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The TABLE T. -No. I.
" To rail at the times at large, can Jirve no good putpofe : and generally
arijcthJrom a want jJ or a,want oj tione/ly."
IT is usually expetted that writers, who enter
upon a course of publications, ihould exhibit
some outlines of a plan. This, in the present in
stance, is not practicable, with any degree of pre
eifion. With reipeit to this tmdertaking, the
writet can better inform the publick, what he in
tends to avoid, than what he expects to perform.
His attention will be entirely withdrawn from e
very subject or occurrence that is calculated to ex
cite party spirit.—How far the intrigues of clubs
or the jars of faction may eventually have a good
or bad effect on society, enters not into the views
of this publication. It can be of 110 importance to
an author to ascertain the relative character of
fecfts or parties; when his plan only requires him
to eitabliih such maxims, and to recommend such
institutions and habits, as will not counteract the
honest purposes of any man, whatever may be his
ideas relpecting forms of government or religion.
A writer, who profellcs truth for his aim, and a
dopts reaf'on for hi 3 guide, will not have occasion
implicitly to follow the tracks of any avowed par
tisan. It is not presumed, however, thatthis per
formance will not participate of prejudices and
mistakes. It is only declared that the topicks shall
generally be of such a nature, as oft'er the least
temptation to error.
The common interest and happiness of commu
nities, as well as individuals, leads ill many ellential
refpeets, to a determinate point. There are many
political fubjeits that are so doubtful and perplexed,
tnat the mind, after the molt impartial nveitiga
tion, does not and complete fatisfa&ion. It is how
ever, a consolation, that truths are generally ufe
lefsin proportion as they arc enveloped in darKnefs.
The molt important principles are lb obvious, that
the natural reafonof man can discern their propri
ety : When they are fairly explained, they will
ieldom be difuuted. The moltufeful qnalities and
actions accord so well with the common lenfe and
feelings of people, that we are less apt to disown
than to imitate them. Why then does it happen
that men have errors in opinions or practice ? Per
haps one leading cause maybe, that the tliind is so
much occupied in vain or impracticable researches,
that the reason gets perverted or obfeured. By
this means it loses its natural clearness in the ma
nagement of things, whicn otherwise would ealily
come within its reach. It (hall be the object of this
run of papers, to touch upon such subjects as arc
calculated to afford amusement or instruction, with
out diiturbing society with calumny and petulence.
NEW-York, April, 1789.
The following extract from a letter handed to the pub
lijhcr, way be amttfmg, if not inftruftive.
IT RtrCRS TO FACTS.
" A GR.EEABLY to my engagement, I now pro
-/*- pose living you some account of my vifitto
the Hon. Mr? ,of ,in the county of .
This gentleman you lkave often heard is an exten
iivc Landholder, a great farmer, and very afflu
ent in other property. His manlion-houie in
P ,is a very handsome, capacious and conveni
ent Edifice, pleasantly situated on the declivity of
a hill fronting the South, and commands a very
extensive prospect.—There are at proper diltan
ces, every ncceflary building, both for the farming
bufineis/ and for pleasurable accommodation—
coach-house, barns, mills, granaries, poultery
yards, &c. See. The lalt are constantly receiving
the produce of 500 acres of land highly cultivated;
so that there is a perpetual supply for the family,
and doineiticks, of every species of provision that
fancy could imagine, or luxury desire.
Mr. ; , the truly benevolent owner of this
delightful retreat, supports in his stile of living,
that old fafhioned hospitality, which we sometimes
lee extolled in books, but have seldom known to
be realized : His house is the feat of ease and ele
gance, and his happiness is evidently encreafed by
the p-efence of his guests, and the tokens of plea
lure which they discover : To the poor of the town
he is a daily benefactor: Constant provision is
made for them as if they were part of his family.
He takes the lead in every project that has publick
utility for its balis—hence the roads, bridges, See.
of the town are improved and repaired—hence his
name is at the head of every fubfeription for jult
and charitable designs, supporting with decency
the m miller of the pariih, keeping the place of
publick worship in repair, encouraging manu
factures and experiments in agriculture, Sec. In
add! ion to these, he is not ashamed to set the best
example lo his neighbours, by constantly and re
gular! y attending divine (ervice witff all his nume
rous family and domelticks.— — Such a character is a
blefllng to the community in which he resides—
he is the steward of the favours of Providence—
beloved and happy in life, he lees the influence of
his benevolent example extending far and wide—
and views the approach of the King of Terrors
with calinnel's and serenity. C .
Extrafl from the minutes oj the Boards/ Managers ef the Pennfyiva
ma Society for the Encouragement oj ManufAzures, &c.
