Gazette of the United States, & Philadelphia daily advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1796-1800, December 20, 1796, Image 2

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    New Theatre.
Wil be presented, *
A COMEDY, called
- The Road to Ruin.
Dornton, Mr. Warren
Harry Dornton, Mr. Cooper.
Sulky,. Mr. L' Efrange
•Silky, Mr. Francis
Goldfinch*. » Mr. Harwtod
Milford, Mr. Fox
Smith, Mr. Harley, jun.
Tradesmen, Mitchell, Morgan, &c.
Sheriff's Officer, Mr. Warrcli
•fccob, Mr. Eliffett
Marker, Mr. Wurrell, jun.
Pcftillion, Master Wan-ell
Mrs. Warren, firft time, Mrs. Oldmixon
Sophia, Mrs. Merry
Jenny, Mrs. Francis
Mrs. Ledger, Mrs. Dodor
To which will be added,
A FARCE, called
The Irishman in London.
Captain Seymour, Mr. Fox
Mr. Frost, Mr. Francis.
Mr. Callooney, Mr. Darley, jun.
MurtoehDelany, with tfongMr. Warren
Edward, Mr. Hariuood
Cymon, Mr. Eliffett
Louisa, Mrs. Harvey
Caroline, Miss L'Ejirange
Cubba, Mrs. Francis
The Tragedy of
The Orphan ;
Or, The Unhappy Marriage.
With a New Ballet, compoi-d by Mr. Byrn, called
In which will be -introduced, the favorite
The French company of Comedians, having been
honored with considerable applause on their firft appear
ance, will perform again on Saturday next, and every Sa
turday, until farther notice. Particulars qgll be exprefi
cd in future Bills.^
Box, One Dollar twenty-five cents. Pit one Dollar.
And Gallery, half a dollar.
£3T Tickets to be had at H. & P. Rice's Book-store,
No. 5® High-street, and at the Office adjoining the
The Doors Theatre will open at j, and the
Curtain rife precisely at 6 o'clock.
Places for the Boxes to be taken at the Office in the
front of the theatre, from 10 till » o'clock, and from
10 till 4 on the days of performance.
No money or tickets to be returned, nor any
person, on any account whatsoever, admitted behind
the fumes.
Mrs. Grattan
Refpe&fully informs the Ladies and Gentlemen of the
City, that the firft
Will be THIS EVENING at the AfTembly-Room.
Act I.
Overture, p-,M.
Song, Mrs. Grattan, " Angels ever bright," Handel.
Concerto Piano-Forte, Mw. Grattan, Krumpholtx.
Italian Ballad, Harp, Mrs. Grattan, Milico.
Miscellaneous Quartette.
Acr 11.
Harp Ltflbn, Mrs. Grattan, , Cordon.
Song, "Ah fe perdo," Mrs. Grattan, Sacchini.
Sonato Piano-Forte, Mr. Reinagle, P ley el.
Primrose, ballad, Mrs. Grattan, Wcbbe-
*4-* To begin precisely at 7 o'clock.
Mrs. Grattan begs leave to inform the Ladies and
Gentlemen, thst the fubferiptiou-boak is at herhoufe
No 39, North Sixth-street, for the reception of those
names who wife to honor her with their commands.—
A fubferiprton for eight nights 16 dollars, including a
Gentleman and Lady's ticket, both taansferrable—
Half-fubferiptions 8 dollars, including one ticket.—
Single ticket » dollars.
Mrs. Grattan takes the liberty of requesting the
fubferibers to fend for their tickets any day after
Thursday, the 15th of December, at No. 39, North
Single tickets to be had at the Bar of Oellers's
Hotel. December 10
For Sale,
Seven elegant Scites for Buildings,
Opposite the State-House Garden and Congress-
Hall; each Lot being 25 feet front on Sixth-street,
and no teet deep to a 14 eet Court, agreeable to a
plan which may be seen at the CofTec-Houfe or at the
office of Abraham Shoemaker, No. nx> So. Fourth
ftreet, where she terms will be made known.
December 16
00 3
Insurance Company of the State of
THE Stockholders are hereby notified, that an election
for thirteen Direflors to serve for one year, will be held
at the Company's Office, on Monday the 9th January »ext,
at 11 o clock.—And agreeably to the aci of incorporation
a ilatement of the affairs of the company, will then be
laid before them.
I hiladelphia, December 1796. d t 9th Jan.
TO-MORROW MORNING will be Published,
For NOVEMBER, 1796.
