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T'VO UObM PER ANMTNf.
IIA.K-VEAKI.V L ADVANCi:.
AND FABRICS' AMD BIEGHANIGS' REGISTER.
ir xot paid witkt.v the teak,
2 iJ WILL Ii- CliAKJJSD.
rmXTEl) AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN B O W , SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.
TUESDAY, BECSX&BER 2, ISG,
the: wrc CLOCK.
fl.cre is a little mistic clock,
.V) human eye'hath seen;
Th; t bo Heth oil and beatcth on,
From morninguntil e'en:
jd when the soul is wrapped in sleep,
Ami hearcth not a sound,
Ii ticks ant! ticks the livelong night,
And never runneth down.
0 wondrous is that work of art
Vv'nich kncls the passing hour,
Bi t art ne'er formed, nor mind conceived
The life-clock's magtc power.
Nor set in gold, nor decked with gems,
13 v wealth and pride possessed;
I)i!t ri -h or poor, high or low,
Faeh bears it in his breast.
"When life's deeps srearu, 'mid beds of
And still and sofilv glides.
Like the wavelet s step, with a gentle beat,
It warns of passing tides.
When threatening darkness gathers o'er,
And iiope's bright visions flee,
Like the sullen stroke of the rati filed oar, !
It bsateth heavily.
When passion nerves the warrior's arm
For deeds of licl3 and wrong,
Though heeded not the fearful sound,
The knel is deep and strong.
When eyes to eyes are gazing soft,
And tender words are spoken,
Then fast and wild it rattles on.
As if with love 'twere broken.
Such is the clock that measures life,
Of lleih and spirit blended;
And thus 'twill run within the breast,
Till that strar.tre life is ended.
The Packet Ship lVjoailJi?.
On Tuesday we noticed the disaster
v.aYieui befet the new and dt-jant packet t
ship Wyoming, on her last trip to Liver- j
, , - t , i . r i
pool. e hnd, m the Lmtc-d Slates Ga-!
zctte of Wednesday, a letter from a young
'jrpntlcinan who was a passenger on board
giving a graphic aceouut of the gale and
its effects upon the ship, and of the ac
cidents and deaths which followed. The
writer is a Philadelphian :
Monday, the Gth of October, (the dark
day of our voyage,) was ushered in by a
clear and cloudless sky, yet Mill the wind
blew a still breeze from the S. W. This
soon freshened into a fearful gale, which,
fortunately for cur ship, was favorable
aud allowed us to scud under close reefed
topsails. So violent was the wind for ' All night wc drove on in ihis disagrea
a brief time that it was impossible to send j ble position, anxiously awaiting an ab ite
t'ue men alofi, and the whole face of the . ment in the violence of the storm. The
deep was whitened into a creamy foam, i
while so loud was the mmgied ro
wind, the sea and the beat
oar of the j
itmg rain, ;
ih-n a human voice raised to its utmost !
j i ,
pitch was undisiiuguishab'e. . the trying moment, and to be prmeipady
Hcavy squalls continued to pour in on j concerned and anxious for others' wtl
v.s till about 2 P. M., when the wind i fare.
suddenly declined, and we were left m an The conduct of Captain 31. throughout
iuen-'.v critical condition surrounded i
aged in unloosing and hauling in the top I
gaiLut studilmi sails, the iorcc ol a flap- I
: ... . . '
ring sail carried our carpenter up to the
topgallant yard arm a distance of about j
05 feet lie maintaining his hold
meanwhile on the rope; so violent was !
tlic farce of his ascent that both his hands
were forcibly jammed against, and nearly
pulled tlircugh the halyard block; and
there he remained suspended till his com
rades came, to his relief; crushed and
mangled he was brought to the deck; this
was the beginning of our troubles.
I hid before remarked that the vessel was
roIiinT fribifuliv in the trough of the sea
emmen-iy critical conuition surrounded j r.:j;e .h.i
and tossed about by a tremendous sea, j ence of mind which, considering the try
widioutbuiric'.ent wind lo kerp the ressel j bng position in which he was placeil,
Mcadv. During the morning, while en- ! were astonishing. The first and second
eac1 lurch driving everv thing fastened dopt with reference to the suller'mg would I she preparation is ready for use. Its ef-
or unfastened in the cabin, from side to j be warmly seconded by them '.hat any J feels create astonishment in all who wit
iV tab'es rave way and dashed furious- j errors which my unfledged experience J ness them, and the smallest portion ex-
Iv aci'M the slate room doors; every ar-
tlclc of furniture seemed instinct with a
liendisih life, and tumbled madly and
crashed from side to side.
ho.v!i d men sought to steady them-
b,tofihecarro; the aour barrels unship- llieved on the spot. I dressed the frac- proportion to its weight, is precisely the i no mail having been received since we , mo.iow , .... o.h,i ni.. not.u. ne.e io.
ped and dUtributed their contents lavish- j 'ured H.a? of two sailors hastily lor the same as that cf gunpowder. Tins gun- tooli possession. .
