Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, January 04, 1794, Image 1

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[No. 20 of Vol. V.]
PRICE CURRENT. Dlh. a,. DiU.Ct,.
per quantity. —Dollars too Cents each Oil, Ditto pr cafe 5 4C
Sweet, best, in flafks, 10
_ Ditto ba'kets, 12 Lotties 6
PHILADELPHIA, Jan. 4, 1794. Spermaceti pr. gall. 9 4 8
Tram per barrel 10 51
ADUs.Cti. Dlls.Cti. Whaie 25 33
NCIIORS t 7 10 p orter p r ca {] C(
Allum, English, pr.cwt. 4 33 London, pr.doz.
Ditto, Roch pr. lb. 11 American ditto bot.incl. 1 81
Ames, pot, per ton, *20 pi tch> pr . bbl. \73 2
Pearl, »34 1 4° 7 Pork, Burlington, per barrel, 15
Arrack pr. gall. 1 33 1 J o Lower county 12
Brandy, common, i°o *20 Carolina 10
Comae *3° *4° p ea s, Albany pr. bulhel \
Braziletto,pr. to 4. So Pepper, or. lb. 42
Bricks, pr. M. 4 7 Pi men to 19
Bread, (hip, pr. cwt. 2 "7 n . r , n .
Ditto, pilot 5 bcft ' P r - kc « * 7
Ditto, finall water, per keg 36 4° * IUo P r, i? r 333
Beer, Am* rican, in bottles, P'"° P r ' box 333
pr.doz. bottles included. 1 74 P r - Cwt - 3"
Ditto pr. barrel, 6 Rolin pr. barrel 178
Boards Cedar pr. M feet, so Ruin Jamaica,pr.gallem .>6
New Engl,nd 10 14 w" li j Ua j * Sfi
Oak .4 '6 Windward 86
Merchantable pine 20 24 Barbados
Sap, do. ,o 67 —Country, N.E. 60
Mahogany, perfoot 10 Salt petre, pr. cwt. 14 33
The aboveare the (hallop prices, Saflafras pr. ton 6 8
tor the yard price, add 1 dol- ' Shot ditto 140 141
lar 33 cents per 1000. Steel, German 9
Brimilone in rolls, pr.cwt. 2 Englilh,blifter.d, p<. to
Beef, Bolton, per .o » Amenc.mpr, ton 1.3 33
— Co".ur/d,to 9 ,0 Z^^r:^ ,agSOt 4*
— Freft per cw.. 333 467 J pcr
—In kegs 15 18 W h ' l , c 8
Candles, Sperm, 47 aftl le 11
W Ji ' „ 16 Surch 7
Myrtle Wax l 3 Snuff pr. doz. hot 4 56«
Mould, tallow l 6 Spermaceti, refined, 48
Dipped 14 Sailcloth,Englifh, yard,
Cheese, Englifii, pr. ib. 25 Bolton, No. I. ditto 36
Conntry to 12 No. 11. 35
Chocolate ' >6 18 Sugar Lump, 21
Cinnamon 2 40 2 67 I.jaf, single refined 32
Cloves 1 33 ——Ditto, double do. 33
Cocoa pr. cwt. 10 11 Havannah, white 12 14
Coffee pr. lb. '6 Ditto, brown, 10 11
Coal pr. bnrtrrl 24 33 Muscovado, pr. cwt 9 js
Copperas pr.cwt. i 67 Spirits Turpentine pr.gallon S7
Cordage, Amnion, ptrewt. 9 10 Salt, Allum pr. bulhel
Cotton pr. It). 27 3? Liverpool 100
Cutrants la Cad,z
Duck,Ruflia, pr. piece 14 t8 Lisbon oc
Ravens 11 Shipbuild. W. O. frames p.ton, 20
Dutch fail duck, *8 20 Ditto Live Oak, 22
Feathers 5 o Ditto red cedar, per foot 37 45
Fiax ditto «• 12 Shingles, 18 inch, per 333 367
Flaxfeed pr. bulh. 8° 90 Ditto 2 feet, CSO 6
Flour, Superfine pr.barrel 6 1 2 Ditto 3 feet, drellcd, 13 15
Common, 57» Sla »«. P| P<- P'- >°°° 3*
Bur middlings, best j White Oak hoglhead, 2033
—Meal, Indian 2 67 Red Oak do. 19 s o
ditto Rye, 3 at 33
Ship-duff pr. cwt. 1 40 t67 —Barrel 16
Fustic pr. ton, 2° —-heading 25 33
. cc Skins, Otter, belt pr. piece 4 67
Gin, Holland, pr. cafe, 4 66 _. Minkl 40
Do- pr. gall. 9° Fox, grey 40 80
Glue, pr.cwt. 20 2133 Ditto red 120
Ginger, white race, per lb. 12 Martins 24
Ditto, common 8 Filhers 01 67
Ditto,ground 10 Bears 3
Ginseng, 20 24 R a coons 60 j
Gunpowder, cannon, pr. q.calk, 373 4 Mulk-rats 11 20 1
Ditto, fine glazed 4 Beaver, pr. Ib. 67 .33 ,
Grain, Wheat pr. bulh too 120 Decl ,r„ ha ,, 20 30
Rve 70 t '
Oats 35 Tar,N.Jerfey, 2 4 gal.p. bbl. i
Indian corn 6° 67 Carolina, 32 gall. 2
