Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV. NO. 128.
PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1871.
DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS.
General Vinoy, the Hew Governor of the
General Vinoy, whose appointment to the
Revernorshlp of Paris has been announced, is
one of the veterans of the French army. He
first saw service In Algeria, where he greatly
distinguished himself. The outbreak of the
war between France and Germany last
year found him, after a long and honorable
career, on the retired list. The war recalled
him to active service, bnt not in time to take an 1
active part in the operations in the field in the
earlier stages of the conflict. His first duty was
the organization of a special corps at the capital,
the command of which he received. At the head
of this force he marched out of Paris just pre
vious to the battle of Sedan, reaching Mezleres
after the great disaster which there over
whelmed MacMahon's army and resulted in
the capture of the Emperor. Vlnoy at onco
fell back upon Paris, conducting the retreat
With great skill and success. Just before he
succeeded in re-entering Paris with his corps,
however, he was overtaken, on the 16th of Sep
tembcr, by the advancing Germans, and a sharp
skirmish ensued between Forts Ivry and Cha
renton, in the immediate vicinity o
the capital. On the 19th he had another
encounter with the Germans near Fort
Villcjuif and Montronge, in which
his forces sustained considerable loss, and were
driven rather precipitately into Paris. After
the investment of the capital by the Germans,
he was intrusted with an Important command,
at first co-ordinate with General Ducrot, but
early in November last he was made subordinate
to the latter general, as commander of one of
the three corps Into which the active
army for the defense of the
capital was divided. He commanded the forces
which made the first sortie from Paris, on Sep
tember 20, to the south of the beleaguered city,
but was repulsed by the Germans with con
siderable loss. On the 21st of December, Vinoy
and Ducrot in company male a grand sortie, at
least 100,000 men being engaged on the French
side. Vinoy's force ventured beyond the range
of the forts to the east of the city, Ducrot going
to the south. But, although the plan of these
sorties was very comprehensive, they were
feebly executed and easily repulsed.
General Vinoy took an active part in the last
sorties duriug the siege, capturing Montretout
and holding that position for some time, on
Jannary 19. The utter failure of the demon
stration, however, brought about a reorganiza
tion and led to the resignation of Trochu, who
was, on the 21st, succeeded in the chief com
mand of the army of Paris by Vinoy. The
latter accepted the command on the express
condition that stern measures should be
taken to repress the disturbances which
were threatened by the Red Republican
element, at the prospect of a surrender to the
Germans, which was eventually consummated
on tho 38th, before the new commander-in-chief
could make another demonstration. In the
negotiations which preceded the capitulation,
General Vinoy took an active part, and fully
acquiesced ia the Inevitable fate of the city.
After the capitulation, General Vinoy was, on
February 15, appointed to the command of the
National Guards of the Seine, as successor to
General Clement Thomas. On the 1st of March
he Issued an order of the day, in which he
clearly foreshadowed the Communal revolt. The
least agitation, he said, would famish a pretext
for an irreparable misfortune, which only
calmness and dignity could avert. Relieved
from the command of the National Guards by
General Paladlnes, just before the outbreak of
the Socialist rebellion, General Vinoy was
placed in command of the Government forces
which were first led against the insurgents on
the hill of Montmartre, on the 18th of March.
lie accomplished nothing, however, ana was
severely maltreated, barely escaping with his
' life. After the appointment of MacMahon to
the chief command, Vinoy was placed at the
head of the reserves, preparatory to the final
assault on the insurgents. Ha participated
actively and successfully In the final struggle
for the possession of the city, capturing two of
the latest positions held by the insurgents, the
Place de Belleville, on the night of the 26th,
and the Cemetery of Pere la Chaise, on the fol
On the 28th President Thiers appointed him
Governor of Paris, a post of great responsibility
In the present critical situation. General Vinoy
Is reported as being a decided opponent of the
republic and a warm adherent of the Bonaparte
dynasty, a circumstance which may possibly
have an important bearing on future events.
Another of the CommuuUt Leaders Meets
a Violent Death Ilia Adventurous Ca
reer In two Hemispheres.
For some days past the fate of the reckless
adventurer Cluseret has been Involved in doubt,
but it is now definitely announced that his dis
graceful career has had a fitting termination
On Saturday last, the 27th, he was shot by the
Versailllsts In the Barracks of Prince Eugene,
Gustave Paul Cluseret was bora Id Paris on
the 13ih of June, 1823. In 1841 he entered the
' military school of St. Cyr, and two years later
was appointed a sub-lieutenant in a regiment of
the line of which his father held command, lie
served for four years as an instructor of the
principles of tactics, strategy, and fortifications,
and in January, 1818, was promoted to a first
Joining the Garde Mobile in April, 1313, he
waij appointed major, and took an active part in
the revolutionary troubles of that year, being
made a chevalier of the Legion of Ilonor In July
for his services. In January, 1819, he retired
from active service, and was placed on halt pay
by Louis Napoleon, then Prince President.
