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AHD PAEME5,S - jUSTO MECHANICS' RSGKES2H&.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ROW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA.
TUESDAY, DECEEEBSB. 16, 1845,
Vol. 4.No. 5.
- - i
Sriol) Jliacljluc poctrp.
Jem Dodge married o!J Judy Rouse
Och he vs a charming joung bride,
With turf be then built a brick house,
And the front door was on the lack side.
The roof it w as tiled without straw,
The cellar was on the first floor,
And the chimney, in order to draw.
Was built just outside of the door.
A begjar was Teddy Malone,
ITi 6tster was his only brother ;
He had nothing at all of bis own,
Except what belonged to his mother.
One nijbt, Teddy says to the Squire,
I'm so cold, give me something to eat ;
I'm so dry, let me set by the fire,
And so hungry, I must warm my feet
'Och ! honey, one day says Pat Tigf ,
Tor he was a scandalous glutton,
'To-morrow I'll kill my fat pig,
For I'm sure he'll make ilegant mutton."
So then he goes into the hovel,
And be bangs the pig up by the heel,
Cut his throat so nate with a shove,
Saying, this is the way to dress veal !
One day Paddy Mulligan swore
He had scalt his mouth to a blister,
While at dinner the morning before
And what was it wid ! asked his sister.
Says Paddy, just thry for to guess!
Och, I can't : then I'll tell ye, my swate, O
'Twas nothing at all more or less,
Than a raw roasted fiozen potato.
Jim Black was one of those persons
usually designated "hard customers," and
in his case the term aptly applied. A
careless devil that could whip his weight
in wild cat?, and care no more for a tustle
wiih a bear than a fisticufl with one of
his neighbors, for Jim was "cock of the
walk" oik. the head waters of Bcargrass.
Although he had the good will of most of
his .neighbors, yet none of the folks in
"them diggins" felt inclined to nearer re
lationship with him. Of this fact lie
teemed pretty well satisfied, for he never
attempted any flirtation with any of the
fair ones of Bcargrass. It happened when
Jim had reached his 28th year, a new
family arrived, in which were "two of
the tallest gals you ever did see," as Jim
described them. One of them, Nancy,
took his eye "tarnation strong," and he
concluded to "sit right up to her." Jim
had heard that it alw ays took two to make
a bargain; but the possibility of a third
person coming into contact never for a
moment entered his mind. Things pro
pressed smoothly, we may say rapidly,
for a short lime, when Nancy's father took
it into his head he ought to have some
thing to say in the matter. This bother
ed Jim amazingly, and came near a bro
ken bone or two for the old gentleman;
but finally, Jim was ordered from the pre
mises; with the request that he would for
rvcr after keep as far as possible from
thai plantation. This was a sad go for
Jim; but, in the earnestness of a stout
heart, he determined never to give it up
so, and he set his wits to work to. out-general
the old man. The gal was on his
side, and why should'nt she ! "The track
of the real genuine lover always was
crooked," as the Poet did'nt express it but
as Jim did. Jim laid his plans and wai
ted for an opportunity to carry them into
effect. It was not long before he obtain
ed a sight of the fair one, who readily en
tered into his plot; and as the family were
to vacate the cabin on the following Sun
clay and be gone the whole day, it was
proposed that Jim should spend the day
with Nancy, that they might mature their
plan for putting the blind upon the oid
Sundav came and according to agree
ment the f unily left home to visit a neigh
bor and Jim left home to visit Nancy.
The day passed off as days will under
like circumstances, until near sun-down.
It occurred to Nancy that there could be
no impropriety in just stepping to the
door to see if the old folks were coming.
"Oil, crackee, Jim, here they come; hide
yourself or the old man will hide me.
Here, jump Into this barrel, quick!"
"'Tarnation Psaid Jim, as he soused him
self into the barrel. "By golly, Nance,
there'' s soap in this 'ere barrel, and it
smarts like creation." "Well it does,
lioss, but you must do it, they are right
liere, so keep still."
Nancy had hardly time to cover over
the barrel before the old folks entered the
door. All were soon seated about the
Toom and commenced talking about the
way they had passed the day, and when
it came to Nancy's turn to fcpeak she
"Well, I'd a done very well, I spose,
if it had'nt been for that ugly near that
was trying to take the pigs oflV'
"What pigs ?" asked the old man.
