The Somerset herald and farmers' and mechanics' register. (Somerset, Pa.) 183?-1852, November 02, 1847, Image 1

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if not pud WITH I.N Tim YEA!?.
New Series. J
Vol. 5.-No. 61
Wm 4U efeA.A 3
, ? ' .CHE&SEi j
. I noxfs W- Jl. Cheese on hand and
far, tilt alike Drug. Store. of r.
- ' m. McCnEF.Rr.,'
; '-'-Wanted ;; ;;tr;;
-'A N' apprVr.tics to ;the,llattirie busi
j. new. J A.bojrfrbflU 14 to J 6 years
of ae, pf xood moral character, can ob
itnifi.a tiiusti6D"bv matin? immediate
application to JOHN C, KUIITZ,
Srpt2l-I847 Somfrset.
Lav7 Partnership.
A ttorneys at Lnw, will attend punc
. tually to all business entrusted to
't!icn. Collrciions and other business
solicited. . Office immediately opposite
;the Hotel of Win. II. Picking, Main
. g'reet, Somerset. Pa. gept. 21 47-3m.
;10NSIST1N(; inpart .ofsiWer pen
4 cil cases, silver 'thimbles, steel
Al)eadst silk twist, (on spools, for purses,)
watch guards, chains and keys, beads,
rnecklaces, combs, water and fancy col
urs, camels hair pencils, crayon pen-
fils. segar eed tobacco boxes, pocket
'mirrors, tweezers, sleel .pens and hold
Irrs, uys or children, &c, for sale at the
Drug Store of YVm. McC'reery
I HAVE just, returned from the East
t Urn ci'.ies, and am now. opening a
.general assortment of Dry Goods, llard--trare,
Groceries and Qoeensware, which
I r ill dispose of cheaper than any Store
In Somerset. My customers and the
rhlic. in general are invited , to call and
.examine fjr themselves. , .
ecpt. 28184'' ; . ; . -
- i Law Notice.
TT'HE'partnership herelofare existing
JL' between Sinion Gebhart and la$
ti'orward been dissolved, 'i'lie for
ner having removed to Dayton, Ohio.
JAil business entrusted to the firm rnd
?ip('r9 relaiire, thereto' have been left
v.i:!t Hoss Forward ' who will attend to
,rhc sarce. His office is the same for
jiTery occupied by Mr. Gebhart, on the
Dorlh west corner ol the diamond
I Oct. 2, 1547. - ' '
N the court of Common Pleas of So
merset count, of January terra 1840,
And now lo wit, 19th October, 1847,
-the account of George Weller, Seqnfs
trator of the ; Somerset & Cumberland
fj'urnpikc road, filed in my oflTu-e and
will' be presented to the court for con
firmation, on Monday the 22d day of
November next. .
l' ' A.J. OG7.E,
Pro. office, Oct, iG,47- j TPfothy.
1AME to the premises-of the jub
scriber in Elklick township, some
lime in August, two one year old steers,
red and brown,- a lolc in the right car.
one has a white head, and the oilier a
spotted head. The owner is requested
to come andf-rote property, pay char
ges anil lake them away or they will be
Itrspbsed of as the law directs.- '
October! 19., 18 47. ' " " 1 V .
U. -T" ; 1
: ' -'Executors1,: Notice, w
H". KTl'EUS testamentary ou the estate
JLi -of Garret Ream,.lq late of Con
cmangfi township, deceased, having been
granted "to the subscribers, they hereby
rPqoestall persons indebted lo said estate
fo the lite residence of the de
ireased, oh Friday' ihe'Hih of November
itext. prepared to settle; and those hav
ing claims to present -them at the same
liraennd place, properly authenticated. ,-
: ' 'YvILUAM REAM,".
Oct. 5, 1847.
Administrator's Notice. 1
B- E iTERSof Administration on the
JLi estate of Lenhart Shuliz late of Mil
ford township, dee'd, having been granted
to the . subscriber, residing in said town
ship, all persons indebted to said estate
lire requested to attend at the late resi
tlence of the deceased on . Wednesday
the 17th of November next pepared to
fettle; and those having claims to present
them at ihc same time and place, proper
y authenticated..
