The Somerset herald and farmers' and mechanics' register. (Somerset, Pa.) 183?-1852, October 27, 1846, Image 1

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vir not paii vriTiiiN the ykac,
i .i
2Zcvj Series.
Vol. 4. Ho. 50
(T TV ffs
t m-KBT w.,.. i
The?? is a reaiper, whose name is death,
And, with his sickle keen,
He reaps the bearded grain at n breath,
And the flowers that grow between.
"Shall I hare naught dial is lair?" saith he; '
"Tlave'naE.-rht but the bearded cram? i
Though the breath of these flowers is
tweet to me;'
I will give them all back again."
He gazed at the flowers with tearful eyes;
5 He kissed their drooping leaves; '
It was for the Lord of Paradise
He bound them in his sheaves.
"Mv Lord hath need of these flowretsgay."
- The reaper said, and smiled;
-Dear tokens of the earth are they,
Where He was once a child."
'They shall all bloom in fields of light,
Transplanted by my care,
And Faints, upon their garments white,
These sacred blossoms wear,"
And the mother gave, in tears and pain,
The flowers she most did love;
She knew she should find them all again,
In the fields of light, above.
0, not in cruelty, not in wrath,
The Reaper came that day;
'Twas an angel visited the green earth
And took the flowers awav.
I was a "young" man ten year's ago
and (like some oilier young men I wet of,
who did the same thing, id returned
lighter than they went!) I drifted out
"West. Mv locale for the time bcin '
was in the easterly part of Michigan, but
I once ventured westward as far as Wis
consin. There is a swarm of "suckers," "hoo
ziers," "buckeyes," "corn-crackers," and
"wolverines," eternally on the qvi vive,
in them "parts a migratory race of
peds who float about from spot to spat,
"squatting," for the nonce, wherever their
fancy or interest incline them; and a
rougher set of men will rarclv be met
with, savirg the genuine "voyrgcurs" or
"trappers" so notorious for their hardi
hood. A "green" looking individual turned
lip suddenly one morning in the vicinity
of a back-woods mining settlement, and,
according to his own account he had
come from a "desperate wavs oil"" in
search of "sumlhin to du."
A iinsey-woolscy jacket, considerably
the worse for wear, was slung ever his
shoulder; his pants were made of tcw
cloth; a pair of coarse cow-hide brogans
ornamented his feet, and the gear which
protected (?) his head might have answer
ed an excellent turn to sift ashes through;
in brief, his tout ensemble looked very
like the "breaking up of a hard winter."
lie sauntered leisurely up to a knot of
workmen, and drawing from his side
pocket a huge soft-cracker, he commenced
launching it solus.
"Mornin stranger,", said one of the
hands., at length.
'Momin' vourself, Cap'n."
"Which way?"
"None in partic'Iar."
"Well, stranger, where do vou hail
"Wall I hails from all around the lot."
"From the East'ard?"
"Wal yes I reckon."
"What news?"
"None as I know on."
"You're short kinder."
tWal you'll find me long enough
The conversation was suspended; the
-wolverine cominued to munch his biscuit, j
and llie miners pursued their labors.'
Hut the biscuit finally disappeared, and
the stranger, who had taken considerable
interest in their operations, had approach
ed within speaking distance again.
.Val they da say the Banks busted
"What bank" bawled an operative,
dropping his spade and looking about him
for a land side. .
"Nited State Bank" '
-O! is that all!. Wiiv, how you skearl
a feller'."
"Some of 'em'llget fkeercd, wus then
that, I reck'n, afore they're through, with
Again the talk ceased. ' The wolverine
watched the progress of thc workmen,
and finally laid his jacket upon the bank.
"S'pose you don't want another hand!"
X- . . T.I t.