Cluseret then devoted himself to art, and
opened a studio in Paris, but in 1853 returned to
active service and was sent to Algeria as a lieu
tenant of Chasseurs, taking an active part in
several expeditions. Ia 1854 he saw service in
the Crimea and receieved a captaincy as a re
ward for his gallantry, a quality which has never
been denied him. In 1857 he returned to Alge
ria, where his gallantry secured him the decora
tion of officer of the Legion of Honor
Clureret again withdrew from the French ser
vice, but took part subsequently In the Italian
campaign of 185f, as commander of the French
Legion under Garibaldi. The outbreak of the
Rebellion led him to this country, and In Janu-
ary, 18C2, he was appointed colonel and assigned
to duty with General Fremont, by whom he was
placed la command of the advance
guard, and in June following took
part in the battles of Strasburg,
Harrisonburg, and Cross Keys. For his conduct
In the last engagement he was made a brigadier
general of volunteers, to date froaa October 14,
18C2, bmt no commission was ever issued to him.
He subsequently served under Generals SIgcl
and Milroy, but withdrew from the service be
fore the close of the war, his withdrawal being
based on alleged excesses authorised by Milroy.
By this time, however, his unreliability was
quite apparent, and he was followed into his re-
urement by no regrets by those who knew and
Cluseret then turned his attention to journal
ism, and became editor of the Neus Nation, a
weekly paper published In New York, to advo
cate the claims of General Fremont to the Pre
sidency, in opposition to Mr. Lincoln. It is
said that Cluseret proved treacherous to
his employers, and being detected,
was summarily ejected. lie also wrote
for this paper a series of military criticisms
which showed him to be in active sympathy
with, if not in the pay of, the Confederates. He
subsequently entered into various other jour
nalistic enterprises, none of which were success
ful in getting before the public.
Disgusted finally with the United States, he
returned to France in 1863, and there advertised
himself extensively as "General" Chuseret, in a
series of newspaper communications an the re
organization of the French army. To escape
the persecutions which ensued, he was obliged
to leave France.
At the time of the fall of the Second Empire
he was engaged in New York in purchasing hay
for shipment to France, but at once
started for his native country, where
he soon came prominently before the public.
Early in September last he published in the
Marseillaise fierce assault upon the members
of the Provisional Government, for which he
barely escaped a mobbing, the vengeance of the
people being vented upon the paper in default of
his presence. He was obliged to leave
Paris finally, and In the latter
part of the month found himself
in Lyons, where he headed a Red Republican
demonstration, which was for some time quite
serious. Prompt arrests, however, suppressed
the movement, and Cluseret proceeded to Mar
seilles, where in October and November he was
the occasion of considerable trouble.
He next appeared before the public after the
outbreak of the Communist revolt in Paris, and
on March 22 installed himself at the Ministry
of War as chief director of the revolution. A
bombastic pronunciamento heralded his acces
sion to power, which terminated with the close
of April, when he was suspended by General
Rossel, and taken into custody on the charge of
treason to the Commune. An examination of
his case was commenced, but the collapse of the
Commune occurred before it was concluded.
Clauserct was one of those restless, volatile,
treacherous creatures whose sole redeeming
trait is - tteetwe of personal-courage. He
proved false, in turn, to every cause that he es
poused. Just previous ta his flight from France
before the recent war, it Is even said that he
was saved from the guillotine by the interces
sion of Minister Washburne, on his pretense of
a claim to American citizenship.
AN INTERESTING CASE.
A Man Who lias Escaped Two Ceiivlc-
tlona by Technicalities.
Frvm the Portland Oregonian.
It will be remembered that a man named
William B. Bird, who had been a soldier in the
United States army, was convicted some three
xnoaths ago by a court-martial at Vancouver of
a homicide perpetrated at citka, and sentenced
to fifteen years Imprisonment at hard labor at
Alcatraz. The findings and sentence of the
court were forwarded to Washhitrton, but were
disapproved by the Secretary of War, who re
turned them, on the ground that the military
had no right to try tbe man, and with
instructions that he should be handed
over to the civil authorities. Accordingly
he was brought back here on Sunday night on
tbe John L. Stephens and placed in tbe custody
of Chief Lappeus. It appears that at the time
of the homicide at Sitka he was no longer a
soldier, having been discharged from the service
some weeks before. On this ground the Secre
tary of War disapproved the action of the court
martial. Yesterday application was made for a
writ of habeas corpus to bring him before a civil
court here. Judge Upton was absent from tho
city, but the County Judge, Hamilton, was ap
plied to, wuo ordered tne writ to issue, making
it returnable at 11 o'clock. At that hour, Bird
was brought before the court, bat counsel were
not ready to proceed. Finally, application was
made to Judge ueady, ot the United Mates
Court, for another writ, which was granted, and
the prisoner ordered to be brought before him
on Wednesday morning.
It appears that Bird was cuargeu some time
before the homicide with another o lie use at
Siika. A court-martial was constituted by
General Davis, who also preferred charges
against him. By this court-martial he was
ordered to be dismissed from the service, ihe
papers were forwarded to Washington, but were
disapproved becanse an ollicer has not, "by
military law, a right both to prefer charges and
appoint the court-martial to try the offender.
