Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, January 01, 1794, Image 3
■tremer.&Bous fwe. *■' 1 which'fet in suddenly the preceding day, atid continued to increase to a degree un known to the oldest inhabitant. The particulars were received last night by a letter from a gentleman who was a fuf terer in this dreadful calamity, which beggars description. £ Four ships, 3 brigs, a snow, 2 schoo ners, 3 Hoops, and seven fmalkr veflcls, went on ihore, and mostly gone to pieccs ; many lives were loft ; a number of build ings down, and wharves torn to pieces.— The whole of the lower part of the Bay, from Smith's wharf to the east end of Meagre Bay, is fcveral feet covered with sand ; and large log;- of mahogany, fuftic, &c. are bt'.r'.ed in it.] Amidst the foregoing painful scene (if diltrefs, which the Printer has occasion to relate, it is a pleasure to mention the brave and humane conduit of a iailor on board the Langriflie who, when lhe struck, threw a fmail line to'people on fnore,who were drawn there by the cries of the crew, to afford what relief they could: A large rope was fattened by thsm tp it, which he drew to the vessel and secured; by means of this conveyance, upwards of twenty people got on (hore ; the others who remained were by this man, hfhed to a fecord rope, and by this means laved : he lastly came on shore himielf, when re collecting an old foreigner, whole life had been preserved by a dog on board the Lar.grifhe, jumped overboard before she parted, he swam off, and secured him :— his last carc was directed to the faithful animal just mentioned, whom this worthy tar swore ihould not go to wreck after saving the life of a human creature. North-Carolina Legislature. The committee on public bills, to whom was referred the address of his Excellen cy Richard Dobbs Spaight, Esq. Go vernor, &c. &c. REPORT, That having had under their serious consideration the said address : Your com mittee have thought proper to submit the following answer thereto : SIR, T H E communications which your Excellency was pleafcd to make to both Houfea ol the Legislature last Wednes day, have been received with fatisfaftion and will be acted ujion in the course of the present feflion, with that deliberation which is due to their nature and magni tude. Your efforts during recess to pre serve the peace and neutrality of the Uni ted States have not escaped public notice, and the success with which they were crowned ought to call forth our mofl fer vent fuppiications to Divine Providence, for the continuation of blessings so eflen tial to our national happiness. The pepple of the United States being allied to the French by treaty and the still more sacred ties of principle and gratitude, we liave every reason to be allured that our obligations to that republic will be liberally conflrued and faithfully executed ; But while the powers of construing and performing such engagements remain ves ted by the conflitution in particular de partments, any attempt to influence their decisions by threatning an appeal to the public, would evince a mistaken estimate of the character of a people who regard order as the essence of civil liberty. To pursue political happiness and glory "by rational means is the right of even nation ; and as individuals in full enjoyment of those inestimable privileges which Frenchmen now struggle for, we are con strained, in obedience to the di&ates of humanity, to wifli them complete success —To require more would be to require this country to relinquish its neutrality, its peace and with them its growing pros perity—a facrifice not required by our en gagements and not less incompatible with the duties which a government owes to its own citizens than with that liberality and friendfhip which an enlightened peo ple evidenced towards this country on try ing occasions. Under these impressions and with these sentiments we regard the President's proclamation of the 22d of April lafl, as a new proof of that pater nal care and patriotic vigilance which have so eminently chara&erized a life devoted to the welfare of his native countrv. Surmises, too often the result of rnifap prehenfion or mistake, cannot abate our confidence in the virtues of an officer whose attachment to the cause of Freedom has been equalled only by hi s exertions in its :1 of the sea, defence-—Nor <Jan we too highly approve the condutt of your Excellency in giving efScacv and support to his injunftiona of neutrality within the ilate of North-Caro lir.a Such prompt attention to the molt precious interests of the public, en title you to the thanks and confidence of vour constituents. which is submitted Benj. Smith, Chairman. North-Carolina. In Senate, C)th December 1793, the foregoing report being read, resolved una mmoufly, that this house do concur there- with By order, S. Haywood, C. S. 111 the hoiife of commons, 12th De cember 1 793, resolved, that the huiile do concur with this report. By order, J. Leigh, S. H. C. JNO. Hunt, C. H. C. PHILADELPHIA, JANUARY I. Extradt from a letter written by a gentle man in Lilbon to his friend in this city, dated. 