Newspaper Page Text
TWO PQl.T.ATiS PCR
HALF-YEAIiLY" IX ADVANCE.
AND FARMERS1 AND filEGHANlGS1 REGISTER.
sxr not ?r& wrTynr ri ms,
ft J WILL Bi CJAi!2D.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ROW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.
TUESDAY, NOVSIflBSR 10, 1846;
Vol. 4.-rio. 52,
The maid w ith her little hand
To-day is made a bride,
A wreath of snowy roses
Around her brow is tied.
There are roses on her path.
And on her cheeks are more,
And her tiny foot is pressing
Red leaves that strew the shore.
Our bark is full of flowers,
But we have left a place
For the maiden and the bridegroom;
They take but little space.
Her boddice is all decked
With gold and pearls so rare,
And silver pins are shining
Amidst the glossy hair.
The happy hours flee fast
Of youth's delicious spring,
It leaves the tender nightingale
But little time to sing.
There are clouds that come so quickly
Over summer's tranquil sky;
You must take the blissful moments,
Nor give them time to fly.
Our bark has waited long.
The blue waves beat Use strand,
Let us sing the bridal carol
Tor the maid with the little hand.
Foreign Corrcspandcnct of the V. Cuzdtc
Down Patrick, I)ow. Cocntv,
Ireland, Sept. 2J, 184G.
ITrcck of I he Great E5iiloii
Xo Lives l.o-iU
Friend Chandler: I am, greatly to
mv surprise, called to address you again
from Ireland. The recent good pha
ges of die Great Britain, with other con
federations, induced me to procure a berth
in h?r for the 22d September. I did ii, I
confess, with some misgivings which the
representations of .intelligent persons fi
nally removed. Reaching Liverpool 0:1
the 21st, and seeing this huge nio:i-.ter of
the ueep for the rim time. I fell no par
ticular apprehension but that she would
move in safety over the Atlantic. I siill
think from the vast strength she exhibited
011 the beach, and the rapidity of her
course to the scene of her misfortune,
ih.it rROPEKLV managed, she was one of
the safest vessels that ever crossed the
sea, and most eligible for speed. This
had began to be a general impression, so
that in leaving the docks of Liverpool,
we enrolled one hundred and eighty-four
passengers, the largest number ever en
rolled in a steam vessel to cross the ocean.
The ship's crew and all its attaches
amounted to one hundred and thirty more,
making in all, more than three hundred
human "beings. At least one hundred of
the passengers were females, including
fifty little OrERA girls, singers, &c, dan
suec, with tlmr mistresses and five fe
male attendants. Some of these little
girls, drar?ed from their parents and
country to England, for a snow were un
willin; to embark, and one or two were
actually dragged screaming on board by
the female monsters who were to make
gain by their soirees in New York, I
said, as I saw them from 8 to 12 years of
ajre hurried on board, "it is an abomina
tion" of cruelty and so I say still. Two
of these little ones were actually left on
the wharf as they came too late to em
bark. Among our passengers were the Rev.
Dr. Cox of New York, Rev. Messrs.
Whceloek and Church of the Baptist de
nomination, Rev. Mr. Osgood, a Baptist
Missionary returning sick with his wife
and children, from a long service in Bur
mah; Rev. Mr. Reed of Connecticut,
and two or three other clergymen. Mr.
King, Minister to London, was also with
us on our return home.
o'clock. By this time I had learned, and music in a human voice outside our ves
learned it with some misgivings, that our ' sel. It showed the possibility of safety,
captain had taken the "northern channel" and inspired general confidence,
or North about Ireland. I knew this I The pilot boat rot alon- the leeward
channel was the most critical, ami both 1 side, and a man came on board. From
from the rapidity of our movements, 12 ; him the captain first learned that his vos- j
miles an hour, and the peculiarity of the sel was grounded near St. John's Point, !
night, that some risk was being run. j Dundrum Bay, 30 miles S. E. of Belfast, !