It was tLerefore ordered by the department that
Bird should receive his pay and allowances
until he was regularly discharged. Thus tbe
findings of two courts-martial in his case have
The man whom he killed at Sitka was Lieu
tenant Cowan, of the revenue service. There
was an altercation between Bird and a man
named Brady; the latter, it is asserted, struck
Bird on the bead with a billy and pushed him
out of a door, when Bird, drew a revolver, which
was accidentally discharged, the ball passing
through the door and killing Lieutenant Cowan,
Such is the statement related to us. Bird was
then arrested by tbe military, his citizen's dress
taken off and a soldier's dress put on him; he
was kept for a considerable time in custody at
Sitka, and was finallv brought to Vaucouver and
tried by court-martial. The case as it now
tta nds seems to be a knotty one. It seems to
be a question whether tho civil authorities have
jurisdiction, it having been decided that the
military have not. There Is. no civil government
in Alaska, and no provision has been made for
tbe administration of Justice In cases arising in
Pressed for lime Egyptian mummies.
The artist's adieu to his picture You be
, Good resolutions, like fainting ladles, want
Canada's new postal cards are to be issued
It is said that there is not a citizen of Maine
worth a million of dollars.
The capli invested in vessels on the Mis
sissippi river and in tbe cargoes they are con
stantly carrying is 11,500,000,000.
A lad in Cincinnati went through a planing
Bill recent Jy. Ills rough edges were so thor
oughly em othed that his recovery is doubtful.
Weakness of Thiers' Government.
It is Thought too Weak to Last.
Reconstruction of the Cabinet.
Surrender of Vinccnnes.
Important XtXezican Advices.
The Mew Jersey Census.
Jay Cooke SCo. and the New loan
The Offer to take it Declined.
Great Storm in Cincinnati.
Etc.. Etc., Etc., Etc.. Etc., Etc.
(BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. J
Exclusively to The Evening Telegraph.
Condition of BclleTllle.
Paris, May 80 Tuesday Afternoon. Last
nlgbt I visited Belleville. It is filled with troops,
and the ground is covered with debris. Ruins
of bulldlDgs met the eye everywhere.
The Execution of Cluseret.
General Cluseret, whose fate has been In doubt
for some days, it has been ascertaiued was shot
on Saturday last in the barracks ot Prince
A Prisoner named Dalle,
having; boasted that he had been ordered to
execute Generals Thomas and Lecompte,
was taken towards Chatelle, when he attempted
to escape. The captain of the troop which
guarded Dufle fired a revolver at the fleeing
prisoner, and the ballet struck him in the head.
He fell, but immediately attempted to rise upon
his elbows, when the sergeant and four men
fired upon him, killing him instantly.
At this writing
Largo Masses of Troops
are passing down the Rue Lafayette, bearing
twenty-two insurgent standards. Bands are
playing and the streets are crowded. There is
much cheering, and in fact the people are afraid
to look sad lest they be arrested as sympathizers
with the Commune.
A girl seventeen years of age was shot this
morning for firing at an ofUcer.
A number of persons
Detected I Throwing Petroleum
in the cellars of the Faubourg Montmartre, and
also In firing npon troops In the Rue Havre, were
Reconstruction of the Cabinet.
M. Picard has resigned, and is succeeded by
Lefranc; General Clssey supersedes General
Leflo as Minister of War; lavre remains In tho
Ministry at the special request of Thiers. Picard
will be made Governor of the Bank of France.
Vlncennea Surrendered Unconditionally
this morning. It contained three hundred men,
among whom were eighteen chiefs ef the defunct
General Clssey's, Ladmlrault'f, and Vinoy's
corps have completely occupied Paris, and will
remain until the city is thoroughly pacified.
General Barral is named for Governor of the
city, bnt without the title.
Weakness of the Paris Government.
Paris (Tuesday Evening), May 80. Already
there is a strong feeling that the Paris Govern
ment Is too weak to last.
continue. In one ditch wounded were burled
alive. They groaned and shrieked dreadfully
all night. Vidal was shot; so was Freldherd.
Forty thousand francs were found in the latter's
cell, which are spoils of the republic. Matthlea
Murcher, of the Commune, was arrested, and
1150,000 francs found upon him. Okolowskl
was found wounded in an ambulance, and tken
out and shot. M illiere was arrested at the Luxem
bourg. He resisted violently, and fired six
shots from a revolver. He was taken to the
steps and shot by the Versailllsts at tho barri
cades in the Place des Fetes. A number of in
surgents lost their way and got mixed up with
tbe Versailllsts, by whom they were taken pri
soners and fifty shot.
The Picard Resignation.
London, May SI. Tbe Times' special from
Versailles says Ernest Picard has resigned the
Ministry of the Interior and la succeeded therein
by Victor Lefranc.
The Monde announces that
Joliivllle and Aumale
have proclaimed adherence to the manifesto of
Chambord, and the fusion of the Legitimists and
Orleanlsts Is complete.
The Daily News' special says
Is certainly condemned.
goes to St. Petersburg as ambassador from
Fiance. He is succeeded as Minuter of War uy
General Ciseey. Picard is appointed Governor
of the Bank of France.
The Hugos. .
Francois nugo writes a letter to the Indepen
dance Edge, giving details of the attack npon
his father's house in Brussels, and asserting that
the mob cried "Death to Hugo!" The Beige
disapproves the expulsion of Hugo.
This Morning's Quotations.
London, May 8t 10-so A. M. Consols SV for
money and account. U. S. bonds flrin; s-aos of
U68, UX ; Ot 18SB, 90", Of 186T, t'Jlf; 10-s, 6.
