The Somerset herald and farmers' and mechanics' register. (Somerset, Pa.) 183?-1852, September 15, 1846, Image 1

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    5
fit- : ell fiv
TWO DOLLARS TER ANNUM,?
HAbF-VEAKLV IN ADVANCE. 5
AND FARMS' AKD MGMIGS' REGISTER.
rr xot paid vrrrniN rnr. teak.
2 5u will i!U ciia::ui:d.
PRINTED1 AND PUBLISHED WEJ5KLY. BY JONATHAN ROW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.
Uew Scries.
5Tinfh
r it i 1 .
r;,e following lines were written by
,?; I'nnccjs Amelia, a little before her ,
ce3tn-
Unthinking, uhc, wild and young,
T l ni-rhM nnd danced, and taik'd and sumr: '
..it ifi.i,i, fiffJnm,;
Dream'd not of sorrow, care or pain;
Concluding in those hours of glee,
That all the world was made for me,
But when the hour of trial came,
When sickness shook my trembling frame,
When folly's gay pursuit was o'er,
And I could dance and sing no more,
It then occurr'd how sad 'twould be,
Were this the only world for me.
rIU2K WEST.
Fisher's National Magaziue
A SKETCH
OF
CALIFORNIA.
The First Settlers Missions
Indians -Agriculture -IIorseM,and
tattle Faints Ports Klines
Forests and Tiaibcr-Climate
l'oputation and advantages to
tlicFnited States.
For the following interesting sketch
of California, we are indebted to Alfred
Kobinson, Esq., author of a very popu
lar work called "Life in California," re
cently published by Messrs. Wiley &
Putnam New York. Mr. Robinson re
sided a considerable lime in that country
was a close observer, and both in the
work above mentioned, and in this little
sketch has spread before his fellow citi
zens an amusing and instructive arcount
of a part of the Western Continent, which
is increasingly attracting public atten
tion :
The extei-sive tract of country com
prised under this name, constitutes, at
present, part of the Mexican Republic,
and was once included in the Vice Royal
ty of New Spain. It extends from Cape
bt. Lucas, along the border of the great
Pacific Ocean, To the forty second degree
of north latitude, and is bounded on the
easi ly the Gulf of California, the river
Colorado, and the Indian territory.
Lu Vifjtt, or Old California, was dis
covered in 1531, by an expedition fitted
out by Hernan Cortes. It consisted of
two ships, commanded by Hernando Gri
jalba and Diego Bercerra de Mcndoza,
who being separated during the first
night of their voyage were unable to
prosecute their discoveries together.
SSenor Grijulba, alter navigating three
hundred leagues north of Tehuantepec,
made land near the southern extremity
of California :.nd returned to New Spain.
Rercerra, less fortunate, was murdered by
Ortun Jimenez, his pilot, who took the
lead of a mutinous faction on board, and
fearing the wrath of CortC5, continued
his voyage in search of other land. Ar
riving at a place railed afterwards La
B.diia de Santa Cruz, he landed and was
attacked by the Indians, in which conflict
lie and twenty others perished; thus re
ceiving the just penalty of their wicked
ness. The crew returned to. New Spain
with the ship, and reported favorably ol
their discoveries which determined Cor
tes to superinted in person another ex
pedition, wherein he ascertained that Cal
ifornia was not an island as had been sup
posed. Oiher subsequent attempts to ex
plore the country were made by the Vice
roys of New Spain, but no important ef
fort for its settlement look place until the
years 150G and 1002. The method of
colonization by ihe Spaniards, was by
establishing missionary posts, and in con
verting the Indians to Christianity, whom
thev located at the various ro'nts of their
religious conquests. In this pirformancc
the primitive fathers sulTered many iriais
and in many instances marlydom. Yet,
notwithstanding, their hones were at
length realized,and they triumphantly be
held the subjugation of the whole country
to the banner of the cross.
.', or Upper California, was first
visited by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, a
Portuguese, under the patronage of the
Viceroy Senor Don Antonio Mendoza.