-Oct.r-Ct.- - AilovV.
Administrator's Notice.
-E f'TERS of Administration on the
A estate of 11 enrv ( M iller late of Jef-
fmonr township, .dee'd,-having been
jrimtcd "to the subscriber rrsiding in M il
fnnHownsdiip. all persons' indebted . lo.
s'li JVfeiate nrc Voqut-'sted lo. attend at the
(:ite residence .i f. f aid Ieceased on Satur
,ilay'the;2jp:h of November uejst, . pre7
rucdto'sstile;! r.nj thase -ha vin. claims-i-
present thefp iit tlie'same limeanJ
Tla cev n r ope r ! v a i h n i i c ajgj'l.VJ:.' .
; ' 'Frorn the National Intelligencer.' r
' SriiD Portentous Future. :
The objects of the" Mexican war "out
strip the seasons in their changes;' indeed,
almost every " month Jias( given, birth to
the new avowal of a' new design. The
rcoirtrivers and apologists of the ill-tarted
invasion, undecided now what course to
pursue, are at a loss what object to an
nounce for future hostilities. Some, it
seems, are for the desperate move of uni
versal subjugation, and the President's
organ favors that great ultimatum. Thus
we are likely to see a war which the
President declared to Congress was "not
for conquest," or to "extend our Republi
can institutions over a reluctant people,"
waged for the subjection and ' annexation
of all -Mexico. The official even oes so
fi7 . UVlliil lail ,11 CllwtitU lilts
'glorious? vision;" which is, ' to raise at
once 4sevenly-five or one hundred thou
sand troops, and .occupy vvry Mate of
Jrlexuo with a sufiicient force." We
perceive, however, by the last letter of tKc
penetrating Ledger correspondent that it
is doubtful how far the Administration Is
commitled to thir bloated scheme or con
quest; ami the writer states that the Cabi
net is" divided on the question of how;
much of the Republic of Mexico we shall
resolve to conquer nnd absorbIIe saj's
that 'a pottiotrof the Cabinetis for going'
down to the Isthmus of -Tehuantepec,
. while another would be .satisfied with a
. line lying considerably to the north of
it." ;
If anything could amaze1 the' public
"in this day of 'progress," it would be to
see schemes ' so monstrous gravely ' prc
entedt and discussed. Our purpose -in
adverting to the subject;! however,"-was
not to ofler any reflections of our own on
this new phase of the lust of dominion
which seems to craze j the brains of our
rulers, but to offiyr some 5judicious re
markson it from two opposite quarters
the one YVhig, and the other" eminently!
The latter will be
fi rst:
" The Axnkxation of "Mexico. Wc
have heard for some time past obseurc
givings out concerning a scfieine medita
ted by certain politicians at "Washington
for annexing to the United Suites the en
lire Republic of Mexico. It was said,
not that the Federal : Administration gen
crally ..approved of it, which wc arc pret
ty confident is not the ''case, but that il
had found zealous friends in certain mem
bers of the .Cabinet, whose imaginations
were dazzled by the magnificent prospect
of a domain embracing the grern'ridges of
the Andes, and extending far within the
tropical belt of the globe. The , project
began lately to ooze out in the public jour
nals. ;' Letter-writers from Washington
have occasionally alluded to it. A Balti
more journal intimates that il is a favorite
schetrie of Mr. Walker, and this morning
weJiare a letter ii -the Journal of Com
merce froma person, who has resided in
Mexico during eighteen years in an ofii
cial capacity, and who tells us how de
lighlful it would be to an adventurer from
Maine, or New Hampshire lo dwell a
midst the verdure . of perpetual summer,
and feed on the delicious fruits of the
tropics, and how, pleasing it would be in
the sight of God to rescue "seven millions
of people from extinction, by sowing a
mong them the seeds of a true Christian
faith;" in other words, by promulgating
Protestantism, as Mahomet and; his fol
lowers propogated their faith, at the poinl
of the sword. . The writer of. this letter
contemplates the, subjugation and perma
nent occupation of Mexico by a territorial
governnicnt.' A more plausible scheme
of annexation was lately recommended in