On the Insolent and Seditious Notes,
(Attacking the sovereignty and independence of the
I United States J
Communicated to the People, by the late Frcneh
minister, ADET.
December 10. . * JW
Just Arrived,
In the ship Djfpatch, Captain Morton, from Havre
de-Grace, and for sale by
Isaac Snowden, jun. No. 141
_..A" ' n y oic e of Gloves of various kinds, Men's
White bilk Hose, Black and White Laccs, and a few
pieces of Black Silk.
Mr. Fen no,
THAT contemptible and drunken vagabond
Tom Paine, who is notoriously destitute of every
honed principle, religious, moral or poiiticral, has
crowned his career of impudence and falfhood with
a letter addrefled in all the affe&ed familiarity of
democraticfamiliarity, Thomas Paine to George
Washington. Heavens! what a contralt.—
Exccflive vanity, dauntless impudence and extrava
gant falfhood are the prevailing ingredients in this
democratic dose. The poor, filly fat has been
railing at all the world unheeded and despised, and
expects now to call attention by the magnitude of
his object and the ridiculous extravagance of his
defamation—and what has set the madman roaiing ?
His dear friends have bee» so ungrateful I
suppose he effefled their revolulion as >vel| as ours)
as to have given him a fraternal embrace ISI the
arms of a prifor>; and the PrefiHent o"f the United
States mod " unfeelingly" find in the ranknefs of
his ingratirude, neglected to arm the American na
tion in his behalf, and liberate this French citixen,
this member of the National Convention from his
imprisonment among the friendsof liberty and equali
ty. If he gave himfclf to the French, as certainly
he did, they had a just authority to dispose of him as
proper, and it would have been an
impertinent interference in t he internal affairs of a
great and magnanimous nation to have attempted
any controul in their treatment of him. If he en
tered into their fervuse and betrayed them, as he
did the committee of foreign affairs of the United
States, they had as fair a rigltt to imprifim him for
his offence, as congress had to dismiss him from
1 his creature of avaricious poverty and deranged
ambition, who is the ready and devoted tool of
every faflion that will pay his pricc,—who would
set the world on fire if he could find (ix prnce by
the light—a"d advocate the climate and govern
ment of hell to be popular there, afiumes to him
felf a high rank in the American revolution. His
pen, it is true, was ufeful, whilil the head and
heart that dirt&ed it were deteftahle. The man
ner and means by which his talents in inflammatory
composition were engaged in favor of American li
berty, like evrry other known adl of his life, {hew
him to be aw unprincipled, mercenary wretch.
Dare he pretend that » Common Sense" was the vo
luntary effufion of his enthusiastic love of liberty ?
Did he come forward a willing and sincere advocate
of our eaufe, dire&ed by an honrft, patriotic prin
ciple, and acting with the zeal of freedom and si
delity ? On the contrary, is it not known, that he
was, ttt the commencement of our revolutionary
troubles, a decided friend cf the meafurea of Great-
Britain i And was he not fought out and employed
to -write on the American fide ? When thus fal
tered, persuaded, and, if I mistake not, paid, how
easily did he forfake his firft impreflions, for prin
ciples he has none, and violently oppose his former
friends and condu&. When peace crowned the
success of our arras, Paine emigrated to Enrope—
The land of peace afforded no theatre for the ex
hibition of his factious and malignant talents. He
has no faerifices for her temple. Intrigue, faction,
war and desolation ire his divinities—To them his
days and nights are confecrated—ln their fei vice he
disregards every tie that unites man with his God,
his country and himfelf—.His firft attack was upon
the tranquillity of Oreat-Britain—But here he was
difgracefully defeated, and had well nigh left his
ears as the trophies of that defeat, and the security
of his good behavior. At this critical timi with
him, France presented a glorious scene for the ex
ercise as his talents —"1 hither he went, and for a
little while imposed on his new employers. He
was hailed on his artiv'l as the child and defender
of liberty, but was foen discovered to be a hypo
critical bastard of discord and faction, ahd driven
from all confidence and refpeft. He terminated
his expjoits in France as he did those in America
in difgraee and contempt.—The rigorous policy of
that country confined him in a gaol, while the more
lenient raeafurts of this were content with discharg
ing hina from all offiee and trust. Are the ravings
of this disappointed madman to be attended to?
While I regret there was found any man in the
United States so base and hostile to the peace and
honor of his country as to publish this letter of in
famy, I comfort myfelf with believing that there
is but one man so loft, and that he is now so well
known that he can neither add to nor the
reputation of my country. DETECTOR.