Here one of the party in a green round-
-ci; i inoegiii ii'i,
about, who imagined hrmseif considera-
My more than a match for hr.lf a score
like the green 'un and tvho appeared
hke overseer Jof the gang- proposed to
him that he thould pay scot for the
rrowd, and he would then show him
where hj could set up the "diggia trade"
fcC his owr, account!
"Done!" said the wolverine;
"Drinks all round- mind."
i "Sartin. Jest fetch on your prary
1 dew' for the hull lot, and d n the ex
; penses." '
A capacious caddy of the cratvre was !
procured and t!ie party had a jolly time
at the cost of the new comer. The li-
quor disposed of, he asked for directions
t0 the siLe where he should commence op-
i -
' orations.
"Well, stranger said the knowing one, j
with a side wink to his men, "begin
any w har; try imder the. old tree, von
der." .
"The big shaddy tree," across the lot,
"Thank ye. It looks like ?. right smart
"Hope you'll have a good time of it,"
added the overseer, and the parlies sepa
rated, -
The wolverine went at it in right good j
earnest, with a borrowed "pick, and !
Ion? before sunset (as luck would have it)
he "struck a Lead!" Having "satisfied
himself in reference to' the location, lie
covered up his tracks 2nd returned to the
lead mine.
"Say, Cap'n; you're raylhcr hard on a
poor felicr." . , ,
"Eh! Wiiat luck, stranger?"
"Luck, you snid! Wl;- I don't know
what you call luck. I've been a sweat
in' over tiiar, about ten hours; a hull day
lost, smack, and not a red cent made
"Oh, trv again," said the sharp 'un,
'"you'll no."
Wa!, may be so, and may be not.
Whar's the owner o' that r.r patch?"
'I own this land, ail about."
"Mav be vou would'nt like to sell that
are lot?"
"But I should though."
"Wot'll you take for that lot?"
"O, you may have it at government
price; there is eighty acres."
"Eli. take that Lor, Mr. Wot-you-call-em."
"You wili?"
"Yes, Mister; and here's yer 'plt
tv!' "
As our wolverine pronounced this last
sentence, he drew forth a ragged bandana,
in one corner of which w as stowed away
a goodly quantum of the "shiners."
The hundred dollars were soon told; the
parties immediately repaired to the Laud
OiEce, where Squire 1. made the deed of
transfer, and the document was placed in
the stranger's hand.
On his way back, he passed a. crowd
of miners, w ho had done laughing, and
shortly afterwards he was out of sight.
Next morning, bright and earlv, the wol
verine was at work under that tree, with
two assistants; and by noon-time a very
showy vein had come to light, within a
lew feet of the ground's surface. Tiir
stranger laughed then! the miners grin
ned, and the lucky buyer disappeared, a
gain. Four weeks afterwards, a countryman
in plain homespun; accompanied by a
"gentleman in black," visited the spot;
and thev, too, went to Squire P's office.
Another transfer was made; and the awk
ward wolverine of the tattered breeches
and torn hat, left his purchase in other
hands, with a boxcs of fie thousand
The last I saw of the rough stranger,
he was enquiring of the overseer in the
green roundabout, whether he had for
Yankee Blade.
The AVixnebaoo Indians and the
Government Coramisstoners liad a con
ferance on Monday last at Apollo Hall
in the presence of a large company of
ladies and gentlemen who attended on the
interesting occasion. Little Hill, the
Indian orator, who was fantastically at
tired after the manner of his tribe, made
an address, which was delivered in an
impassioned and somewhat graceful style.
i no auuress was interpreted, i lie ora
tor handed to thc Commissioners a pro
position from the Indians, in writing, sta
ting what they were willing to do. It was
understood that Little required from the
Government Commissioners an answer
in writing. Being indisposed. Little Hill
retired after shaking hands with the com-
j mi-sioncrs. Judge Partus replied, and
intimated the desire of the Government
to remove the Winnebagoes where the
whites would not interrupt them, with
some other kindred remarks. The Coun
cil broke up, after all the Indians, in pas
sing, had shaken hands with thc Com
missioners. .