an elaborate leading, article of a' lcading
anti-slavery paper. It proposed that the
present military Government of Mexico
should be abrogated, and that the States
of which that Republic is composed
should severally be invited to accede, of
their own free will,, to the American IT
nion; an invitation which.lhe writer seem
ed very confident that they would gladly
embrace. . - ? ' - ,
To us the project, viewed under any
aspect, presents itself with no recommen
dations. . If the annexation were perfect
ly spontaneous and unforced on the part
of the States of Mexico, the introduction
of the Mexican element into our politics
would prove a most unfortunate admix
ture .The. character ! of the public men
of Mexico, in almost all the samples which
have been before the world; has neither
the qualities of wisdom, energy, nor con
scientiousness. Elections, ; where the
mass of the people are o ignorant : 2ni
degraded and where the : more intelligent
have so little scruple in. regard to the
means they use, must of course be so cor
rupt and capriciousas scarcely to deserve
the uame of elections. ' Of Mexican poli
cy we have seen enough during the, last
five years.., In regard to foreign affairs it
issinguhfjy feeble,: passive, . tardy, and
suspicious, though boastful; and in regard
to domestic concerns singularly narrow,
unenlightened,'' arbitary, and oppresslre,
and none thejess'sofor tvearingtbename
of a republic. If we "take Mexico into
the Union, withitsjniue millions', pf in
habitants, we take in her politic alsoj 'we
takejne spirit ofi her people' Uieir ?r
' row views, their taste for intngue, their
f ignorance or disregard Of the principles of
individual freedom; we adulterate the na
tional character, with an alloy which it
: will require centuries to purge away. , , ;
j But we need not dwell upoiflhis view:
of the subject. lThe Mexican States will
notoluntarily accede to our Union.
They hate u too heartily; they condemn
us as heretics, 'detest us as their invaders
and conquerors, arc jealous of our supe
' rior intelligence iind enterprise, and will
hot-enter into a partnership which to
iheih seems"odio'us and unequal. If the
annexation therefore is to be etfectcd, it
must be by force; the Republic must be
overrun, subjngated; its defenders beaten
1 in detail, its; strong places occupied, its
disaflccted communities chastised; into
j submission; military prefects must preside
' 1. . 1: r a..:. . 1 '
in me uinereui . provinces, anu we musi
hold the comitry for years by a military
government,' a idespotism. We must fol
low the sinister example of Britainin'o
verninning arid governing the provinces'
of India. The executive , will acquTre
lucw and enormous sources 'of patronage,
urine appomiment 01 governors lor me
provinces, themselves in' j'turn; the;:dis-
pensers ol subordinate patronage; the ge-,
niiis of our nhti6n must become military,'
and the habit "of force, thus become in c
erate, will naturally re-act upon the char-,
acter of our Government. We shall be
changed from a people of peaceful pur
suits, among whom public Wder is pre
served by public opinion, to the condition
or those Governments which rule by
patronage arid fear. " "','" ' :,',
1 The other 'source from which we
quote is an intelligent Baltimore journal,
which we ;resort to because, although
Whig, it has - manifested heretofore eon
sideirable toleration for President Polk's
belligerent proceedings against Mexico:
'J'empik of Tiitr Ti.hks.' When we
j firet "euaged in-War -"with Mexico,' it was
oliicialiy proclattneilthatTJUr object was
riot roTiquest,1 but iio-'6btaiirjiislicc;'and
this declaration was reiterated -oh all 6c-
i casions lor a certain pnoihj Tlieacame
uic annunciation, .that we wanted a. por-
Ption of the Mexican territory, Mint would
l be content to pay a fair equivalent in
money for itr-As ourrospect. of acqui
sition advanccJ,'howevcr,"our view's seem
to have expanded until the temper of the
times has assumed &n: aspect Uhrcateni ng
t the national existence of Mexico. First
the'N'fw York Sun .urged upon Govcrn
ment tlie necessity of conquering the