Philadelphia, Dec. 19, 1796.
Men of reading and reflettion long ago conclu
ded that Democrats were no republicans. It was
lately conceded in one of the Jacobin papers that
this was true. Its being true renders its rather the
more strange that it should be acknowledged. It
is so however, and Democrats take the name and
are welcome to it. It has worn badly enough, and
now their French pay-mailers have-cast it off (for
they now reprobate democracy in Paris) our imita
tive gentry seem to claim it as if like running foot
men they had a clear right to the second-hand suit
of those whom they serve. The name fits them
admirably, as it means that anarchy which rul»s the
confirmed authorities or survives their definition.
The use that lias been made of the name, to deceive
•firft, and, then to plunder, suits the hypocrisy, the
licentiousness, or the need of the different feds
that form the democratic party. The credulous
dupes may be left out as a diftinft fefl, for
the fa£l is, the) do not keep together in a body,
but are scattered among the others, according to the
chara&cr of the leader they happen to enlifl under.
In the lage of despair, an attempt has been made
to difgraee the chara&er of federal-republican. De
finitions have been quoted from books, implying that
it is the power of a few which is meant by re
pablicanifm, &c- But these are proofs of that fort
of pedantry and indocility which is not made mo
dest by confciout ignorance, nor wife by reading.
Let the party be ftiled demosrats, far two rea
ions. First, it describes the fort of politics they
would introduce—and secondly, it is ft name alrea
dy difgrjeed aud fits the wearers.
Paragraph from the .furora.
" When Mr. Parker asked wii«t had become of
Mr. Ames's patriotism during the revolution, he
arose, and laid nothing on that fubjeft."
The y'.nfiuer.
Mr. Ames was then a boy. It is a point yield
ed to Mi. Baehe that patriotism may be sometimes
a saleable virtue. It is denied that it is a boyish
From the Aurora ofTrJltrday.
What ! is not 15,000 dollars a year, drawn out by
anticipation, a compensation fufficient for the official
duties of the President; ard is he h'mfelf to declare
his count: y still in his debt, by boaftingofhis dilinter
eltednefs ? Ths law fays that 35,000 dollars .1 year
fhali be a compensation tor his, an.t real'on fays
it is quire enough.
It has been said, that ingratitude is the crying fia of
republics I hold a contrary dodtrine, that gratitude te
individuals is their greatest crime, and oftener leads to
slavery than any other cause. When a citizen is called
by the voice "this country to an important station, he
is honoured, his best exertions,on!y can repay the
debt of gratitude he owes his country. While he is in
thefervice of his country he receives a eompenfation,
in full for his time and trouble, and when he retiies
after having done his duty, h - has but done his duty.
If a balance remains, it is of gratitude due the people
by the individual, for the honor conferred on him.
A contrary deilrine will make slaves of us all.
The malice of Jacobin hearts is well known ; —
but there seems fometjiing inexplicably wrong in
the make and operation of their brain
The President is denied, in the Aurora, all claim
to gratitude, because, if he has done well—(mind
the impudence of that if) —he has done 00 more
thin his duty, which he is paid by his salary for
doing. Grßtitude, when it goes beyond that, would
endanger the liberty of a republic.
This is lather a new doctrine. When the Au
rora gives details of French victories, the eSitor is
never tired, though his readers are, of the praises
due to the French toldiers, because, they did their
duty in the battle. Why praise Frenchmen for do
ing their duty ! They have bread, and meat, and
wages. If the President were a Frenchman, would
he be entitled to praise and thanks ?
Put a plainer cafe. Is not the Aurora deserving
of praise, for its hardy zeal in the cause, beyond
the ordinary reward of the fubfeription money ?
Surely it is worth more than money to exult at the
prjfpedt of otir being involved in disputes with
France, our trade preyed Hp»n, and our nation
snubbed and spit upon, as if it was St. Domingo,
or a party-coloured rabble of Victor Hughes's men.
To exult in this cafe, to juitify the aggreflors, and
to join in condemning America, is merit—it is more
than duty—and justly claims fomeother reward than
RICHMOND t (Virginia,) Dec. 10, 1796.