Cabril'o set sail on a voyage to the nocth
0:1 the 27tli June, 1542, and anchored at
most of the porta along the coast as far
as the forty-fourth degree of latitude; but
no particular attention was drawn to the
settling and colonizing the countny until
the expulsion of the Jesuits from Lower
California, in 17C7. The year following
it was resolved on by the Marquis de
Croix, when Father junipero Serra re
ceived the appointment of missionary
president. Sixteen brothers of the same
order accompanied Father Junipero, some
of whom were destined to replace the
Jesuits in Lower California. This holy
brotherhood sailed from San Bias on the
12t!i March, 1708, and arrived at San
Pieco pome time in May, 17G9, thev
rommenced iheir apostolic labors. The
Treat length of time intervening from the
l;;te of their departure until that of their
arrival in Aha California, was partially
occupied at ihe port of Loreto, A milita
ry - force, under the command of Don
tipper de Porlaia, was sent for tlic pro-
i . . i
tection of the missionaries, and the same !
of colonization and government was ob- i
as r(Jonization of Lower
,., . : r
Father Junipero, which continued
v uiiivi luu. v ,
lus death, m 1782, there were es
eight missions, and afterwards under
er management the number was increased
to twenty one. As these religious insti
tutions flourished, the directors of them
were eccasionally succord by remittances
from the Spanish government, and im
portant donations were made, and numer
ous estates were bequeathe? in lands and
houses, for the benefit of the missions
which were held as a fund, known in
Mexico as La Fonda Piadoso de Califor
nia. This fund was managed by the
Convent of San Fernando, and the pro
ceeds, as well as well as thejjsalaries of ihe
missionaries, to whom were assigned the
sum of four hundred dollars per annum,
were remitted annually to California.
The prevailing style of architecture ob
served m erecting the missionary estab
lishments, has been faithfully described
in a work entitled "Life in California,"
but it mav be interesting to know how or
in what manner they were conducted in
the administrotion of their temporal as
well as spiritual government. The do
mains were always extensive often
from twenty to thirty square leagues, and
divided out into separate farms for domes
ticating cattle and for cultivation. The
control over those estates and the princi
pal establishments was effected by a few
soldiers and a sergeant, who were subject
to the friars, and whose quart cl or bar
racks were immediately opposite the front
entrance. The Indians were taught man-
y trades, and a variety of things proved
their progress in their arts. They man
ufactured blankets, carpeting, and a coarse
fabric of woollen for clothing; they also
made hats, shoes, and other necessary ar
ticles. Notwithstanding their" immense
resources at home, they were yearly sup
plied with large quantities of mercandise
by foreigu vessels, many of their estab
lishments making purchases to the a
mount of forty and fifty thousand dollars
which were freely distributed among the
Indians, so that they were clad, most of
them, after the manner of the Spaniards.
The Indians, as well as the priests, rose
with the sun and went to mass, which
lasted about an hour. . During this cere
mony the breakfast was prepared, which
was usually their favorite utole or pottage,
with boiled dried meat. After breakfast
they went to their labors either in the
workshop or the field. At noon the toll
ing of a bell announced the hour for din
ner, when the Indians quitted their work,
and repaired to receive their rations as at
breaklast time. After dinner they return
ed to their work until the evening cere
mony cf prayer, when all repaired to the
church, and the supper of ufp'e wound
up the performances of the day. 1 lie
girls and widows were kept 'in separate
rooms while at work during the day, and
at night the unmarried of both sexes were
locked up separately; the keys being de
livered always to the missionary, who se
verely chastised any breach of this cus
tom when detected. Thus ihe Indians
were happy, and venerated the men who
had made them so.
The immense herds and flocks belong
ing to the missionaries yearly increased
their recources, and they became of im
portant account to the government, inas
much as U was almost entirely dependent
on them. At many of the establishments
I saw accounts against the government
amounting to over one hundred thousand
dollars, besides many large amounts owed
by individuals, who were never expected
to pay them. This did not, however, af
fect the missions nor weaken them in the
least, for their possessions were continu
ally increasing, and they were prosper
ous indeed. But alas ! this state oi things
exists no longer. Since 1834 the priests
have been deprived of their property, and
the missions have been entirely destroyed
under the scandalous administration "of
certain hirelings of the government. The
following returns of 1834 and 1842, may
be interesting:
"I. In 1831 the Indian population of
ihe 21 missionaries amounted to 30,G50;
in 1842, to 4,400.