"Why the pigs out t'other side of the
No sooner were the words out of her
mouth than the old folks, and young ones
too, except Nancy and Jim, were off to
fft after the pigs.
1 "I cay, Nance, it's a might)- hot place
here," said Jim; "can't a feller come out
now V he asked.
"Well I guess they can, Jim; but you
must clear out quick, for they will be back
Jim cleared the barrel at one bound,
and said, "If that ain't the hottest place
about this house, then I give in. But I
say, Nance, that yarn of yourn about the
pigs is full out as slick as that soft soap,
but it don't hurt half so bad. So good
bye; I'm for the Bcargrass -darn the
stuff, how it burns ! Good bye, Nance,
I'm off gosh I'm raw all over !" "
His doings at the creek we must give in
his own words:
"Well, in I went for, may be I warn't
mad. The water felt mighty cool and
comfortable, I tell you. I scrubbed and
washed until I got the infernal truck off
me, when I began to feel a little better.-
But if Bcargrass did'nt run soap suds for
a week after that, then I would'nt tell you
so. New Albany Gazette.
The schooner Commodore, Capt. Dor
rett. which sailed from Buffalo, last Fri
day evening loaded with pork and flour,
went down as far as Erie, was driven
as far back as the Islands, and returned to
make the pier yesterday evening. She
drew so much water, and the sea was
so violent, that she struck the bar oppo
site the mouth of the river, lost her head
way, became unmanageable, and drifted
upon the east side of the east pier, not far
from the light house. She struck violent
ly upon the rocks, and the winds and
waves thrashed her about most unmerci
fully. Her flyingjib-boom was carried a
way, and she soon began to sink. The
men on board were overwhelmed with
the spray and waves that poured in over
the starboard quarter, and drenched them
from head to foot. Their condition was
getting to be serious.
The vessel reeled about and staggered
like a drunken man; the distance from
the pier was not 30 feet, yet no human
being could have swam through such a surf,
besides, sailors arc notoriously bad swim
mers. Great sympathy was excited;
more than a thousand people gathered on
the pier to aid the unfortunate wrecked,
although the spray broke over the pier
every minute. A communication was
finally made to the vessel by casting a
line; the peak halyards were detached
from the foresail-gaff, and the lower end
sent ashore. The men were then hauled
ashore through the air, one at a time, be
ing fastened to the lines, in a style not
uncommon in similar danger of a ship
wreck. The contrivance was successfull three
men came off first then Captain Dor
rett, and lastly the mate, though not with
out getting a dip into the tremendous
waves, which seemed to leap up into the
air to seize the prey that was about to
escape. As the last man, the male,
swung out of the surf, and stood upon
the pier, the multi ude of citizens that
had stood in silent suspense, watching
the transit of the poor sailors burst into
one spontaneous and tremendous cheer,
which rose high above the roar of the
fierce gale and the crashing of the waves.
The poor fellows were wet from head to
foot, and almost frozen with forty eight
hours exposure to the violence and in
clemency of the weather. The Commo
dore soon after sunk on the spot, her
deck being still above the water. She
belongs to Wheeler Bartram, and is nine
or ten years old. Cleveland Plaindeal
From the Xafianal Jnteliegencer.
The "Army of Observation."
The following paragraph from the
New York Express of Tuesday morning
gives us the first intimation that the mili
tary forces of the United States at Corpus
Christi have been ordered to move west
ward of that position; a movement so lit
tle required under present circumstances
that, we should think, as it must have
been directed before the recent pacific
advices from Mexico, it will of course
have been countermanded in time to pre
vent its being carried into execution:
"We understand that the troops now
at Corpus Christi,, under the command
of General Taylor, have been ordered
to march over the prairie country to-
wards the Rio Grande, for Brassos, St.
4 Jago, ond other places. While at Cor-
pus Christi they have been obliged to
hire three schooners as store-ships for
thcir'provisions and have actually carried
old houses Jrom Live Oak Point, a dis-
tanccof ninety miles, to be used as a
covering for their stores and ammunition.
