Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, May 06, 1789, Page 27, Image 3
~ i: is "prefslydeclarej by the Con ■"r' \ Conerels (hall have power to reguiate trade, o oblige vessels to enter and clear, t It'purHe' s this power given r_Caa they be laid to <L trade in any degree whatever ? . Sylvester oWerved, that the article was ex- V .. words could make it, to his appreheniion thete P ! .« h, another" plainly indicated,, that the duty hau V „,;d'at'femeone port, to entitle to an exemptio been p ilu ° f «rb-ng taken, it palled in the negative, , Blah d's amendment was loft The firft artic'.c was then P ut and carried Thefecond article was alia voted, with this amend mei.t! tii* iniertion of the word NOW, before owned— js it ooiv (lands. . r TT The third article came next in course, viz. Upon a.i veiTels owned by the fubjeds of power, with whom the United State J had formed treaties, &c, Mr Lawrence proposed, and was Seconded, thatthe #o rds, with whom the United States had formed treaties, fbould be (buck out ot the report. . This produced,a debate, which was lupported witn (pi rit and ingenuity on both (ides . Mr CAWititCE obfervci, that the present fituauon o! the united States, fliould lead her to übferve a perfect teutialuy with relped to all foreign n.t ons whether in treaty with us or not—that we had not Hupping lufi.ient to export the produce of the country—confequ:nily, we null Employ foreign vesselt —nations m treaty could not fornifto*. and therefore we were under the neceflky to employ t ,e Briufh, thof« of our allies, and American, to traniport our produce, or eife it mull periili cm our : This r.eccffity places us in the power of-fereigie, s, and rives them every advantage.—Freight will b-.- inhanced in proportion to the tonnage, so that th'.s difcrimmation operates as a bounty to foreigners, and a tax upos ourown prodi.ee: But 1 appeal to ger.tkm. n, (Mr. Lawrence uid) whether the produce of the country can bear any addition to its pr:«—with relped to rice and tobacco, gentlemen from the fouth*ard mull determine—as to the produce of the eallern and northern States, it was well known it could not—the eaibrn filheries, it had plaicly proved were in a declining li ustion already— This diicrimination will be considered as a retaliating ra . a i urc . [t is fad tliat no commercial treaties now exitl between the United States and Spain, Portugal and Great Britain—we carried on a great trade with those countries; we might form luch treaties ; but iu;h regulations as were now propoled, would produce firoilar on their part — and in thai cafe our condition, bad a» it is, will be changed forthe worse. As the fith from the eastern States will be incumbered with duties in Spiin and Portugal.—As the mejfure refpeded Great Britain, the gentleman thought it was better to negociate, than to wage a war of regula tions—it would be better to try this mode at the prelent, the other would always be in our power— i his diicrimi nation will have a disagreeable etted—Great Britain is rich, old and powerful —we now derive advantages, great and many in our intercourse with thein—their ports in India were to us, a trade that was considered of immense importance, and which the influence of that nation in India could materially affect, either in our favor or again!)—the gentleman hoped we lhould there fore adopt negocia.ion before we tried the proposed ex pedient. Mr. Madison considered the fubjed is involving a general question—how far any difcriinination lhould be made: Gentlemen had oliferved, that our (hipping was not fufficient, he believed that was the fad at present, and if we did not want a maritime power, if the United States did not need a navy, he lhould be for opening our ports to the who'e world —But it is, Sir, (the gentleman observed) receffary to provide fcr our security—and though i\e may be obliged to pay a temporary advance and make ioroe facrifices to obtain it, yet it would prove afavingin the end, and may prevent the horrors ot war. Nothing efTerti'illy different, from wha.t had before been offered, has been now said, —I (hall therefore refcrve myfelf to make a motion, that time may be given for the operation of this duty. It is evident, that the sentiments of the people are in favor of a discrimination, evidenced by the separate at tempts of the refpedive governments, and if in the firft ast of Ccmgrefs this diftindion (hould