"2. In the former year the number of
horned cattle was 424,000; in the latter
28,220.
"3. At the same period the number of
of Sheep, goats, and pigs, was 231,500;
at the latter, 31,000
"4. In 1834, the number of horses, as
ses, mules, &c, was 61,500; in 1842, it
was 3,800.
"5. The produce in corn, tc., has de
creased in a much greater proportion
that of 70 to 4."
These facts will prove the blind zeal
on the part of the government, in its im
prudent measures for secularizing the mis
sions, which have caused such results,
2nd the return of the Indians to their old
customs in the mountains.
For several years after the revolution ! every house is a place for retailing mer
broke out in Mexico in 1822, the white Vchandise; and during the harvest for
population of California was very limited,
and could not have exceeded four thuu
6and. At the different 'ic'nlio certain
officers were appointed to receive such
duties as might be obtained from any
vessels arriving in their respective , di-
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1846,
' '
tricts; and in this way the government
received a small revenue, by imposing a
trifling per ccntage on tl value of "he
...V.n ,r,.b :
San Diego, and other subordinate officers :
until 7,., ,!!! iRos. Wl,n linnMns- d- tent, until Monsier Louis Vime. a native "c ranc ucean requires a piaee 01 suei- , .. ......;.. w.u..
SUUua sum. i lie acinic ijidtuc ujhiui- ' ' i v iw . n . . . , i i i I . - i t ..,.t,,,,
.. . . 1 ' . . - . . . tap rXi. ho t...c-...wU rP vnccnlc w hn i lor the :Ut:irk: hut when thev were riboiit
tablished 1 Eachandia was named commandant-gen- ol t rance, successiully undertook tne , .1 . .1 1.
I . 1 .- I Irt nvui'lltrt flirt MwM'AitMint Inn I . iwjI-.K
oth- eral, who placed a collector at the port of management of a partially abandoned "c poxi v iu?t; Wuic,, 1 VJlV-.r
o... t:.. .u -n ,.:...,i ..r, tnen let fcan rrancisco oe me one, m ,"" vumc-i.i aim 1. ju 0.1 l.j.
at Monterey and Santa Barbara. The hundred and fifty dollars. Mons. V igne
Mexican tarifl was now introduced, and emigrated to California in 1834, and six
the general government, to encourage the ' years afterwards, when desirous of leav
settlement of the Californias, awarded ; ing the country, he was willing to make a
that two-fifths of the duties established, sacrifice, and offered his estate for sale
should be deducted on all goods landed in : for the sum of twenty thousand dollars,
that country of foreign importation. This j The soil, he says, for this kind" of cul
recrulation however, has ceased to exist, ture. is not surpassed anywhere: and is
and the importer is now obliged to pay j
the full extent ot the tariti rate, which ou j country. ioinmg is wanteu mu iniem
sorne articles amounts to over one hun- J gent persons to make wine of an excel-
dred and fifty per cent, on their first cost
I he nett amount of revenue s.eldom ex
ceeded, in any year, over eighty thousand
dollars, so that when a deficiency took
place, to supply the expenditures of gov
ernment, it had been usual to call upon
the missions for aid. Mexico would have
had to have remitted annually, if it had
paid its debts and its soldiers, over one
hundred thousand dollars, of which the
exchequer fell short, to defray the actual
expenses of the country. This may be
quite sufficient to show
standing which the mis
sustaining the covernment
feeblcd it must have become since their
ruin.
Since 1830, when the Californians
drove out the Mexicans, the country has
undergone many changes. Numbers of
new farms have been erected by the di
vision of the mission estates, and hun
dreds of Englishmen and Americans are
scattered over the extent of their domains.
Theie were very few farmers previous to
1830, whose actual possessions of horned
cattle did not exceed one hundred thou
sand. In 1842, there were no less than
ninety-two ranchores located between the
ports of San Diego and San Luis Obispo.