Anthony Morris, S:c*ry.
Philadelphia, March 24, 1789-
PREMIUM, No. r5,
OFFERED by the Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania
Society fdr the Encouragement of Manufactures, to the pertbn who
shall clifcover and produce to this Society the greatelt variety of
specimens, with certificates of the greateit quantity ot painters co
lours, drawn from the foflils and earths of the United States, 011 or
beforo the 31ft day of December 1788; a plate o£gold, &c. of the
value of 50 dollars.
THE committee, to whom were referred the specimens of pai nt ~
ers colours presented by Mr. Sylvan us Bishop, of the
city of New-Haven, and Hate of Connecticut, report, that after con
iulting feveTjl painters and dealers in painters colours, refpe&ing
the quality of the fpecimtns, and lubjetfcmg them to chvmical atia
lyfis, they are induced to believe, that some of the yellow speci
mens are nearly equal to the imported ochrcs of the fame colour,
and that they are composed of the ingredients which conliitute
ochres, although, perhaps, nttt so well freed from foreign substan
ces, as-thofe which are imported; they are therefore of opinion,
that Mr. Bishop is entitled to the premium offered by this Board,
and that he is deserving of the attention of the friends of the Manu
factures ol America.
AT a meeting of the Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania So
ciety, for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the ufeful arts,
held March 23d, A. D. 1789, the report of the committee, on the
application of Mr. Sylvanus Bishop, of the city of Nac-Havev.
and Hate of Connecticut, for the premium No. 15, offered by the
Board, was read and unanimoufiy adopted; Whereupon refolvcd,
that the Secretary be requested to communicate the report of the
committee, and its adoption by the Board, by letter 10 Mr. Bi
shop. Extraftfrom the Minutes oj the Board,
Anthony Morris, Sec'ry.
Philadelphia, March 23, 1789.
Front the Gentlemen's MACiziNE/or Zliicrafcr,
" TT was observed i!i a late paper, that one farm
er collected i4ooobufliels apples: According
to the usual quantity of 20 bulhels to a hogshead,
lie made 700 hotheads of Cyder. And that is
nothing singular in the county of Hereford ; there
is a farmer there who will make from 300 to 500
A Gentleman who used indecent language in
prelence of his son, a fine likely lad—was
very delicately reproved by a friend, who lament
ed that the young gentleman lhould be so unfor
tunate as to be deaf, —'deaf,' said the gentleman
with surprize ! yes Sir, replied his friend, or you
surely would not have given your felf such a Lati
tude in speaking before him.
Fcr the GAZETTE oj the UNITED STATES.
A FREE PRESS has been justly considered as the
palladium of liberty—the scourge of tyrants
—the terror of Sychophants—and the detector
and dread of mock patriots and demagogues;—it
is likewise a developer of daring machinations a
againft the peace of society—the schemes of am
bition, avarice and peculation.
It is a mod powerful engine to counteract the
plans of policy which may be laid by ariftocrati
cal juntos, for»their own aggrandizement, and the
depretfion of the people ; as alio to stem the tor
rent and expose the injustice of the majority of an
overbearing and arbitrary Democracy. In short
its effetfts on publick men, and publick mealures,
are such, that the degrees of freedom and fafety,
which any community enjoys, may generally be
calculated by the independency and free,ftate of
the press in such community.
How highly then to be valued, and how sacred
ly to be preserved, is this sublime privilege! The
citizens of America are justly tenacious of this
darling birthright. They are nurtured in the
ennobling idea—that to think what they please,
and to speak, write and publish their sentiments
with decency on every fubjetft, conliitute the dig
nified character of Americans. Having derived
the moil permanent advantages from this source,
\iz. superior light and knowledge upon the great
subjects of liberty, laws and government; and
having been inspired by sentiments of heroism and
found policy derived from this origin, to establish
an independent empire, and adopt a glorious fe
deral constitution ; they are emhufiaftick to pre
serve and perpetuate this inestimable jewel.
Our children, the rising generation the
copious streams wheh continually ifliie from this
fountain, early imbibe the fame independent prin
ciples, and by this medium we may anticipate the
tranfmiifion of political knowledge, virtue and
patriotism, thro' a long lapse of years, producing
a race of heroes, freemen and ftatefinen, till time"'
the invisible leveller of states and empires, shall
it op the revolutions of nature.
The adoption of the Federal Constitution by this
great and various people, may be afcribcd to the
Freedom of the Press ; this is an event unparel
lelled in the annals of mankind ; and the more it
is contemplated, the greater is the admiration of
the plulofopher, and the citizen jof the world-
While thebofoms of the patriot and jphilantliro
pill exult in anticipating the complete triumph of
reason a firm eflabljJliment of this System. C.