The Union of Monday night having
stated that thc Indians would again as
semble in conference yesterday morning
at Apollo Hall, and that it would proba
bly be their last meeting, there was a
number of ladies and gentlemen in attend
j ance at ten o'clock and in the course of
the morning. But there was no confer-
j ence, and the company was much disap- j
pointed. We happened to be present !
when a despatch arrived at Mayer s Ho
tel from the Commissioners, (as we un-
clerstood from one of the attendants,) which
was afterwards interpreted to the Little
From the New Orleans Picayune of
October 6.3 ' "
Advices from Mexico were received by
the James L. Day which appear to us of
the utmost importance. The American
Flag of the 2Gih ultimo, published at
Matamoras, announced the receipt of late i
news there from" the city of Mexico di- '
rect, but the details given are not of im- j
portance. ' We , are able to announce, I
however, most positively, '; that letters'.
were rcici ku i;i tins unv uy me iay,
by a gentleman deeply interested in Mcx-
ican all airs, and from a very responsible
foreign source in Matutnoras, which say
that Gen. Almonte has been appointed
Prpcidont of Mevien- ah rvrrn,. nn.-l
(len. Aanta Anna generalissimo of the
armies of Mexico; and further, that San
ta Anna was then engaged in raising and
organizing troops, intending to take the
field in person in the North. This news
wili strike every one as important in va
rious aspects, but it is especially so as it
may bear upon the armistice granted by
Gen Taylor to Gen. Ampudia's forces,
and again upon the dependence which
placed m the pacific mtention3 of Santa
. 1 . . .
clainations from tlie 28t!i August to the
ninn Uin. r An-,,,'!
Jl r?eptcr:.ucr. ..ltisi ol titCMi uouii.ens
, , , . , , , r
have been rub lisited already, but we fina
p-:iM .Ir'.l n'il'v.l I 1 1 ,ttv i
1. 1.
then, cheer up my hrav countrymen, and
show .vour mdigJtant liot:i.
to our cue-
inics by every moans wiiidi your power
right, :::ivl position should dictate."
The. following items we take or make !
up from the Matamoras Fi;:g:
Sickness continues to prevr-
to a great
extent, boui at Camargo and Matamoras
At Camargo it is scid that tliere are eight :
or tin deaths per day.
All the hospitals in Matamoras are full,
and new ones were being opened. Two
hundred entered the hospitals thereon thc
week ending the 23d ultimo.
..api. wanwou!, ine commanu.nui
V 7r.u,-,!f "ls i'lu " u v,cu- I
Patterson is doing the same at Camargo. j
A gentleman who arrived at Matamo-
ras irom i.ainargo imormeu me eaucrs oi ;
- . p . , .
ting serious depredations along the east
hank of the river, and cn to the Colorado.
A correspondent of the St. Iouis Re
publican communicates thc subjoined in
telligence, brought by a company of tra
ders from Santa Fe. Not placing any
confidence in the report of the assembling
of a large Mexican force in that quarter,
weonlv regard it of interest as showing
the continued quietude of our camp:
"Independence, October 3, 1810.
"The arrival of another company from
Santa Fe is just announced by one of
their number, a little in advance of the j
rest. They are twenty-four days out
from Santa Fc, having left there the. 9ih
of September. Every thing seems to
have been quiet in and around thc place,
but the news from below is a little start-
"It was currently reported (when thc
company left) that five thousand men, thc
flower of the Mexican force, were on
their way up from below, and near Chi
huahua, to meet and attack Gen." Kear
ney, and that it was the General's deter
mination to leave a sufficient number un
der the command of Col. Doniphan, and
take the remainder below, if possible, to
meet Gen. Wool's division of our army.
- "Our armv at Santa Fo were garrison
ing the post rapidly,-and a flag-stafi" of
nine, two lumdred feet hiHr, was m course
ol erection, to receive the stars ana
stripes that Joat so proudly over our land.