2-iil Odtober, 1793. " As to politics I have only to tell you in brief, that the arms of the combined ty rants seem to carry every thing before them again ft the alienors' of liberty in France—and indeed, from the treachery and corfufon which prevail in the Conven tion—and you may fay, in every part of that devoted country—little else can be expected. I hope America will be wife enough to avoid having any thing to do with war, which in its consequences would certainly destroy all its profpech of happi ness ; and yet it is suggested that the Minister lately sent out to you from France, went with the intention of bringing you into it—at lead that it was one part of his errand. I trust however he will fail in his views, if any such he entertained ; for I have a more exalted opinion of the wisdom of the Americans, than to suppose they will fuffer themselves to be fafcinated into measures Jo dejlrudive of their true interest. Col. Humphreys is at Gibraltar on his way to Algiers—gone with the expedi tion of accommodating matters in behalf of America with those pirates—God grant he may succeed. 'Tis said the applica tion for a convoy was rather in too lofty a tone for this Court. Mr. Humphreys is a man of superior talents, and more pleasing manners—as such he will always fuccecd in obtaining favors, which the Mi nister here will spurn at, when solicited in an imperious manner. General Galbaud is teturned to New- York from his tour through Canada. He calls upon the Miniiter of the French Re public for a passage to France. This would have been granted him long since had he not taken himfelf off. In his let ter to the minister he declares his inno cence and denounces the National Com missioners at St. Domingo and ininifter here as criminal agents. General Galbaud was appointed just be fore the treacherous manoeuvres of Dumou rier were executed, through the recom mendation of Beurnonville, whose concern with Dumourier is more than problema tical. He came out in the capacity of military governor, or general of St. Domingo. On his arrival, the civil commissioners re presented to him that his appointment was a violation of a national decree, which declares, that no person poflefling proper ty in the illand could hold an office there. He apparently acquiesced, and embarks ed for France on one of the ships of force that were to convoy a fleet of merchant veflels then nearly ready to fail. As soon as he was embarked he tamper ed with the officers and crews of the fleet, attacked and was the cause of the confla gration of the Cape and of the misfortunes which have followed that catastrophe. Part of the convoy arrived here and Ge neral Galbaud on board. He and his a gents were no doubt at the bottom of the disturbances on board some of the ships of force while they lay at New-York, and perhaps he was the cause of the defedlion of the fleet which failed upon, some secret expedition. \et this is the man who ap pears so anxiously felicitous to be tried by his constituents in France, though he judged it expedient firft, it seems, to try his fortune in Canada. Ccn. Adv. Wk. Lenoir, S. S. CONGRESS. HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES Veduefday Jan. i, 1794.- Mr. Sprigg and Mr. Forreft, members from the State of Maryland, appeared, were qualified and took their leats. Mr. S. Smith presented the memorial of fuadry citizens of Baltimore, stating the situation of a large number of French emigrants from Hiipaniola, who arrived 1 at that place the pail summer—the me-' morial informs the house of the measures taken by the inhabitants of Baltimore for their relief—the sums contributed for that purpose, &c. and solicits further assistance 1 from Qongrefs—referred to a feledV com mittee. The petition of Daniel Parker, of Wa tertown, in the State of Maffachiifetts was read and referred to the Secretary of the Treafuiy. Tlje memorial of Thos. Claxton, assis tant doorkeeper, was read, stating that in conference of the encreai'ed number of the members of the house, he had been obliged to employ additional assistance in his office, and praying that the hotife woidd make provision for the expertce laid on the table. A supplementary report from the Sec retary of State on the fubjeft of foreign commerce was received and read—ordered that IJO copies be printed. A meflage was received from tne Presi dent of the United States, communica ting a statement of the receipts and ex penditures of monies appropriated by law to defray the expences of the intercourse between the United States, and foreign nations, from July 1, 1792, to July 1, 1793— From this statement it appears that one, hundred and eighty three thousand dollars had been debited to the Department of- State—and that one hundred, seventy fix thousand, four hnndred and thirty two dollars, and twenty two cents, had been expended—laid on the table. Cons.dental business being called up, the galleries were cleared. Legislature of Pennsylvania. Houfi of Reprefentatiws. Monday, December 30. On motion of Mr. Evans the documents feat from the Governor by the Secretary of the Commonwealth refpe&ing the (late of the public contracts for opening roads and rivers, were referred to the committee ap pointed to enquire and report on that fub jeft. Mr. Swanwick brought in a report on the communications of the Governor, ref pe&ing the' communications from the Lieutenant Governor of Maflachufetts, and the Governor of