There was no moon, and the sky had be- thirty miles from her proper course. '
come overcast and heavy, some rain had j We had come between huge rocks, where :
began to fall and the wind had risen to a I the passage of such a ship seemed im
steady wholesale breeze right over our possible, and struck within a cable's
stern. It was a gloomy, tut up to the j length of a projecting ledge of rocks pro
hour of our disaster, not what I should ! trading from the shore, the only sand
call a tempestuous night, and for the Equi- beach in a neighborhood often miles
noxial storm, was not by any means un- j each way, and the only place where death
to most of the passengers and crew would
have not been inevitable! At the rate of ,
more than twelve miles an hour, in pro- :
found darkness, and under an equinoctial '.
gale, we had coursed among rocks that no
mariner would adventure by daylight and
a gentle breeze. We had escaped man's
rashness which had led us into peril, to
be rescued by the overruling providence
of God. Had we struck the rock two
miles from shore, or had we struck four i
hundred yards higher or lower, we should ;
have gone to the bottom. God guided I
our vessel to a gentle beach, and we were
saved, and for this I trust we are truly
The final ebbing of the tide left the
ship bolt upright, embedded i i the sand,
with the water so shallow that it could be
waded to the shore. Boats were sent
out, and the ladies all taken ashore by se
ven o'clock, and the ffentlemen by half
past eight. We had to wade a little dis
tance as the boats could not be drawn to
the dry beach and tiie ladies were carried
on the backs of men. Then came our
trunks, so that by five o'clock P. M. near
iy everything belonging to the passengers
The Irish peasantry at first behaved
well, but when thev began to come in
crowds to get money, they became ex
horbitant, and even charged fifteen shil
lings in some cases for a single cart load
of baggage for half a mile, from the ship
to the depot, near the shore. Some
things were lost from pilfering, but not
much. I rode with my luizgae six miles
from our shipwreck to the village, the
nearest Post town, in an Irish cart with
out springs, seated on the top of my lug
gage, while my Irish friend led his horse,
and for this I paid $1 50. There were
ten of us, and the price was not extrava
gant. I have received here from eeciesi
as.tical friends, genuine Irish hospitality,
but two of my friends occupying one
bed, were charged 2,75. Poor human
common, except lor its mildness. We
had passed the Isle of Man, as it was
pointed out by the stearsman.
I retired to rest at 0 o'clock and had
fallen into a sweet sleep, when I was
suddenly awakened by an unusual grating
astern followed by a tremendous crash,
which I knew had destroyed the action
of the propeller. This blow was re
ceived in passing between two rocks,
called the "Cow and Calf," not far from
the shore. It unshipped our rudder and
the propeller was so hurt by it and broken,
that it could no longer revolve. In a mo
ment more we felt ourselves on he bot
tom again, grinding and cracking, until
the immense vessel of 3,500 tons burthen
was suddenly struck with a shock which
it seemed would crush any human fabric.
As she struck, the sea broke over her,
tearing off our boats, and driving the wa
ter through every accessible place. At
the first touch of the rock I rose and at
tempted in profound darkness to dress,
and in a short time succeeded sufficiently
to go out of my state room in the cabin,
where I found a mass collected, with hor
ror in every countenance. A succession
of shock after shock roused all, and
screams beran to issue from the Ladies
rooms. The wind now rose to a tempest.
It was deep darkness without. The rain
bcran to pour down in torrents. There
was one brijht long continued gleam of
lightning which showed before and around
us the white breakers, and on each side
large and appalling rocks. The lightning
was followed by loud thunder, which
heard at such a 'ime was most fearful.
The Captain sent up rockets from the
deck, and fired heavy signal guns, all o(
which tended to deepen the common a
larm. Sometimes we had a few moments
of comparative quiet, and then came shock
after shock, as the waves dashed against
and lifted us to fall heavily on the "round.
At each of these shocks which occur
red at frequent intervals, it seemed as if
our last hour had come, and the only par
tition between us and the waves about to
be annihilated. Our ignorance and the
ignorance of the captain, as to where we
were am! what we were to meet next, and
our entire inability to stay on deck, to
make any provisions for safety, deepened
the horror of our situation. For 7 hours
we remained in this condition and you
may well imagine they were long, fearful
hours, that will be remembered while life
last. We waited, O how impatiently
for the day, and vet feared that day would
dawn only to show that escape was au
The Captain at an early period came
into the cabin, and told the collected pas
sengers that fie was certain that the ship
was on a sand bank and not on the rocks,
and that he thought all would be saved by
boats in the morning. But as he had run
his vessel ashore so mysteriously, and
confessed he did not know where we
were, and was moreover endeavoring to
inspire quiet by giving assurance of safe
ty the passengers had but little confi
dence in his words, while the howling
wind was sweeping over the deck, and
the waves thrashing the vessel with a
power that made the whole mass quiver,
j as if every part was breaking asunder.