Gen. Ke rnfy- had his headquarters, at
the Governor's castle, and had given one
or two'splcndid fandangoes." - ' ' " '
. '
In nine weeks 14,000 dogs vrcrc killed
injjoiiisville, Kv.
-ii- .i -,. .i. Tlro fLo ' .1 t 1 -n j r .1 ' enclosed, (Ao. I.) lo t ;is commnniea-
Uehave received savs the Delta) the occupv ihv balulio ro:id m rear of the T , , - ; ,
. , , , N " , i, -r . , , , , t:on, 1 deemeJ it mv uutv to return an
first number of the Boletin Oficial, da- town, carrying, if prachcao e, the several i io inhabilan.s
.i '.t.,. ;wo.i,. .!,;k s. loriihea eminences m that direction. il:e i. . .. . - .. . .
urti .uwu.r.L-T, uTi !.,,.., v-v;. . t ) leave tne cit v. tivii o clock r. 31.
A . ry . ,. , , i 2d'm cl regular troops, and a nor- , rt , .. . . , .-. , , , ,
tarns all Gen. A mnud:.Ts orders and pro- ; . r r, , TT -, . 4 ' - , the 2d division, whicn r. ul entered the
general Ampvuiia s proclamation to tne . . ;n ,j;e nu,y t;ni1 jje011 pluced in battery eeuiJIo 1J A complete surrender oi tr.e
11-. . r r i i - t .'placed iu butterv t:uri:ig the ni-'h; to pi :v ' t" " "" , "" "r i town and ('"rion t 1-ifpr i nrinnra
inhabitants of Coahuila, Nucvo liCon, and v . . , ,- . 73 .a , : ! m the ccnetrv, within good ran-e of the 41 dnu b -ruo-1 l-e la"er as prisoners
, , . , , , , , j upon the citad-jl and town. At o cock . . - t e , of war. is now demanded Tiut s irh "r
Tuiiiaulipas, which had not been trun a- ,i' ... on.. .... i U1,-M..(I ,t heart ct the lown.-.m I was served through- Ul wa ' . ? , $
. . l. , , laese guns lu conhnned a ocnj- 0,-ti- iutI-uvuIi good efvc' render will be upon terms; and the gal-
teJ. it isu if uat tne General s (juar- i crate tire, which was returned. To create f fa . , T hint defence of the place, creditable alike
ters in the citv of Saltiib, 2S:h of Aiw a ill farther dive-ion in favor of G(.n. Lajiy in tan morning ol 1 re- t( thc Mexican troops and nat;0llt will
gust. 18-13. The following is an extract; orths movement, the remainder of the "l Pmpt me to make those terms as liberal
S MV r . , , , . , force, except a camp ffnard, was display- n..i;u,u,. uhom(.,..Ar.,t,udu,w.,iJi as possibIe. The garrison will be allow-
"Mv friends, our brother dapartmen's ri :n r ,...n 'jm.., I cue ose, (No. 2. and lo which I re- . 1 , , . e , .
c . . . cu in t!i'. ci.t.o .ma if it or i..e town. J ae , , cd, at your option, aker laving down it
are . prrpinng fr tne l:atih-; thev w;d ; ...... ,..., r i,,,. f,r i at turned the answer, (No. o.) I alio ar- ' . . ' - ' i" ...
