Gazette of the United States, & Philadelphia daily advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1796-1800, August 11, 1796, Image 2

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Further particulars «f tlkiaie Confptraej a! Paris. an£ ,
Translated for the New-2'cri Gazette. t | lc
Mr. M'Lean, Ma
Suppoling that any information the late
conspiracy at paris, will be pleasing to the
readers of your gazette, I fend you a tranflatjon —
of the principal point! of a declaration made by
Georgk Grisel, captain of the 2d company
of the 3d battalion of the 38th half brigade, to «< 5
tne Executive Directory on the 15th of l'loreal.
This being the fjrft pkee that led to the disco
very of the it was in consequence D f
of it that Babceuf and others were arretted on eX[
the 20th of the fame month, and examineJ on he
the 21 A. [See the New-York Gazette of Sa- dr<
tnrday iaft.J «nl
IN the firfl place, Grifel informs the Directory,
that be had been initiated in the conspiracy for up- er
wards of a month pad ; he then cxcufes himfelf °
for not hating made the discovery sooner; and a- 1 '
moug the reafoni he givei for the delay, the prin- eI
-cripal one, he fays, was to obtain fufficient inform- r
at ion *' of the extent and ramifications of the plot, an
and a pcrfenal acquaintance with the chief confpir- '
ators." °?
He then relates, that on one of the last days of 11
Germinal, he was met by one Meugmer, a taylor e
by trade ! with whom he had been acquainted in ''
I*B9. The man of (hears informed bim, he had °
been imprisoned fix months at Pleffis, on account,
ss he said, of his patriotifin ; and he desired him
to accompany him to the Geneva cofFee-houfe, 0
where he found a number of neighbour's friends a
ex-prisoners like himfelf; and who at his inflance
received him as one of the brotherhood.—Grifel, jjl
however, not very well pleafejl with the " ultra- '
revolutionary conversations" of such patriots, re- t0
solved not to visit W em again.
On the 2d inft. he was accosted near the Greve, #s
by one of the fame Jacobin patriots, called Mo- w
nfc»n ...vK—, 1.-
of his friends.—ln the course/os conversation, he P'
confidentially informed him of the existence of a "
iecret committee of public fafety and of infurrec- ''
tion ; and that the itlfarijeftion which he, the quoa- 1
dam belt-maker was ! was nigh at hand :
"On this information," fays*Grifel, " I perceiv- w
ed that an opportunity has offered of gloriously P'
serving my country. I seized it, and thsrefore lR
armed myfelf with dissimulation."
The two patriots invited Grifel to the Temple 31
of Reason (for so they called the CofFee-houfe,
known by the name of the Chineie Baths) where w
he found a confufed affembly.of both sexes, whose 8
coßverfation, fengs, and four looks, recalled to a
mind the dreadful reign of terror.
His two mentors praised his Robefpierian zeal—, 0
his own discourse confirmed their assertions, and he c
was soon surrounded and caressed by the whole a
A man who appeared to be one of their chiefs, P
and whose name he afterwards found to be Darthe, j
paid htm particular attention, and gave him /ome J
of Baboeuf's pamphlets. that if he
could procure this fellow's acquaintance, be might, *
through him, acquire more information refpe&ing P
the confutation. He proposed to compose a pam
phlet with Jacobinical ttyle ; which being accept- v
ed, he iinifhed it the fame evening, and to be di- v
ftributed throughout the Republic. It confided of J'
a preamble of Bor 10 articles, nnd an order for a
the people to fall, without diflinftion, on the Di- v
rectory and Bodies!
He then read a Proclamation, which was to make n
its (übfequent to the last-mentioned a
piece, ordering the general pillage and slaughter of
the rich—the aobledw'-the priests, and of all the au- 1
thorities—An amendment was added to this aft, c
more terrible than all the relt—they were received
by the conspirators with general applause. After
wards appeared a lift of upwards of 60 Chiefs of f
Infurreftion who were to aft in different places.
In the course of the conversation, Grifel difcov- '
ered that Felix Pelletier procured the neeeffary
funds, and that Drouet was to head the infurrec- !
tion. . 1
The Siying terminated at 7 P. M. when it was
resolved :—
1. That the Committee of Infurreftion fhonld
hold their next meeting at another house. » .