On the whole the passengers behaved
well. When it was thought that death
was certain and one and all alwint in Up
j hurried to Eternity, I deemed it my duty,
while I felt of course, the awful solemni-
Of Philadelphia!, were Mr. Ralson ! ty of ray own situation, to say a few
and five ladies under his care; Mr. and j words publicly to attempt to benefit any
Mrs. Lardner; Mr. Fallon and two ladies; j that might be unprepared to die. The
Mr. Samuel Ashmead and some others ; Rev. Dr. Cox followed with an exhorta
besides your correspondent. We were tion and prayer. One Clergyman read a
delighted with -our company and our- 1 Psalm, and another still gave a word of
selves: we had some of us been long encouragement. I believe there never
from home and our taste for travel ex- j was a more sincerely praying circle, or a
hausted longed for home, and were pleas- j time and place, when and where man
ed with the prospect of being soon there, j more earnestly sought strength from God.
We cast o(l from Liverpool in presence The scene was sublime. It was the
of thousands whom the renown of our ! hoar ot human passivity and weakness,
vessel had collected to see her move in her for till morning nothing could be done as
element. The skies were bright above the Captain confessed. What could live
and the wind south east, fresh but not ( in the mad waves of such a tempest, amid
strong as it had been from the same quar- ; such breakers as thundered against the
ter for a week. . With this wind and the , vessel. "We cried unto the Lord and he
imnrovement of the propeller, we made , heard us and delivered us out of distress."
nature! How ready to make cain from
the mifortunes of others. The Irish gen
try and police dtd their duty nobly.
The Great Britain, I think, will ne
ver be got off. She went on at a high
tide, a:vJ a hard wind, and a full steam,
and is far up plum upright on the beach;
a most beautiful but sad spectacle, as she
is all in sight but about five feet of her
bottom. She cost $G30,000, and was in
sured for $370,000.
We all pity our Captain and regard him
as a mined man. How he made a mis
take of 30 miles in a fair sail with a good
wind, of 120 miles from Liverpool, per
haps he can explain, but I fear not, I
shall be glad to see him justified by any
facts, for he is amiable, noble minded and
scientific, but I fear not careful, and which
would make me afraid to trust my life
with him. There may have been a mag
netic disturbance from the great quantity
of Iron in the ship, to change the com
pass there may have been confusion of
the lights which with a little self-confi-deuce
could account for our misfortune,
but I fear the world will say that the lives
of 320 human beings have been put in
eminent jeopardy and a vast amount of
property sacrificed to the mad ambition
of Cap't. II. to make a quick passage and
his want of care as a navigator. But I
write the day after our mifortune and
mnst wait for more facts.
From the Vicksburg Whig.
He speaks! and viewless chains
Upon a Senate rest;
He ceases? look upon tha names
That gem a nation's breast.
The eahn unsounded deep
Is emblem of his mind;
But roused, its heavy billows sweep,
In grandeur unconfm'd.
A loom of curious make
May weave a we!) of thought,
And he who rends the shining warp,
May in the woof be caught.
J. Q. Adams.
Statesman and poet too !
Philosopher in turn;
Link with the past! aviation soon
Shall sorrow o'er his urn.
Now with a giant's might
He heaves the pondrous thought
Now pours the storm of eloquence
With scathing lightning fraught!
With temper calm and mild,
And words of softcn'd tone,
He overturns his neighbor's cause
And justifies hs own.
The polish'd shaft of wit
Is quivering in the light;
'Tis sped! upon its shining track,
And havoc marks his flight.
jr. X. riaySsn.
The lightning's glare may turn
The nefdie from the pole;
Who ever saw him swerve.
Or bow to low control.
Judgment and tact cornbin'd,
A mine of knowledge vast;
A walking book-case on its shelves
The archives cf the past.
With neat and rounded phrase
He tricks the -hnpeless thought.
Like hopes of power, it charms to-day,
To morrow it is nought.