i. h i n ' v t""11"1 a-J GI"- o-'tie.j, ol die 1st dnis- . r i' n ; arms, to retire t tl;e i;iter:or.oa condiUoa
send to ihv held thoasands ol brave vohm- t rr,.,,., ctrnn il-.n--'-sT-t-n n-i t-n ranged with the bearer of the flag a eessa- r . -
. i -1 v i ; i m-i'i-a siro.:g u. m. ?.i. ration on i.:e . , , , - ol not serving aain durmthe war. or
teers, witr. ud necessary suppl:-; and, ; id n;;J soon j,....:U!lf? St) cu?e!v cm,,rii t:on of hre until I2u ciocs.whtcl: hourlap- .ri!?,.J - ,n, . T . ,
lasuy, it h pronto tn.t ti.e chid of otr lJint X Ri)VC,, Yimvrjr;J the vof!!!!?e?r di. j pointed to neene the final answer ofGeu j Uiat the ngts" of EOcombnU wil
mdepcnd--:i.-o -the f-nm-h-r of hus lie- ; v:,io:5 UIIL.r M,jor U(?n. Butler h, its sun- A.ul Ge.i V, ortn's neadquarters.Betore the re; d
pubhc ti e worihv oench.cior c. 'lie na- porlf ,e3Vl5,? on,. !,..1:.Hon.(lft Kentuck- appointed tune, however, Gen. Ampudia An answer to this ca-n-ruricaon i
lion and gcnor.d ol divis,,n-IKn Anto- y) to rovcr-.he raortar battery. A close to (Jon. Worth his desire for ireJ by ,2 oVIock. i-ou assent ta
NioLorrz vz Sata Ann,- re.ura rontr,t ti ,n,.,,;!f wlic, re?uhci, in lhs . a personal interview me, for the pur- an accom-nodation 3n olcer w,u u
to tne seat ol war at the hid o :t large -,..., 0r K:.rn,,T i. flr r(,,,r pose ol m. iking some dt; hnitc arrangement. , ,K i , , . . .
c : . ' ((apu.i o..- Mro.ig t.n oi lour i . n t . ,( despatched at once, under instrucuoa3 to
reml.srcement o. - troops m oratr io con- P.. . . n-.;. r., e thSwr- A a mtervpiw was accordingly appointed t iT.
i .i - if r r A
np r :it ri r itii i mis. nr nT . . " i r. ,.r.u. i.!.r.-. .1
two women, had been killed only a few , () lnt onr 5U,CP,S lia5 j change of Government in Mexico, bclicv- Art". 1. As the Icai'imate rc
u .u... tny , not bcc,, ohtaincJ without severe loss, to j --u to be i:.vorat;ie to the interests ot peace, operations before this place an'
attnouted to some of the volunteers, but he aUriI)Utcd in a good me3sre to the ar- ilaccd n to concur with the commis- c.'u po,j.:on cf lhe C0Gndi ?
,;V ; . dor ot the troops in pressing forward. wni-r. win. 1 trust, affrecj t;iat tije city lhe for
The Camam-hc Indians are commit- :c0 rcturns of killed and wounded have ! receive the approval of the Government. ! cjnRmi. t!i nin;(;''
- BT C. H. VOLtlS.
Star of the angel. star of love,
Through the warm twilight skv.
Thou shinest from the fields above
Blessing the watcher's eye;
Instilling the magnetic hues
Ineffable, which interfuse
With aspirations high time,
High o'er the earth, the scene, the
To thee and to the spirits clime.
, ,
017, .
. Ui 'WAL UhM A I UlLb Ul uLN.
! 1T lAiLu.C.
' ""Wastes A?y of Occupation.
Camp hcore Monterey September 22 AG
Sir: I have the honor to report ihst
the troops under my command, including
tha mounted volunteers from Texas,
marched from Marin on the ISthi and
encamped before Monterey on the 19th
instant. It was immediately discovered
that the enemy occupied the town in force
and had added greatly to its strength by
fortifying the approaches and command
ing heights. A close raconnoissance was
made the same evening bv the cflicers of
, . , r.i . 1 . 1
, both iianks of the town, and it was detcr-
; volunteers, was r.ccordit'glv detach
, I
llPl! I'll.