Barlev » 1 20 Turpentine pr. bbl. 2
- Best shelled pr. lb. 7 Tobacco, j. River, best toolb. 4 33
——Buckwheat, per bu(h. 4c ——— inferior 3 33
.... c ~ ' old 4 *>7
Hemp, imported, pr. ton, 160 150 Rappahannock 333
American, 4 5 Coloured Maryland, 533 8
Herrings, pr.bbl. 3 Dark, 2 40
Hides, raw 9 240
S Eaftern-ftiore 1 2 ?3
Hogshead hoops, pr. . . 15 Carolina , new 27 3
Indigo, French per lb. 1 67 old, 3 33
—Carolina 1 J 80 Tea, Hyson pr. lb. 93 1 28
Irons, lad pr. ton, »33 33 Hyson (kin, 53 60
Iron, Castings pr. cwt. 3 4 Souchong, 50 93
Bar pr. ton, 82 66 Congo, 43 50
Pig 25 Bohea, 33 36
Sheet 173 33 Tallow, refined, per lb. 9
Nail rods 100 33 Tin pr. box, *3 33 l 3 67
Junk, pr. cwt. 4 5 Verdigreafe pr. lb. 60
Lard, hogs pr. lb. »5 Vermillion, do. 133 t67
Lead, in pigs pr. cwt. 5 33 567 Varnish, per gallon 33 37
in bars 7 Wax, Beet 25 27
white JO 10 67 Whale-booe,long " 13 30
rc( * 640 6 6 \\rine, Madeira, pr. pipe, 176 226
Leather, foal, pr. lb. »7 20 Lilbon 120 126
Lignum vitae pr. ton, 7 Teneriffe,pr. gallon 63
Logwood 3° Fayal 52
Mace 9 Port pr. pipe 113 33
Mackarel, belt pr.bbl. 9 4
second quality 4 Claret 4 6
Madder, best pr. lb. 16 so Sherry pr.gall. 90 1 so
Marble, wrought, pr. foot, •- 33 207 Malaga 77 80
Mast spars ditto 33 COURSE OF EXCHJNC F.
MolalTes pr.gall. 33 J'_ On London, at 30 days, per £ .100 fieri. 466 $1
Mustard per. lb. 7 at 60 days 463 §
Hour, in bottles, pr.doz. I*o at 90 oays 461 'y
Nails, BJ. xod. izd. and 7od. pi .lb. 10 Amftcrdam, 60 days, pr. guilder, 42
Nutmegs pr. lb. - » 90 da'y«, 4c
Oil, I.infced, pr. gal! r Government bills, diawn at 10 days
——'Olive • 7 light, at 4ac per guilder.
©itfdfr «f t'li-
Saturday, January 4, 1794.
0 B S E R V AT lON S
The Country and the
(Concluded from our lajl.)
The fur and peltry trade of the Great
Lakes may be brought to the city of Wash
ington, through the channel of the Poto
mack, four hundred miles nearer than to
any cthei (hipping-port to which it has
been carried heretofore.
Mr. JefFerfon, in his notes on Virginia,
mentions this fubjeft in the following
words:—" The Potomack offers itfelf
under the following circumstances, for the
trade of the lakes, and the waters well
ward of Lake Erie. When it (hall have
entered that lake, it must coafl: along its
southern (hore, on account of the number
and excellence of its harbors ; the north
ern, though (horteft, having few harbors,
and those unfafe.—Having reached Caya
hoga, to proceed on to New-York, it will
have eight hundred and twenty five miles,
and five portages : Whereas it has but
four fiundred and tiventy-five mile 6 to
Alexandria, its emporium on the Poto
mack, if it turns into Cayahoga, and pas
ses through that, Big Beaver, Ohio, Yo
hogany,(on Monongahela and Cheat,) and
the Potomack ; and there are but two
portages; the firft of which, (from Caya
hoga to Big Beaver) may be removed by
uniting the sources of these waters, which
are lakes in the neighborhood of each
other, and in a champain country. —The
other from the waters of the Ohio to the
Potomack, will be from fifteen to forty
miles, according to the trouble that (hail
be taken to approach the two navigations.
—For the trade of the Ohio, or that which
(hall come into it from its own waters, or
from the Mifiifippi, it is nearer through the
Potomack to Alexandria, than to New-
York, by five hundred and eighty miles,
and is interrupted by one portage only.
