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cancert with Government on th? ift?afures
cf the ensuing campaign. j
On Saturday Capt. G. P. Ricketts
was appointed Govertioc General and
Commander in chief of Barbadoes.
The Englifil prifonersat Havreamount
ed to about 400, and were on the point
of being removed to Rouen, where 3000
We have no authority to believe the re
port of General Jourdain's arreit. It may
be so, but the Paris Gazettes down to the
23d are silent on this fubjeft,and the cir
cum'iaiices are unknown to any of the
gentlemen who came with the duke of
York to England.
General Pichegru has quitted the com
mand of the French army of the Rhine to
re-place Gen. Jourdain at the army of the
North : The former is re-placed by Gen.
Hoche, who is now at the head of the
two armies of the Rhine and the Mozclle.
The Spaniards are said to have evacua
ted Co'.lioijre; the place, however, is com
manded by the cannon of the fort of St.
Elmr, which was (till in their pofleffion. !
—A loan of twenty millions of piastres is !
opened in Spain for the support of the !
The rea(bn of appointing the duke of
Br;nfwick to command the combined ar- '
mies in Handers, is supposed to be the !
probability of their being obliged to re- 1
treat, a branch of the art of war in which j
his fereHe highness has lately had great op
portunities of improving.
For the Gazette of t'n United States.
< A correspondent in the General AJver
tlfc.i of Thursday afVs, what means public
credit ? It may be answered that it means a
ch;rafter for honor and probity, which en
able* a country to avail itfelf on any emer
gency, of the wealth of its own citizens or
of that of a foreign country. In a free coun •
try it conftitates a J'afd capacity for borrow
ing—without which liberty may be put in
jeopardy at any moment a defpntic power
may fee proper to attack it—Nor is it con
ceivable how this capacity can in'a free
country be " the means of ca»f:ng a diftinil
ir.trrclt from that of the whole community."
The ability cf a community to discharge
its engagements depends on the general pros
perity of the qvholc people; hence it be-
Oi~*rs moil ohviouilv, the interest df the
ptK.iic Creditors to do every thing in their
power to p-omote this general prosperity—
Neither is public credit a yoke for posterity—
for no man in his senses would prefer loan
ing his property to a community which should
leave to another generation to discharge the
obligations of the present; it is therefore a
d-ftate of the soundest policy to provide for
the ear'ies payment of every public debt.
It may b? doubted whether " public credit
has been the source of innumerable misfor- i
timet to Europe"—On the other hand, it is
demonPrahlc that the wars of that quarter
of the globe nave occafiov-d th- accumula
tion of their debts; the pub!.: creditors have
most cbviouily an interest direilly opposed
to war; tmlefs it can be made to appear
that the depre-oon of the funds is promotive
Of their im< reft. There is a truer cause cf
war to be afligned than ft at of ditninifhing
the capacity of a cfcnnrry to discharge its ex
i Img obligations—Wience coihe wars and
fightings, favs. aq, old fashioned book—
" Cpme they not hence even of your iufts >"
Until mankind, or at leall th- majority,
shall cease to bo actuated by resentment,
rage, and ambition it is utepiaa, to expeil
that wars (hill cease.
The United States are at this moment
most critically situated—it is in the opinion
cf many, )io longer optional with us, whe
ther we ihal) be committed in the war or
not. '1 hole who are for an i:nmediate deci
sion on the part of the government to en
gage in hostilities with Great Britain-—ad
vocate at the fame mom nt the annihilation
of public credit. Those who are for fup
poi ting the peace of the United States, urge
the most ettVctua l preparation for national
defence and security, and as a mean indis
pensable to this object, are solicitous to pre-
Jerve the public credit—the present positive
state of fails, absolutely contradicts the as
sertion that public credit is the parent of
■war —for lb: friends of peace, are branded
as the enemies of their country, for wishing
to support public credit—while those who
decry public credit, are clamorous for mea
sures which must inevitably cncreafe the pub
lic debt—unlcfs in the modern revolution of i
principles, war should be converted into a
blessing infUad of a curse. Would the people
®f tbe United States " vjijh for an encreaj*
tf the debt?" let them adopt the politics of
those who clamor for war—Would we di*-
Wiinifh the debt, let us if poff.Me ne ? ocmte
instead of sighting—should negociation suc
ceed, the preparation for war urged by the
friends of peace, will not amount to one
hundredth part of the expence of War with
out negociation—fhould negociation fail, we
lhall then be in a situation to meet our ene
mies on some terms of equality— at present,
who fay that we are ? '
' 11 .ii >»»■iMummmm
Letter te a gentleman in this city, received
by this day's mail, dated New-York,
" The £hip Ohio of this port, has arrived
at the Hook, after a passage of 43 days from
London—(he is now coming up, and (hould
lhe reach the town before the mail closes,
we wil| communicate the information that
may be received by her.