LivEKrooi,. May 1110 So A. M Cotton opened
flrin; middling uplands, 1K(Ud.; middling Or
leans, TKd. bales 10,000 baies.
This Afternoon's Quotations.
London, May 81-1 -30 P. M. Consols, 1 3.
Liverpool, Way 81 S30 P. M. Cotton active
end firmer: middling uplands, Tv4Td. 5 Orleans,
Sd. Sales now estimated at 0,Ooo bales, of which
loft are for export and speculation, bales on a skip
named at ISew uneana, uut muuw gwu uruuiai j,
6 1-Utd. Tallow, 4'is. Sd.
London, May 81. Tallow, tSs. 6di3s. 9L
Jay Cooke St, Co. and the New Loan The
BperiaX PespaUh to Tht Eeening T4grpK
Washington, May 81 Tho Secretary of the
Treasury has finally notified Messrs. Jay Cooke
4z Co. that tho proposition, made in behalf of
a combination of banks and bankers and them
selves, to take tho balance of tbe two hundred
million loan is declined, for the reason that tho
Secretary doubts his power to accept some of
the conditions proposed.
Tho Secretary, at the conclusion of his letter
to Jay Cooke, pays that gentleman the follow
ing merited compliment:
'But, believe me, I am under great obligations to
yon and yonr house fer the active efforts already
made by 70a in aiding the Government to place the
It is probable that a proposition which the
Secretary may feel it best to accept may be
shortly tendered to him bv the same party.
I BT ASSOCIATED PRESS. J
Exclusively to The Evening Telegraph
Washington, May 8U
New Jersey Census Productions of Agri
culture In the State.
Acres of improved land , 1,970,474
Wood " 71S.835
other unimproved land 894,708
Cash valne of farms $257, BIS
Value of Implements and machinery t7,ss7,9'Jl
Amount of wages paid during the year.. 1:3,814,644
Horses, number 79,708
Males and asses, number 8,ww
Milch cows, number isa.ssi
W orking oxeB, number 8,83a
Other cattle, number 6,82T
Sheep, number rzo.ubi
Swine, number 142.563
Valne of live stock f 21,44.Mi'3
Bpnng wheat bushels. . 2,09
"Winter wheat, bushels 2.29,8R4
Rye, bushels 666,773
Indian corn, bushels 8,745,384
Oats, bushels. 4,099,830
barley, bushels 8,33
Buckwheat, bushels 853,933
Tobacco, pounds 40,871
Wool, pounds 823,843
Peas and beans, Wushels 66,221
Irish potatoes, bushels. 4,70s.45t
(Sweet potatoes, bushels l,6.'0,Tt4
Orchard products and agriculture (1,298,282
Prodnce of market gardens. f 2,78,'2."0
Wine, gallons 24 970
Butier, pounds. 8,269,023
Cheese, pounds. 33,229
Milk SOld, gallons. 6,373,323
Hay, tons 621,973
Cloverseed, bushels 2, 806
Grass seed, bushels 12 401
Hops, pounds 19,033
Hemp, tons 6
Flax, pounds 234,001
Flaxseed, bushels 6,095
Maple sugar, pounds 419
Maple molasses, gallons ' 6
Sorghum molasses, gallons 17,424
Wax, pounds 8,021
Honey, pounds 60,6J6
Forest products 1362,704
Value of home manufactures. f 144,016
Value of animals slaughtered 18,982,162
Value of all farm productions 142,725,193
Government Weather Report.
War Department, Office of the Chief Siunaj.
Officer, Washington, May 81 10-30 A. M. Synop
sis for tbe past twenty-four houru The barometer
has risen on the Rocky mountain stations. It fell
somewhat on Tuesday In the Mississippi and Mis
souri valleys, but is now rising. It remains low
from Lake Ontario eastward, and has fallen slightly
in the Southern and Gaif States. The temperature
remains without material change, excepting a de
cided fall In New York a'id eastward, which lat.er
region is now covered with threatening clouds and
occasional light rains. Hainv and threatening
weather has alsa contluuad In Ohio and Jttast Ten
aesKee and South Carolina. Heavy rains have fallen
at the Itocky Mountain stations, where it Is new
clearing away. Fresh winds from the south and
southwest have prevailed In the Mouth and Middle
Atlantic and In Nebraska. Elsewhere light and
loeal winds have prevailed.
Probabilities. It la probable that threatening
weather, with light rains, will continue la the ex
treme Eastern States. Clear weather from Lake
Erie to Lake Superior; partially cloudy and clear
weather, with Increasing temperature, in the Ohio
Valley and southward, with rain la portions of the
BY ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Exclusively to The Evening Telegraph.
Insurrectionary News Political, etc.''
Mexico, May 23 Affairs look threatening
in the States of Jalisco, San Luis, Fotosl, and
Pnebla. Canto has been sentenced to death. A
million dollars in silver arrived from Guadala
jara to be shipped to Europe and the United
States. Tamplco has not yet been taken. Con
sul Badham Bays the rebellion is not of political
significance. Its only object is to rob mer
chants. Tamberlik, Feralta, and Marie were
enthusiastically received on their first ap
pearance. FROM JVEW YORK.
: I BT ASSOCIATED PRESS.
Exclusively to The Burning Telegraph.
The Viaduct Railway.