Ye god.-s ! defend my cars !
Bas-dniiTo around me throng!
Through r-inptv galleries leap and roll
The notes of "Chinese Gong!"
ROUTE FROM MONTEREY TO
FROM THE ANNAPOLIS RETCBLICAX.
The expectations of men are often the
so gloriously begun. Buffalo Commer
cial. The thunder has been heard in Old
Pennsylvania and in Ohio, and we ex-
ofispnng of their own wishes. W hen j ptct New York to keep it crashing and
that is the case expectation is invariably ; jarring into the cars of Jas. K, Polk and
extravagant, and almost sure to encoun- j his administration and supporters, an
ter disappointment. In forming our j nouncing to them that the days of Locolb
judgment of the feasibility, for instance, j co misrule arc numbered.
of an achievement, our
wishes tor its ac-
comoiishment should nave no control
1 1 - 1 -
J over our reason; fuCts and circumstances,
1 as they exist, constitute the basis of our
j decision. We have been induced to drop
these hints, ami insert the subjoined ex
hibit of the route to the city of Mexico,
by the almost unbounded expectation to
which the glorious deeds of our gallant
army have given rise, trusting that over
sanguine minds may be brought, by the
information contained in the exhibit, to a
calm consideration of tiie true state of
things, and see and understand that too
MCCH IS EXPECTED FROM TIIE ARMY.
It has been stated by the official organ
of the Government, since the alTair of
Monterey, that the United States troops
in Mexico amounted to about 20,000.
To controvert or deny this statement,
though we believe the number overrated,
is no part of our purpose; but we will
take the liberty of asking. Who knows
how many of that number have been
placed hori le ct tubal by disease and
casualty, and what are the positions of
those able to perform duty?. Every
body is aware that various places have
been converted into military posts, and
many men necessarily subtracted from
that number to defend those posts. By
these causes the force operating offensive
ly under the immediate command of Gen.
Taylor has been reduced to some 0,000
men; yet, with these facts staring them
as it were in the face, and an extremely
difficult road (sprinkled with strongly
built and populous towns) to pass over,
many people expect this chivalrous little
force to penetrate nearly eiht hundred
miles further into the country, and plant
the standard of the Union on the battle
ments of the city of Mexico ! We repeat
TOO MCCZI IS EXPECTED FROM TIIE ARMY.
To expect impossibilities from it will en
sure the sacrifice of it.
From San .Intonia dt Bexar (Texas)
To Laredo, (on the Rio
most rapid progress. The ship moved
Towards the morning the wind shifted,
smon the huge waves almost as quietly ! and after blowing for a time violently
2? the steamers on our Delaware in a , from the Northwest, lulled. There was
calm. Not a person was sea sick or ; a gradual subsidence of the crowd into a
seemed likeiv to be, and we thought we silent but anxious awaiting their destiny,
had at last solved the great problem, how . and some even slept. When a large
the Atlantic could be crossed with home ' wave thundered against the vessel, there
cmnforis. Th" immense length. 320 feet I was a sigh deep and almost universal, as
of our vcs-el, w'nh a corresponding w idth, j each regarded it as indicative of a final
id the clearness of her deck and tnc ureasmg 01 tne vessel.
ne?s cf her cabin, divested us ol As the day uawn?J, and the tide rece-
y that we were shut up at sea. cec, ana tne wina leu, a mot boat came
sorted at 4 o'clock and dined at 4 - to us, and you can imagine that there was
The. Van Buren (Ark.) Intelligencer of
the 3d inst. publishes a letter from Fort
Washita, stating that Col. A. M. U pshaw
the Chickasaw Agent, recently sent two
friendly Delaware Indians to the Witche
taw village, to ascertain if some horses,
that had been stolen, were not in posses
sion of tiie tribe. When they arrived at
the villaga, which is about 150 miles
from Fort Washita, they found the corn
crowing, the skins and every thing be
longing to the tribe in their usual places,
but nothing that had life in it was visible;
the Delawares, thinking it strange, re
paired to the mud fort of the Witchetaws,
which had been destroyed, and around
w hich the dead bodies of the Witchetaws
were found having been killed by ar
rows. The ground showed where one
party had drawn off their dead, and the
Delawares saw at one that the Witchetaws
! had been attacked by an over number of
wild Indians, and nearly the whole tribe
murdered. It was supposed that they
had been attacked by the Camauchcs or
A fop is like a cinnamon tree the
bark is worth more than the body.
rcarfal Ravages of the Cholera
The ravages of the cholera at Kurachee
has been most disastrous. Between the
14th and 22d of June, about 8000 human
beings were cut off, including 850 Euro
peans, of whom 815 were fighting men.