whole of Mexico. This surcttion was
I adopted by a few paper of less import
ance; but still there seemed to be no se
rious disposition entertained by the peo
ple of the United States or bV1 Govern
ment 10 cmbri'.cc a course so expensive
ami uncertain in its result within a few
days ' past, when the ' offici:d organ " at
Wa5hiiigton''ntaiufd the ominous inti
matioir that the subjugation of Mexico
might become necessary;' and wc very
much fear that less than the whole' will
hardly satisfy our cormorant appetite lor
territory. " But we should count the cost
of the acquisition before we undertake to
nake it. The war $0 Car is said lo have
cost us the lives of twenty thousand men,
and from eighty to one hundred millions
of dollars. At this rate.what will be the
sacrifice of life and money to'obtain per
manent possession of the whole of Mexi
co? And how arc hicn and means tQ be
procured? Loans' to a limited amount
may be procured and armies can be raised;
but we doubt whether either can he ob
tained for the purpose, of conquering and
holding the whole of Mexico. , We may
overrun the country with oui ; lorces, but
permanent conquest will require the keep
ing of a ; large standing army ,' for an in
definite period. ? -"
To our view the conquest of Mexico
would be a most unwise act' were it just
and practicable. ' But it would be-manifestly
unjust.- We may, we, think, with
propriety retain possession of conquered
cities and levy contributions in aid of the
war until 'Mexico be - willing to make
peace; but such places should, be surren
dered to' the eneiny on f the'eessation1 of
hostilities. We should set an example
of moderation and justice to other Pow
ers, even if self-preservation 'did not de
mand such' policy. But it requires no
prophet to foresee that ; the subjugation
and annexation of 'Mexico would bring
discord and dissolution to the Union. Wc
hope, then, if the idci of ahnexmgMcxr
co to the' United Suites' be chtcrtaincd by
Government it will be abahdoned. Lct
the war against that country be' prosecu
ted with, renewed vigor, huf let' our ears'
bo always open , to receive1 the offer of
honorable peace.' J - ' . .
f "Previous to the invasion of Mexico by
order of "the 'President,- the Government'
of that countryr agreed to receive a Comr'
mfssionef to settle thequestion iofboun
dary arising from the annexation of Tex
as' The -President refrsed to send ' a3
Commissioner but sent a' Minister. 'Af
ter prosecuting thfe .w:ar for more lha'n a
year he sent 'Senor! Dbri;, Nicholas P.
Tr is t' ' Co mm is 3 Von er TtoHreat Sv fth Mex:i-cjx-
Whydid he not send sl Cohimissio
er in 'the -firsl instaiiefctindiana'Stat?
Jeurnsl.'i ' " J iW
j . From the National Intelligencer.'
Messrs. Editors: In your journal of
the exports iVoni Liverpool to the United
States during the five months ending with
August, for 1846 and 1847. It is to be
regretted that you did not accomyany the
slatemeht with commentsi ' lest some of j.
your Locofoco readers -ami I hope you
'have" mnnv mtirlit rcincludft ' th:it von I
were friends of the existing Tariff, and, j FURTHER INTELLIGENCE.
'as such, paraded it before the countrv to A . - e. . .
i . . ' 1 . liie N. O. Picavune of the 10th mst,
show what a tremendous business. we are j.
driving with John Bull under a Democrat- r15 nS:i" filled with late intelligence from
ic Administration. ' According to my re-! Mexico, connected with the recent opera
coilection; you resisted the'passage of the lions of our army there, from which we
Tariff bill of 1816, - and, ' therefore, y ou - extract tli? most interesting portion, as
mrght have favored vour readers with i follows: Nat. Inf ,
-your views on the increasing .imports
which you must Consider alarming; but
as Vou have not done it, I' beg leave to do
'it for you, nothing doubting you will en
dorse inv.sentiineulis not niv ability. '-'"'
With the exception5 ol tin plates it ap- i man' division. Circumstances preven
pears thal tho export of all the articles ted their bein? delivered by Geo. Quit-
-nanted bvv the Liverpool Mercury have , .. , ! , , ,' , .