What they will have to cover and pro-
tect these things with when they leave
4 the coast, without the schooners, proba-
bly Mr. Marcy can tell. Their course
4 is through a prairie country, where there
4 is no timber to make planks, and no
saw-mills if there were any timber.-
They will have streams to pass for which
' they have no means provided Their
provisions, as in the Florida war, will
be destroyed by the cliin ate and the
rains Their firearms will be entirely
ruined by the exposure to the saline
4 atmosphere for want of cover s. In short
another pyftem of profligate cxpendi-
ture, similar to that of Florida, may be
expected. A thousand dollars a day
has already been paid for the use of a
steamboat, and we have no doubt shall
soon hear, by the vouchers on file, of a
hundred dollars a cord being paid for
wood, and other things in proportion,
as in the case alluded to."
The Choctaw State.
Some time ago (says the Pennsha
;r" we inilicted an article which
I went the rounds of the newspapers in re
lation to a new State, to be composed of
j Indians. It has called forth the annexed
capital article from the Racine (Wiscon
We have already mentioned that Pitch
lynx, a Choctaw Chief, has been elected
by that nation as their rapresentativc at
Washington, not in Congress, as some
papers have thoughtlessly stated. All
accounts concur in awarding to him the
character of an intelligent ' and worthy
citizen, possessing more than ordiujiry
intellect, with a commanding influence
! among his people. It would be a mag
1 nanimous act on the part of Congress to
' admit the Choctaw nation, containing
' some eighty thousand inhabitans, into
our Union, with the privileges of an inde
pendent State, and to introduce Mr.
Pitchlyn on the floor of Congress as a
representative of that noble aboriginal
race of men whom we have supplanted.
In Wisconsin a community of aborigi
nal inhabitants, the "Brothertowns,"
have been denationalized as "Indians"
by act of Congress, and fully invested
with all the franchises, privileges, and
immunities of the most favored citizens,
eligible to the Gubernatorial oflice, as
well as to to the Executive chair of the
Union, being "native" born citizens of
the United States. And the Brother
towns have vindicated their title to citi
zenship (theirs being the first case on
record of such privileges having been ex
tended to Indians) by demeaning them
selves as a peaceful, moral, and intelligent
The Cho claws are, we presume, the
most advanced of all our aboriginal tribes
in the arts of civilized life. Their coun
try, west of Arkansas, exhibits the most
gratifying proofs of their ameliorating
progress. Cultivated fields, good farms,
good dwellings, churches, schools, com
mon, classical, and scientific all these
evidences of advanced civilization strike
the eye on every hand. Vat. Int.
Rcnge, the Reformer.
His recent entrance into Worms, that
ancient town, so celebrated for scenes of
sublime interest daring the Reformation
under Luther is described in the foreign
Journals a3 resembling some guat pub
lic, political or triumphal entry.
He came, they say, followed by thou
sands on thousands, who greeted him
with continual shouts of joy. Two of
the most notable citizens (one an Israel
ite) voluntarily ofl'ered their residence
for a place of worship, where the Re
formed Catholic divine service should be
performed. The inhabitants, Catholics
and Protestants, undertook to arrange the
place and succeeded in soon changing it
into a well-adorned temple, with galler
ies and other accomodations. The num
ber of persons wishing to attend was so
large, however, that it was found necessa
ry to resort to another expedient, and a
tent was erected in the open air, in which
more than 15,000 listened to the words of
the great Reformer, which though sim
ple, and without any oratorical ornament
were very impressive, and produced a
great effect. Since the time of Luther
such a multitude of people never assem
bled here, and thousands of persons will
from hence spread the seed of the new
Church far and wide. It is a most inter
esting sirht to see the reformer of the
19th century addressing the people with
overwhelming power, in the very market
place where Luther did so three hundred
years before! '
AtDarmsdat, also, great crowds assem
bled to welcome him, whom he address
ed from the balcony of the hotel, a few
minutes after his arrival, thanking them
in the most tender expressions, for the
sympathy they evinced for the cause of
The Coal Trade.