2. That Roffignol, Ger|nain, Mansard, Fay
an, and himfelf (Grifel) should be a Military Com
mittee, charged to prepare the military means of '
inforreftion, and to correspond with the Secret '
Commitiee, through Germain. This Committee !
fat on the 12th and 13th. '
Grifel concludes his declaration, by affirming
that Drouet and Baboeuf visited each other daily, '
and that the latter frequently composed the speech- )
es the former was to deliver in the Council of 500
—delivered if to him the next day at the Coffee- '
House. It pleased Darthe (an ex-secretary of Jo 1
feph Lebon), who promised to have it printed, and '
desired him to call the next day for a few hundred '
copies, to distribute among the troops.
The next day lie delivered him about one hund- 1
red copies of his pamphlet, and also fom-papers un
der cover, which he made him hide in his bof&m, '
and desired him not to open it 'till he was at home
and by himfelf. 011 opening it, he found it was '
a Brevet of secondary and military agent of the secret
Committee of Public Safety and InfurreSion, with
infiruftions at larga and information concerning the
plans hi the Secret Committee, and of his duties.
Grifel's duty at camp prevented him from feeing
Darthe until the nth, when he sent a meflagede
firing to fee him ; he accordingly went to his house,
where not finding bim, lie was concluded by a per
son who was there to another house, where he saw
Darthe and four other perfons—Darthe immedi
ately feid to him :—" Dear friend, the boar of re
venge being at hand, and the Tocsin of Liberty |
being about to- be rung, the Committee has thought
proper to strengthen the zeal of the Chiefs of the
Infurreftion by, admtiting them into its bosom to
con.ert together the plan of exscution."—"Be
hold,** continued he, "our worthy chiefs, who a.
lone are acknowledged as such by every true patri
ot ; wh« will feoo diieft irfurreftion; you
. are not yet acquainted with them—welljU«o, Ba-
1 ccaf, ©ertrain, Bnaaarolte and D dnif.■;
are fame others, but bui.oeis prevents tlu.r attend
anee" Thev then embraced each other.
Some time after, three other Conspirators, to wit,
the ex-general Fayan, ex-generalßoffignol.and
Mansard, a displaced officer, joined the Con pna
CT Babceuf then read the aft of infurreftion, of
which it was decided to print 6 0 ,°0 0 cop'es-
for the Farmer's Weelly Museum. m«
" Tet did not the chief butler remember Joftfih, bu ed
forgat him ," ! lc
THIS was a moll unlucky instance of Hi irtnels inv
of memory, and a ft range one too, for Jofcph had (' Jf
expressly stipulated with the imprisoned bmler, that on
he should recollect the favorable interpreter of bis c h|
dream, and obtain from Pharoah an orcirr for Ms w.
"Forget him ! I« it possible ? Did the chief but- ftu
ler, as he filled the cup to Pharoah, taste the wine th«
■ so often, that it made him stupid or mad ? Was re
the vine juice of Egypt ever mixed with poppy wa- fcl
ter, that it might, like the fabled river of oblivion an
drown memory and her tribes ? As I know of no wf
' ancient record, that alludes to this,and in trj
' the biography with which Moles has indulged us,
of tVic chief butler not a syllable is said, concerning be
t his debauchery, I believe that the supposition that ge
he was a toper must be waved. We mull look a tb
little deeper than the bottom of a glass, or even a ex
J bottle to difcovet the fouree of a eourtier's ingra- th
titude. la '
' Let us look, therefore, once more into the book mi
1 of Genesis, and I trust, that so lucid an Hiltorian, rei
' as Moses, will shed light upon ihis sombre fubjeft. mi
It appears Joseph, of an attcinpt
upon the virtue of Potiphar's wife, was by the in- as
' ttigation of that harridan of antiquity, committed ch
to prison. According/to the sacred text, this was co
a State prison, a kind of Egyptian tSaflile, where, pc
as we read, " The King's prisoners were bound " ot
' wher? meaner felons were excluded, and none were m
'1 Kilt -»»«l -retainers to the nc
° palace, as had, by their carelessness or their critnes, w
forfeited the royal favor. It is no great wonder Si