be aboiifhed we (hall certainly disappoint cur constituents. The gentle- Wan last speaking contends, that we enjoy, advantages in our connections and trade with Great Britain. Bat fir, it is evident, that the object of that nation has been an universal monopoly: felfilh in her commercial regulations, we derive no benefits from her, but (uch as are extorted by her attention to her own necellities, and our peculiar advantages: There was a moment when Great-Britain would have negociated, but reverting to tier narrow policy, the want ot power on our part was cb jefted to. The executive of that country, have th, power to regulate their commerce as the Hate of things here may didate, varying their fyliems so as to pro note their own interell. Ido not fear their retaliating, they have no new expedients to try: If necelTary, the people will associate, and it is very certain that since thi reiources of the country have been explored, and oui capacity for manufadures ascertained ; an association a gainlt their manufactory, will now produce a greater c °nfternation than ever. 1 conceive »c have nothing tt apprehend: but supposing the word, what grievous wound can Great-Britain inflict ? Retlridions on the trade to tne Weft-Indies would soon bring them to reason, the\ full depend for the necessaries of life in those islands, on this country entirely, in a few years. What do w< from Great-Britain ? we may make them depend u P°n us, and (he would very fooa facrifice her pride ra tlltr than facrifice the eflentials of her trade and manu fa£lures. Their islands depend upon us for fubfi;lence— at this moment we hear tne cry of diltrels from one ol .iem : We have nothing to fear, the fears a:e on their tide. I have not, time particularly to go inio a compa nion of the commerce of foreign countries, but our JIL is now received upon peculiir advantages in France: cur RICE will soon be admitted accordi ig to the bell accounts. We Ihould not surely discourage our dlies at this interesting period ; there are between 80 and 90000 hogiheads of tobacco exported to England, and out about 16000 are consumed in that kingdom; tiie relt was re-lhipped by the merchants of Great-Britain, to all parts of the continent, and the fame may be said of the principal part of our produce lent to that coun try. Our ALLIES merit ibme advantages to place -heir navigation upon snore equal terms : It would be pleasing fir, if some diflinftion could be made in favour of Spain and Portugal, but at present, I do not fee how it can be done. Treaties, however, may soon be form ed between us and those powers: I rely upon the con liftency of condud, which will be observed by this house. Our conllituents are all anxious for some dilcrimination, and will be disappointed (hould the words in the report b( llruck out. Ido not contend for a great difference, but a difference is necessary, politic, and just. Mr Fitzsimons observed, that Great-Britain takes -xc'ufively from us, lumber —if 40s. per thousand dut) was laid, they mull pay it; the fame may be said of provisions: This was proved by the rife of these arti cles, and the rife of their freight—the freight was not in proportion to the tonnage —the rice of Carolina, was another article not to be produced ellewhere—flaxfeed and potash also from the ealhvard—6s. Bd. duty on ton n.ige had been paid in some of the dates, but it did not enhance freight, the charges fall on the conlumer. He acknowledged there might be some difficulties on ac count of Spain and Portugal, but none with Great-Bri tain, we were their bail cuilomers. Mr. Wadswuhth was oppofedto alldifcrimination— vie enjoyed, he observed .great advantages in our trade with G. Britain : Our flaxfeed, potafti, naval stores and lumber, were carried there upon equal and better terms than from other countries, that they were not corfined to our mar ket for these articles was well known, that to deprive ourselves of this market would be the greatest ill-policy as we could find no substitute : it had been acknowledged th.it the (hipping of the States, was not fufficient to transport the productions of the country in this situati on, fl.all we prohibit a competition between the several maritime powers, for our carrying trade, and luffer our produce to perish on our own hands? Policy forbids it— the slate of the union forbids it—and he conceived the house would be in favour of the motion to Strike out