefied on their minds. In
like manner, the Delegates in Coiigrefs might
have their feats wrought with some device, dif
criptive of the ftaplcs of their several Smt'es For
New-Hanipfliirfc might be represented by a pine
Maffichnfetts, by it-barrel 'of fi(h.
Rhode-lfland, (when federal) a hamper of
Connecticut, an ox.
New-York, a hogshead of flaxfeed.
New-Jersey, a bundle of flax.
Pennsylvania, a bag of wheat.
Delaware, a bag of wool.
Maryland, pig an bar iron.
Virginia, a hogshead of tobacco.
North-Carolina, (when federal) a tafrel of tar.
South-Carolina, a bag of cotton.
Georgia, a barrel of rice.
Our correspondent is far from wifhiiigthe Dele
gates in the general government, to confine their
vi-eAfrs to the local interests of their refpe&ive
States ; on the contrary, he has no objection to
the above articles being represented in one general
device, to be fixed in some conspicuous place,
where Congress might have a constant view of it,
and be continually reminded of the duty they
owe to their country.
The ADDRESS of the Ministers, Church
\Vardens and Vestrymen of the German
Lutheran Congregation, in and near che city of
Philadelphia, to his Excellency GEORGE
WASHINGTON, President of the Uni
ted States.
IT is with incxpreffiblc fatisfaiftion, that we,
the Ministers, Church-Wardens and Veltrymen
of the German Lutheran congregation, in and
near the city of Philadelphia, addreft your Excel
lency on the present great occasion. The entire
esteem, the exalted conlideration with which we
view your character, delightfully combine with
the duty we owe to this our country, and the love
we bare to every fellow citizen throughout these
ftatcs, in excitingusto announce the joy we enter
tain in your appointment to the station ofPrefi
dent in Chief.
The affairs of America, in which your Excel
lency bore so illustrious a part from the very
beginning of a moil arduoua.conteft —all along
exhibited more than the symptoms of a great and
general prosperity to be at length compleated.
The moll clouded portions of our time were not
without fume rays of hope ; and numerous oc
currences, through the blessing of Divine Provi
dence were brilliant and eminently fortunate.
The present happy crjfis sheds aluftre on the past
events of our Union, and it feemsto be the presage
of every thing desirable to come. Pleasingly do
we anticipate the blessings of a wife, efficient
government; equal freedom—perfe<ft fafety a
lweet contentment spreading through the whole
land—irreproachable manners with pure religion,
and that lighteoufnefs, which exalteth a nation!
Though as individuals we can be but Very little
known to you, yet as representatives, in some
refpedt, of a numerous people in this city ; and
being so situated as to know well the minds of
our German Brethren nearly through this state ;
we can with some propriety come forward in this
manner It is therefore with afjurance and plea
sure we affirm, that there is no body of people
whatsoever, that can or ever fliall exceed those
with whom we are connected, in affection for
your person, and confidence in your abilities, pa
triotilin and diftiuguifhed goodness. You are the
Man of their bosoms and veneration. On this
ground may we be entitled to some excuse for
what might seen. to be intrusion in the midst of
your numerous weighty engagements. And here
permit us to subjoin, that we shall never cease to
address Throne of Grace, with the fame
warmth and sincerity of heart for your present
and everlasting happiness, as for our own.
The President'* Anfiuer.
To the Ministers, Church-Wardens and
Vestrymen of the German Lutheran Congre
gation in and near Philadelphia.
WHILE I request you to accept my thanks for
your kind address, I mull pofefs myfelf highly
gratified by the sentiments of esteem and confide
lMtion contain lin it. Theapprobation my pall
conducft lias re*, "aved from so worthy a body of
citizens as that whose joy for my appointment
you announce, is a proof of the indulgence with
which my future tranfaiftions will be judged by
I could not however avoid apprehending, that
the partiality of my countrymen in favor of the
measures now pursued, had led them to expetft
too much from the prel'ent government ; did not
the feme Providence which has been visible in
every stage of our progress to this interesting crifi.
from a combinatien of circumstances, give us
cause to hope for the accoinpliihment of all our
reaf'onable desires.
7 hus partaking with you in the pleasing anti
cipation of the blessings of a wife and efficient
government ; I flatter myfelf th.-: opportunities
will not be wanting for me tofhowmy djfpofition
to fencourage the domeflic and public virtues of
mduftry, (Economy, patriotism, philanthropy and
that righteoufnefe, which exalteth a nation.
I rtjoice in having so suitable an occasion to
teftify the reciprocity of my esteem forth nume
rous people .whom you represent. From ti. ex
cellent charaAer for diligence, sobriety and virtue
which the Genuaws in general, who are fettled in
America, have ever uiairitaiired ; I cannot fortear
felicitating niyfclf on receiving from so refpec
talila a number of them such ttrong a(l'urance3 of
their affeclion for my person, confidence in ruy
integrity, and'zeal to fcpportme in nsy endeavors
for promoting the welfare of our common country.
. So long as my conduit shall merit the approba
tion of the Wife and the Good, 1 hope to hold
the fame place in your affections, which your
friendly declarations induce me to believe I puf
fed at present ; and ajrsidft all the vlcifiitudes that
may await me in this mutable exiiteitce, I stall
earnestly deiire the continuation of an intereit in
yonr interceflions at the Throne of Grace.