These persons possessing, on an average
one thousand bullocks each, making an
aggregate of ninelv-two thousand. From
San Luis Obispo towards the north, he
farmers are more numerous, and may
be supposed to contain treble the number
of cattle contained southward of that point;
so we may safely estimate the whole
number of horned cattle held by individu
als in the whole country, at four hundred
thousand.
The vearlv number of cattle slaughter
cd seldom exceeded fifty thousand, which
left a large increase; so that, with care
and attention, in a very short time the
number must overreach lhat ever held by
the missions even in their most flourishing
condition. The value of the hides and
tallow derived from these annual slaugh
ters, may be estimated rt three hundred
and seventy two thousand dollars. These
two commodities, with the exception of
some beaver, sea otter, and other furs,
comprise the most important part of their
exportations, which in addition, would
augment the value of exports to four hun
dred thousand dollars per annum. The
greater portion of these .items find their
way to the United States, either director
via the Sandwich Islands or Lima; the
Yankees being the principal participants
in the trade with California.
No mercantile houses of any import
ance are vet established in the' country,
owing to the impolitic advantages given
to foreign navigation, which permit the
coasting trade, and give license for the
disposal of merchandise without restric
tion as to quantity. Hence each vessel
becomes 'a moving warehouse, which is
despatched about, from port to port, ac
cording to the demand for their merchan
dise; and no one thinks of buying any
thing on shore, while these floating con
veniences are at hand. As it may be
supposed, this method of non-protection
to home trade, is of serious injury to the
country, inasmuch as it prevents the in
troduction of capitalists, and the establish
ment of them 011 shore. This detriment
to the prosperity of California, however,
is not unknown to its government, and it
has made several unsuccessful attempts
to regulate and reform the system. Weak
and unstable in their government, the
Californians have ever wavered from
their decrees, and though certain restric
tions have been levied again and again up
on foreign commenrce, they seldom con
tinued long enough to give any encour-
agement. This has been owing to the
poverty of the treasury, and the lack of
means possessed by government to sup
port itself without the aid of foreign com
merce, which is the only source of reve
nue whereby it is sustained. A reform
can only be effected by shutting the ports,
and imposing a direct lax upon individu
al property, which to accomplish the gov
ernment has not sufficient force; and for
the reason California must remain as it is,
' subject to a thousand changes, until some
other and more elevated power shall rule
its destiny'. In the small villages almost
J grapes, while distilling tt!iuanlinitet all
of them become grog shops, and serve out
destruction to the Indians, who are the
principal consumers.
Of late years the cultivation of the
grape has become an important branch of
. . t. I-. . ;
agriculture, ana almost ever)' lnnamiam
of any note in the town of los Ancblks
has his vineyard. No particular alien-;
.1 '1. ' ,.o,.. v.
vineyard, which he purchased for one
infinitely superior to that of his own
lent quality, .which would readily find a
market in Mexico, and the neighboring
countries where the vine is not cultivated.
The climate is well adapted to the ol-!
ive, which is quite abundant, and when
well prepared, not inferior to thai of Eu-
rope. In some parts of the country rice
may be raised, and cotton and tobacco
thrive to perfection. The natives under- ,
stand well enough the art of cultivating
them, but are too indolent to pay that
strict attention which they require. Ma
how the important ny kinds of fruits are produced in their . quires skilful miners only to make it pro
issions held towards j gardens, such as apples, peaches, plums, j fitahle.
nent, and how en- oranges, citrons, limes, pomegranates, I The arrival of Captain r reemont m
figs, fce. and in fact, every attempt to-
wards agriculture has succeeded.
In the spring of the year, during the
months of May and June, the plains and
hills are variegated with flowers, and the
whole country becomes a garden. It is
one of the most enchanting sights ima
ginable to look upon its extensive prai
ries, carpeted, as they are, with millions
of beautiful and fragrant blossoms; so ar
ranged in nature's grand kaleideoscope
as to call forth admiration from the be
holder, and his reverence and love for the
great author of such magnificence. The
air becomes perfumed with their sweet
ness, and as the heavy tramp of the tra
veller's steed presses upon them, an ex
quisite fragrance rises, which is borne
away by the wind? to the hills and moun
tains, to mingle with the sweets which
they inhale. Indeed there is more love
liness and beauty in such a scene, than
my humble self can delineate. I recol
lect a spot in(the rear of the Mission of
San Gabriel, where the flowers arc of so
rich a vermillion, as to be seen distinctly
from the ship's place of anchorage at
San Pedro, from whence they appear like
a velvet covering to the earth. This is a
distance of over thirty miles, and it may
seem to ihe reader almost incredible, but ,
nevertheless it is the truth, and may be 1
witnessed, year after year, without any j
decrease in beauty.