At the late ele&ioo of a Prelident and Vice Pre
sident, a gentleman of the name of Leven Powell,
had wisdom and firmnefs enough to rote for George
Washington and John Adams, notwithllanding the
inlidious arts of the elettor from Caroline, to in
duce a belief that it was edeatial far America to
conciliate with the French dire&ory, by voting for
Thomas Jefferfon. At th« play en the lall even
ing, a certain Ifliam Randolph, supposing himfelf
surrounded by birds of a feather, undertook to call
upon the Orchestra, for " God save the king, for
Leven Powell !"—the intended wit created a demo
cratic grin for the moment, but a young gentleman
by the name of Cheller, demanded of Randolph
what he meant ? Nothing fir, cried the Poltroon'
very well, if you meant nothing, it may be easily
fettled—there fits Mr. Powell, tell him you meant
nothing, and ale his pardon. He did so, and sa
ved himfelf from the chaftifcment he deserved.
% '
Wednesday, December 14.
Continuation of the debate on the address in answer
to the President's speech.
Mr. Swanwick did not know that any gentleman
had objected to that part of the paragraph in question
which spoke of our grateful sense of the kindness of
providence, for the benefits we enjoyed ; but it was
the impropriety of contraliing our situation with that
of other nations which was principally objeifted to.
And was it right, he asked, to tell Providence that ws
were more enlightened than nations ? certainly
not, rather let us rejoice that it is so, but not offend
others by making our bonds of it. Mr. Swanwick
again noticed the losses sustained in our commerce,
from the Britilh, French and Alfcerincs. The only
remedy for which he believed was a naval force. Was
this, he aikcdacaufe for exultation : He thought not.
He feared the revenues of this country would certainly
fuffcr from the present stagnation of commerce. He
had himfelf experienced confirfcrable leffes ; but the
evil was not a partial but a general one ; and, as he did
not feel the prosperous situation in which this courtfry
was painted, he could not confcnt to violate his feelings
by expressions contrary to them. The pentleman
from Mafiachufetts ( Mr. Ames) in the .last leffion
spoke at great length, on the horrors of war; which
he looked upon as inevitable, if the Britilh treaty then
under difcuflion, was not carried into effect. But now,
when a profpefl of war, appears from another quar
ter, its miferie* seem to be forgotten, and he almost
calls his country to the conflict. He left the gentle
man to account for such inconsistency.—The fame
gentleman had made a companion of a fliipwreck,
which he thought totally inapplicable. Were the na
tions to which this country were compared in a state
of shipwreck ? If we consult their own account of
themlclves, as he had before they called them
felres the molt free and enlightened. Mr. Swanwick
concluded by laying that he neither discarded Provi
dence, nor was willing to think too lowly of our
prosperity, but he did not wish to make our boast, as
to rifle the offending of other nations.
On a call for the committee to rife ( it being past
three o'clock.) A motion was put o that effedi, and
loft 43 to 31.
Mr. Giles hoped the committee would have risen,
that he might to-morrow have had an opportunity of
replying to feme obfervatiors which h2d fallen from
different gentlemen; for though he thought he had
exprefied himfelf so as nor to be misunderstood, it seems
he was KiilUkea. It was net wonderful, he said, that :
tlie pnpu'arity of the President .".ould lie drtHVn inft
this debate. It had heen too common to do this; J>ut
he truited the weight which was wished to be given
to arguments from that circumfiance would not le
very great ; andjas to the committee who prepared the
address before them having been unanimous in agree
ing to it, that would have little effeit upon him. TTe
cared not for the unanimity of that committee tho'
it appeared strange that the fail !h uld hav» been as sla
ted. It had been complained that if the Prefideut
not to be complimented upon his wifd -m and firmneis
in his administration, there would be 110 room left ior
compliment. He was of a difi'e. ent opinion. At an/
rate he was unwilling to allow his adminiflration had
been wife and firm. Gentlemen had called upon hi.ft
to produce instances of his want of wisdom and firm-'
, ness. He laid he would not seek for more than one,
I which was in the cale of the Britith treaty, the coale
quence of which he believed w as the preleut m funder
fiandnlg with the French government ; for though
many *>ffe nee were mentioned in the Fit ; '1
minifler'a note which had taken place prior to the Bri
; tifh treaty, yet as these grievances had never before
beer, spoken of, it was evident that the British treaty
had called them forth. *nd gentlemen might lay
what they pleased about the law of nations, no neutral
nation ought to grant that to one belligerent
which fh'juld prove an injury to its rival. Lojfc at
Europe, said he, and fee what joy was (hewn hy Bri
tain on the aecomplifhment of the late treaty, and with
what contrary feelings it was received by France.