There is another circumstance of differ
ence.—The lakes themfelve6 never freeze;
but the communications between them
freeze, and the Hudson's river itfelf is (hut
up by ice three months in the year; where
as the channel of the Chefepeak leads direct
ly to a warm climate, the southern parts
of it rarely freezes at all, and whenever
the northern do, it is so near the sources
of the rivers, that the frequent floods to
which they are liable, break the ice up
immediately, so that vefTels may pass
through the winter, fubjeft only to acci
dental and short delays."
In addition to the foregoing remarks,
it may only be neceflary to fay, that there
is not a river in America capable of being
rendered more secure from an attack by
water than the Potomack. Its banks
are every where high and bold, with the
channel often not more than two hundred
yards from the (lioie. Digg's-Point, about
ten miles below the city of Walhington, is
remarkably well calculated for a battery ;
as all veflfels coming up the river must pre
sent their bows to that poin, for the dis
tance of three miles; and after palling,
their sterns are equally exposed for about
the fame distance; the middle of the chan
nel there is not more than two hundred
yards from the point.
It may not be amiss to subjoin the fol
lowing extracts from the laws of Maiy
land; and the terms and conditions for
regulating the materials and manner of the
buildings and improvements on the lots in
the city of Washington.
Extract from the ast of the General As
sembly of Maryland, entitled, " An ast
for opening and extending the navigation
of the river Potowmack, in which the
(hares are made real estate."
" Be it enacted, That foreigners shall
be and are hereby enabled to fubferibe for
and hold {hares in the Potowmack Com
Extract from an ast of the General As
sembly of Maryland, entitled, " An ast
[Whole No. [78.]
concerning the territory of Columbia and
the city of Washington."
" Be it ena&ed, That any foreigner
may, by cieed or will, hereafter to be
made, take and hold lands within that
part of the laid territory which lies with
in this state, in the fame manner as if he
was a citizen of this state ; and the fame
lands may be conveyed by him, and trans
mitted to, and be inherited by his heirs or
relations, as if he and they were citizeus
of this Hate ; Provided, that no foreign
er (hall, in virtue hereof, be entitled to
any further or other privilege of a citi
Term 9 and conditions declared by the
President of the United States, for regu
lating the materials and manner of the
buildings and improvements on the lots in
the city of Washington.
1 ft. " That the outer and party-walls
of all houses within the said city (hall be
built of brick or done."
2d. " That all buildings on the streets
(hall be parallel thereto, and may be ad
vanced to the line of the itreet, or with
drawn therefrom, at the plcafure of the
improver ; but where any such building is
about to be erected, neither the founda
tion nor party-walls (hall be begun without
firft applying to the person or persons ap
pointed by the CommilTioners to superin
tend the buildings within the city, who
will afterwards ascertain the lines of the
walls to correspond with theferegulations.
3d. " The wall of no house to be high
er than forty feet to the roof in any part
of the city, nor (hall any be lowerthan 35
feet on any of the avenues."
4-tli. " That the person or persons ap
pointed by the Commiflioners to superin
tend the buildings, may enter on the land
of any person to let out the foundation,
and regulate the walls to be built between
party and party, as ; to the breadth and
thickness thereof: which foundation (hall
be laid equally on the lands of the perfon9
between whom such party-walls are to be
built, and (hall be of the breadth and
thickness determined by such person pro
per ; and the firft builder (hall be reim
bursed one moiety ef the charge of such
party-wall, or so much thereof as the
next builder (hall have occasion to make
use of before such next builder (hall any
way life or break intothe wall; the charge
or value thereof to be set by the person or
persons so appointed by the CommilTion
sth. "As temporary conveniences
will be proper for lodging workmen and
securing materials for building, it is un
derstood that filch may be erected with the
approbation of the commiflioners; but
they may be removed or discontinued by
the special order of the commiflioners."
6th. " The way into the squares being
designed in a special manner for the com
mon use, and convenience of the occupiers
of the refpeftive squares, the property in
the fame is referred to the public, so that
there may be an immediate interference on
any abuse of the use thereof by any indi
vidual, to the nuisance or obftru&ion of
others. The proprietors of the lots ad
joining the entrance into the squares, on
arching over the entrance and fixing the
gates in the manner the commiflioners
(hall approve, (hall be entitled to divide the
space over the arching, and build it up
with the range of that line of the square."
7th. " No vaults (hall be permitted un
der the streets, nor any encroachment on
the foot-way above, by Heps, (loops, por
ches, cellar-doors, windows, ditches or
leaning-walls, nor (hall there be any pro
jection over the streets other than the eaves
of the. he _ r es, without the consent of the
Bth. " These regulations are the terms
and conditions, under and upon which
conveyances' arc to be made, according to
the deeds in trust of the lands within the
Gentlemen, in poffejjion of Subferipiion
papers for this Gazette, are requejltd to
transmit them to the Editor*s OJjice.