. ,, .- 1 1 ri man: and thev were taken to Chapaltcpec
rapidly increased, and some of them enor-j ., r
mously. Packages - of-manufactured ,,v L a,J .Gea. Quitman.
goods ihereased about -f2,0O0V packages : u reaching there, finding the General-
of hardware about 10,000; other packages !
about 3,000; tons of iron about .19,000; J
tons of salt about 13,000; and other arti-
, . ; . .. . ' "..I. - ,
Cles, too tedious to enumerate, have also
'increased; ami -that 'the leadinV articles j
; will continue to increase ' tuyon us solon? i
1 i - f - . . . . ' :
-as the present 1 anil exists tnere can now
; be no question. All this may ( look very
I'well to free-tradergbutl cwniemplute tlie
.result - with dread. '.Within the next
twelve months the balance of' trade must
be largely against Us and then, as a thing
iof course, we shall lose'a large amount of
our coin. Albeit the late unprecedented
i foreign demand for our 'breadstuff-, stcr-
j an natt .uitiHi .ujat t mt
par, a.d it; is .quite probable-they will
lurther adrance in a short lime; in whicii
. .1 mi i . . -
event the coin, will begin to move at once.
--"j Having a costly war on our hands it
was providential for the country and the
Administration tlial' Europe in 'the past
year, required a?Mul fifty millions of our
food; for, but-for this,- fin would have
-flowed in large -quantities from both ends
I of. the, country t and under such. -a state of
things the consequences would have been
most disastrous.. If wc, could have a for
I cign? demand fur' our brcadslnfls every
Jyear'to the extent of fifty millions of dol
lars, the laritl or 1846 could he borne,
but this wc need not calculate upon a-
gain.. The demand was .Unusual and ex-; parties, in all cities and towns occupied
tniordinary.'and the sole cause of it was the American army, a Jlexican police
the unprecede nted deficiency of the crops j shall be established and duly harmonized
of Euroj)C. It is Inie, the free-trade odi- ; with the military . police of the said for
lorn, and die Democrats generally, ascribed j cey. t - : . - '
the immense exports to their, tariff." bant- J; 10. This splendid capital, its churches
ling, but it was' all brutum ' fvlmen. and . religious worship, its convents and
I hese exports would have been made c-
ven if they had been 50 percent. There
is now an end to them . 1 . '' ' '''
It being perfectly clear that a continu
ation of low duties must ultimately prove
disastrous to all the great interests of the
country, let iis inquire if any portion of
the people of the country derive, in the
mcan tunc
imc, any advantage "from them.
reduction of duties had cheapened
If the
prices of goods generally; it must ".be ad
mitted tlut the consumers would be bene
fited; but it is sard b 'the "most respect-
able merchants that the ' are rage prices
arc riot lower. Some articles are , higher
and. some lower, according to, the demand
and supply, whichi after all, regulate pri
ces; but the value pr goods, both foreign
and dJinesiic, is, upon the whole, about
the same it" was previously , to the 1st of
December, 1840. ' : ' " '
As.wc have gained n thing. ly the new
'order in council let us see what' we
have' lost. Instead of patronizing our
owii labor in preparing for market some
sixty thousand packages of dry '! goods,
hardware, &c;, and nineteen thousand
tons of iron, (we arc speaking of the ex- j
cess of imports only ) we have put in the
pockct of the people of Great Britain a
large sum of money! Would it not have
countrymen, and those who seek "an as
svlum amoni us, than contribute to the
i.u r .i i u n . ' oy nny corps or omcer until a suitao e
wealth of those who chuckle at our ex- i M- i u- . , """"-"
. , t u , puliie ouiiQiiigs within the above ranges
cessire greenness and generosttv? John1, , r . J . , ,
Bull was delighted when the glorious i f nfu ' cu,ed; ind all offi-
news reached him that Brother Jonathan " troops shall be quartered
. - " . i , . r
" , , , V .-":--,-. - ' ,
own, anu me oiu gentleman nas necn
thankful and happr ever since. But it
would be d 'waste of words to 'pursue
theni. When we shall have gone through
a fiery cordeal like thatof 1837--wheri
all the banksfrora NewYork to New
Orleans suspended specie payments wc
may better Understand our true policy. '
' October, 1817. ; v ' O. P. Q
The Washington Union savs.that"Mr:
Webster "his no popularity oiit of his own
State." StilMii3 case appears io he bet
ter than that ; of MrPqlkf iWhff Jtas;jKX
rf. . . . . l 1a the Quartermaster anJ (,ornmiKnrv a f . ...... - "
popularity 1? Dis -own otat 4.10-wa.' l. . - . - - . Sr T nV trt r
-..,,. v v,,. . ... , Dptrnents will at occe be exempted b'31-1'OJl3 tn 3n
beert for the o&ee-ot OoTernpr; jn-his. 1 froU.ijutie. I , K ,: brigade in about a
iwDmanths-l reci'v from h own -fStaia -Gen. Quitnan i oruers, datea th 17th, rrady
1; another waWncs of .unqualified cendera-
rpatics.--Louis villa journal. :Trt
1 mtm m -m v - .