the clause in the report —several otheT gentlemen spoke upon the fubjedl ; Mr. Jackson', Mr. Sherman, Mr Lawrence and Mr. MADisbv, again; but the fub ltance of the whole debate is contained in the foregoing. The vote being taken to strike out the words " with whom the United States have formed treaties." It pal led in the negative, lb the motion of the Hon. Mr. Law • re nc e , was lolt. The House adjourned. Tuesday, May 5, 1789. , Rev. Mr. Linn, the Chaplain of the Hpule officiated for the firft time. Mr. Benson presented the report of the committee, appointed to conlider what title, or whether any other than what the conftitntion points out, fliould be given tc the Prelident and other officersofthe national government —which was that it was not proper to give any other ti tle, than what the Constitution contains —This report wa: unanimously accepted. Mr. Madison, one of the committee appointed tc answer the Speech of The President, introduced tht report of that committee, which being read by the Clerk, it was referred to a committee of the whole Houle—where being read and amended, was unanimously palled, and afterwards accepted by the House. Mr Bland introduced the resolution of the State ol Virginia, upon the fubjedi of amendments, which aftei some conversation, was ordered to be entered on the jour nals of the House, and the original deposited with the files in the Clerk's office. That part of the report of the committe of the whole re:~pe£ting tonnage, was then resumed—upon which Mr Jackson proposed, that the sum of jo cents on foreigr tonnage of nations in alliance, should be flruck out, anc 2oinferted. —This produced a long debate, (ketches ol which (hall appear in ourjiext.—No decision was had upon the proposition, when the House adjourned. NEW-YORK, MAY 6. THE PRESIDENT'] HOUSEHOLD. WHEREAS, all Servants anil others, employed to procure Pro v'fiors, or supplies, for the Household of The President of th< Unit ed States, will be furnifhcd with moniesforthofe purposes, Notice IJ therefore given, That no Accounts, lor the payment of which lie Public might be considered as refponable, are to be opened wits any of them. Samiil Fraunces, Sttaiard of the Household. May 4th t 1789. We are happy to inform our readers, in addition to the preced ing Notification,that weundcrftand The President is determined ed to puifue that f; fie in of regularity and economy in hit house hold, which has always marked his public and pi ivate life. As : oroof of this we learn, That the Steward is obliged, by his article: of agreement, to exhibit, weekly, a fair statement of the receipts >nd expenditures of monies by him, for and on account ot 1 hi President's Household, to such person as The President ma\ appoint to mfpeS the fame ; together with the several bills and re ceipts of payment for those articles which maybepurchafed byhmi where such bills and receipts can be obtained And it is l.kewif, tronelv inculcated upon the Steward, to guard againftany waste o xtravjgance, that might be committed by the lcrvants ot the family AMERICAN AtAKUTACtCRE. The Pa esident of the United States, on the day of his inau guration, appear id dressed in a cwftete•fuit oj Homespun ClGaths ; but the Cloth was of so fine a fau.iic, and so handsomely f;- nished, thai i' Jjas univc rjally nijlakekfor a foreign maaufudurtdfu.- perjine-Cloth. This fact,the 'Editor fetes, uillTipohgizjC' fp) his not having mentioned, in /us taji. a £, akich tnjjl.be ccvfidefcdas not onlyfiaitning tocur Man l fact uk ers farlv.xlarft but interefling to our Coukirvjiln t n generd/. 4 .. His Excellency The Vi ce-Pr esmunt, appears alio in a suit ©£» .•" American Mshufaflure—and fcvtral Members of both Houses aie by»the Tame token of artcnt on to tie mmuFaCttiring iatereftof their country. From this.bright Era, fee Colunwia rift' * ' Her Empire prop'd b, him who > ireh'd the Skies ! Fre dom and hdependence—AßTS, aid Peace, Shall crown the Scene till fine and Nature ceife. By accounts from Boston it appears, that the Trad'fke* and Ma nufaclurers of that metropolis, a. - following the patno.ic example of Ltic: r b. thrcn of Bultimoie, Philadelphia, and Ncw-Yojk, in oflb ciating t\?r the promoting of the of the UnioH : They all are turniftg tneir attention to the Giand Council of the Nrsticn, as tiie only adequate fourceof relief—thepropof their h pr, and from vvhofc power alone, such great NATION ALOIiJECTS can