then that a couple of who had such tli
frequent temptations to cheat, as a butler and a ba- "
" ker, should be put in ward. Light bread and four fu
wine had been rendered in the palace, and theabuied ft
palate of Pharoah was offended. Joseph, who had c<
ingratiated himfelf with the chief goaler, was ap- ti
pointed a fort of deputy or turnkey of the prison, di
e and had the charge of these vety delinquents. d'
One morning, " Behold they were fad and b
"' e when interrogated concerning the cause of their ai
* e gloom, they informed Joseph that they had dreamed o
and there was no interpreter. The chief tutler then rt
related that he had seen in a vision a clustered vine, t<
of triple branches, whose gtapes he preffedinto the fc
cup, and gave into the hand of Pharoah. Joseph, a
I after comforting the ptifoner by familiarly explain- si
ing his dream and promiling him reftoraiion to his w
s post in the houfchold, pathetically befeeches-him q
that he would in his prosperity reflect on his unjull- t
' e ly accufedfriend,, and mention him to his prince. f<
" Think on me, fays the beautifully simple original, d
t when it shall be well with thee, and (hew kinduefs I si
' pray thee, unto me, and make mention of me to o
Pharoah, and bring me out of this house." This d
( was] surely an easy service ;an3 on the third day, b
when Pharoah feafted his servants, when amid the t
jollity of ail entertainment, the released butler flood ii
)r at the elbow of his appeased sovereign, what a fa- 11
vorable moment tofuggell the propriety of loosing
poor Joseph, who had been so unjuftiy bound. But I
ce mark an obsequious, callous, courtly slave. Intent a
alone upon his own prosperity, he is so bafy in fil- (
ling the ruddy cup for his king and for himfelf, that 1
u _ not a thought of him who has nothing to f
drink, but his own tears and the waters of afflidfion. c
A felfifh and ungrateful man, though he should out- a
, r . live the oldest of the patriarchs, and allay she thitft f
o £ of a lineage of Egyptian monarchs would not once j
think of his benefactor, nor call to mind that vision- c
v _ ary vine which he had fecn in adversity. No ; a 1
chief butler would have much a more lucrative em- 1
, c _ ployment than thinking upon the " Sorrowfulfigh- t
ing of a prisoner." The chief butler did not rem«m- f
as ber Joseph, but forgat him. t
And are there not a thousand worldly rcafors for t
lid 'hu forgetfulnefs ? Prudence f.iight vvhifper to the t
butler as he walked through the prison gate, not to r
lisp the name of Joseph, for possibly it might anger i
in. Pharaoh, and then his favor would be withdrawn, t
and the lutlerjhip ! «Besides, we (hould remember 1
that this dreamer-in prison was a very courtier in I
ee the palace ; watchful enough of his own, and "deal- 1
ing out his promises as • liberally as his Jiquor." 1
np When Joseph had unravelled his entangled dreams, (
I ' and foretold that he (hould again have the keys of 1
I Pharaoh's beaufet and cellar, I dare affirm that the (
3Q butler, vvith cringing complaisance, with low bows (
e _ and a perpetual smile, engaged upon his honor not j
o merely to remember, but to remunerate his deliver- t
nd er " was of a courtier.—And i
ed 18 'g nor ant that his engagements, like " your <
humble servant" at the t.ottom of a challenge, <
|£ ] mean, if they have any meaning, nothing but death ,
/n . an d dellrudlion ?—Many are the promises ef the
chief butlers, the Chefterfields, the smooth-tongued
n'e men of the wotld. They hp them too— but so
;as c ty e ' w^ eJI l he day"»f peiformance arrives.
ret nat even thcir owner can find them—mifiaid in
fame ohf ure corner of mrmorv's eheft !
Will be ianded,
n « N ' | G MORROW, from on board the Vchooner £xpedi-
X tion r
fe, St. Croix Rum&Sugar,
er- For Sale by F. COPPINGER,
aw ? 231 South Front-ftfeet.
di- " BY AN A T IST,
re- Res.dent at Mr. Oellers't Hotel,
l\l miniatu re likenesses
the A R E tak cnai'd executed in that elegant and delicate
X -V. ttilc, which is 10 neeeffary to render a Miniature PiC
to ture an intefefting jewel.