The insanity of the Baron Swede nlvtg, rj>
pears evident to every feniible person who win
inveltigate liis works. He fays,that as he v. as fit
ting once at an inn in London, a light appeared
in the room, from which issued a voice whieli
said (it is afiecfting to mention it) " I am God
Almighty, and eat no more," fcc. He fays that
angels conversed with him for about thirty years,
that they told him of the internal or spiritual
fenfc of the Icriptui'es, that they brought, when
ever he pleased, various person* from the grave
to dispute before hint. He fays, that an anoel
brought to him two men out of the mocm, one
upon the back of the other, that they were like
little men, Homuniciones, though only about
three feet high, that they spoke from the Abdo
men, and not from the lungs as we do, ex Abdo
men et non exptilmone, and that they had rough
hoarse voices, which frightened away the foul
spirits in the moon from them. He appears how
ever, to have had virtues, and in his works are
frequent marks of genius. Solitude and study,
perhaps, turned his brain, which will often hao
pen to men of severe application. Dr. Tiffot "in
his Treatise De La Sante des Gens de Lettres,
fays, that the famous Pal'chal conceived an abyss
of fire always at his hand, and that othei-9 from
study and a f'edentaiy life, have fancied that
they had no legs and could not walk, that they
were butter, and have thrown themselves into
wells to be kept cool.
Ki\csfON, (Jamaica) April 8. Monday lift a new pump,
eight inches diameter in the clear of thr fucking pipe, made by
Mr. Howard of this town, blacksmith and founder, was tried in
t.ic pieft nce of the file wardens, and a concourle of Ipcftatois; the
refuit of which was highly to the credit of that mechanic. After
the leveral fire engines had been filled, the fucking pipe of the
largeit was immersed in a tub, into which the f.ump discharged the
water, which it supplied with great ease ; the fucker of the feccmd,
- ing applied to the fame tub, both were fully supplied, together
with an overflow, nearly fufficient for even a third, at times when
the negro who w?s at the pump, exerted himfelf, there beuu but
one 10 trie handle at a time : —Upon the whole the purap gave
general iarista&ion, and is allowed to be the moll complete ever
exhibited in this country.—The new well near the bottom of
C lUrcjvSircet, into which Mr. Howard's pump is put, wascali
culated to contain about 2q 7 cubic feet, or nearly 60 puncheons
ol water, aud was emptied as far as the pump would fuck; (with
in a lew inches of the bottom) in twenty-two minutes.
Richmond, {Virginia) May 7. By an express just arrived
the County Lieutenant of Monongpj the Honorable Exe
cutive o this State, we are informed, " that on the 23d ult. two
parties ol Indians attacked nearly at the fame time two fa rallies 011
JJunker.creck, about 2o'or 25 miles from Morgan's-town, and
killed one man out of one, and the man, his wife and two chil
dred, which was the whole of the other family. The alarm
given to the inhabitants 111 that part ol the country bvth:s mur
der, hath become very fericros, and unlrfs fime speedy afliftance
is given, it is the opinion that Monongalia river (which runs
through Morgan-town) will be the frontier in a short time."
Cionti-TowK, May 7. Wecannotbut congrjtt
"i ' our readers on the prolpeft of Pat wmack becoming {oon
the common channel of convey, n < e for the produce of the fertile
country t rough which it runs. The water carriage is already
0 art ahhfnea, that five waggons are kept for thepurpofeof
conlhmily plymg between Wales' branch, the common landing
and George town. Colonel Dai Ik's boat lall week, brought down
a load of 662 barrels of flour from Shepherds-town, in Virginia,
and paifed Snanandoah and Senec» Falls, with fafetv and ease.
t he expence of carriage is mnfiderably leiTened, from 8/4 and
1 '10 P^ r barrelfroTn Washington—and the boatmen are very
active in folicitmg employ.
» I^u' 1 ** 3 ~'- p " lA > May 15- A gentleman, who haslately visit
ed the country between the Delaware and the Sufquehanna, has
ui.c'i ett , t lat there are Sugar Maple Trees enough in the State ot
ttnnfylvania to make as much lugar as could be consumed in the
«»i c states. This Maple Sugar has been examined in .Philadel
phia, and yields loaves equal inquality to that which is made from*
ne jmce o the W eft-India cane. To freemen, its ought
to be enhanced by the reflection, that it is not stained with the
iweat and blood of Negro slaves.
A correspondent informs us, that a number of houfekeepeis in
is city iave determined not to purchase or use Lamb in their.fa
mi ies. This public spirited resolution coincides with the,recom
en ations of the old Congress, ana the example of the new. M
■n't*l- gram and ve S ct » b '--s are declining in price, the farmer
vvii m 11s profits conliderably increafcd by the preservation of
his lambs, and a careful attention to his Iheep.
_ N r~!rr Do , N ' Ma y ß - AMr - Edward Wcyman, of Charles
, Ut .-Carolina, har., (by advertisement)
or managers of Giafe-Houfes in the United States of America, that
t'i s IS sO/f O / e y ac^ in (he secret art and practice of
p a e-g a s grinding ; rubbing, polifhiug, diamond-cutting, and_ , aTid is provided with the complcteil apparatus (out ot
uiopej to carry on the -above branches : All thole who wiih to
cnc°uAmerican manufa&ures, and chufe to correspond on
lS a ! *he Ci sting of plate-»lafs, may receive fur-
ITl" Wlth rc § ard to the manufa&ure, and the many
p. " nt *£ es therefrom, by applying to him, at No. 50*
Church-Street, Cba>lcßon. »
Published by JOHN FENNO, No! 9, Maiden
ant., near the Os wego-Mar'ke t, N e w-Yotr k.