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AH! my Tisart is weary waiting.
Waiting forth® May—
Watting for the pieaxaot rambiea
Where the fnurrant hawthorn hraiuh.ev.
With the woodbine alternating.
Scent (he dewy way.
Ah! my heart Is weary watting.
Waiting for the May.
Waiting wkl, dejected, weary,
Watting for the May.
Spring goes by with wasted warnings.
Moonlit evenings, suubrlght morning*.
Summer comes yet dark and dreaajr
Life still ebbs away.
Mau is ever weary, weary,
Waiting for the May 1
TOWN AND COUNTRY.
Well, well, I wish you'd make haste
aud decide," said Mr. Worthingtou, a
trifle testily, to his deliberating wife
Mr. Wortliington, who had worked
his way from a oountry farmhouse to a
Western! mansion, though proud of his
aristocratic wife aud daughter, feebly
resented this annual outlay, and was in
clined to ill-temper accordingly.
"I suggest Brighton," said Miss
Worthingtou, whose emphasis on the
pronoun seemed to seal the suggestion.
"Or Hastings," sighed mamma, xe
"No," ooolly vetoed Cordelia," "we've
been there so often.
"Now let me see."
And heedless of irate papa's impati
enoe, she fell to meditating.
"What shall we do with Bert ?" she
questioned, oareles&ly lookiug up, as
though Bert were a superfluous piece
of furniture, scarcely worth the price
"Leave her at home with Miss Mills,'
said her mother promptly.
"A child like that should not neglect
her studies for amusement."
As papa stood on the hearthrug, dang
ling his gold seals and inwardly fuming,
there was the ripple of a light langb
without the oaken doors of the break
fast-room ; then a quick rush downstairs
the last three cleared with a leap—a
rapid turn of the handle, and startling
all, flushed, panting, laughing, a slim
young figure burst into the room.
"Bertha 1" .
Mamma's voice was stern with digni
"Beg pardon, all!
"I thought breakfast was over.
"Hector and I were having a run in
the yard, you know.
• 'How he barked !
"Did yon hear him, Cordelia?
"And when I weut upstairs, there
was Hector behind me, and—"
"We are not interested iu the exploits
of your canine oompanion,' interrupted
her elder sister's smooth tones.
"We were discussing something more
"Oh I" Bertie said, apologetically,
feeling sligntly crushed, aud still stand
ing with her back against the door.
The keen May sunshine showed the
two faces Cordelia's regular-featured,
pale, proud-lipped, with light-blue eyes,
iuid masses of dim-gold hair coiled
sinootlily behind her head ; and Bertie's
—well, not exactly pretty, but infinitely
more charming than that of the ac
knowledged beauty of the family,
Her long, thick hair was blown into
loose waves by the cool morning wind ;
her eyes were shining ; her cheeks as
bright as wild poppies.
"It shall be Brighton," decided Cor
delia. rising, at last.
"Going to Brighton ?" cried Bertie,
"Why don't you go to West Row ?"
"West Row," scornfully.
"Where is West Row V"
And she condescended to look at her
younger sister as she said it.
"Why, don't you know—really ?
"It's the place where Cousin Saman
"Way out in the country somewhere."
"What a lucid explanation," sneering
" 'Way out in the country some
where !' Well, we do not purpose spend
ing the summer in a common farmhouse,
with country boors for associates "
"Cordelia!"—the fresh, young voice
rang out in indignant reproof—"you
ought to be ashamed of yourself,
"If it is a common farmhouse, it was
good enough for papa, and ought to
surely be good enough for us.
"Country boors 1
"I just wish some of yotir languid
nonentities from the HSithetio Club
were half such thorough gentlemen,
"You're your father's daughter, every
inch of you," cried Caleb Wortbingtou's
voice, in ringing approval
"It's the j oiliest old place under the
sun, if it is a common farmhouse, aud
I'll take you down there this Juue.
"Bee if I don't."
And, surprised into forgetting his
pomposity, he caught his fayorite in his
arms and gave her a bounding kiss.
"Will you ?
"Do you mean it ?" '
"Blest if I don't!
