Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, January 01, 1794, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    Patterfon's Creek, which sal& Into {lie
river ten miles below Cumberlaud, is i?i
vigable twenty miles above its mouth;—
The South Branch, seventeen miles below
Cumberland, is navigable one hundred
miles ; —Connogocheque, ninety miles be
low, is navigable twenty-iQur miles;—O
pecan, one liuiidred and miles
below, is twenty-five miles from
its mouth, and within a few miles of Win
chester, which, after Lancaster, is the larg
Tlic Shannandcah, one hundred and thir
ty mil-s below, runs into the country at
right angles from the Potowmack, nearly
two hundred miles, and the navigation of
it, for one hundred and fifty miies of that
aiftance, ii but little interrupted j the
chief obftrudHon is, where it enters the
Potowmack ; and, so trifling is that, com
pared with the great advantages of this
noble branch, that its removal and clearing
other parts, will not cost more than twen
ty-five thousand dollars. The Potowmack
Company have aheady made a beginning
on this work.—The Monocofy, one hun
dred and fifty miles below Cumberland, is
navigable thirty miles above its mouth.
This branch is within two miles of Frcde
rick-Town, in Maryland, one of the larg
elt inland towns in the United States.*
These several streams, as well as the
main river, paf3 through a country not
exceeded in fertility of foil and salubrity
of nir, by any in America, if any in the
world; and few parts of America can
boast of being equally healthy with the
banks of this river, and the adjacent coun
* Report of the committee appointed
by the Merchants of Georgetown and Al
exandria, which, being founded on the
actual observations made by order of the
Directors of the Potomack eompany,may
be deemed authentic.
[to be continued.]
Mr. Fenno,
Please to publilh the following paflage
from a piece signed Plain Truth,
which appeared in a morning paper.
" ON the late thanksgiving day, ap
pointed by the Governor I went to two
or three diffenent places of worlhip, during
the course of the day and evening, and
found myfelf grieved to find but one among
the whole number of preachers I heard,
whose discourse abounded with liberality
and'juftice—He, with a degree of can
dour that will do him honor, ingeniously
declared that it is not in our power to
scan the ways of omnipotence or pretend
to determine for what particular crime he
had thus punished us! and that it was
actually presumption in us to pretend to
know the purposes of him that sent it.
How many others acted with equal ho
tfefty in their discourses, I will not pretend
to determine, tho' I hope they were nu
merous, but this I can fay that there were
some who did not. It was that day de
clared from the pulpit, that the Theatres
were the chief cause of the late calamities,
and ought to be immediately abolilhed,
and every argument that designing sophis
try could use, was exerted to efl?& their
purpose, by rousing every latent spark of
superstitious prejudice and ignorance that
had laid dormant for these centuries part,
and bringing forth all that ancient venera
tion and implicit obedience, for the clergy
that were once entertained for them in an
rarly day of clouded ignorance and error.
Their delign no doubt was to gain such
an ascendency over the minds of the peo
ple as to enable them to acjomplifh their
present purpose, and succeed in any future
ones of a iimilar kind What their next
object would be, if they Ihould effect their
present purpose, we may very nearly tell
from this circumflance that one of them
in a fubfequrnt discourse clafled with the
Theatres, Balls, AfTemblies &c. among
the number of our fins, so that their next
step would be to suppress and destroy our
public Balls, Aflemblies, Concerts &c.
with every other reasonable recreation and
anuifement they could discover was prac
tifedby the citizens, in which they would
110 doubt be afiillcd by their good friends
the Quakers. How much farther itill,
they would procecd.with their dictatorial
authority can only be known to the unli
mited power of omnipotence.
(T> The Stockholders in the Bank of
the United States, residing in the city of
Philadelphia, and its neighbourhood, are
requested to meet at the Citv-Tavem, to
morrow, at 6 o'clock in the evening, on
business relative to the enfuincr election for
Directors. January i.
Fjr t'.<: GA-r.i.-rtt-f the Vnitxo Sr.i-rts,
For the ift day of January, 1794.
ne following arrangement of all the days
of a year—{hewing on what day of the
week they severally fall, has been found
very convenient in accompting houses
and tradtfinen's (hops, and is a ready
Almanac to all clafles of citizens, who
wifli a reference to any particular day,
back, forward, or the present.