Iv on the unfortunate inmates t( the 2nd j night, bad the man with the fractured cotton is employed exactly m the same ,c in s j . , e i a. i..
the Indian com became locomotive, skuil and broken rib removed to belter way as gunpowder. A piece of it is ram- Dragoon Camp (searJov a illage,) .. ;.; : I 1:'.
and found its war into the pumps, which 1 quarters, bled him, dressed his wounds, med down tiie barrel, then a bit of wad- fi,d Grande, October 2, 1816. '7 , 'f" '
hater it succeeded eventually in choking; jand in half an hour had the satisfaction of ding, and after that a ball ; a copper cap . r t- . -- - j
every thiier went higgledy-piggledy. seeing him gradually recover from the . ignites and explodes the cotton. nhou ' . . i vuo.e tra .1 and I. ; ...
t.;. i... ,..,... . I r-,.,1,.,. .Ilirmm rPRhinr from his severe a sine exceot on. a who have witnessed un me spur oi tne occasion an u:i- - -i ,i o; toe um,F m uw,,
ill It . V . 1 . . V...4 . V. I V. tW. ! ' .Wl... v.. ... Q , ?t I .i
. 1 . . I . . 1 . .1,4.. 1
selves, and in doing so lost their balance, Rarely does it occur that a young dis
:md were suddenly, without warning, ciple of Galea is so unceremoniously in-pr.tci-iitaied
into dark holes cr comers, troduced into a field of action as extensive
whence they would emerge grumbling j and serious.
'-pad distressed. The floor, dangerous But to continue my narrative. Tues
wi'h fractured crockery, slippery with the day morning, the day after the accident,
-contents of countless soup bowls, greasy opened dismally enough upon us.
with the debris of dissipated dinners, pre- j The force of the gale had indeed abated,
rented a scene which baffles description, t but a tremendous rolling sea tossed us to
All this, however, waa rather amusing j and fro, straining the timbers of the un
th3. cihcrw iH. - ' fortunate- vessel, which, creaking and
About 3 P. M., while in the condition j groonirig, seemed as if it would part at : No JJaxiCO and NSW LSOl. ! fcpoiie ru!e. losing hi whole batterv of untiring industry anJ perseverance. His
just described I the -wind carnc out sudden-, each blow of the sea. All night lung we. V , . . ;ht pieces. The glorious star and oiH,, ii no smceurc. fhr all hi time i,
jly in iho ..A. fresh and steady; in 5 had driven on, still hampered bv the fal- ! present war bring u het.cr ac strip.es now float over the Plaza of Santa fdiv employed. He locks well h iafiiv,
minutes it was again blowing a tremen- len mast an 1 soars our other sails pre- ; quainted with the country which we have ; IV. spirits, and h is more piPerce than I con-
dous gale, our sail was nearly all taken in j vented from working by their position 1 conquered. It shows us the habits of the The province h is been occupied in its ceivedVt possible lor u:lv' man to ,nve in
Sin f'VV"'" Piling a I and shattered condition, but we were . h, praducilvo capacities of their wf . treatment . hi, situation. He is a Ariel discipline-
hushing tone, to close reeing the top- fortunately .preserved iron, farther aeei- : 1 , ! rnd th, .usiu-n o! a ja-t covcnnu.ut-- au, but just ard impartial to all. All the
sail, when a succession of the most fear- tl.-nt. ! 0iI' lls mcrs- mji-vi l!j , but. above all, cxpodmoas to put down the armv arc pleased with hi;- and his o-
ful squalls of wind and rain fed upon us: j As soon as circumstances would per- ! by which commerce is breaker to shed : ro:,:r,r rf , rmtam Iudiatu, have ahead" deposition shows us he vv til riv9
i the wind m an unconceivable short space ; rait, arrangements were mede for remo- i its blessings upon the laud. How many ; c.r.He,! :l complete ci-Iit vtbn. ; us a fight if it can be nhL-.in. J &