Be- He will warrant a strong and indisputable refeln
a< blance; and he takes the liberty to lay before the public
tri- t ' l ' s plaeehismoft earned intention to deserve their p*.
tronage by his best endeavors to please.
' 0U N. B. Specimen# are to be seen.
13a- May 11. j
Philadelphia, T '
— of
No. VL cat
, SOCIETY is formed for the general benefit of coi
the individuals who.compose it. Eveiy arrange- P r(
m«nt calculated 10 promote Ihe iritereL ot the com
munitv, comes within the limit, of this acknow- >•»
1 ledged principle. Apply 'his to ehejubjeet of pub
lie schools—it will be found on the mod minute fu
i invefligatioto, that without the interposition of the
I ftipreme power, in making public adrcjuate provifi- <r
on for the education of the general niafs of the T
i children of the commonwealth j'by far the majority v*i
s will be brought up ia ignorance, of the molt com
mon and eiTential branches of learning. Fads are
■ stubborn, and cannot be set aside. Is it not true
: then, that, more than one half of the children who th«
s reside in thof'e of our large cities, where no public th «
- schools exist, are not inftrudted in reading, writing we
1 and arithmetic? If this is the cafe in the cities, c, »
5 what mult be the fad in relation to the sparse coun- ot
i try settlements ? Knowledge is the basis of free- z<:i
, 4pm, order and public tranquility ; and these will
j be enjoyed by a community, in proportion to its & r
t general dilfufion among the people. Ignorance is
a the parent of servility, vices', confu-fion and public 1(iI
a expence. It will not, we presume, be denied that
- the people have a right to demand, that their legif- lar
lature (hotild interfere in this business, when it ae
i must be confefled by all, that without this irterfe- 011
, rence, no adequ % provision ever was, or will be co
. made in any country under heaven.
t The rich and the rr.iddling classeS of citizens are
- as ftnlible of the importance of education to their ™
i children, as ofi food and raiment, and provide ac
s cordingiy ; but the third class, the poor, who com ™
■, pose the majority, and certainly as important as the ol
" other two, without the interposition of govein- a J*
e meet, are and will b£ left entirely destitute. lean- t "
x not do equal j lift ice to this part of the fubjedt,
s, with a late writer in the " Delaware and EaJ\ern "
:r Shore Advertiser," published in Wilmington. He -
h thus elegantly and energetically expresses himfelf-—
a- " By the nation alooe can national education be
lr supported—Every free citizen is the child of the
:d (late, and to the "Ttaie it belongs exelufively to edu- D
id i cate hinh To the (late he looks up for his educa- to
j tion as 2 right without which other right, of free- p;
n, dom cannot be enjoyed : For, in fact, what is free- fu
dom when clouded by ignorance, or misrepresented di
id by prejudice ? What are all its boasted priviledges pi
:ir and enjoyWnts, when deprived of the glorious rays m
?d of knowledge and wisdom, which alone can give a a
en relish and value to any of them ? It appears then
e, to me tv that when men unite in a facial compadt,
fie founded upon liberty, they stipulate, at least virtu
h, ally, among other rights, for the benefit of an ufe
n- ful education, such as may raise indigence to a level
us with opulence in point of literary and fcientific ac- j
m quirements, and place within the reach of every ci-
It- tizen that common (lock of human ideal, and con
:e. fcquently of human happiness, which uature*evi
al, dently intended for all.—Let every freeman there- r<
il fore, be ?.s jealous of this sacred right, as of any n
to others that contlitute freedom. .Uet every candi
lis date to their fuffrages be fufpe&ed as inimical to li- '1
y, bctty, who fl)ews any backwardnef. towards promo- n
he ting a liberal and public education. A friend to P
r>d ignorance, is a triend to oppression, unworthy the
fa- notice and patronage of, every liberal man." e
ng That principle of universal charity and benevo- d
ut lence, for which the friends of man in all countries P
nt are decided advocates—and which the people called
il- Quakers, profefs to consider as the key (tone of So
iat ciety, speaks with irrefutable emphasis on this occa