The Miners Journal' (Potts villc, Pa.)
of Saturday says:
44 We feel happy in being able to an
nounce to our readers this week that the
shipments, of coal from the Schuylkill re
gion this year now exceed oxe million
tons! and, should the present mild weath
er continue a little longer, we believe the
quntity for the whole year will reach
1,100,000 tens. Untrammelled individ
ual enterprise is the great secret which
has caused this region to outstrip so &r
all its competitors, some of which com
menced before us. The shipments this
week are, by railroad 22,704, 01, by ca
nal 8,839 05; total for the week 31,
543 06, showing an increase over last
week of about 1,000 tons by railroad, and
about 3000 by canal, which is caused by
the unusual slate of the weather. The
demand for coal continues very brisk, and
prices firm, with an upward tendeney in
the different markets. We still adhere !
to the opinion that, with the quantity the '
railroad can supply during the winter
months, added to that in the market, there
will be a sufficiency for all purposes."
Discover of a ISIlne of Dia
monds. The French consul at Pahia has ad
dressed a report to the Minister of For
eiom Aflairs at home announcing the dis
covery, at the distance of 80 leagues from
that capital, of an abundant mine of dia
monds a source of incalculable vvealth
to the province. It lies in a desert place,
uninhabited, and scarcely accessible, and
was discovered by a mere accident. The
head of a rich English company has al
ready exported, it is said, nearly '200,
000 worth of its produce; and, as the
working of the mine is left to any one
who will work it, there is a race at pre
sent for its treasures. Eight or nine thou
sand emigrants, from nil mrts cf Brazil,
have slren.iy pitched their tents on the
savage and unwholesome spot, and to the
inhabitants of a crowded European state,
the very thought of a jewel mine to be
ransackad at pleasure diamonds to be
had for the fetching is a temptation like
ly, we should think, to attract adventurers,
even if the Upas tree stood in the way.
The St. Louis Missourian says that
wild hemp has been found in the State of
Missouri. A farmer from St. Louis co.,
being in a hemp ware-house, accidentally
saw some Manilla hemp, made inquiry
what it was, and, upon being informed,
said he had produced something exactly
like it from a weed on his farm, and that
he would send in a sample, which he did;
and it proves to be a variety of the Ma
nilla hemp; resembling almost the New
Zealand hemp; but it is said to belong to
the same genus as the New-Zealand, Si
sal, and St. Domingo hemp, from which
all our heavy cordage is made. If this
can be found in any quantity, it is a valua
Each Light has its Shade.
With every joy we haste to meet,
In hopefulness or pride,
There comes, with step as sure and fleet,
A shadow by its side;
And ever thus that spectre chill
With each fair bliss has speed,
And when the gladden' d pulse should thrill,
The stricken heart lies dead.
The Poet's brow the wreath entwines
What weight falls on the breast ?
Upon that sword where glory shines,
The stain of life blood rest,
So, where the rosiest sunbeam glows,
There lies eternal snow !
And Fame its brightest halo throws,
Where death lies cold below.
Letter from John Quincy Adams.
The inportent services which Ilistori
cal societies are calculated to render is
strikingly suggested by the following let
ter to the Secretary of the Maryland As
sociation, which we copy from the Balti
more American. One can scarcely read
it without being in some degree impres
sed with the importance of collecting and
preserving the minutest details of history,
and this is the specific province of Histo
rical Societies. Pitts. Gazette.
Qcixcy, 29th Oct. 1815.
To Br.vntz Mayer, Esq., Baltimore :
Dear Sir: I have to return you my
warmest thanks for vour letter of the 24th
ult. and for the "Journal of Charles Car
roll, of Carrollton, during his visit to Ca
nada in 177G as one of the Commission
ers from Congress." This document,
and the introductory Memoir published
with it, will furnish a precious contribu
tion to the future Historian of our Revo
lution and War of Independence, as the
name of Carroll will shine among the
brightest of the founders of our Federa
tive Republican Empire.