, of time hauled from the NW. to EXE. j ving the wreck a delicate operation, and were acquainted with the bsan'Jesof Mon- 1 0:i the 23:h instant tli.r (.'en.?ral march- ; The country Irom die X'cuces to this
! blowing a hurricane. For a person who : one which, if it had not been judiciously . lerey, for example ; of which one of the cd from S..:::a i'e wi.ii three Iiundred of place is a barren waste, Kadly watered, and
j has never experienced ths full force of a ! managed, might have resulteil in serious . fin 0Fcr oftV -riUv (?'vc us t!:e f;I- I tl-'o-.s. on ear prll-ns and roman- not Jit for cultivation. Here th.c country
. v;e!ent gale, it would be impossible to i iniurv to the vesst;!. This oeennied . " ;'J ' -"". ,'" " ' -v'..;tlll .,, t',.. i.,..-.:. Ocean, to 1 is line : the sutrar-car.e and tron'r-! rU
, realize the mighty power of the wind on ' nearl'v the whole day. When evening - 3' PJC'i:r'iue criP, under aavw n .vernme-.it for a-': flourish finelv when cultivated. Tl-rr.
these occasions. In the present iasiar.ee, ;
I " i i ui .is utiiai u was useiets ui mantiej appearance. i;ut larinore respect- J orr.ve civtsioa o: vienerai v onu t 'j'welve lmn nr.les oS luoantun and ; you see we siiait notsuiier when oursun
; attempt to stand on the quarter daek so , able than in the morning. The wound- ; bns fongfit six distinc t and separate hutaVs, O.on are b-fore n.5 ; our route by the Kio j plies give out, tliough we have cn'Wh
J I returned to the wheel house to watch ed during the d iv required much attea- Rnd as often conquered superior numbers, j (;;a s only p :rtb!iy known by trippers, i for sixty days. I enclose the Geacrai'j
i the result. tioti. All the e.n?tv sp-ir in t!. :. and strewed the va!! lvs and the mouti- ; ? i-..l J, .,." W.- t. 'iukr o-i.- noor f liiliful ' proclamation of thrt Otfi z
the result. j
The available sailors of the ship (21 in
number) were all engaged in reefing the
maintops Yd, when a squall of fearful in-;
I tensity struck the vessel, felic careened cing some of her garments for bandages, Government and reop'e will be fatHticl. ; ; j cor.querinsi- ';''i:"r!::a and in rrect
i over till almost on her beam end then with such rude and primitive apparatus This valley and surrounding scenery wo'id Xlvt a f;Vv covernnrmt ih-.-e, what troops
recovered slowly but steadily from the j did I dress the wounded the resources ' seem to have been set to Johttcen's Has- 1 vv !i:.Ve ondurA! tlie l:-.t;-..rs and met with
blow but the shock proved too much for
j the mast. In a second I heard a fearful j
! rrrn-k llirn :i rrn!iinT. ibnndfrimr sminrl
the inaiarnasl h;:d parted just below the
mam cross tree, carrying with it the force
and mizen top gallant masts and their res-
Far above the noise of the tempest
was heard the despairing yell of the un
fortunate sailors, snatched thus in nn in
stant from exist-ncc, to meet a fearful
I end. Three, annuruntlv blown from tho
yard, fell far astern; two met a more
dreadful and lingering death, for they
clung despairingly to the shrouds liii the
final blow of the falling mast dashed them
Far in z distance the heads of two
j struggling sailors were dimly distinguish
ed amidst a cloud of foam and spray but
only for a moment the next moment the
ungovernable ship swept us far away.
As the mr.st was falling, the men who
were reefing endeavored, by sliding down
ropes and dropping on the deck, to save
themselves. In doing so many were sc-
i verelv injured. One fractured his skull
anu uroKe u:s no: r.vo moae inf-ir legs;
one bolh his arm and leg, two shoulders
vmre dislocated: the 2d mate received a
sevtre .ow on the sun, .Mv r.
were swent aw.iv and perished, and scv-
. , .- ,. 1 . . '. . ,
Ali this o-ci.r.( d in two minutes. 1 r m
one of 'he finest vessels on the Atlantic,
the Wyoming in a moment was changed
to a dismasted and unmanageable wreck.