Besides this, 505 Seers, and it is believod
about 7000 native camp follower?, and
inhabitants of the town have died. The
disease commenced its destructive course
on Sunday the 14th, when the weather
was unusually stagnant and oppressive.
The Bombay Times says :
" Before midnight nine of the eighty-
sixth were at rest; and men began to be
borne into the hospital in such numbers
that it was difficult to make arrangements
for their reception. It was a fearful
night. With morning came the tidings
that the pestilence was overspreading the
town, and fifty had in 2t hours fallen
victims. Tiie Eighty-sixth were the
earliest, and continued to be severest suf
ferers. They and her Majesty's Sixtieth
had. for six months, been in tents close to
each other; the day alter the disease ap-
j pearcd, they were marched out for change
of air, and encamped by tiie sea shore
near Clifton. - The Rifles were next at
tacked; then the Fusiliers; the Artillery
and Native Infantry began to suffer after
this. For five fearful days did the de
stroyer lay his hand most heavily upon
them; and in this time more than a thou
sand men were carried to their graves !
The pestilence now began to abate it
had done its worst, and seemed to with
draw; within less than a fortnight 900
Europeans, including 815 lighting men
were ca rried away, GOO Native soldies and
7000 of the camp followers and inhabi
tants of the town, had been hurried into
eternity. The conduct of the Governor,
(Sir Charles Napier,) is stated to have
been beyond all praise; anxiety for the
conferring an alacrity on limbs that the
hand of time might have stiffened. Only
two officers had died. So sudden was
death with some, that they were seized,
cramp coliepsed, ucad.almcst as fast as we
have written the words. Previous health
&strength were no guarantees;men attend
ing the burial of their comrades were at
tacked, boanc to the hospital and buried
themselves the next morning. Pits were
dug in the church vard morning and
evening, sewn up in in their beddings,
colUnless, they were laid side by side.one
! service read over all. Public works were
! suspended during the 15th and ICth.
Medicine seemed powerless; nothing that
medical science could guggest look ef-
t feet they were, in fact, dealing with
corpses. It was not until the third day
that medicine assumed any sway; since
Mines of Catorce
Guadalupe. (a hacienda) 33
C h area s,( town v mines) 36
San Luis Potosi, (city)
San Felipe, (town)
San Juan del Rio
Arroyo Sarco, (hocienda) 26
Tula, (town) 25
Huchuetoca, (village) 30
Mexico, (city L capital) 33
T5IK COXQ5.T.ST or 35EXICO.
CorrespaDUVnns of the New York Eiprau.
Wasiuxqtox, October. 22, 181G.
The Administration entertain the most
ambitious designs ia regard to the con
quest of Mexico, and what was hinted at
last summer in the councils of the Execu
tive is fast becoming a matured plan.boih
for the prosecution of the war and the
terms, if peace shall be made. The Ad
ministration, in making a peace with Mex
ico, will not be content with the surren
der of the Kio Grande a3 a boundary of
the United States, nor, as I hear, will they
be content with claiming the whole of
New Mexico and all upper California,
vast as these possessions axe. Tha de
sign is to claim the ichh ttrritory north
cf Tampico in the Guff of Mexico, and
north of the totdhcrnmtit point of l'p'
per California. Mexico was told, or
will be told by the Executive, when next
terms of peace shall be proposed to her,
that she must pay the entire expenses of
the Mexican war, and all tii3 claims that
can be raised and scraped rainst her.
This it is known in advance she cannot
do in money, and the Government of tha
United States will therefore graciously
condescend to take pay in Mexican lands.
The more the war costs, says our Gov
crnment, the more lands wc shall have,
and the more the claims of our citizen
to, the greater also will be the demand
against the Mexican Government.