; u ; v f f .!
der Brigadier titn. ortu on this senu-e
' , .i o..: . - t
it nocn cn the 2 Jt:i. A ten-inch mortar
. ....
a ,rln.,.., .
jcj-t to liold this portion k, the remainder
j r . t c for,c i-eturne ! to can-.o.
i ,t ,, "
gaged the enemv ear.v m the morning,
and defeated him- with ccntiderablc loss
ci! bv the works already carried.
o ill's division otvupit-s llie
rr-il irn rnfc tth ill
dl succor or support
T ,Kf --v.-,
om lhc
minute report of the important operations
of ves.crtiv i;ntil iu)sel cf U;? direnl
,,. .,1. a
I . U.illl.l.lJi.O IK.vltli. tiiia ui.m; nil. 11
vet been received, nor is it known what
'corps of Gen. Worth's division have suf-
fercd mosuln the other'poriior.of ihearmv
of first, third, fourth regiments of infan
try, and regiment of Tcnnesse volunteers
have sustained the greatest loss.
fllcre follows a list of officers who
were killed and wounded, which we omit
j bccaHSC u hg becn , publi3iied i
I need hardly add that the conduct of
our troops, both regulars and volunteers,
throughout the operations, has been eve
ry thing that could be desired. The part
which each corps contributed to the suc
cesses of the day will appear more fully
in future reports. To Mjor Generals
Butler and Henderson, and Brigadier
Generals Twiggs and "Worth, command
j ing divisions, 1 must express my obliga
tions for thc efucient support which they
rendered particularly so to Brigadier
Gen. Worth, whose j-crviees, from his
j detached position, have been most con-
I am, sir, very respctfuhy, your obe -
dicnt servant,
Major General U. S. A. commanding.
The Adjutant General of the Army
. Wa?hington. ' -
Heabqt-arters Armv of OccrPATiov, .
Camp before Monterey, Sept. 23, 1810.
Sir : I have the gratification lo report
that the Bishop's Palace was gallantly.
carried yesterday by the troops of the
seconu division. . in the course ot the
nigru me rawenn ociow me lowu were
M'ilh one exception, abandoned by the
enemy and this morning were occuped by
;onr troops. To-day the third infantry,
j with the field artillery of the first division
the Mississippi and Tennessee regirrn!sr
j and the second regiment of Texas, fride-.
xnen, '(dismounted.) have been warmly
1 : ir . 1 . : r .- 1 . 1
) in the course of the day two of thc bat- U c' , ' 1 ?a a"1' I Terms of capitulation of the citv of Mon-
a-rics in rear nflhe town were rnrried hr t'vl 1 ""'" 01 tern v. l!m nnnisnl f V,,v 1
r, .1.- o i l- i Leon. 1 hose named oa thc American r, . , . f ., .. ,. .'.
MwiKii.ii; wiwrs ui .h: u u-yivu, i ., ... , . kiucu u j:i uy IU3 UHUCrsigneU COIH-
i . . ; . .... . ' .-' worn, t.'-n. W nrlh. I.p'i Ii!rnlnrr.? 1 - . . 1 J . .
and a imrd was carried t:i!s morning at ., .', ,, , . j miss'.oners, to wit : Genr ral V orth. of
dawncfd.ty. The Bbhop's Palace oc- Vv- V. ..n010""1 ' the United States Armv, Cencrui Ilen-
cu pied thc oulv remaining height in rear Msippi luuttcrs. i he commission (Crson, of the Texan Volunteers, and
r .1 . .1 1 r....r i 1 liiiallv se'ticd uooa the articles, ot which ... t .1 ... .