? s H H ? Cf
f g. § E, s. f I-" s
. -5 S* » s a g
f ,
t•• , , ,
e January - - o o o I 2 34
e 567891011
12 13 14. 15 16 17 18
s 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
T February - 26 27 28 29 30 31 I
- 2345678
- 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
t 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
March - - 23 24 25 26 27 28 I
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
April - - 30 31 1 2345
6.7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
May - - 27 28 29 30 1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
iS 19 20 21 22 23 24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June - - - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
July - - 29 30 i 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
August - - 27 28 29 30 31 1 2
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
September - 31 123456
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
October 28 29 30 1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
November -26 27 28 39 30 31 1
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
December -30 123456
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27
28 29 30 31 o o o
From the American Daily Advertif;r.
A Correspondent who profefTes the love
of virtue wherever it is to be found, ac
knowledges his attachment to plain truth
when its views are to promote the general
benefit. Of this fort he begs leave v to
mention a " plain truth," which really is
of such a nature as is truly encouraging to
those of our fellow citizens, who hope
that a very considerable alteration for the
better amongst the people, will be the hap
py consequence of the late general cala
Our correspondent has heard it observ
ed, that the places of worihip are more
generally attended by survivors of the
sickness than they used to be previous to
that period, and from his own observation
refpe&ing the place which is usually atten
ded by himfelf, it is really remarkable,that
the feats of those who are departed,(hould
be so speedily occupied by others, in the
manner which is well known to hafe been
the cafe in many iuftances.
These are signs of feripus thoughtful
nefs, becoming a people, capable of re
membering an awful visitation, in which
perhaps there were but few families in this
great city, who have not sustained the
loss of valuable neighbours, beloved friends
or the cleared Relatives. In numerous in
itances, how peculiarly afFecting have been
these lofles ? Fathers, mothers, funs, and
daughters, are involved in them ; and that
they ought to impress our minds in a be
coming manner, is believed to be a senti
ment coinciding with the ideas of every
one, who in sincerity withes to promote a
reformation, which however desirable it
may be to the bed men, they would dis
dain to attempt to forward on any other
principled than thole which thev telle.v
to be confident with their proleilioiis of
religion, and their love of virtue ; whii h
mi-it include on all occasions a flui regard
to truth.
Our ccrrefpondent fays, that since writ
ing the above, the substance of a portion
of scripture imprefTed his mind in such a
manner,that he thinks there may be no im
propriety in the following quotation, be
ing beautifully descriptive of the true
chriltian character. "Ye are the light of
the world. A city that is set on a hill
cannot be hid. Let your light so shine
before men, that they may fee your good
works, and glorify your Father which is
in heaven."
To the Editor of the General Advert'ifer.
The ilatement I made in your paper of
the sentiments of a member from Mafia
chufetts is to the best of my knowledge li
terally true, and for the truth of it I will
appeal to the members themselves and to
the citizens in the gallery. If I have er
red in the statement, it has been in that
gentleman's favor ; for he went farther
than I have suggested and said that " the
Executive had the right to withold its
communications, and that after they had
been entrusted to Congress confidentially,
Congress had no right to ast otherwise than
confidentially upon them."—So far from
the speech having a tendency to vindicate
republicanism, it made an obvious impres
sion to the contrary, not only on my mind,j
but on the minds of a number present, witli
whom I conversed on the subject; the feiii
timents exprefied by that member were
not only hostile to republicanism itfelf, but
cast a reflection on Congress, the repre
sentatives of freemen.—lf the executive has
the right to keep Congress ignorant of
its tranfaftions, if Congress have not the
authority to ast upon communications
from the executive as they think proper,
the President is paramount to the people,
and Congress the mere creatures of execu
tive authority.
This is a change of sovereignty, and
may be within this gentleman's ideas of
republicanism ; but, I trust, will never
receive the function of the free citizens of
Dec. 31, 1793,
# , v * In th? piece copied from the Ge
neral Advertiser last evening, the follow
ing sentence was omitted through inadver
tence :—" Facts, Mr. Bache, (hould not
be misrepresented."
For the Gazf.ttf. if the United States.
On Insurance—Corporations, &c.
THE designs of those who wish to
obtain an ast of Incorporation of the In
surance company of North America, in
its prcfent state, may be perfectly proper,
as the institution is now in a very regular
way of bufmefe, and owned chiefly by the
merchants, who give employment to the
Yet the neceflity of such application
does by no means exist at this time—if as
it is every where confrjl, the form of their
policy may be made to answer the fame
purpose, by an addition of a single clause
only—Stating that the a (lured agrees to
hold the capital flock of the companv,
fubjedl only for the payment of all lodes
incurred by the company—and that the
company agree to abide by the event of any
suit recovered agninjl their President only,
as far as their capital Jlocl held in trujl
by the fa 'ul President, and the Secretary of
the society for th? purpose may extend, and
r.o further —And as the capital (lock is
thought to be, greater than can ever be
necelTary in the word of all poflible events,
it is presumed, that much more has been
said on the fubjeft of the incorporation,
than in the event it can be found to deserve.