u It is said that lhe failed in company
with upwards of 300 veflels, from the chan
nel, bound to d.fferent ports in America,
under convoy of some British fliips of war."
Yesterday the following resolution pas
sed the House of Representatives of The
United States—Yeas fiftjA eight—Nays
thiity eight, viz.
WHEREAS, the injuries whieh have
been fullered and may be fuffered by the
United States, from violations committed
by Great Britain cn their neutral rights
j and commercial interelts, as well as from
I her failure to execute the seventh article
j of the treaty ol peace, render it expedient
' for the interests of the United States, that
j the commercial intercourse between the
i two countries (hould not continue to be
; carried on in the extent at present allowed:
j RESOLVED, That from and after
i the firft day of November next, all com
mercial intercourse between the citizens of
the United States, and the fubjefts of the
king of Great Britain, or the citizens or
fuHjeCts of any other nation, so far as the
fame refpedts articles of the growth or ma
nufacture of Great Britain or Ireland,
lhall be prohibited.
A committee was then appointed to
prepare and bring in a bill purluant to the
From the Leyden Gazette of 2 "jlh Dec.
M. C. A. M. Vattel, officer in the
Swiss Guards, has written the following
letter witli a request that the Editor would
in fen it in his paper.
"In the supplement to No. 102 of
your Gazette, in the ridiculous letter of
Genet, Minister of France in America, to
Mr. JefFerfon the Secretary of State, I
find the following sentence—" Ido not
" remember what the worm-eaten volumes
"of GrotiUs, Pujfendorf and Vaticl fay
"on this fubjeft. I thank God, I have
" forgotten what thohireling 'writers on
" junfprudence wrote on the law of na
• " tions while they were in chains." I
have a sovereign contempt for Citizen
Genet; but 1 owe it »to the memory ps
Mr. Vattel, my father, to hinder those
flat calumnies from deceiving honest peo
ple. My father, when he wrote on the
law of nations, was in the pay of nobody,
nor was he in chains, ifor he was a mem
ber of one of the Swiss Cantons (Neuf
chatel.) where the most happy freedom
reigns. As to his works being eaten by
"•oi ms, they will perhaps remain longer
than the French Republic."
A correspondent observes with real plea
fiire, the encreafing military disposition of
the inhabitants of this city, at this very cri
tical period, 4nd adds that it mult give fm- S
cere iatisfaiition to every friend to his country
to learn that in addition to the several volun
teer companies already established, there is a
new troop of light dragoons now organizing,
which in point of refpedlability, numbers and
equipment, will be equal to aay on the con
_We hear that the Preiident of the United !
States has appointed Nathaniel Cabot Hig
ginfen, 1 gal cemmiffioner for the United I
States, oil a million to the Wtft-Indies to
fupermtend the entering of appeals from the
decrecs of condemnation ; to invefligate the
grounds on which they have been made and
to do other things relative to American vef- 1
fels and cargoes which have been condemned j
in the Vice Admiralty courts of the several t
Hands, and also to afford relief to our sea- ■'
men now there. j
Philad. Gazette. i
Earl Stanhope on th- 33d Jan.'in the, Bri- c
j tifn House of Lords, made a motion for ac- c
knowledging the French Republic, in the b
iouowing words: i
i hat an humble Addrsfs be presented
" to his Majesty, advising his Majeltv
to diicontinue hofhlittes, as it appear- H
" ed from an article of the French
ccinftitution, that her Government
" d.d not mean to interfere in chang- u
" Government, nor fuffer anv I v
Power to alter that which fne had 11
" *° r . med - Paying, That his Majesty, I 1
feeing the deftrudtive nature of the "
w ' a \.' an d the delusive hope held out j
of success, would order his Mini- ei
iters immediately to acknowledge th£ b
" Frsnch Republic."