The gentleman from Mafßuhufetts ( Mr. Ames)
when the British Treaty was the fuhjeCt was over
eomi by the pr-ofpeft of war, but now he feemid
willing to embrace all those horrors, and was Inud
in his calls of support of the exacutive. Hefpr' e
of foreign influence, and called upon the world to
judge between them. He supposed us upon the
eve of war with France. If so he wou'.i 'imind
the house tliat such an event would be a difaflrous
one to this country, as 110 nation had thepmvei of
injuring tis mote than the Frenth, and none that
we had it in our power less to annoy. Yet that
gentleman exclaimed, Now is the time ro come
forth to support the govcri mem ! The War-hoop
and Hatchet, of which the gentleman spoke la It
session so feelingly had now loft all their horror. If
this fitu.fcijn was produced by the improper con
dud of the exe&ti**, it was enough to prevent
him from giving his vote in favour of the Prefi.
dent's wife and firm admi'iiflration. But the oen
tlemao fiom S. Carolina (Mr. Smith) said there
was an atrepipt to divide the Prifident from the
other branches of the government. Mr. Giles said
the President had no advice in this bufii'tfs hut that
of the Senate. He would ask that house, he would
ask all America, whether, if that iijjti uitent-hsd
been laid upon the table of that house, before it
had received the fandlion of the Executive, ii t
would have been approved there ? He wag certain
it would not. It was his opinion, i: was the opi
nion of hisconftituents, that it was a rui.i'ous mea
sure, and this would, ere long, be the opinio# of
The gentleman from Pcnnfylvania (Mr. Sk
greaves) had compared our notice of the calamitous
fitaation of Europe to a man cautioning his family
against the fellies of his neighbours: but, said Mr.
Giles, suppose that neighbour was present ? They
were carrying on a convention about (he French
nation, which would be published. He believsd
indeed, that an organ of a foreign nation had been
present during the debate. How then would the
comparison of the gentleman bear ?
Gentlemen had been charged with a desire of
striking out the expressions of our grateful sense of
the Jcindnefs of Providence ; but was it not knowrV,
that the motion to strike out, was with a view tf
introducing something more tiflrxceptioriabla when
recommitted ? He thought there was scope enough
to compliment the Prelident, without pipnino gen*
tleuien down to write Scoundrel on their own fore
heads, by expressing approbation of measures*
which they had always opposed i he hoped there
fore, the motion would prevail, and the anfiver
would be recommitted.
Mr. Williams said, although he vras convinced
that the neceflary attention would not *be paid to
any obfqvations made at that late hour, yet he
would not be fatisfied by giving a silent vote on
luchan important occauon. He wou'rd, therefore
beg the indulgence of the hou'fe for a few moments)
while he went over some objedlioiis which had been
dated by Mr. Giles. Mr. Williams said, it was no
new thing to be told by that gentleman, chat the
President's popularity would influence the house, or,
that he (Mr. Giles) would , fay he would speak
his own opinion. Mr. Williams hoped he
fcould be credited in not only speaking his own o
pinion, but that of his cenHiiucnts, when he said
the address to the President was founded on truth)
and this afiertion, said Mt. Williams, is confirmed
by the proceedings not only of the legi(l«ture of
the (late he had the honour te represent, but ?.lfo
that of the gentleman's own Hate, together with all
the different legislatures in tlw union, which had
been in session since the Prefix wit's farewel address.
But, said Mr Williams, the gentleman (Mr. Giles)
appears to have summed up his »bj«aions to the
wildom and fitmnefsof the President in two points.
The one was, refpefting the- British treaty, and the
other, that of his having his name in the journal?
of this house, in opposition to the adminiltratton
t ,x,fr eCUt ' V f- Wlth ref P t,S t0 the fi't.
Mr. Williams, this nation had a right to enter into
a treaty with Great-Britain," or it could not he
said we were an independent peopje ; and he trust.
Ed we (hould be juftified in so doing by France
Did not the ambnfTador of France, in 1778 d . ,
liver , paper to the British court, declaring,' that
the French nation had entered into a treaty with
the United States, and at the fsr.e time, 'stated
that great attention had been paid by the contrac
ting parties, not to iiipulate any exclulive advantage
to the French nation, and that theie w?s reserved,
on the part of the United States, the liber'y of
treating with every other nation whatfover, upon
the fame footing of equality and reciprocity. But,
fays the gentleman (Mr. Giles) no advantage ought
to pe given to an eliemy. Mr. Williams ohferved,
that be was convinced that no advantage was rive 1
to Britain ; but, ort the contrary, the article com
plained of, mull, in. its operation be beneficial to
I'rance; as it is an encouragement for American
vefiels to go to their ports. It ensures them aoaM j
loss, if they happe 1 to be interrupted in their v •