, VThe Spanish Real in Massachusetts, is
'called "mnepence," in New -York a
"shilling," in Maryland a Hew," in
'South Carolina asev en pence," and in
; 0" -b.t; ihe half Real m Mas-
, sachusctts fourp-nce-ha-peony in New
r York "sixpence," Maryland a "dp." and
! j Louisiana a "picavune.'
; Uv a communication m the American
Star we perceive that Gen. Bravo and
staff were taken prisoners by a portion of
the New York regiment, in General Quit-
in-chief still at the castle, ho reported to
Gen. Scott that he had Gen. Bravo and
: r r n 1
stafT prisoners of war. I he General or-
- '
dcrcJ CaPl- Davis 10 br,I1S M1C prisoners
forward where he was. w hen the Gener-
al-in-chicf addressed Gen. Bravo as fol
lows i ' ' "
I deeply regret meeting the 'valiant
Gen. Bravo in misfortune. I have Ion
and favorably known him by fame. I
trust wc may oon be friends. I honor
and respect him as an enemy.
Gen. Bravo expressing his thanks for
; uc vuuuv. t AirnutM ij ittiii uv virii
crain.d.icf, the latter directed that the
e . . . ,",,' , r
former be taken into the citadel and fur-
lushed with as comfortaide quarter as the
convenience of the building would ad-
in it of. ; ; t . . ; j ;
On the 17th of September Gen. Scott
repablished jiis general orders, proclaim-
' ing martial law in places occupied by our
j troops, with jmportant additions. From
theseorders we .copy that portion by
(which contributions are levied upon the
I capital, and the reasons therefor assigned :
: M.'Fr the ; case and safety of both
monastne.s, its inhabitants and property,
arc, , moreover, ptaceil under tJie special
safeguard of the faith and honor of the
American army.
.,-.16. In consideration of the foroffoinj
protection, a. contribution of $100,000 is
j imposed on this capital to be paid in four
j weekly instalments of thirty-seven thou-
j sand five hundred dollars each, beginning
j on Monday next, the 20th inst, and ter
minating on Monday the 11th of October
17. The A vuntaniiento, or .corporate
authority of the city, is specially charged
j with the collection and payment of the
; several instalments.
.18. Of the whole contribution to be
paid over to this army twenty thousand
dollars shall be appropriated to the pur
chase of extra comforts for the. wounded
and sick in hospital; ninety thousand dol
lars to the purchase of blankets and shoes
for gratuitous distribu tion among, the rank
and file of the army, and forty thousand
dollars reserved for other necessary in Hi
lar v purposes. . ...
The next order wc find is dated the 18.
! and "avians to the troops their different
1 .1. ri . - i
- -
lar'r5 J - mat portion ot tne
( order would posses no interest here, but
. the following paragraphs axe of a gratify-
- 8. iNo rent shIl be paid -by the United
states h
or any building occupied by troops
or officers ; without a special direction
from general headquarters; nor. shall any
private house - be occupied as quarters
without the free consent of the owner, or
orders from general headquarters. No
I deviation from tiicse injunctions will be
tolerated. .
9. The collection of customs or duties
vil authority of the same, will be contin-
ucdas heretofore until modified bv the ci
vil and military, governor, (Maj.. General
Quitraan,) the views of the
euemn-cnieN out sr.ppiios. Retougtuj
j do- unarmed persons, iath pursuit of
'their rrrrats aflairs, to ras and rersii
j the citv gates and outpost, but aone with
! arm 'without s?tll leave. He a!a
; prohibits arms, ammuniiion, tobacco, or
public property of any kiCd to be tAea
from the city.