New York, May 31. ft has been decided by
the Directors of the Viaduct Riilway to build
an eastern branch, from the City 1111 to Eighty
fourth street first, and to complete It about the
end of next year. The engineer expects to put
through trains from City Hall to Eighty-fourth
street in thirteen or fourteen minutes.
FROM T11K WEST.
by associated press.'I
Exclusively to The Evening Telegraph.
Storm til Clucluuatl-Death by Lightning.
Cincinnati, May 81. A heavy rala storm
occurred yesterday afternoon and evening, ac
companied with lightning. J. F. Forbas, a well
known citizen, was struck by lightning and
killed. Much damage was done in the city from
BT ASSOCIATED PRESS J
Exclusively to The Evening TelearapK
The Fruit Crop Injured.
San Francisco, May 30 The high winds
have damaged the fruit and grape crops ex
tensively in the vicinity of Los Angeles.
was appropriately observed here and at Virginia
New Yprlt Honey and Stock Market.
New Yore, May 8i.t.ocii dull and heavy. Money
easy at S percent. Moid, 111V- 1&9, coupons,
lllVido. 1964, cp., llivtdo. lt65,cp., ill v; do. l.
new, U3V; do. 1867, 113;; da lstW, 118?.; 10.40s,
l(9; Virginia 6s, new, 74 j Missouri 6s, 9&V;tdu
ton Co., 83 ; Cumberland preferred, Br, N. V. On
tral aud Hudson River, 'J?i; Idle, 80V;Reallug,
117;;; Adams Express, 81',; .Michigan Central,
124; Michigan Soutnern, 114; Illinois Central,
1S6: Cleveland and Plttshurj, 120; Chicago and
Roct Island, tH ; rittuurg sua Fors wayue, , ;
Western Union Telegraph, 68y.
Chicago Flour aud Wheat Market.
Special iMnpalck to The Evening Telegraph.
Chicago, May II. Wheat market dull. No. 8,
tl'rtVtslV, seller June; and l-27 V. seller July.
Corn dull at M),&51o., seller Juue; aud fiftd
63 Vo , seller July.
Flour, bbla. 8,000 7,ikw Oats, bus,... 8i,0 e6,oH
Whrat,bua. 46 OuO B.iwo Hye, bus .... 1.0(h) 1,000
Corn, bus ..801.000 94.000 barley, bus., i.uoo ....
Miiwaueeb, Way 81. Wheat market steady. No.
1, $1-2HW; No. 9, l-ttV Receipts, lus.ooo bushels;
shipmeats, m,oot bushels. Freights steaia, 10io. ;
IS HE TILE COXIXQ KIN!
Proclamation of tho Count do Chambord.
Versailles, May 12. I send yon an Interest
ing document namely, a manifesto ot the Count
de Chambord, la the form of a letter to one of
Like you, my dear friend, I witness with grief and
pain the lamentable fortunes of this hateful civil
war, which has so closely followed the disasters of
invasion. I have no need to tell you now completely
I sympathise with you In the sad reflections which
It suggests, and how fully I comprehend your an
guish. When the first shell from the enemy burst
over Paris I could only think of the grandeur of the
city in which I was born, I gave atterance to a cry
which has been hear. I. could do no more, and
now, as then, I am compelled to groan over the
horrors of this fratrlclcal contest. But be conll
dent. Tho hazards of this grievous enterprise
are not greater than the heroism of our troops. Yon
live, yen say, among men of parties anxious to
know what I wish, what I desire, and what I hope.
Be good enough to acqaalnt them with my most
cherished thoughts, aad with all tbe sentiments
which inspire me. Say that I have never deceived
mem, mat I never shall deceive them, and to at 1
entreat them In the name of all mankind, the wit
nesses or onr misfortunes, to forget our dissensions,
our prejudices, and our enmities. Caution theia
against the calumnies Spread fer the purpose of
creating a belief that, discouraged: by the greatness
of our misfortunes and despairing of the tuturr or
niycountry, I have renounced the happtnst of
saving It. It will be saved whenever it ceastts to
coDfound license with liberty. Above all, It will be
saved when It ceases to look for security from hap
hazard governments, which, after a lew years of
fancied security, leave it in difficulties trnly
deplorable. Beyond political agitations there Is a
France which suffers a France which cannot be
destroyed and which will not be destroyed; for
when I'rovldence subjects a nation to such
trials it Is because great duties are still in reserve
for It. Let us confess that the desertion of princi
ple Is the real cause of our disasters. A Christian
nation cannot with Impunity tear out the venerable
pages of Its history, break the chain ot Us tradi
tions, inscribe at the head of Its constitution a nega
tion of the rights of God, or banish every rellgloas
Idea from Its laws and Its public Instruction. Under
such circumstances disorder will be the rule. The
oscillations will be between anarchy and Cicsarlsrn,
two forms of government equally disgraceful
equally characteristic of the decadence of heathen
nations, and which will ever be the lot of nations
who are forgetful of their dnty. The country was
well aware of this when It elected men as enlight
ened as you as to the wants of the time, aad pene
trated with a sense of the principles waich are essen
tial to every society which seeks to maintain Itself lu
honor and liberty. Hence It Is. uy dear friend, not
withstanding any remains of prejudice, the good
sense of all France longs fotfaj monarchy. It sees
its way by the glimmerings of its conflagrations. It
sees that order Is requisite to justice and honesty,
and that Independently of hereditary monarchy It
has nothing to hope for. OppoBe with earnestness
the errors and prejudices which too rapialy find ad
mission Into the hearts of the noblent. It Is given
out that I claim absolute power. Would to (Jod that
such a power had not so readily been accorded to
those who In troublous times came forward as
saviors ! Had It ibeen otherwise, we should not to
day have been lamenting the misfortunes of the
country. You know that what I desire is to labor
for the regeneration of the country, to give scope to
all Its legitimate aspirations to preside at the head
of the whole house of France, over Its destinies, and
confldentlv snbmlt the acts of the Government to the
careful control of representatives freely elected. It
Is asserted that hereditary monarchy Is incompatible
with the eaualitv of all before the law. I maintalu
that I do not on this point ignore the lessons of ex
perience and the conditions 01 tne uie ot a nation.