Lst usdo tii!s, said his Lardfli'p ; let u'c be
jiift & honeit ( for I am not without some re
ligion ;) let us do our duty to one another;
at least, let us erfdcavour to do justice, and
leave the reft to God.
This motion was introduced with a long
speech, in which the power progress and re
sources of the French nation were exhibited
in the most animating point of view—the
motion was put and negatived.
A hint to the Managers of the New
Jack in Distress, having so frequently
been the iubjeft of interlude, we may with
certainty announce to the public, that in
a few nights more, (hould Jack in Distress
beperformed, they will be entertained with
the additional interlude of The -whole Play
Htufe in Dijlrefs, never before acted in
the New Theatre. <
1 ■■" —
. By this Day's MaiL
NEW-YORK, April 21.
. The ißthinftant, being Good Friday,'
in contempt of Judas the traitor, the sea
men on board a Portuguese brig, laying
at Jones's wharf, hanged his effigy to the
yard-arm, where it liung till the next day;
when, on the firing of several guns, and
much noisy vociferation, it was lowed into
tha water and soundly ducked, then tak
en up, dragged through the streets, and
beat with clubs as it pafled, to the no small
diversion of the boys and other fpedlators.
Extract of letter from Mr. Parsons, of
Grenada, to Mr. D. Smith merchant of
New-York, via New-London dated
" Americans are not allowed to trade
with the French I (lands besieged ; but all
the Englilh are open, except for beef,
pork, &c. The Mauds, when captured,
will be open. Many Americans are con
demned, and 100 ready to be given up.
Government will make good all dama
St. JOHNS, (Antigua) Feb. xo.
Archibald Gloleter, Esq. arrived here
this day from the island of Montferat,
where he has been for some weeks pall, ex
erting himfelfin the admiralty as advocate
to the unfortunate Americans who had
been captured and carried into that port;
but neither his eloquence, or well known
legal ability could avail.
Feb. 18. The late order for seizing all
American veflels bound to or froma French
island, was, we believe, generally difap- 1
proved of in this island ; but an order to
restore such veflels as have been already
taken, and to prevent similar captures in
future, ,ve are informed, may be houily
PORT OF PHILADELPHIA.
Schr. Weymouth, Stevens, New-York 1
Pink, Bell, Newburypoft
Sloop Elizabeth, Webb, CharltHon [
Hope, Hufley, Nantucket i
Sak™, Elkins, New-York c
William, Taylor, Virginia '
On Friday morning arrived here the brig c
Fair American Capt. Angus, in 21 days
ftom Antigua—he informs that all the '
American veflels at Antigua, except those
with naval stores or bound to a blockaded
port. He left at Guadoloupe the 9th
of March about i6failof American veflels.
the 9th of April in lat. 34, 58,10ng. 73 he
spoke the ship Flying Dove, Capt ,
said to be from Virginia, bound to St.
Thomas's out 4 days.
Philad. April 22, 1794.
*** Notice, agreeably to charter, is here
by given to the members of the Corporation
for the Relief of Poor and DiJlreJJid Prefby
tertan Minijlen, and of the Poor and Dif ■ 1
trfJTi-d II iaO'iUj and children of Prejbyterian
Mimjlers, that a meeting of said corporation
is to take place, on the aid day of May next,
in the second Prelbyterian chnrch in the city
of Philadelphia, at 4 o'clock P. M. for the
dispatch of all such business as may then be
brought before the board.
Secretary of the Corporation.