II IM" III 7 ? T M 1 I; IT1 I ?! 1 1 ; fi V r-O I 111 'in. 1 A II . ti ) I f 1 T W I I I'll r T 1 C TTl
i tnr.rii-p.iniim-il tt'.itip nf t in fiAinitrr
j engaged with The en-?m v in the town, and ;
have driven him, witli eoMMdorabte lossj
ito the pliraand its vicinity, which is yell
i strongly occupied. A portion of the sec-1
j ond division Ins also advanced into the J
town on the right, and hoi Is a position!
i there. The enemv still maintains him-
self in t'no piaza and ciudt , and sesms dc- ' ceptible, I have fulfilled my duty, and
termined to make a stubborn resistance, j ave satisfied that military honor which
I am particularly grutilk-d to report th:-.t ! U1 a certain manner, is common to all
our successes of "yesterday and to-day, j arimes of the civilized world,
though disastrous to the enemy, have j prosecute the defence, therefore,
been achieved without material loss. I would only result in distress to the popu
I cannot speak in to.j high texms of the ! l:"on, who have already suffered enough
galhntrv and perseverance' of our troops j from lh.e misfortunes conseqent on war;
throughout the arduous operations of the 2n'J taking, it for granted that the Aranricaa
tout the arduous operations of the
last thrc
2e (kvs
lam, sir,"verv respectfully, your obe-
lent servant, " "
Major General U. S. A. commanding.
The Adjutant General of the Army,
Headqurters Army of Occupation,
Camp before Monterey, Sept. 23, 18 1G.
Sir: At noon on the 23 instant, while
our troops were closely engaged in the
lower part of the city, as reported in. my
last despatch, I received by a flag a com
munication from the Governor of the
Stale of New L'jou, which is herewith
1 l.MI 11 IllIll iltb!Ull S i 111V L.
I . . ...
i a lace, i uui au a nccu wimin one square
r t i . i . ,
i ol the principal p!:iza, and occupied the
., . 1- - . ,
; ior i o ciocu.o, rcsu.tcu m me namingoi a
! i-. i i r. .!..!. i - r
' "oniinisio:i to'draw up articles of ogrce-
meat regulating the withdrawal of the
i t
j tion of hostilities. The commissioners
i , . , ,T . . . , . .
I p ...!,:. ,l . ,:.!, 1 i..i:. l. V.
Hi IWi.Ui III! I'-il.iUltll Ulitl JIlli.-Il I UcDC
! bfca du!: Agreeably to the Pro-
1 visions ol 'die -Itn article, our troops have
11113 ,",f" V-
It will be seen that the terms
-! "d
the Mexican garrison are less rigorous than
those imposed. The gallant de-
lhe latter eonsideraiion also prorajitedth
convention for a U-mporary cessation of
J hostilities. Though scarcely warrantc !
bv mv instructions, vet the change of af
fairs since those instructions were issued
seemed to wsrrrnt this course. I beg to
be advised, as early as practicable, wheth
er I have metthc views of the Government
in these particulars.
I am, sir, very respectfully, vour obe
dient scrv..u Z. TAYLOR,
Maj. Grp.. V. S. A. commanding.
The Adjutant General of the Army,
(No. .1) D. Franco De P. Morales,
Governor of Sew Leon, tn .Major
General Tt.ylir Translated.
Moi.tcn y, Sept. 20, 8 o'clock A. M.
As von arc resohed lo occupy the
, p;.ce hV force of a;m. und iI.h Mexico
j Gencral-in-ch:cf resolved to defend it z
1 every cost, as his honor and duty require
fJii,n to do, thousands of victims, who,
; fr0m indigence and wnt of means, find
themselves now in tbe theatre of war. and
who would be uselessly sacrificed, claim
the rights which, in all times r.ndoll coun
tries, humanity extends. As Governor of
the State and legitimate representative of
the people, I state their case to you, and
hope from your civilization and r finc-
mfllt tbnT tvfiifOvnr m-n- Ur tl-io ornnt of I
u : -ii r,!.rS
that f::m':hr! hill h rpsnrctc.J. or Will
! -rant a rensnnr.h's time for them to leave
. C2vli
I have thc honor to salute you General-
in-chief of the Army of Occupation of the
United Suites, and to assure you of my
highest consideration.
God andlibprty.