to fion. Even that partial churity, which impels this
in. denomination in a particular manner to provide so
Jt- amply, so scrupulously for the youth of its own per
rft suasion, lias no dividing line to separate it ftopt the
ice genuine impulses of real patriotism, which embra
m- ccji in the bonds of love, the whole family of man
a kind. lam not in favor of regulations which (hall
m- needlessly bear hard on any body or defeviption of
;b- men ; and if a provifocan be incorporated in a law
m- for the establishment of public schools, which (hall '
exempt any particular description of people from
[or the general tax for that purpose, without opetating
he to the injury and deftru&ion of the fyltem, in the
t« name of juftiee, let It take place ; but if not, (and
;er it is very much to be doubted, whether such exemp- <
tions would not be radically mischievous,) there is 11
>er not a man of any denomination, who pofTefTcs teal
in benevolence of heart, and a found undemanding of
al- his own interest, and that of the public, who would
r- hesitate to pay his full, legal proportion of such tax,
ns, over and above what his volantary contribution may
of be for tne support of local partial institutions. So
the farfromThefepartial institutions, affording' any tuft
ws objcdion to the general fyitem contended for, rhey
w>t give inconteftible evidence of the superior ability of 1
er- their friends, to contribute to its support. And
nd what is equally true, the latter system, in its operati-
JUr on will enereafe that abibity ; for knowledge retiu -
ge, ces the expenccs of government, in a ratio to its <
a th colt, m.ere than a thousand fold.
tl " E.
Jfd « (
res. 1
WHILE some of our pretended patriots, whose
zeal has run-away with their memories and difcreti
sdi. on ' -continually harping on the early aud im
menlc fwnfices made by our French and Dutch al
lies, in our revolution, and the avidity (hewn by
them in acknowledging oar independence, and as-
K"» fr ®m pure affedipn ;we fee the Convent!-
on of France, on the one hand denying the fait,
and imputing the word of motives to the friendfh-'p
of Lewis XVI. and on the other hand, we behold
ES "ew Dutch Republic, endeavouring to acqu t
cate \ cmfelvef of the ;mputatiou :—For we fee in the 1
Pie . declaration of War, against Great-Britain, iuft if
lued, and which is dated from the Hague, Mav 2
bHc 1 7 9 6 « th c following exculpatory and 'apologeucal -
p ; paragraphs:-.. When England attested, by
he force of arms, to fflbjjgate her American Co
lonies, which (he had driven to a just ol i •
S -»nd when the scourge of war extended her
empires ; the States General of the United P-. : .
viiicci were cartful to i-bfove a tirict neutrality
They did hot fuffer Dutch vrffels to transport ».'»
other commodities to" AriKiiui, those <exceo(.
E.i which were declarer! frle b\ the fcicptefs ter;ns
of treaties. The molt efßcn.-iuus precaution * wcie '
carefully taken to prevent wnrlikc Korea forp be,',,,,
conveyed to the American colonics, a» wr!l j,
prevent any fraudulent commerce from being cairi
ed On with them : Precautious which did not a
little (hackle and injure oui own commerce t 0 t J )e
Weft-Indies. —It availed the Republic, however
but little, to obfervu the conditions of treaties with'
exaftnefs, as to what was by .them prohibited ;tl\-
English Ministers confuting merely their termor/,
ry convenience, went so far ss to dispute what these
very' treaties allowed : They not fufFe r the
Republic to enjwv those very advantages which
England heifelf had enjoyed in a iimilar cafe; but
violating the rights of nations, they condemned
the cargoes as piiztsto the crown, and employed
the materials in the royal atfenals : Other veiTels
were forfeited by the arbitrary fentencei of partial
courts of jnltics. The privateers and armed fliipj
of England, feeing that their piracies were legali
zed, multiplied thair depredations, and the merchant
veffrls of Holland, daiiy became the victims of their
brutalities. Finally, the atrocity of the Brttiflv
Ministers was carried to fueh a point, that they no
longer refpe&ed the flag of the States, but carried
a,convoy of Dutch vefTels into the ports of Eng.
land, declaring (hips richly laden to be lawful pri.