The Secretary of State and the Secre
tary of the Treaury have had assurances
that claims can be presnted against Mexi
co to the amount of a; Itat fiftsbn mil
lions of dollars! And the Administra
tion promise to pay all the claimants by
the seizure cf Mexican lands, and the
present war is becoming popular wiih
claimants, and has b?en made so from
the first under this promise. The war,
indeed, is only justified by the neglect of
Mexico to pay the awards of her own
Commissioners against their Government
and in order to make 33 much of this justi
fication as possible the Administration ara
anxious to increase the amount of clair.13
and claimants. Their numbers the Ad
ministration may he easily assured, will
be legion, and the amount millions and
young men will grow gray before they
see the end of the consequences of the
war with Mexico. The threats, indeed
against Mexico have been most frequent
here, since Santa Anna fplayed the Ad
ministration falsely in regard to what ha
could and would do if admitted back onco
more to his own errantry.
It is worth while to study the desigr.9
of the Administration in regard to the
conquests it contemplates. The follow
ing territory has been seized upon by
Commodore Sloat, Colonel Fremont, anJ
Colonel Kearney :
Upper California, with
an area of 27G.3C0 miles.
New Mexico 214,800 do
Taken from a work entitled "Mexico
and Texas in 1842," the copyright of
which is secured to Charles J. Folsom,
of New York.
Frogr-ess ofliic Good Cause.
Never before have the Whigs been
cheered with more auspicious indications.
From every quarter come the deep heavy
tones of popular condemnation of Locofo
coism, its men and measures. North
Carolina has gloriously vindicated by a
majority of thousands her steady adhe
rence to sound Whig principles. Ken
tucky has more than maintained her ru
nout renown. In Indiana, the people
have entrusted to tiie Whig the substan
tial pocr of the State. New Hamp
shire, once the very bulwark of Loco Fo
coism, has seen and renounced the politi
cal error of her ways. Maine has glori
ously followed her example thus, as in
days of the Revolution, enabling New
England to present an unbroken W big
front. Maryland too, emulous nf her
former fame, has broken her bonds, and
a decisive victory has crowned the e''1,r
of her Whigs. Last year the locos h.-a.
n nnnnlm maioritV of more
2,000. At the election jo
Reduce this to square acres and yen
add as many millions to the amount of
acres of Mexican territory as that over
which the stars and stripes now float, and
to which claim has been laid.
A few days since the inhabitants
Cape Island, during a very high
doiig the coast and sounds near the Cane
were visited by thousands of mud hcnJ
which were driven from their liidir.ij
places in the marsh to the high ground-r.
These birds, which are when fat, as they
always are at thi3 season of the vear most
delicious eating, have no wings with
which to make their escape from pursa
ers, have to trust alone to their legs.
Swarming in the field, gardens and
roads, until every place as far as the eye
could reach appeared fairly alive with,
them, the inhabitant-. Mien, women and
boys, turned out with sticks, brooms,
brush handles, fce. and making a vigorous
onslaught, in the course of a couple cf
hours, killed or captured ever a thouscrd.
Onof the Delaware pilots, we understand
with a single stick, killetl 270. Such a
god-send ot Lux-anc th Caps Islanders,
who came very nr nr bt r.z was bed away
bv the late "ale. have not had for a long
The storm in
, .,,c nS.'nined the o'her
greater iiiaii'riiv t
way, with a large majority m bom :cu-
sus" of the Legislature. From Georgia
the news thus far, is equally auspicious;
, . t .U- T rnm Kr.iT fVinnt'pr in
ami to-uav, mc . ...
it has done so, I should say two thirds of i Ohio and Pennsylvania.
! the cases have been been saved. Nork ! will yon not folio
Whigs of New
w up tht work '
wa very v:o;em, :ir.i; can.-ru inncii eenrr-
nl da.mne to vessels wharvc, &c. The
ca wall on lbs Battery was broken up
f.,r nearly on? hundved yard.s The n
i'nish?d steeples of two churches were
hi vrn down.
In the T)ebitrars Bav tb 'nrm
a'so considerable damage. At Newcastle
th? wharves were rwept a way. At Fort
Mifflin inn pier vrm tcrrd over onjts
side. The rve !;? c:vtf Crawford
went oshore nenr Wilmington Creek.-
Five new huildinrs ImLngtoa, N. J
wer? djrcrnihpJ ! wici.