Crippled and crushed she still sped madly
on before the driving wind, with the use
less mast slid clinging to our battered
side, hampering our remaining sails, and
leaving us at the mercy of the elements.
Our hull was still strong and yielded to
the helm, though sorely clogged by the
dragging masi; vast seas dashed over us
at intervals, shaking and steggering the
solid hulk as if it would tear it assuuder.
conduct of our passengers during the con
tinuauce of the danger was worthy of all
prahe that of the ladies especially.
Each one appeared to lose sight of self in
the whole evmced a coomess aim pres-
matrs also behaved as well as men cou
t i i i
do to repair oar loss, nna
quiet toe surviving seamen. All r.igot j
long the grcms of the wounded tilled our .
ears; a tremendous sea tossed us to and I
fro, each motion adding to the anguish of j
the unfortunates who tilled the round j
I felt my own position peculiarly try
ing the only physician on board the
only one even remotely qualified bv iheo-
rv, unassisted bv experience or practice.!
to treat the womided. Assured by the
, captain and mv fellow passengers that anv
j course I might deem it expedient to a-i
' might betray me into, would be overlook-
cn, im eun .nuicatea ny tnem, l un
j dertook toe task of attending the wound-
I mcn' onc wboni had a
injury on the head
closed on the scene, we presented a ci;
tioti. All the empty segar boxes in tlic :
ship were at once converted into patent ,
Hpiinta aad the stewardess manifested a 1
becoming respect for science by sacrili- '
of the ship not being equal to an eaier-!
geuey cf this nature.
Wednesday found us after n settled :
niglst scudding before a smart gale from ' emenls. In the same enclosure you ob
the T. W.,sea'very roii"h and boister- ?crve the tropical and the northern fruits :
ous. At 2 P. 3f. passed a brig, as the j the orange and pouiegranate, blende I with j r- -v ASti.-rch we 'nave oflate
sailors sr-y, h uid over hand; so rapidly ; the apple, pear, and cherry of the north ; fcit g - y si glued and hurt, (and promo
does the Wyoming sail, crippled as she j all growing in rich and harmonious luxu- tions that'we have long regularly been cn-
is, that ne o::ors all call her saucy, or ;
saR?Y v vo.Miya nickname imhcaUvc
oi nor .-ep'.i ior ouatmes a
ii n pi v.-l i
aid s:;ilr. Ali day the gale lasted, in
skyiig'its were i
stove in: the dead lights or windows burst j
open, and in the course of a short time i
1 , ii , j
we were nearlv ankle deep m water iu Uie
As the ship lurched from side to side,
the water swashed wiih a dismal crash, '
carrving with it stools, cushions, booli
extinguished candies, c:c, forcibly re- !
minding one of a gale on a small scale, and !
rendering our situation lar from on? to be ;
envied. I was pe;
cn'- ci-i.,;,v, r i
my blt'i when th" rVdir.o- first co.umtm-
, ill" . .... J
face di-sioaU d my slumbers, wettin all '
my available wardrobe, and reducing me
to a mo.-t uncomfortable posimni.
Our misery was prolonged throughout
the night: towards morning the eea aba
ted, peace was restored, and the "steer
age" emerged from their holes to bask in
the sun shine cn deck.
Dr. Orro, Profor of C lie mi? try in
Brunswick, has published the fallowing I
sMtenient in the Hanoverian G
t'a-.;-vr, but nlymg on t
lmn oS sV.ouze, contained m im
drcvl and tliirtv-sixth page of the first vol- 1
ume oi my e.lunuai oj Vyuemi-3ir, 1 mue ;
i i 1 1 Ti i
1 i . . 1;., .
ton, which., after a series of experiments,
seems quite suited to supply the place of
gunnowder. In order to bring tiie re'sid s
of important disco veries as speedily
nobble to the hihea t stage of perfection i
it seems to me mvessarv to lav them ini-
mediately bef.ire the public, in order that
. 1 , ...
many persons may turn toeir attention 10
the subject. I scorn, therefore, to sell or
take out a patent for my very interesting
discovery, the cone puences of which are
not easy to h? foreseen, and I now publish
it for the geneva! good of die public. In
tir, preparation of the exploding cotton,
common well cleaned cotton is dipped for
8,0lU h .?f a minute n highly concentrated
mtric j, ;lhe :wii v. bich I use being
!n:i,jc vvll;, ,j,y distillation of ten parts of
dried salmctre and six of oil of vitriol.)
and then instantly placed in water, which j
mu.n be often renewed, m order to free
tire cotton from tlic acid with which it is
i nreniatcd. Care must then be taken
ta il a;
I the knotty particles of the cotton
are properly disentangled, and that it is
thoroughly dried. After this the explo-
n'n:'.;.; wh.v struck on an anvil with a
I V . .... . ir. !