»es, and violating, as well in Europe as elfewlitre,
our independent territory. The only mode which
could be adopted, to put a llo|> to thele unprece
dented injustices, without however breaking with
the kingdom of Great-Britain, was employed by
their High Mightinefles. This mode confilled ia
joining with all possible fpecd the alliance of the
thr<e northern powers, concerted by the Empiefs
of Ruflia, and destined to protedl, by the force of
arms, the rights of the neutral nations, each of
them more or less violated by England.--— BB
Can wc want any further ti-«vidcncc of Dutch
Amity ?
PORTSMOUTH, (N. H.) July 30.
On Sunday evening, 6 o'clock, PETER FRI.
• DERICK COLLIN, Eiq. departed.this transi
tory life at Newingtoii ; aged 30, A long and
painful indifpolition, his fortitude and resignation,
' supported with philosophic firmnefs and manly
1 dignity. On Tuesday evening his retrains were res.
> pe&fully interred inSr. Johri'sGharchy-y<.rd, Portf
> mouth, according to his'own requell, confirmed by
1 a generous donation to the pool of the church.
1 This gentleman was# native of Hapau, Hefle
' Caflel, in Germany, aadjfor many yeais a resident
at Demarara. The insalubrity of this warm cli
j mate, induced a gradual decline ; from which he
flattered liimfelf with relief by repairing to 1 nor
thern situation. But, alas, he had tarried toolong
amid the fervors cf the Indian lfles, to regain his
heahh, by a happier temperature of air. He lias
resided in the vicinity of this town about three
1= ■ _
The cxecutuia to the Uft will and tellament of
. the deceased, return their mod grateful aeknow.'edg
_ ments to the officers of the line who supported the
B pall ; the refpeftable gentlemen inhabitants, whoat
e tended the funeral ; and more especially to the fair
elt part of the creation who honored the worthy
dead, by a tribute of voluntary and uiuolicited ref
s P c &*
d —
What though iji fereign climes, remote from home,
The dying stranger gently links to reft ;
!* Yet man's vast brotherhood (hall build his tomb,
And the lorn pilgrim lodge on nature's breast.
o In death it holiest fellpwfliip llivine;
Life may divide ; but death cnites :he whole ;
e Drawi round the world, one wide encircling line,
1. And girti all mankind in from pole to pole 1
Hence, equal tenants of the filen grave,
~ And fellow citizens iw death's domains ;
Whatever country holds the eood, the brave,
'' Shall chaunt the requiem o er their lov'd remains.
v P
a Auction Sales,
<j To* Morrow Afternoon.
Sales of Rum, Sugar and Coffee.
At z o'clock,
In Second-ilre«t, above Arch-street, No. 68,
j Will be fold, by Auction^
In lots to suit the purchasers. lor Calh,
20 hhds. bell St. Croix Rum,
0 8 do. and jo Sugars,
ft 100 Bags of Coffer,
y All entitled to the drawback. Also, a large Scale and
Beam, and Tome Shop Furniture
d Win. Shannon, Auctioneer.
i- Aug. 11.
j —— — -
ts Cargo of the ship Union Fraterna,
from Leghorn.
O* Friday next, at 10 o'clock in the morning, °»
Meffrs.Rofs & Simfon's wharf, will befold byauc
tion, (and continued from day to day, 'till the whole n
fold) the cargo of the Venetian (hip' Union Frater>, Irom
Leghorn, conlifting of the following articles.
Florence Oil in cases 01 I* bottles, and flail" otf°
( e Cafiile Soap in^fes
i- Tallow Candles
n Anchovies * K
1]; Capers • jS
5 y Olives
1- Juniper Berries in bales
Manna, Flaktj
Ditto, in forts
; t> Almonds
'p Perrr.cfan Cheese
Id. French Claret, is caflis
1 t Ditto, in bottles
:ie Twine
•j- Hair-Powder 1 .
Pomatum. ,
The conditions of fa!e will be—all sums u<dcf i oc •
" to be paid in ca(h : from 500 to ioo< dollars in-PP rove
>y notes at 60 days: from 1000 dollars upward. in a P"
o- proved end or fed notes at 90 and no days.
1 ; Edv/artl Fcx, Auctioned
cr Aaguft o t