Another order of Cen. Q. aliowi 9
I collection of mstouis and duties at th
gates of the city aa usual, save on iup-
plies for the Quartermaster' and Com
missary's departments. The proceed
are to be appropriated ia the first instance
to city expenses, buJ the residue as tha
General may direct.
The following order of Gen. Scott
point to a danger by which he is beset,-
The order is eminently characteristic of
his high spirit, his humanity, and care for
his troops i ,. -
Mexico, Sept, '22, 1817.
- The Oeaeral-in-ehifcf has received,
through many kind sources, Mexican
and others, undoubted information that
an extensive conspiracy is on foot about
us, to surprise (by means of an insurrec
tion) our guard and quarter.-, and to mur
der our officers and men.
Mexican officers and. soldiers, in di
guise, who had not the courage to defend
their capital, are the. leaders of the con
spiracy, aided by some fifteen hundred
thieves and murderers, wh were turned
loose for that purpose, and to prey upyr
the peaceable inhabitant, the night tcfora
the triumphal entry of the American, ar
my into this city.
The conspirators have also the services
of several false priests, who dishonor tlio
holy religion which they only profess foe
the special occasion. '
Until ready for the insurrection thd
disguised viUians hope to do us mucli
harm in detail. Their plan i3 to assassi
nate stragglers, particularly drunken men;
to entice individuals of small parties into
shops to drink, and to stab ihcm, when in
their cups, to entice our gallant Roman
Catholic soldiers, who have done so much
honor to our colors, to desert, under a
promise of land in California, which our
arms have already conquered, and which
forever will remain a part of the United
States. : .
Let all our soldiers. Protestant and Ca
tholic, remember the fate of the deserters
taken at Churubusco. ' Thess deluded
wretches were also promised money and
land; bat the Mexican Govcrmcnti by ev
ery sort of iil-usage, drove them to tako
up, arms against the country and flag they
had vofit7ifarift sworn to support, ar.d
next placed them in front of the battle--in
positions from which they could not
possibly escape the conquering valor of
our glorious ranks. After every effort of
the General-ir,-chief to save, by judicious
discrimination, as many of those misera
ble convicts as possible, fifty of therm
have paid for their treachery by an "igno
mcnious death on the gallows.
Again, the Gcneral-in-chief calls on his
brethren in arms, of. alt grades, to be con
stantly on the alert, by day as by night;
never to appear in the street without
side-arms; to walk out only in parties of
twos, threes, or more; and to avoid all ob
scure places, particularly treacherous
dram-shops and liquor stores. By com
mand of Major General Scott.
II. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. G.
Struck' by I A shining -One Hundred
Houses Destroyed Heavy J.o$s cf
JAfe. ' '
ClNCTNXATI, Oct 15, P. M.
We learn from Nashville, that a most
terrific calamity occurred there on Tues
day evening. During the prevalence cf
a violent thunder storm, the lightninj
struck a Powder Magazine, and the stroka
was followed by an awful explosion,
which could bo - compared to nothing but
an earthquake!
At least one hundred houses were d
stroyed and the loss of life cunnot yet Irs
told. Ten dead bodies have already been
recovered, and the citizens had turned ouS
en masse to search the rum,? either for
other corpses, or perhaps to extricate
those who may be lingering wounded or
ia agonies worse thnn death. -
This dreadful calamity has fallen upon
the city ot Na!fhrille with appalling force.
The particulars of the tragedy will be a-
waited with, the greatest anxiety. W
have no names of the sufferers, or cf the
property destroyed, except that the houee
of Mr. Shcvers was shattered to pieces,
his family much injured, and a voung la
dy killed on the spot.
; ORDKRro to Mkxico The St. Tswls
ITiiinn rt iK ?lOit nT;... -
dsHnJ lhaf-Gen; Kearney has been
dered by .the. War Department to tak?
L command of the new regiments, from O-
j hio andJCentncky, and j-in Geo. , Scott
-,hnnt .
v 1 I
H trixpectfd to raoch
d ta be ready with his
fort-nizht. , The Olr,
on its way f.-C3, Da-
li is. Kivacky
rea!y ia t fs v Jy?,.