InniKinr lilo .: liiinalieer noWl Or. V UCU
kindled with a glowing body it takes lire
j just like gunpowder, an. 1 when used in a
The cheap postage system will certain
ly succeed. It is said now that the a
mount of deficiency which the Postmas
ter General will require fron the Treasury-will
be but $500,000. Next year the
Department will pay it3 own expenses,
in two years will yield a revenue of three j
millions annually. Ulaa to scetnts. -
ciasiug m violence auout iu v. .u., li we turn Irom ;cw jeon to iew oi ueuerra jvearney ior o;e ingu uuaes oprr traja 0psu
wuca uie w inu suauemy suosiuea, ieav- Mexico, we are struck with its new fea- I powers cu.rr.si:M 10 nan m mis re- prions accideut.
mg us at the mercy of the sea, without j , T---Iett-r of I ieu- I ?io;i ?. .U'H c'l'an aml a5!e establishment To-morrow you w
sail to steady us, tne surge was awiuS; tlie ) . . ol n civil govern neat on the rums ct a j Grande, and occupy
sea dashed over us at shart intervals with ! 1Klve lH d?spottc anarch ,-, have met t!;e highest Clinnies .We have not
I . . . i r-i n n im n I'll i. i i nri i .1 1
ly satisfied." : '
; , oi uciooer iv :
aad strewed the val'ys and the mouti-
tains, the streets and house-tops with the
enemy's dead. We have gained a series
offflorious triumplis, and we lion? the
s-da5. Not.hinj can exceed its fertility, (
beauty, or grandeur. As to climate, it '
seems to be a resolution of ail the liner td-
riunce. i j e mountains ?eem to streen to j
h-eaven and kiss the hand of God in than'
lulness ior nis b'essmgs. Indeed, all out i
the face of man i divine.' "
favored, pens upon the mines of precious
metals which that province produces :
. , r , ,, r , , ,
Lxtract of a teller from lACit. .'ioerf,
( orpn of J op 'graphical Lniiiecm,
. ' , ' a ' 3
"Santa Ft, October 7, 1816.
-In conip'ianee with instructions from
I'ieuf, Emory (who has despatched for
California with Gen. Kearney) to make a
survey of New .Mexico. I left here last j
1 ues jav lor t he .-o.d mine-
"Tb trip was highly interesting. Th J
w l-J.ir-C,- vri - X n.-tT-, ir rot t mm t
?(!'.;h o tins city, and anout twelve miles j
west of the Chihuahua r. a '. W c staid j
at the hmi.-e of Sen or Don Campbell, a j
liberal gentleman, and a man ol extensive ;
possessions in this mineral region, li.
showed us ids mines of gold, copper, and
lead, and loaded us with as many speci
mens of the ores as we could cury. . The
copper ores contain gold and silver ; in
fact, are rich with these precious metals,
in the valleys are found large lumps of
m-o i vn irn!.J Tr ( ' i in '-ihfl i hnr! n'lt :) T
two one worth fe'"ut 000, the other a-
bout $70o He sb.owed me a piece worth
liheen daiiars, and h .s much gold, which
lias been obtained by the use of rpiicksil-
ver ; but, a? mineralogi.-al specimens, tuis
last is of course of no vara".
'I have boxed up the specimens pro-
?:uri'o, .111 j sii.i:; u iiu wit.a;i u'v iuc ui.-i
I I !...U r . - 5 .1 I ,- i.-t
I In vp rlvr:. ntlAnt o-l to the
mode pursued here in washing the earths j
and rrindin-T the ores, and shall he aide to
niPl,ti a ?ooJ port iipon t.m su-.jec..
"' ?s K.oarne? arr!V'
f nht . e sent(! f'w h
the natlalion of Mormons, which wul soon
pass on its way to California.
-My winter will probably be spent at
Santa Fe, surveying, wandering among
old churches, gleaning old traditions, nnu
inaking sketches of whatever appears cu-
nous or interesting.