llow could I advocate privileges for others I, who
only ask to be allowed to devote every moment of
my life to the security and happiness of France, and
to share her distress before sharing her honor? It Is
asserted that the Independence of the Papacy It is
dear to me, and mat 1 am determined to ontaiu em
caclous guarantees for it. That is true. The liberty
of the Church la the first condition ef spiritual
peace aud of order in tbe State. To protect the
lloly See ras ever the honorable duty of our coun
try, and the most Indisputable canse of Its greatness
among nations. Only in the period of Its greatest
miBrorcnues na i' ranee ananionea inis glorious
protectorate. Rest assured if 1 am called it will be
not on.y because I represent right, but because I
am order, reform because I am the essential basis
of that authority which is required to re
store that which has perished, and to govern
Jnstlv and according to law. with the view
of remedying the evils of the past aad of
paving the wsv for the future. I shall be
told that I hold the ancient sword of France
In my hand and in my breast the heart of a king
and a father which recognizes no party. I am of
no party, and do not desire to return or to relgu by
means of nartv. I have no Injury to avenge, no
enemy to exile, no fortune to retrieve, except that
ef France. It Is In my power to select from every
auarter the men who are anxious to associate them
selves with this grand undertaking. I only bring
back religion, concord, and peace. 1 desire to ex
ercise no dictatorship but that of clemency, because
in my hands, and in my hands alone, clemency la
still justice. Thus it is, my aear iriena, mar 1 ae-
spur not of myzcountry, ana mat 1 uo not sarins
from the magnitude of my task.
La parole est a la France et l'heure a Dleu.
May8, 1871. Hjsnri.
IMMENSE BERRY SHIPMENTS. ,
Two Hundred and Flfty-alx Thousand
Quarts Pass Through Wilmington In
Yesterday was a bie day for strawberry ship
ments, the quantity received off the Delaware
Railroad for shipment northward being the
largest ever chipped in a single day.
There came over that road eighteen cars for
ew York and eight to Philadelphia, twenty-
six in all. and as each car averages 8000 quarts.
tbe shipments from the Peninsula yesterday,
amounted to the enormous aggregate of 1303,000
Besides these there were six car loads from
Baltimore for New York, making 48.000 quarts
more; making a total aggregate of 250,000 quarts
and weighing 250 tons.
And we do not believe we have yet reached
the height of the season. Wilmington torn.
FATAL RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
A Baggage-Master Falls Off Ills Train.
On the arrival hero last' night of the train
which leaves Philadelphia at 1130 P. M., It was
found that the bag.jasp-maiiter was missing, as
he was known to Lave been on the train when
it started, it was surmised that he had fallen off,
and Mr. Gookln dispatched an extra train north
ward to look for blm. llis body was found a
short distance this side (south) of Thurlow, life
being entirely extinct, and in such position and
condition as to tho w that the surmise that he
had fallen off the train was correct. The re
mains were taken to Chester, where an inquest
will be held. Deceaseds name was canton
flosHn. and he has a brother, a dentist, living lu
New CasiJe Wilminnlon Commercial last
FltfAbyx AND COMUEllCE. .
KVEMTHO TBLORAH OVrtOB,l
In the monev market the same features so
often noted continue without material change.
The supply of loanable currency is excessive at
at all the usual sources, aui uufrutuum
call aud time are supplied liberally on very
favoralil terms. Many loans on call are re
united ia.hv as low as 3 per cent , but the
average rate is l'r cent, on Goveruineut aud
rrn.A at rink collaterals. Commercial paper i
Scarce. eyiDl'alI"iluS nim mo kcuoii iu
trade, aud flr6t-class acceptances meet with
ready sale at 5(u 6 per cent , both at the bonks
.( ... .V... ........... 1 a,lnt..ln
and oa tne arecv.
Gold is quiet and steady, the sales ranging
iiioyHH. closinn at the latter.
(jnverument bonds are dull but firm, with
vitio rhanfe to record in prices.
Mfn V .were moderately active, but prices
sbow a considerable break, which is pretty gene
ral. Bales of State 6s, third series, at 10J; City
A at WMi for the new cernacntes.
Kp&rilmr Railroad was weak, with sales at
6lJ 3-6(5 50; Pennsylvania sold at tiV; Camden
u n r! Am inv at 12U-: North Pennsylvania at aS1;
Mlnhill at 04: lCOltta v aney at oj.'i; auu
on Vj.lr ami Allechuny at 52 lu. b. O.