I am told, that a member of the house,
proposed by way of answer to the mer
chants, that he would have an incorpora
tion on an entire new plan—and open to
every body, or he would have none ; the
impropriety of such a plan, in such instan
ces, will ftrikc at firll view, whether this
<was said in contempt or not, is out of the
qucjlion—an insurance company cannot ex
ist, but by the aid of the merchants—As
this body of citizens have wen used to do
this business by way of exchange for each
other, they were averse to any company
for some time, but finding that the exit
ing company .as formed in part of mtr
tji; fuft infta c*. the reft have
lince bought in at an advanced premium—
line*'v.hi. h, thf: \alue of the stock hap
fallen upon their hands, to not more than
half tKc amotlnt of the par and premiums,
which will (hew that another company
cannot succeed, even iii the Jubfcription on
ly, unless this (hould be done by the igno
rant, and the unwary.—ln the city of
London, there are but two (hip insurance
companies, and yet they have never been
able to divide more than three to five per
cent per annum—How then can two be
supported in this*city? and how would
a man of principle feel, if after having
pafled a law to incorporate persons for
they scarce know what ? If the event
(hould be to injure as many, as in the in
(lance of the Canal Companies, &c. for if a
fubfeription was opened, thus in effect to
injyre the merchants, by an attempt to rob
them of their ancient rights of insuring
their own property, it could not succeed ;
it would be like a resolution of the house
to incorporate the brick makers by the
name of the Company of Tailors; and
the giving to every one a chance, thus
to injure the merchants would not be more
likely to succeed in the end, (as the power
must finally reft with the merchants to give
their business where they please) than if
the house were to fay that the brick mak
ers (hould in future make the wearing ap
parel for every citizen of Pennsylvania.
- ,1-utS
An Enemy to Unneceffliry Corporations*
CINCINNATI, November 23
On Monday lajl a detachment of about 6oq
men, under the command of brigadier gene
ral IVilkinfon, arrived here from Head
Quarters. They are expccted to return short
ly, except the light dragoons, who hove gone
into Kentucky to -winter.
On their way in, near Fort Jqfferfon, a
dragoon in advance of a fmallparty % was
fired, up on and killed. .
LEXINGTON, November 23.
JVe have jujl received information, that
fame time lafi week, the Indians killed two
I men near Maiflte 9 s Jkttion on the Ohio ; and
fired on fiveral boats between Eimsfionc and"
Cincinnati;—Alfo, that a few days ago
some hunters were driven in from Eagle
Creek, and others chafed near Frankfort by
the Indians. A man arrived in Gevrge
-1 own late on Friday evening who informed,
that two Indians fired at him thai afternoon,.
within a mile of Frankfort.
Nov. 30. We hear from Cumberland r that
about ten days ago, 25 volunteers fell in with
a party of about the fame number of .Indians,
about fifteen miles from Nafioville ; a very
hot engagement ensued, in which three of the
volunteers were killed and four wtwnded;
they killed four of the Indians and twk two
prifoners, together with all their baggage.
PROVIDENCE, December 2j,
Extract of a letter from a gentleman of e
minence in Philadelphia, to his firiend.
A merchant in London writes, tlnit he
was present when a gentleman of the firft
mercantile character waited on Lord
Hawke(bury, on behalf of a considerable
number of the London merchants.—He
told Lord H. that he came to him for an
explicit answer from government, as to i he
situation of public affairs between America
and England : That the merchants were
alarmed at the rumor of an expe&ed war,
and wished to hear from him the true state
of this question—because, if such an event
was to happen, they ought to be put on
their guard, that proper steps might in
time be taken to protest their distant pro
perty, and future engagements. The an
swer given was, " \ou may make your
selves easy ; the government have not the
lead disposition to go to war with Ameri
ca, nor has America any interest or incli
nation to quarrel with us. While General
Washington is at the head, and the
friends to the Federal Government are the
majority, we fhail have no war with Ame
rica, you may depend. If any irregularities
should happen on either fide, discussion and
accommodation will take place."
" Other letters from London
with confidence of another campaign in
Europe. As to ourielves, I do not be
lieve we (hall have a war, Mr. Genet rwt
FALMOUTH, (Jamaica) Oift. 2
It is with unfeigned sorrow the Printer
communicates to the Public the following
melancholy fccne which took place at
Montego Bay, o:. Monday last, occaftn-