The hills nnd the woods abound with j
many kinds of wiid fruits, among which
are gooseberries, blackberries, whortle
berries, strawberries, &c. The latter va
ry in their appearance and flavor, accor
ding to their locality; those found in the
northern parts of ihe country being infe
rior in size, but sweeter. Raspberries
are also to be met with, in quality equal
lo the English ones; but the most abun
dant of all is the mora or blackberry,
The soil of California is rich, and aided
by the mild temperature of its climate,
extremely productive for all kinds of
grain; admitting of two crops in one sea
son. From the parallel of San Luis O
bispo, northward, the highlands are topp
ed with pines, while the green plains be
yond them are plentifully supplied with
oak; the former, in some sections of the
country, growing to an immense size,
with long cones hanging from their bran
ches, containing pinoxes or seeds, which
are collected by the Indians a their pro
per season, and become an important ar
ticle of "their food. Other classes of
trees are found in the forests, of which
the ash, beach and maple, comprise the
greater portion.
The feature of the mountains extending
through California, gives a dreary aspect
to the country, till arriving near the con
fines of Monterey, where they are wood
ed, and less accompanied with the volca
nic appearances. Their average height
is about twenty-two hundred .feet, rising
in some places almost directly from the
sea, so as to leave but a narrow strip be
tween them and the beach. The woods
are abundant in wild game, and the rivers
and bays supply the inhabitants with fish
of many kinds.
California, viewed as a maritime sta
tion, has not its equal on the whole wes
tern coast of America. Her principal
ports, which are San Francisco and San
Diego, afford the most secure anchorage
for the largest fleets, with facilities for
establishing wharves, docks and arsenals.
The former harbor is so situated as to re
quire but little labor to make it one of the
strongest fortified places in ihe world; for
the rocky cliffs which forrn its narrow
entrance, combined with other prominent
locations within, seem as if inten
nature lor delence. 1 here are numerous
small islands scattered about the bav. and
one of them affords an abundant supply
of fresh water, and convenient locations
for heaving out vessels for coppering or
for repairs. The Blossom, a British
sloop of war, was grounded here some
years ago, and thoroughly overhauled.
4 1...ka. ...;.. .,u .,iBim.c I
v. r'""S:'ul' tfUU"r";
must or ought to. attract the attention or
U.e United States Government; and .1 the
importance of her commercial interests in
preference to any other port! How can
it be acquired, will be the inquiry, or ne
gotiated lor, while we are, as it were, wa
ging war against Mexico, thus shutting
out all means for negotiation? My answer
is, that California will negotiate for her
self soon, and perhaps ere now she has
dared to proclaim her independence, and
may be at this moment prep:
arcd lor any
arrangement with the United States. Let
our government look to this important is
sue, and secure, if possible, such an ac
quisition as San Francisco would become
to our glorious republic,
and silver mines have necn louno
California, from which considerable
quantities of ore have been obtained; and
recently, during the present year, one of
quicksilver has been discovered. Ihe
last is now worked on a small scale, and
produces one sixth of metal from the ore.
Any quantity of copper ore can be had
. . ... . . 1 r 1
. 1 ,1 r fn 1 t-, . 1 . .
in ifi is-iv 01 1 ouas nus, wmni iu-
Uaiiiorma, must soon cause a
in the commerce of the country, and per
haps, ere long, our enterprising Yankees
will be flocking there in thousands with
team loads of merchandise. The captain
has discovered a route which is eight hun
dred miles shorter than the one formerly
travelled by our hunting parties, and the
whole distance through has not the slight
est obstruction for vehicles.
LOVE AND FRIENDSHIP.
EY WILLIAM LLCGKTT.
The birds, when winter shades the sky,
Fly o'er the seas away,
Where laughing eyes in sunshine lie.