"But 1 say, Bert," as the others up
liftedly left the room, "what made you
take up the cudgels,for the West Row
"Was it," quizzically pinching a warm
velvet cheek—"was it because ol the
lad I introduced to you in my office last
"A deuced fine fellow, eh ?
"Were you thinking of him, Miss Di
But, blushing furiously, Bert shook
her head with suspiciously emphatic
decision, and, slipping from her father's
arm, ran out of the room.
So, when city aristocrats were crowd
ing to the green gloomy of forest soli
tudes. or the crush and glitter of a fash
ionable watering-plrce, the names of
Mrs. and Miss Worthington appeared
upon the hotel register of the Royal
And the same day Caleb Wortliington
took a long glorious holiday, and cor-
ried Bertie off to his native town —a
straggling world-forgotten little place
among the hills.
And in the long scouted summer days
that followed, the girl grew to love
everything animate and inanimate round
One evening she loitered in the great
sloping gardens before the veraudnhed
green shuttered house.
Such gardens 1
Not the painfully regular Dutch dia
grams we city folks boast—prim, con
cise, boxliedge—but whole sheets of
color, fragrant, luxuriant, bloomful.
A gentleman passing, young, good
looking, grey-clad, paused suddenly
outside the low rustic fence.
A moment more and he had vaulttxl
over and was standing, bareheaded, at
. "Miss Wortliiugton, nmy I ho]>e lam
not forgotten ?"
"Mr, Carlyn 1*
She held out a little tmined hand, a
hot glow kindling under the big straw
"I have been-absent from West Row
sometime," he said, looking quizzically
at the bright changeful face under the
shadow hat ; "but Mrs. Dent and I are
very old frienus.
"So being terribly behind-hand in my
visits to Poppy Farm, 1 iuteud uow to
take advantage of the weather and atone
for my neglect."
Somehow' Bertie fell to thiuking that,
night, as she sat iu the shadow of the
rosy chintz curaius, of Cordelia's last
"l suppose you 11 have some country
admirers in that almost mythical West
Row, but dou't lose your heart, Bertie.
"They're all the same, these rustic
beaux awkward, blushing, stupid."
And then she thought of Reul>eu Car
lyu's easy courteous manner, his quiet
"And if Mr. Carlyn is a country far
mer, Mr. Moon," said Bertie coolly,
apostrophizing the placid smiling face
ui the skv above her, "I—well, I don't
really dislike country farmers, that's all.'
And three days later she wrote Cor
delia a long recrossed letter, saying she
was going to marry a West Row boy
and live in West Row for ever."
And Cordelia replied frigidly that
they had always known (Bertie) would
disgrace the family.
"Yon don't mind being a farmer's
wife, pet?" Reul>en questioned eagerly.
"Of course I mind, sir.
"But when there is no other way of
satisfying a troublesome boy
"Bv-the-way, when shall I see the
"Soon, my darling."
Caleb Wortliington chuckled aud
laughed as he read Cordelia's letter.
"Pack up, Bertie ; we must be home
as soon as mamma.
"Our pleasant holiday is over.
"Don't look so forlorn, little one,
Carlyn's oomiug up too,"
It was evening when the trio reached
The carriage rolled through the
fashionable thoroughfares aud stopped
before a great mansion.
Lights gleamed from within, lace cur
tains fluttered at the windows.
Reuben sprang out and held his hand
Bewildered, she passed with him, her
father following, up the steps and into
the long lighted drawing-room.
A little silver-haired old lady, iu a
dark rustling silk, came briskly forward.
"Welcome, my dear.
"Don't you know me ?
"I'm Reuben's mother."
And then, as in a dream, Bertie saw
her father shaking hands with the dimin
utive person in black, and Reuben bias
ing her heartily.
Then as Caleb Worthingtou caught
sight of Bertie's bewildered face, he
burst into a shout of laughter.
"It is all right, Bert; but what a con
spiracy it was to be sure.
"Reuben's the sou of my old friend
"He was badly smitten that day in
my office, and got up the romantic no
tion of winning you for love.
"He's done it, my girl, he's done it."
"And aren't you a country farmer ?"
Reuben laughed, and caught the little
wondering face in liis whits bauds.
"I'm a West Row boy, was born and
lived there, own a nice place dowu there
to-day ; but this is my only farmhouse,
"Are you sorry?"