Gener-vl-in-Chikf cf the Armv ct Oc -
conation of !. S. "
! v im in in: t r.sMi'i. i r.f unr nr r i f 1 i
' , I . I T 1 1 "
(No. 2.) D. Pedro Jmpudia, General-
in-chief, to Jilajor General Vuy-
for. Transla'ed.'
Headquarters at Monteret,
Sept. 23, 18JG 9 o'clock P. M.
Senor General : Having made th
i ?-fcnce of which I believe this city sua-
2n'J wiunf.xt tor granted that th
Government has mauilestea a disposition
j 10 negotiate, I propose to you to evacuate
j inB cit.v and ls fort, taking with me th
personel and materiel whicli have remain
ed, and under the assurance that no hara
shall ensue to the inhabitants who hava
taken a part in the defence.
Be pleased to accept the assuranco of
my most distinguished consideration.
To Senor Don. Z. Taylor,
General-in-chief of the American arruj.
No. 3.1 Headquarters Army or Occu
pation, Camp before Monterey, Sept. 24.
7 o'clock A. M.
Sir: Your communication, bearing
date at nine o'clock P. M. oa the 23d
! instant, has just been revceived bv tha
hands ol Col. Moreno.
In answer to your proposition to evac
uate the city and fort with all the person
nel and materiel of war, I have to stata
that my duty compels me to decline tc-
I am, sir, very rsspectfullv, your
obedient servant, Z. TAYLOR,
Major Gen. U. S. A., commanding..
Senor D. Pedro da Ampudia,
General-in-chief, Monlerev.
men, on the part of Major General
Taylor, commanding-in-chief the U."
S. forces,t Gen Raquena&Gen Ortega
of the army of Mexico, and Senor Man
uel M. Llano, Governor of Nuevo
Leon, on the part of Senor General
Don Pedro Ampudia, commanding-in-
cniel the Army of the North cf Mex-.
ult of tha
1 the pres
rmie, it is
Ci cations,
and ail
other public property, with the undermea-'
j t;oricd exceptions, be sm
commanding general of t!
rrendercd to the
ie United State3
forces now at Monterey.
Art. 2. That the Mexican forces ba
allowed to retain the following arms, to
wit: the commissioned officers their side
arms, the infantry their arms and accou
trements, the cavclry their arms and ac
coutrements, thc artillery one field bal-
I tery, not to exceed six pieces, with twea-
ly-one rounds of ammunition.
Art. 3. That the Mexican armed for
ces retire, within seven days from this
date, beyond the lino formed by the pass
of the Rmeonada, die city of Linares, and
San Fernando de Presas.
Art. 4. That thc citadel of Monterey
be evacuated by the Mexican and occu
pied by the American forces tc-rorrcnr
morning at 10 o'clock.
Art. 5. To avoid collision?, End for
mutual convenience, that the troops cf the
i I- n'.tL.l States will not occupy the city
i tuitil the Mexican forces hare withdrawn,
except for hospital and starage purposes.
Art. 6. That the forces of the United
States will not advance beyond the line
specified in tbe second thinF article be
fore the expiration of eight weeks, or un
til the orders or instructions cf the respect
ive Governments can be received.
Art. 7. That the public properly to ba
, Ufiivcre. si.aa he turned over
cd! v offictrs cp'rinted bv thc command
ing gcK-'rals of tin t.vo armies.
Art. P. Th;t all dcubfs r.s to !" rr.ean-
h:g rt
w.x of t!:;
Erth-h-s sh-Il
be solve:! bv r.n equit ,:-.e
?n! on pri 'cip'cs cf h:,cr.-.!:'y
to t::e re-
tiring armv.
Art. 9. Th.
! tli- Me.v.k-n C g. wbn
I str-cck at the chUC.u . y lc iuluttd by its
i0 - 1 - ;1 ; 0
Mrr.terfv.pvmbcr Ci. 1945.