Virginia, onthefub ject of procuring amendments to the con stitution of the United States, so far as it relates to the matter of allowing an indivi dual state to be sued out of the courts of tfie I mted States—the resolution recom mends the uniting with the other states in remonstrating to Congress. A meflage was delivered by the secreta ry of the commonwealth from the Govern or, informing that he has made two pay ments to the Bank of Pennsylvania of mo ney borrowed agreeably to law, viz. one of jo.ooo Dollars some time since ; the other of 30,000 dollars paid this day. Do&or James and Doctor Woodhoufe are appointed Physicians of the Dispen sary, in the room of Dr. Pennington, de ceased, and Dr. Griffitts, resigned. " A friend to the pcace of America, congratulates his countrymen, upon the uncommon unanimity which fubiilU be tween both branches of Congress, and the President of the United States. Al though heretofore there might have been a difference among ourselves upon some small points, yet (like man and wife who have been in the habit of bickering a little) we unanimously oppofc all foreign inter ference." From a Correspondent. The sentiment that the government re sides in the people is not true—that free government originates in,and emanates from a majority of the people is the only repub lican idea that can be reduced to practice —but this majority does not poflefs abso lute power—the majority isasmuch bound by the Conrtitution as individuals are by the laws—and even where no written Con fi'.tution exists—the minoritypofTeffcs un. alienable Rights which cannot be inv-or without violating- the principles of nat-> and reason.—Hence murder, fraud roi<heiy o'o nut ciiaogc their efiential ti.« pitude, under any poilib'e circurr.fta: —and despotism in this view of thiii" , 1 comes a rehiive term—it miy be e:;- ' ed by be:l'. or men, by !!c mp'e'rit*, well as by an individu.'L riut bodies aaa cwnitimiltk* of , are capable of exercifmg arbitiary pom*'; is more than true—they will alw ays ?r, ■ invariably do it, when unreilraiued, in checked and uncoijtrouled — and even where these checks and reilraints ex-.fl, there is a perpetual tho' perhaps, not a. ways obvious exertion to absorb all power into one center. The revolutions of time, the fucceiiicu of years, the progress of reason, the ad vancement of science, the encrcaiing light of civil liberty, and the appreciation of th=. Rights of Mankind—all point the view, of the calm and contemplative observer, to a period of exigence, more splendid and and too re congenial and ho norary to human nature, than hath yet dirtinguiihed the annals of the world-t- But may we not rationally extend our profpedt it! 11 further—and connect the present with the future—On the verge of this sublunary scene the virtuous mind would look back with convulsed emotions of regret, could it consider the curtain then ready to drop, as involving in eternal for getfulnefs all that has pal Ted—asd —as a con clnfion to all the labors of the wife and be nevolent friends of mankind—as the m flus of hope and human perfection—as the point where the designs of Deity mill be arrested in their progress, and thus render imperfect the plan of creation. This can never be the ri.\Jt of the prr fent progreft of man,& the evident approx imation of human knowledge to higher degrees of perfection—There is a nexns between time and eternity—and hurr,. nature refined and exalted, (hall pass !" tn: grade to grade to that region " Where Godjhines forth in one eternjl J. v . Virtue folefurvives, Immortal, never failing friend of man, His guide to happiness on high. And, fee ! ' Tis come, the glorious. morn ! the second birth Of He?. ven and Earth ! awakening nr.ture hears ....... The new creating ivor.!, and flails to life; In eveiy heightened form, from pain and death For ever free. The gnat,eternal f;h eric. Involving all, and in a petftfl Ivhqle- Uniting, as the prospect wider sp reads. To reasons eye refin'd clears up apace. From a Bofion P'a£cr. " As further duties are suggested to be necefiary to be laid to answer the exi gencies of government, and the molt easy and convenient mode is recommended, it is that the objects of future tax ation will be those of the BANK DIVI DENDS, TRANSFERS, FUNDING STOCKS, &c. &c. A revenue from these sources, will operate tire moil easy on the community at large, and fall on the class of people who are the m»Ji able to as sist government in their present exigencies. The TRADE has already its full pro portion of the weight of government, and the AGRICUL lUR Al. interell ought not to be burdened with any immediate du ties, as the farmer now pays a tax by the impost and excise." EPIGRAM. " WHAT's falhionatile I'll maintain " Is always right," cries sprightly Jane ; " Ah ! would to Heav'n !" cries gravei' Sue, " Wliat's right, were fafliionable too." Cj* The Convention of Delegates appoin - ed by the Abolition Societies ejlablijhed in the differentiates, are to meet at the City-Hail, This Evening, at Six o'clock. PRICE OF STOCKS. Philadelphia, January I, 1794. 6 per cents, 17/9 to iod. ijj'io to 10/. lofy to loa'. 10 per cent, advance. 3 d '"°. Deferred, U. S. Bank, N. A. ditto, Pennfjlvania do. 5 ditto ditto The Fuji em Mail not arrived. Thomson Cj IJ, ditto.