It is pleasing to perceive the growing
interest taken by the rising generation in
the collection and preservation of the his
torical details of the Revolutionary Con
flict of our Fathers. The institution of
Historical Societies in so many Slates of
our Union promises to our posterity a
pledge contradictory of the misanthro
pic declaration of Sir Robert Walpole,
that all history is and must be false. It
is, indeed, conformable to all experience
that the history of periods, and of events
pregnant with consequences affecting the
condition of the human race, can be but
imperfecdy known to the actors and co
temporaries of them. There is a French
work entitled History of Gcart Events
from Litttle Causes, and there are per
haps very few of the great events in the
history of Mankind to which little causes
have not largely contributed. I think it
is a remark of Voltairs that posterity is
Always eager for details: and among
the incidents of that convulsion of the fa
mily of civilized man, which began with
the Writs of Assistants and the Stamp-
Act, and, ended in the foundation ot the
proudest Empire that the world has ever
known, the relations of the Colonies oi
England swelling into Sovereign States
with the conquered Colony of France in
effectually sought to be United with them
the struggle of Freedom and Indepen
dence, there arc causes of ietail- so
widely different from those which opera
ted on the Mass, that they will require
the keenest perception and the profoun
dest meditation of the future philisophieal
Historian to assign to them their proper
station and weight as elements in the com
position of the complicated and wondrous
tale. The Journal of Mr. Carroll will
be among the most precious materials for
the Narrative of that great movement in
human affairs and the Historical Society
of Maryland has rendered no inconsider
able service to the future r.ges of our
country by bringing it forth and publish
ing it to the world.
I am with great respect, dear sir, your
very humble and obedient servant.
John Qvincy Adams.
291h Congress I t Session.
Tuesday, December 2, 1845.
Mr. Woodbridge, of Michigan, Mr.
Jarnagin, cf Tennessee, and Mr. Pearce,
of Maryland, appeared in their scats to
day. The resolution submitted vesterdav fr
the appointment of a committee to unite
with the committee on the part of the
House of Roprescntatives to wait on the
President tf the Unite J States.and inform
that him Congress were ready to receive
any communication from him, was adopt
ed; and Mr. Speight and Mr. Upham
were appointed the committee.
The resolution offered vesterdav bv
Mr. Sevier to classify the new Senators
from the State of Florida was adopted.
Whereupon, the papers, with, the res
pective numbers specified in the resolu
tion, were by the Secretary put into the
ballot box, when Mr. Levy drew No. 3,
and is accordingly of the class of Sena
tors whose terms of service will expire
the 3d day of March, 1851; and Mr.
Westcott drew No. 2, and is of the class
of Senators whose terms of service will
expire the 3d day of March, 1849.
Agreeablv to notice given on vesterdav
Mr. Crittendea introduced the following
bills, which were read and ordered a sec
A bill for the purchase by the United
States of the stock of the Louisville and
Portland Canal Company; and a bill for
improvement of the navigation of the riv
ers Ohio, Mississippi, and Arkansas.
Mr. Brcese submitted the following
resolution, which lies over one day;
liesolccti. That so much of the 31th
rule as requires the appointment of the
several standing committees by ballot at
the present session be suspended and
that the appointment be made by the
Preident of the Senate.
Mr. Speight, from the committee ap
appointed to wait on the President of the
United States, reported that the duty had
been performed, and that the President
would nnkea communication to Congress
A message in writing was then receiv
ed from the Pjesident by the hands of
his Private Secretary, the reading of
which was commenced and continued for
some length of time by the Secretary of
the Senate; when, on motion of Mr.
Sevier, the further reading was dispensed
On motion of Mr. Speight, it was or
dered that three thousand five hundred
copies of the Message," and fifteen hun
dred copies of the Message and accom
panying documents, in addition to the
usual number, be printed for the use of
Mr. Speight submitted the following,
which was ordered to lie over one day:
llfnoceii. That the President of the U
nited Statds cause to be laid before the
Senate, at as early a da- as practicable,
the report of the Board of Commissioner.?
appointed in pursuance of the act of Con
gress of the 23d August, 1812. entitled
"An act to provide for the satisfaction of
claims arising under the 14th article of
the treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creole, con
cluded in September, 1830," embracing
the testimony on which the claims arising
under said treaty have been allowed, to
gether with the amount already issued.
Mr. Allen submitted the follawingy
which lies over one day under the rules,
Ilcsofveif. That in addition to the co
pies of the President's Message and ac
companying cocumcnts hitherto ordered
to be printed for use of the Senate, there
be printed for' the use of the Senate twenty-five
thousand copies of the Message,
together with so much of the accompa
nying documents as relates to the nego
tiations between the United States and
Great Britain on the subject of jhe O
The Senate then adjourned.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTARIVES.