In Canal shares there were sales of Lehigh
In tho balance of the list the only sales were
Commonwealth Bank at 64 and McCllntock
Oil at .
PHILADELPHIA STOCK EXCHANGE SALES.
Reported by Do Haven A Hro.. No. 40 B.Thlrd street.
1900 CitT ea. Nsw.lODUl loo ah Reading.. .69 -16
fifOOH A BTopc. 4 ton do . 60
ilOOOOOA A U7s. 87V MO do M0. 69V
SshCam A Am..litv let do....s.6 -l
ISOshLch N.. b60 E7V ino do.. .880.69 1-10
600 do 860. 87 V 100 do... .85.69 1-16
600 do S7H 10 do 69 1-1
1 sh Mlnehill K,. 64 60 do.. .840.69 1-1
leesnLeb V R.... 6V do....BS.69 1-lS
60 do b5. C2.V 600 do 69
.86 oh Fenna R.... esv nA do 69 1-18
4 do.recelpts. 63 (ieo do 69 1-18
RRShOCA A K.. 68V 0 do 69
100 do 880. 62V
MK8SR8. William Painter fc Co., No. 86 a Third
street, report the following quotations : U. S. 6s of
1891, 117V'H1?i ; B-S Of 1868, 111 VmX ; do. 1864.
lllKAlUM do. I860, mollis; do., July, 1868,
11R?4113: do., July, 1867, 118 V41141 do. July,
1963,11371114; 10-4I1O, 10flVai0V. U. 8. PaclilO
It. R. Currency s, 116ail&?. Gold, lllXrtm V.
Mbssks. Ds Haven fc Brother, No. 40 South
Third street, Philadelphia, report the following
quotations :-D. 8.0s of 18S1, 117H7i ; do. 1869,
liiSOiiiX; do. 1864, iii;iuv; do. i860, im;
111s ; do. 1S66, new, 118V114; do. 1867, do. H3,v
114; do. 1869, do. 113;U4; 10-408, 109 V109. U.
8. 80 Year 6 per oenc Currency, 11&119?; Gold,
HlV(iill2; Silver, 10(A108M ; Union Pauino Rail
road 1st Hork Bonds, 9'2 V$My; Central Pacing
Railroad, 102V103V; Union Paolflo Land Grant
is arr st ladner, isroEers. report tnis morning
pom quorauona as ionows:
10DOA. M 111V
11 -SIS A. M 111V
11-84 " U1V
una P.M m;i
10- VB " 1U,
11- 80 U1JK
Philadelphia Trade Report.
"Wednesday, May 81. Bark In the absence of
sales we quote No. 1 Quercitron at $30 per ton.
Tanner's Bark ranges from $13 to 118-60 per cord.
Seeds Cloverseed Is dull and nominal at 8VC
per lb. In Timothy nothing doing. Flaxseed sells
to rue crusners at fv-Ktcx-su.
The Flour market is quiet but steady at yesterdav's
quotations. 600 barrels sold in lots for the supply
01 tne norae consumers at is-kvivw ror superfine ;
5-69V8 87V 'or extras; $S-BO8-76 for Iowa and
Wisconsin extra iamny ; vwtt lor lair and rancy
Minnesota do. do. ; SV2S6-7S for Pennsylvania do.
do.; 17(97-60 for Indiana and Ohio do. do., and
$7-76(?9 for fancy brauds, as In quality. Also 675
barrels Quaker City Mills on private terms. Ryo
F.onr sells in a small way at 5 87v3. In Corn
Meal nothing doing.
There is a nrm feeling in tne wheat market, but
not much actlvlt.v. hales of Indiana aud Ohio red
at $l-66(iil-68; 10,000 bushels Indiana do. on private
terras, and some amber at tl-6S(l-70. Rye Is steady
and may be quoted at fl-liOl-15 for Pennsylvania
and western, and ii'OOft-ie ror southern, corn la
quiet at the decline noted yesterday. Hales of 8000
Misneis at I4i idc. ior yeuow, and TAosc. fer
Western mixed. Oats are in fair request, with sales
of Pennsylvania and Western at 6S71c. lor white,
and 66i67e. for mixed.
whisky is unchanged, soo barrels Western iron-
bound sold at He.
LATEST SIIlTFIKtt INTELLIGENCE.
POET OF PHILADELPHIA MAY 81
STATE OF THERMOMETER AT THE EVBNINO TELEGRAPH
8 A. M. 78 1 11 A. M 88 8 P. M...M..8T
Sun Rises. 4-84 I Moon Sets....
Sun Sits 7-ui Hiaa Water..
Liverpool. Mav 89 Arrived, shins Sonthamn.
ton, from Galveston ; OleuesK, from New York ; and
.lobib waisn, irons .new uneans; scars scinuia, rm
New York, and viola, from New Orleans; and bark
Lamaica, from Galveston.
London, May si. steamships Angiia, Captain
Gralg, and Sidoalan, from New York, have arrived
ont. . .
CrESNSTOWN, May 82. Arrived, steamship City
New Yoke. Hay 81 Arrived, steamshln Minna.
sota, from Liverpool.
CLEARED THIS MORNING.
Steamship Norfolk, piatt, Richmond and Norfolk,
w. r. ciyae co.