"And now you've had a glimpse of
your domain, hurry up, Bert, for mam
ma's expecting us at home," oried Mr.
And Bertie laughed—a little, happy,
hysterical laugh—and hid her face on
her lover's breast.
"Oh, I'm so glad.
"You naughty papa."
"What will Cordelia say ?"
But Bertie, so happy in her beautiful
home and her husband's royal love,
could not hear Cordelia's murmur of
"lt is kismet.
"That child to win the witch of the
"It was West Row versus Brighton.
Dear me !"
Archer, the ifockny.
Archer, the famous jockey, is to be
married Christmas to one of the pret
tiest girls in Newmarket, the daughter
ef John Dawson, the trainer. Archer
is building a house at Newmarket of
red brick, with deep stone dressing, and
handsomely decorated. It has orna
mental and kitchen gardens, stables,
hot-houses, an elegant conservatory and
every comfort, including an enormous
mastiff. There is a private Turkish
bath, in which Aroher proposes to keep
himself down to all but skeleton weight.
He cannot take walking exercise. He
is worth invested for him by
.Lord Falniw&h iu solid securities..
A peculiar Custom.
When a Chinaman And* himself
financially embarrassed aud is in need
of money he does not do as other peo
ple do, borrow it, aud eithei v• a
promissory note or chattel mort age as
security for the same, but he forms
what in Chiuese i* called an "owey."
This is something which is peculiarly
Chinese and requires a minute explana
tion iu order that it may be clearly un
derstood, The lowest "owey" is Axial
at SI for each person forming it and the
highest S2OO. For instance, if a Chi
naman needs SIOO he will call on a num
ber of his friends, uot to oxoced ten,
aud tell them that lie wishes that
amount of money aud desires to form
an "owey." If it is decided thut it
shall be a S2O "owey,"then Ave person
in addition to i.Jio originator combine.
For the purpose of explaining the
"owey" the originator will be desig
nated as Sam and his live friends as
Yow, Yen, Kow, Chew and Hing. At
the tirst meeting of the six the origina
tor receives In.m each of the other Ave
S2O, making up the amount he requires.
This is a loan made to him without in
terest, which he must repay at the rate
of S2O per month. At the time this
sum is advanoed the other live bid for
the privilege of the "owey" for the
ruuning mouth. Each one writes on a
slip of paper the amount of the pre
mium he will give. These slips are
rolled separately and thrown into a
bowl aud sliakcu up, after which each
slip is unrolled aud the amount noted.
The "owey" is then awarded to the oue
having bid the highest premium. Yow
having bid $1 premium, Yen, Kow,
Chew aud Hing each pay $lO, which is
the amount - less the premium, ami
amounting in all to S7O; and if lie adds
the amount of his own contribution it
will make a total of S9O, or equal to the
amount advanced to Sam less $4, which
is reckoned as interest, allowing $1 for
each of the four who advance the
mouey. At the close of the Arst month
Sam, the originator, is, by the rules
which govern this system of mouev
lending, forced to notify all who belong
to the "owey" of the next meeting. At
this meeting Yen, Kow, Chow and Hing
are the only ones who are permitted to
offer a premium, Sam and Yow having
no voice in the matter. At this meet
ing the premium ol $1 is again offered,
and it having been awarded to Yen the
other three pay him sl9 each, and Sam
aud Yen repay their tirst monthly in
stallment of S2O each. At the next
meeting only three, Kow, Chew and
Hing, can bid, and if the same amount j
of premium is bid aud it is awarded to
the tirst of tlie three named, the other
two pay him sl9 each, while the other
three, Sam, Yow aud Yen, pay him s2<
each. At the next meeting only two, ;
Chew and Hing, arc permitted to offer
a premium, The oue to whom the
"owey" is awarded receives from the
other the amount, less the premium,
and from the other four S2O each. At
the next and last moeting, only one re
maining, he receives from the other Ave
S2O each, making the full sum of SIOO.