receive competent encouragement, lupport and protection. Tne Duck Manufacture in Boston, is patroniz-d by gentlemen of _ ■ the firlfc character and fortune in that p'aCe; «nd there is the greatest lrob:;t)ii'ty, that the ra vi ration of thai State, will in a !. j w years, be - rafted to every quarter of the globe, by canvas from the American Booms. The Manufacturing House CorDitckin Boston, is pleafahtly ri;ua :ed at the South Weft part of the town. The building is 180 feet lone; —two stories high—the upr>er part is improved by the spinners of the chains, or warp of the Duck— lxtetn young women, and as many gnl* 5 under the directiou of a steady mairon, are here employed. In the lower part there are twenty-eight Looms, which can turn aut two pieces of Duck: of 40 yards each, pr. we<-k. This Manufa&ure is a very great public benefit, as it employs a great number of the poor. Yesterday the Company fit The PRisident's house, was ex tremely numerous and refpettablc. The late intimation, that a GREAT PERSONAGE, will riot expe£t tilits on Sundays, has received the appteufe of all orders of citizens: The f, rious part of the community feel highly gratified in this mark of refpe& to what they con ider a DiV 1 N'h IN JUNCTION —while those, who do not re:i.£ upon the fubjeft lb solemn a point of view, yet, as good m mbc isof society, th.-y rejoice in thrctrcumftance as fanttioninj a wife and political mllU tution.—Happv talent ! of adopting such regulations, as meet the Ipprobation ot all ciafl< s, and give ollen:e to none. The-public addreffts pref:nted to "THE PRESIDENT of the United States, wear a different complexion from o?i simitar occzfions, heretofore offered to diftinrovih characters : It has been remarked, that these addrdlt* are replete with the im preilivt sentiments of the heart, a.id produce corresponding fenfa t ois in the minds ot every reader. A National ft ir it d:ftinguifhes and adorns the prcfent age—lt is difcoveitd ir. , rivate circ. ■>. in village in towns, and cities—lt 11-.ines in the ads and doings of the associated bodies ot mecha n:cs, farmers, and me i hants, by their emulation, industry, and rnterprize, by their improvements in arts, agriculture, manufact ures and patriotic contributions ahd exertions, to pmnv.te plans of ffc&lic Utility ; but the full force and * ! ory of this SPIRIT bla7es with meridian lustre in the great national council, wnrre, even lo cal interns are advocated only upon NATIONAL PRINCI PLES, and as they may ultimately advance the happiness and prof pcntyof the Union. The la ft Post brought us the full number of the COURIER DE BOSTON, a paper, publilhed at Boston, in the French language, By M. J. P. D£ Nancrede. The utility of such a properly conduced and fbpported, Will be very generally allowed : Theacquifition of the French Lan guage, is now become an object of importance, and to have the news, politics, occurrences* See. detailed inthat language, will prove a medium of acquiring the French tongue, wth the happiest facility. LHKATUM. In The President's Speech to both Houfcs of Cor.grefs, publifhtd In our lasl —lafl col. 3d pige,for " concluded," read included. PRICES CURRENT. BOSTON. New-York Currency. Wine, Madeira, - - l7 f- a *8/8. Lisbon, - - 9./4* Port. - - 9/4> — Faval, - - - 4/ Rum, Jamaica, - - 4f. Windward Ifbnd, - 3/«. Salt, firft Quality, - - 2/8. Bufhela — — Lisbon, - IJO. Ditto. Tobacco, James-River, - - per C. Maryland, - Sugar, in Grain, - - 72^ Lump, - - - 11^10. Loaf, - - - ifi. Brandy, - - 3 a 4- Biflcct—Ship Bread, - - 26/8 a 3°/.C. Plank, - 53/4 a *°f' Butter, - - - Bd. Coffee, - - 1 _/p. Cotton, - - 1 ft. Cocoa, - \o6fß C. Candles, Tallow, - - Bd. Spermaceti, - - 3/4- Flour, Fine, - - 45/4- 2d Quality, - - 37y 4°- Flaxfeed, - - 6jo Bulhel. Codfifti, Salted, - - 18f 8. C. MolafTcs, - - if 7 Gallon. EXCHANGE Upon London, Bills 5 per Cent, advance. ARRIVALS. At the Port of Neio- York. Saturday, Brig Hembcre:, Cadiz, 102 days. Schooner Pilgrim, Robins, Baltimore, 8 days- t Edward j Smith, Shelburne, 8 days. Sally, Mann, Edenton, 7 days. Schooner Esther, Swift, do. 7 days. Sunday, Schooner Sincerity, White, Baltimore, 8 days.; Lively, Major, Shelburne # 13 days. Sloop Brother , Walton, Digby, 13 days. Monday, Ruth, Smith, St. Croix, 20 days. Tuesday, Brig Columbia, Brown, St. 18 days. In future f this Paper will be printed and pub'fhed at No. 9, Mai dai'Lant) near the Ofixego Market.