Extract of a letter front I.irut. L'mory,
Co nut of Toiru'rapfticui Engineers,
of Gen. Kearney's com mm
OcrocER 3, 1816.
"Since my letter of yesterday
press lias arrived from (Jo!. Price, announ
cing his arrival at Santa Fe, but it does
not bring one letter or one paper.
"Yu wiil see that the General is ta
king the Gib route I have been unre-
. c. - ,
muting m my exertions to-eecettain anu to
show the advantages of ihij route.
"When we shall have completed thi
march we shall have acquired by conquest
dl ihe country north and we.;t of tne
We are dreadfully in the dark in re-
gard to intelligence Irom the United States;
looked-for opportunity of sending a letter
I sit down upon the grass to give you
an imperfect sketch of the progress of our
arms in this remote quarter.
General Kearney has conquered New
Mexico in a inarch. The Governor sent
repeated messages for negotiation or delay,
hut we marched steadily on, and a force
double our own in numbers abandoned om
f KtrAi A ;n Vnrfh AmrriM
and dispersed. Gen. Armijo retreated
precipitately with the myrmidoms of his
nrdier province of impcn:d magnitude.
: t had b.'t-u" folly t lake our poor faithful
j horses, nn 1 ali are mounted upon i.;uie-i.
j We h rve i:".. 'a faith in the unvarying
fcrtun . of o ar lead er ; and, shall we sue-
the import--nt success of his i What force
cf ne;-r euu.d sir
:in v. i.i nave worked
; .!: rand national results I
V. who pe.-!:r.p thot'.Id no
vi owe arrevt t.e ;t to the
titled to have not been received,) still we
patient: y itevct
everv energy to tne great
-nrl- K.iV.r.- ..1 ivlll r
Need I speak of the judicious selection
frier.d General end
(Governor, with his honors and powers
1 we can scarcely realize that he b no Ion
. , - , ,
ger simplv our co.onel.
. 1 ,
An express Ins tins moment arrner
honors and powers,
with authentic informalion nfthe Iamen'cd
death of Captain Allen, (dragoons,) lieu
tenant colonel of a battalion of Mormons,
('apt. Cooke is appointed in his place, and
will return immediately to S.mta Fe to
takc command of that battalion and Cap-
tain Hudson's mounted company of volun-
teers for California. lie will march wit!:
e have not had a madsmec we march.
0l jnto Santa Fe, the 18th of August !
This has been exceedingly rmnoying, and
probably injurious to the public service.
In haste, yours.
From Gsn. Wool's Command.
Cones pun dcn.'t of the Courier ad Inquirer.
Cam? on the Rio Gsvxdk,
OeroEtn 11th, 1S1G.
The ad .om.ee of lite armv under Gen
j Wool arrived here day before yesterday.
We made the distance (187 miles) in e
lcven marchlngduys, through prairie coun-
lrv Vv-;ti, a hurniug sun. The advance
consists of Major Bonneville's command
-,,iiJi-""v wl" -
anil one company oi rvenmckv voiuniccrs.
i r J " 1.1
two companies of Illinois volunteers, nn
(ler command of Major II. L. V-ebb:
the living artillery, under Cap!, Washing-
ton ; Uvo regiments of dragoons, under
- . ' ,
!- ? lwo con!Pa,!ies 01 iaor!sh
j regiment IH'moi- volunteers, under Cap!.
i Morgan; and Col. Veil's regiment of Ar-
! t t . . . e . l. c .
; k.; mounted men ; together wit'u r
j J. lxvo h.u,dredvagons eae!
drawn by six mules.
I ae mas
able manner in wl.Lh the moving cf this !
i force was planned and carried out has gra-
hied all military men in eumn,and result-
ed to the tnure satisfaction of the Gener
al. Not a man was lost or died on the
road, and not a w igon or mule was lost.
We have just learned of the surrender
of M -ntercv to (ion, Taylor, and that an
armistice had been concluded for eight
weeks. With us it is only rumor; and
to d.v our General takes formal posses
sion of the town r.f Presidio, and will
move on towards Mouclova in three or
'. lur !:
. r-o as to
in s'rik'mg distance
ol li ui. i av:-r, saoum :?e reqmre our
t . ..MM' .'.