THE Publick approbation alone can give liabili
ty and fucceis to any undertaking which mult
ultimately depend upon public opinion: This
idea has generally induced the Editors of new
publications to attempt anticipating that appro
bation through the medium ol' projeffions, which,
to fay the leait, are, too seldom realized: The
Editor of the Gazette of the United States
would avoid, as far as poflible, the imputation
that has been frequently and juitly incurred upon
account of profelliona never J'ubJtantiated.
Should the Gazette of the United States
prove a faithful register of publick tranfacfuons,
especially those of the great council of the nation,
the FEDERAL LEGISLATURE ; he HOPES it wiU
be patronized by those who feel intereited in the
welfare of the union; the patriots and independent
freemen of our country.
Should it contain a competent detail of foreign
and doineftic intelligence; revolutions in com
merce ; discoveries in various parts of the globe,
opening new lources of wealth to enterprizing ad
venturers ; rife and fall of ltocks ; prices current,
&c. he HOPES it will receive the support of
Should the great body of mechanics find that
their important inter efts are attended to ; that im
provements and discoveries in their several branch
es claim an early and conltant insertion.
Should this Gazette be the happy instrument of
pointing out various plans, by which the mulic of
the AX and HAMMER may again be heard in our
cities, the Editor cannot but HOPE for their
Should something worthy the notice of the great
farming fnterell ol' our country (the bulwork of
freedom and equal laws) be eScnibited from time
to time, the editor HOPES for their patronage.
Improvements in agriculture are of theiirlt conse
quence to our young, our riling country ; and the
labours that tend to affecft this deiirable object, are
therefultof the purest patriotism, and ihould de
mand the conltant attention of the Editors of pe
The Editor HOPES thatthf wealthy part of the
community will become patrons of this publication,
as itisbutjuft to fay, that every project, which has
been obvioully calculated for publick utility, has
met with prom pt and generous encouragement from
those whom Providence has blefled with affluence ;
without their afliftance,the noble plans now on foot
for the promotion of MANUFACTURES, ARTS
and SCIENCES, mult have proved abortive; their
liberal efforts on many recent eccajicns, have given
a spring to the publick mind. Should the Gazette
of the United States suggest improvable hints, or
feazible projects, which mult depend upon the
PURSE for their maturity, it cannot fail of being
countenanced by the RICH and public spirited.
The great and momentous subject of Education
is hourly appreciating in its importance : Thatpart
of the NEW CONSTITUTION, which opens the
door to every man of every rank, poHelling VIRTUE
and ABILITIES, to the highest honours in the great
American Republick, has expanded the views of
This idea, places the bufmels of Education in a
point of light, in which it never has before been
viewed ; apoint in which it cannot be conlidered
in any other country upon the face of the earth.
The MIDDLING and LOWER. CLASS of CITI
ZENS will therefore find their account in becoming
fubferibers for this Gazette,ihould it pay a particu
lar regard to this great fubjecft. Full justice can
not perhaps be done to it; but every attempt to il
lultrate and enforce its importance, multinfure the
applause of every person who feels the dignity of
a rational being, or who prizes the birthright of
Ignorance is ihe parent of all human degrada
tion ; every attempt therefore to difierninate the
rays of knowledge will receive the applause of the
truly benevolent. The happiness of mankind be
ing inseparably connetfted with the pra<ftice of re
ligious, moral and social duties, it becomes obli
gatory upon the Editors of publick papers, to pay
a diltinguilhed regard to every idea that may be
suggested upon these important points, upon genc
ral principles, avoiding tedious diflertatiolis upon
abstruse and metaphy/ica/ fvibje&s, : Those ellaysthat
have a natural tendency to refine our manners, hu
manize the heart,and exalt our natures,fhould claim
a distinguished attention. So far asthe Gazette of*
the United States shall be Liftrumental in clifFufing
sentiments of justice, humanity and benevolence —
those great moral virtues, it will doubtless receive
the support of the Reverend Clergy.
In Ihort,fhould this Gazette supportfupport the character
of a NATIONAL, IMPARTIAL and INDEPEN
DENT CONVEYANCER to all parts of the Uni
on, of News, Politics, and Miscellanies, the appro
bation and patronage of a generous publick will
doubtless reward the exertions of
April, H.W. S.r.&f, remarks.
15 Wed. o 50 5 26 7 Sun dec. jo deg. N*.
16 Thur. 1 36 5 25 7
. '^ Fn■ 2 22 5 24 7
Publilhed by JOHN FENNO, No. 86, WiIUAM-