Steamer A. C Burners, Davis, New York, W. P.
Clyde A co.
Bchr h. Bradley, McMonagle, Newport.
Bchr Ney. Chase, do.
Bcnr nacnaei seaman, seaman, Boston.
SchrTraaslt, Rackett, New Bedford.
Bchr American Eagle, Bhaw, Pawtucket.
Barge Watson U. Uoune, Bloonsburg, New York.
Barge Clortnda, Brewa, do.
Barge Almlra Jane, Hamilton, de.
Barge No. 86, Renna, de.
Tngs Mary, ; Chesapeake, Merrlhew ; and G. B.
jiutcBings, juuirora, Baltimore, witn tows 01
barges, W. P. Clyde & Co.
ARRIVED THIS MORNING.
N. G. ship Admiral, Haesloop, 49 days from Liver
pool, with salt to Wm. Bumm A Son.
aip wuuam woes, nous, o aays irom uverpooi,
with mdse. te Peter Wright fc. Sons.
Bteamer E. c. Bid die, Mccue, 24 hours from New
York, with mdse. to W. P. Clyde A Co.
Bteamer A. C. Burners. Davis, 94 hours from New
Yerk, with mdse. to W. P. Clyde A Co.
Bark Marnieaead, cemns, 63 days from Liverpool.
with mdse. to Peter Wright A Sons.
Br. bark J. T. Smith. Howard. 62 days lrom Mes
sina, with Irult, etc., to isaac Jeaues & Co.
Bark jc. f. narnman, Mckeis, 11 days rrom Ha
vana, with sugar and molasses to 11. W. ttartol
vessel to Warren A Gregg.
Dan. brig ovava, uacue, 47 days rrom Messina,
with fruit, etc., to S. S. Scattcrgood.
ung Jeremiah, trora, 11 aays irora cieniuegos,
with sugar to . A W. V ehih vessel to Warren fc.
Bchr Lizzie Batchelder, English, 8 days fm Sajrua,
With sugar and molasses to Isaac Hough A Merrls.
Bchr Lizzie Maull, Adaraa, 13 days from Bangor,
With shingles, laths, etc., te Patterson fc LIpplncott.
Bchr Howard, Wooster, 19 days from Bangor, with
laths and pickets to T. P. Gaivin A Co.
Bchr K. C. Thomas, Crockett, 19 days from Wind
sor, N. fc., with plaster to A. C. Clewell vessel to
W arren & Uregg.
Bchr Sophie, Bunker, 10 days from Windser, N.S.,
with plaster to Smith fc Harris vessel to Warren &,
Sciir Tycoon, Cooper, 1 day from Smyrna, Del.,
With grain to John L. Redner.
Bchr Chief, Wet, 1 day from Indian River, Del.,
With lumber to John L. Uedner.
. Bchr illume Grilling, urliling, 9 days from New
Eaven, with anise, to Lennox fc burgess.
Bchr John AiAlaro, Willard, 10 days from Fall
River, in ballast to do.
Bchr Nellie K. Benedict, Case, 8 days from Somer
set, with Iron to do.
Bchr Fred. Fish, Davis, 6 days from Boston, in
ballast to do.
Bchr Albert Henderson (new), Henderson, from
Bohton, lu ballast to Co.
Bchr B. F. Lowell, Leavlit, from Boston, in ballast
Bchr J. D. Ingraham, Dlckersen, 6 days from Port
land. Conu., with stone to nio.
Tag Joe Johnson, Ingraham, from Baltimore, with
a tew of barges to W. P. Clyde A Co.
Tug Chesapeake, Merrihew, from Baltimore, with
a t.M of bargee to W. P. Clyde A Co.
Sir" Sc-hr Begulu, arrived yesterday from Havana,
Is t onnlgned (vessel) to Lennox & Burgnas.
Correspondence of The Eceninn Telcnaph.
KABTON fc AlCMAlk'N S BL LI.BTIN.
New Yokk Office, Msv The following
targts leave lu tow to-uJght fr Biitmiore, Hunt:
Hjdittuoia. colonel Aiui-s. C H. Swau, C. B. Wal-
rath, Jr. W. F. Nutting, Wayne County, ana V.
NO drspatcnes r01U uauuuuru urautu union ilk
ruiLADKU'UIA 1JKANLU umtn, may ei ncainer.
My bu, wind backed iroru h. w. to b. s. w., at 8
P. Hi. ; fresh breeze, equivalent to the 'dea breeze"
prevailing along Hie Atiantiu sr a-board evry after.
noon My S1 uu.bciu , uviiguuiu
from 8 by W. 10 W. by S. Barometrical: May BO,
down to 0 -W. L.S. C.
Facial Despatch to Tht hvning Titeyraoh.
BAVKB-i-oaAC, Mijtsi. The following boats
leave in tow to-day:
Kufus W iley, witu bark, and Thomas Craig, with
lumber to Faitersoji & Llppincoit.
Heading. Kibhtr A Co., with lumber to WaUon
A! alone fc Bon.
by Ivan Stream and Martha Agnes, with lumber,
Bertram, with bark, and Lizzie and Laura, with
coal to order
Three Butters and Alaska, with bark, fer Chester;
Simnle, with lumber to Craig & ttiauchurd. J U,