Those persons who
undeitake to cut timber or wood of any kind
whatever, from any lands of the real estate of
the late Ruha-d S.ockton Esq. deceased, in
the wefterri prectnft of the county of Sonierfet
in the state ot New Jerfcy, under a pretence of
a right to cut o» lands adjacent, are t cqueUen to
defiflT ftom so doing, or they will be proceed
ed against m such manner as may prove trou
blesome and expenfivc 19 thcmfelvls.
April 16. *w&32\r
The two military bills before the House
of Representatives, were this day pa(Ted to
be engrofled /or a third reading to-mor
row—one rcfpefts the arming and equip
ping of 80,000 militia—the other pro
vides for railing an additional regiment of
aitillerifts and engineers. .
The amendments of the Senate to the
pod-office bill, were taken into considera
tion, some conqurred in, others disagreed
On Tuesday the 29th instant
at 11 o'clock in the Forenoon, will be
fold by public vendue, at Mr. Bowen's
Exhibitibn Room, No; 9, north Eighth
A COLLECTION OF
By the.most approved French, Italian, and
Flemish Mafte.s, collrfted by a gentleman of
taste in Europe, and luptrlor to any that have
ever been offered for sale in America.
Theie Pictures maybe viewed at any titlie
previous to the day of sale at the Exhibition
Room, where catalogues may be had, and at
the Subscribers Auction Room.
A Collection of Books,
in foreign languages, such as Ruffian, Polift,
and a few maps in the said Languages
FOOTMAN & CO. Auabver's.
April 22. tuth&stzqi
and to be sold by
No. 41, Jbnth Second Jlreet,
Extract of a letter from a gen
tleman in America to a trierid in England, 011
the Subject of Emigration—price 1 Bth of 1
EccltfiajlicalEJlabli/bments detrimental to
Price I • 8 of a Dollar.
I Bookjeller, at the Stone Houje in SecondJlreety
VOLUME XI OF
I OR A
Diaienary of Arts, Sciences, aud Mijcel-
I laneous Literature,
I ON a plan enti, «ly new ;by which the dif
ferent sciences and arts are digested into the
I form of diftinft treaties or lyftems. This
I volume contains the articles, meda's, medi-
I cine, metallurgy, metaphvfics, methodists,
I Mexico, miciofcope, midwifry, and a g:eat
variety of biographical and miscellaneous ar-
I tides, illustrated with nineteen copperplaies.
1 (i~t Ihe rabies of logarithm*, See. which
were deficient in the tenth volume, aiefub-
I joined to this.
I Eleven volumes of this work are now pub
li/hed, and the Xllth is in fame forwardr.efs.
On the firftof September, 1792, the prfce
offubfeription was incrcafed TJLN dollars on
I all setts not taken before that time. Thefub-
I fcription isftill open on rhefe ternis, and it
any copies remain by the firft of Julv next,the
price will be railed TEN dollars more, on
I any «npies which may be fubferibed for after
*,* As many of the fubferibers have taken
only two, three or four, &c. volumes, they are
I eai neftly requeued to take up and pav for the
remaining volumes, as it becomes d il/cult to
complete thefetts, and thepubi:flier dpe» not
I hoi d himfelf bouud to make up any setts ati or
the fii ft day of July next.
April 22. m&th.6w
A COMEDY, called the
j School for Scandal.
To which will be added,
A COMIC OPERA, written by the author
of the Poor Soldier, never performed here
I . called
Peeping Tom of Coventry.
Places in the Boxes to be taken at the Box-
I Office of the Theatre,at any hour from|nine,
in the morning till three o'clock in the after
noon, on the day of performance. Tickets
j to be had at the office near the Theatre, at
j the coiner of Sixth-ftreet,and at Carr & Co's
Muficalßepofitory, No. 122, Market-street
I Boxes, one dollar—Pitt, three quarters
I of a dollar —and Gallery, half a dollar.
I * # * As inconveniences to the public have
arisen from the Box book being open on the
j days of performance only, in future attends
j ance will be giv nat the office m the Theatre ,
I every day from ten 'till one, and on the daVs
j of performance from ten till three o'clock'is
I the afternoon. Applications for Boxes, iti»
j refpe&fully requelted, may be addressed, t»
j Mr. Franklin, at the Box Office.