! scrvtre?. l ite tcro rcgmr-nis o; ir.ir.ois
volunteers are yet hack. Tiie first, under
i to.oncl liaram, wul proonoiy arrive to-
are now putting together. It is matter v
surprise to me even, who have been a-
ways present, how such a force co .J oe
-i.l.i .1.- ,i;.-,fl wn have, m the
,ri;0.i .ilf, tlistnnce we have, m
months of Aurust, September and Octo
ber, with so little sickness, and, compara
tively speaking, no loss of life ; for, cut of
jM the troops, not twenty-five have did.
.... - . ,
1 At Ic.st the same nuinoci t.-u.u p.
hare uteanaa uuV ucu uv u.ca -
uen uvi -
is plenty of corn, s!:ecp, and jroat. S
Cam? ox the Hio Grands,
"year Freidio, Oclohtr Q, IS 16.
"SoLDiitKs : After a Ior.j and edimi3
I . l. 1 - i .t i
! i hio'Urande In the rerf )r'-n nf
j this service the Commanding General has
i witnessed with the greatest pleasure vouf
patience, good order, and perseverance,
under many deprivations and hardships.
Ail have done their duty, and in a manner
that reflects the highest credit on both of
ficers and men. From this remark he
would not except his Stair, who have ac
tively and zealously devoted their.se; s to
the service ; whilst Captain Cross has
been eminently successful in frwnrding
pphes wimout delay or
ill cross the Rio
the territory of our
come to make war
upon the people or peasantry cf the coun
try, but to compel the Government of
Mexico to render justice to the United
States. The people, therefore, who do
not take up arm against the United States
and remain quiet and peaceable at their
homes, will not be mcl .-sted or interfered
with, either as regrdc their persons or
property ; and rdi those wh-" furnish sup
plies will be treated kindly, nd whatever
is received from them will be liberally
It is expected of tV-.-. rr 2 ,- T"
wm unserve tne most rigid d4cjpiine and
subordination. All depredations on tfe.e
property or persons of the p-op!e of the
country are strictly forbidden, and any
soldier or follower of the camp, who may
so far forget his duly a3 to violate this in
junction will be severely punished.
By command of Brigadier Gen. Wool.
JAMES II. PRENTISS,
Jlssistun! Adjutant General.
A Plumb for t:ie Official Oroak.
There is a paper in Indiana, calling itself
the Indiana Democrat, which aspires, 2nd
we admit witli success, to place itself at
the very head of the purely Pole press.
In a recent number the following para
graph appears :
"The President planned the brilliant
battles of Palo Alto and Kesaca de la Pal
ma and Monterey, and is entitled to at
much or more credit for the successful
result of them than General Taylor is.
The wisdom, efficiency, and promptness
of the present Administration are seen and
appreciated ny ail seaside men, wc.o are
not wilfully blinded, cud time will only
make it more apparen'.''
We must have this in the ofriehl organ.
It will not do to let the court journal be
outdone as a courtier. How grandad Mr.
Polk will be to hear tiiat he utd so much,
- -'v and n:iV mr)re lian fit'n Taylor, at the fcril
'., . ' liint battles of the 8th and 9th of May on
the Rio Grande ! I: is true that Mr. Polk.
; not know that the battles were to ho
i ..... ....
; fought till they were over, an 1 be heard
of them and the success of the American
arms at the same time. But wh.it of that'
f BuUimore Patriot.
S.vxT.v Anna's Lzg. Smia Anna3
leg, the which he list by the French,
which wss burled with honors, but su'"-
war; exhume I and kick-, a-
bout in derision, it appears by
in the New York Commercial, ha3 i-?eii
recovered from a young man, who had
obtained possession of it, in hope that
some time lie might make a good sp?u! -tiouoit
of it. It was respectfully Lurried by
the new authorises.
Prion- Is la nt? . The Lcgisbiture of
Kh'nle 1-1 m l have elected John 11. CLvr.tl
(Whig) United States Senator for six
ye irs from the 1th of Mar.di r.ext.
t-kes the nbee of the Hun. Jamc3 F.
The War Department has authorize!
; navment of two dollars, to env citi-
j z,n n0!7.C(inrvnsione.I officer or soldier
brought to a I . renoeziou.
Osroos I? ailra r- "The Oregon Rail
road project ii nt dead yrt. A me-ciing
in favor of the scheme v.--i he'd In I,p:s
.;!! n ti - .irb ie?t. nt which Mr. Whit-
nev, the engineer, un e.t at much
its alva3!g?3 3tvS pr-cc?a2uu.