And summer breezes play.
And thus the friends that flutter near
While Fortune's sun is warm,
And startled if a cloud appear,
And fly before the storm.
But when from winter's howling plains
Each other warbler's past,
The little snow-bird still remains
And chirrups midst the blast. throng
Dove-like that bird, when Friendship's
With Fortune's sun depart,
Still lingers with its cheerful song,
And nestles on the heart.
Tha late Revolution in Mexico.
The New Orleans Times of the 25th
ultimo contains copious extracts from In'e
Mexican papers from which it appears
lhat the revolution in Mexico has not on
ly been completely successful, but con
summated with a singular degree of una
nimity. The same paper mentions the receipt
of a letter from the city of Mexico, d;.t 'd
on the 8th, which makes no allusion to ;
the impiisonment of Gen. Paretics. For
ibis reason, and because it believes that
Paredes left the capital on the 31st for
the North, at the head of 4,000 troops,
and must have been pretty f ir advanced
on his way when ihe revolution broke
out. it is inclined to doubt the correctness
of the information heretofore received r.s
to the imprisonment of lhat officer. All
other accounts, however, go to confirm
this intelligence.
In the same letter above alluded to, it
is stated that some of ihe disaiTected citi
zens of Monterey, in conjunction with a
ffvv inbn!if:iiits nf - nvrirvm nriirin. who
were ai led by the crew of the U. S.
sloop-of-war Falmoihni. took possession
of ihe city, hoisted the American colors.
and proclaimed the Californias annexed
to the United Slates.
The subjoined extract exhibits ihe man
ner of conducting a bloodless revolution
in the Mexican Republic, such as has
just taken place. The reader must pre
mise, that on the 3d ultimo, as sorn as
news reached the city of Mexico of the
declaration, or, as they call it, pr tntn r'm
i.i'iito, at Vera Cruz, the troops of the
party opposed to the then existing Go
vernment adopted a preamble and articles
similar to ihose promulgated at the latter
city, in which the causes and objects of
the revolution are set forth; and lhat these
proceedings have been politely comma
the revolutionists, to Gen. Bravo, the act-
mg President of the Republic. I
r.v, if, i.Pj,.;.?;.n ..r i ..v.. -r i'n
Anmt a.
EVENTS OF YESTERDAY AND
OF THIS MORNING.
Since the 3d instant, repeated notices
minent have been given to the Government, but j country are for war, then I am wjih them;
ded by j in the - most respectful terms, and almost ; hut I would prefer p?.;ce. Bef.-n !r;;v
merons ! in the tone of entreatv. Both these com-; ing Havana, he requested and received
; in the tnnp of pntrentv
mnnicmlmw nml nrivite letfers, addrcs -d
to Senor Bravo and Senor Quipno, bv the
General-in-chief of the pronounced forces
in the citadel, remained cither unanswer-
ed or were answered in an evasive man -
net by asking for time, and seeking to
gain timd. The kst time fixed upon for
a ,..va ......
Vol. 4.-No.
iVIrlnnr 'n definitive answer was two o'cloeTc
f ,, rnnn nt .... .,,.. .,,1. x
m the afternoon of t, ib . VA u,t o h.)
r he G ncnd-in-Uu i o tec i a; . . u-
ed until utter that hour, and having re-
presented themselves on the p:irt of ihu
Government, and stated that Gen. D.
Benito Quijano was empowered as Gcn-cral-in-chief
to treat with the pronoun
ce rs, if both parties should appoint com
missioners to meet at a designated ph.cc.
The General-in-Chief of the pronounced
forces drew up a new communication with
this view, stating that the commissioners
appointed on his part would attend before
five o'clock in the afternoon in the con
vent of San Francisco, where they would
await those appointed by Gen. Qu'juno.
The commissioners of the chief of the
prvVimcintnfitfo attended according to
appointment; bet those of the Govern
ment, lifter tfie lapse of more than an
hour, had not made their appearance.