In report of the proceedings of yestcr-
terday, it is stated that the following mo
tion made bv Mr. Holmes, of South Car
olina, was rejected:
"That the rules of the House of Repre
sentatives, as they existed at the close of
the last session of Congress, be for the
present adopted as the rules of thi
House; and that a cor.imi'iee be appoint
ed to revise the rules, and report to this
House such alterations and amendments
as may be deemed advisable."
This was an error; Mr. Holme's mo
lion was agreed to, and Mr. Holmes, of
South Carolina, Mr. Hamlin, Mr. Bow
lin, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Reid, Mr. J. Q.
Adams, Mr. Reuben Chapman, and Mr.
Caleb B. Smith, were appointed a com
mittee to revise the rules in pursuance of
Mr, McDowell, Mr. Hopkins, and Mr.
Win.ihrop composed the Joint Commit
tee on the part of the House, appointed
yesterday to wait on the President of the
United States and notify him that the
two Houses of Congress had met, organ
ized, and were rv'ady to receive any com
munications he might have to make.
A message was received from the Sen
ate, notifying the House that Mr. Speight
and Mr. Upham had been appointed of
the same committee on the part of the
ELECTION OF A CLERK.
Mr. Cobb moved the following resolu
Resolved, That Benjamin B. French
be and is hereby appointed Clerk of this
House for the 29th Congress.
The resolution was read and agreed to
. And so Benjamin B. Brench. Esq., is
appointed Clerk to the House of Repre
sentatives for the 29th Congress.
Mr. C. J. Ingersoll expressed hi wish
to present a memorial which he held in
his hand, and stated to be from citiz.?ns of
the United States residing in Oregon.
The Chair said it could be done only
by general consent.
Mr. Houston, of Alabama, objected to
taking up any business out of order. The
resolution ofl'ered yesterday by his friend
from Georgia, (Mr. Cobb.) respecting the
choice of scats in the Hall was still pen
ding, and as unfinished business was first
Mr. Ingersoll stated that having receiv
ed unpleasant news from home, touching
a domestic aillietion, he should be obliged
to leave the city this afternoon, and was
very desirous of presenting this petition
before 'he kit the House. If gentle
men persisted in objecting to this small
indulgence, he must move that the ru!e3
be suspended; and after a little more con
versation he made that motion.
The motion prevailed; and the rules be
Mr. Ingersoll presented the memorial.
It is signed by , President.
(it was impossible to decipher the hiero
glyphics,) Joseph Gervey and Francis
Rcvay, Vice Presidents, and by Charles
E. Pickett, J. M. Holderness, Secreta
ries. The memorial prays Congress to estab
lish a distinct Territorial Goverment, to
embrace Oregon and its adjacent sea
That the lands of the Wallamette v?l
ley and other necessary portions may be
surveyed, and surveyors and land oiTiceu
appointed and located at convenient points.
That donations of lands may bo 'nadc
according to the faith pledged by the pas
sage of a law through the United States
Senate at the 2d session of the 27iii Co-i-grjss,
entitled "A bill to authorize the a
doption of measures for the occupation
and settlement of the Territory of Oro-
! gon, for extending certain provisions cf
the laws of the Lmtcd States over the
same, and for other purposes."
That navy yards and marine depots
may be established upon the river Col jih-
I biaand upon Flight's Sound, and a naval
1 force adequate to their protection be kef.
permanently m the adjacent seas.
That a public mail be established, tor.r
rive and depart monthly, between Oregr .
city and Independence, in Missouri, ai "
also such other local mail routes as a. ?
essential to the convenience and com
merce of the Wallamettc country and ot
For the establishment of such corr.rr.z:
cial regulations as may enable them"'
trade in their own Territory at least w. :
For adequate means of protection fr-- -numerous
Indian tribes which sur:c;t:vl
them, for the purchase of territor:
which they are willing to sell, an 1 for
gents with'authority to regulate intent
between whites and Indians and belv;
That all the overland roulps mny !-
thoroughly surveyed, and protection lz
given to emigrants.
That the star-spangled banner may ' -planted
and unfurled over the tcrri;- -y,
and kept standing and floating over it t
manner worthy the dignity and power : f
the nation. - ;
The Clerk having read a porin o t ;
Mr. McDowell move4 that the fart: :r
reading be dispensed with, . .
Several voices, "Read on,' "rca.I b."