In consequence of this, and of Gen. Qui
jano's having sent a new communication,
stating lhat a junta of war would meet
at seven o'clock in the evening, and that a
reply would be given in the courso of the
night, the General-in-Chief of the pro
nounced forces determined to wait no lon
ger, and commenced his m.'.reh with two
strong columns, composed of some ir.
fantry, a body of cavalry, and some light
pieces, which, being arranged in the most
efficient manner, advanced without mee
ting any impediment until thev surround
ed the palace, the forces occupying it be
ing confined within the limits ot the prin
cipal squire.
At this stage of affairs, General Qnija
no promised that his commissioners would
attend at nine o'clock at night, in house
No. 10, in the first street de IMatcros, oc
cupied by Dr. D. Pedro Vanderlinden,
the director of the military board of health.
In fact, almost an hour before the ap
pointed time, Generals Carrcra, Urre:it
and D. Ramon Morales appeared as com
missioners of the general commanding
the forces of the Government, and on ti c
part of those of the citadel, Generals Dc
Pedro Lemus, D. Antonio Vizcayno, and
D. Ramon Pachcco, honorary inlcndant
of the army. A long discussion was en
tered into, which lasted un'i! half after
one in the morning, and the result f.f
which was that the General-in-Chief cf
the forces of the Government was to re
cede lothe plan proclaimed in the citadel,
and every article of it: it being further
determined, on the part of the pronoun
cers, that, in consideration of the defer
ence and respect for the national will ma
nifested by Senor Bravo, as well as in
testimony of the respect due to his for
mer services, he should he allowed, whilo
in ihe capital, the uiaiincticii of guard
of honor, fueh ls the ordinance aligns
to captains-general; that neither he nor
his ministers, nor the chiefs, officers, and
troops who have supported his cause,
should be molested; and that, immediate
ly upon the ratiiication of the plan, the
Government should cease its functions,
the troops defending the palace to remain
under the orders of Senor S. 1 3. The
latter occupied the palace at three o'cloclc
this morning. The chiming of bell?, t'13
beating of drums, and music of the mili
tary bands, viva from a large concourse
1 fr General Santa Annn, who is invoked
in the plan, and a salvo of twenty-ons
guns from the battery of the citadel, at
daybreak, were the fird celebration of
tilts event. As yet no Govern nent ha.J
been organized, and the General-iii-chief
of the pronounced forces is to continue in
command until the arrival of General
Simla Anna, who is expected wiihin a
few days.
Santa Axxa was received at Vera
Cruz with every demonstration of enthu-
! si.jsm aml j"-
He arrived on the 1 Gill
ultimo, on board the English merchant-
steamer Arab, accompanied by his own
j family, and Gen. Almonte, the ex-Minis
ters neion and ll iro v 1 amariz. Senor
Bov.'s, ex-Deputy f.om Yucatan to the
Mexican Congress, and several other in
dividuals. The Picayune says:
"Upon t'l? appe i.a c ? o!' the Arab off
Vera Cruz, CommnJore Cjxxe.i repaired
o;i board t!i? steamer PaixcETOX, and an
attempt wan m :dj to iuurcpt the Arab;
but the morning was calm an ! she slipped
into port wilhoJtJiindrar.ee, with her val
uable fYcigh Opinions differ as to the
intentions of t!:o Commodcrc towari'3
S.mt.i A'KV.i, some bc-!uvmg that he had
no desire to intercept him. Oa this sub
iect we learn, by loiters received by tho
w r n t Ti
at Pensacoln from 1 1 a-
j van . that before Sana Anna left llavan i,
OUrVOIllH, Jl.Ij'l I It! VI l VMlV.l-
sa'.ton
wiih him lo the following c fleet:
V' i!1l!"rcd l!'.e General was in
favor of the war with the United States.
I To which the General replied, Yoa
j know how it is; if ;hc per-pfe of i.:y
from -Cclm
inei C;:mpbe:i a letter ol intro-
I '
ductivn to Commodoi-3 Co:a:vr. J.'eruo
t-ok with him a v.dn,.b!e box of e?gar?
intended as a prvm f r t: C';riPjidor?,
j Upon arriving ofi "vera Cniz, !;. !
j good care to ws.ste. no it me in the prcs'-a
tation of hi? Iot'er or ig-r3
..1,.,. r.w,.,r. 1 If -J-