By this method the originator of the
"owey," who obtains the money with
out interest, has the use of SIOO for one
month, SHO for four months, SOO for
three mouths, S4O for two months, and I
S2O for one month. In return for the
nse of the money he is forced to net us
collector from the other members of the
"owey," who are required to pay the '
monthly instalments of S2O. He also
assumes a risk, aud that is, if any mem
ber of the "owey" does not pay at the
appointed time he has to be responsibie
for the amount due. The other mem
bers of the "owey," who by instal
ment advance money to one another,
receive intere for the amount of their
advances and each in turn has the use
of the total amount of the "owey" iu
the same proportion as the originator.
This method of money lending is in
yogue among all classes, and women
often form "oweys" among themselves.
Wnen the slips of paper before alluded j
to are drawn from the bowl it often hap
pens that two or more contain the same
amount of premium. In such an event
the "owey" is given to the one whose
slip is tirst drawn. The "owey" may be
composed of any number uot exceeding
ten besides the originator, and the
greatest amount that may be raised by
such means is $2,000. Whenever an
"owey" is formed and the amount to be
awarded to the originator is SSOO, or in
excess thereof, he is required to treat
those who loan liim the money to a din
ner not to cost less than $2 a head.
Oftentimes a high premium is bid for
the privilege of the "owey" for each
succeeding month, and this gives the
lenders considerable interest for the use
of their money.
met Hl® J>f-trtft.
The man who travels on the railroad
aud sits down by the side of lone fe
males and tells them that he recognizes
a likeness of their faces to his wile's
sister, met his deserts on one of the
He sat down in the half of a scat, the
other half of \hich was occupied by a
pleasant-faced young lady. He looked
at her, as such fellows will, and then
"Pardon me, miss, but is your name
James? I have a oousin of that name
whom you greatly resemble."
"No, sir," was the reply ; "my name
is not James. But I think I must ask
you to pardon me if I ask is your name
"Zinc or Copper? No, ma'am,"said
the man. "What led you to suppose I
had such names ?"
"Pray excuse me," was the quiet re
ply, * 'but I thought you must be a first
cousin to a brass foundry."
The man knocked over a bird cage iu
his haste to get into the. smoking oar,
while the young lady quietly smiled
behind her handkerchief.
Jim'* OJ'tlet I'.urml.
There wn§£ strangvr funeral from tbe
undertaker's thop 8J Greenwich street.
New York, the other afternoon. No min
ister, no weeping relatives, no flowers, no
tears were to lc seen. Only a coufde of
dozen muiiV. then went into the shop, sin
gly or iu couples, and look a look at I lie
corpse, it was'rbe body of a uiao of SO,
with a tiigli forffliead, prominent nose, ami
the expression of a man who had seen lite
ut some of its roughest places. Toe un
dertaker sal 1:
"there .is no use iu publishing him.
His last request was that it should be kept
seen t, iK-eause da' not wish iuk poor
old mother tq know pf it. She is 70 years
old, ami liv/bjf "ill '* a con fort able home
down Euet, which he provided for her.
Ho said it would not do any good to let
her know lie wus dead."
"lit whs the slickest handed man that
ever tossed a pasteboard,"" said one of the
bystanders to,a reporter. "He went by
the name of Jordan, but his real name
was Btuee. He. was well known among
the sporting fraternity a* the original
'Slim Jinn king pt the three ea\d nmijtc
men.' His real jiame was j ames firuoe,
and tie was a farmer down In
.Malta up to lNrttV One day he went to a
county fair and faw a man. tossing the
three cards. He .thought he could pick
out the little joker. It lKked so easy to
make $5 by saying 'that's the'card,' when
he saw the corner turned. He bet and
lost, aud bet and lost as many a greenhorn
has done before and since. In trying to
get $24 out of the the three card mouie
man, on what lie thought a mire thing, he
lost $25. Then to? made up his mind it
would be ft good game to learu. lie learn
ed it so well that he made over #400,000
out of it.
"Jim was 5 feet 11 idches tall, weighed
150 pounds, had a suuoth face anujlooked
like a natural verdant or 'sucker.' To look
at hun when lie was made up !r business
you would think hiju a country lout, who
needul to be taken eate of. He used to
wear a suit o! 'dungarees,' or brown coun
try garments, that made him look like u
farmer's man in store clothes. When lie
got on those dungarees, with u straw hat,
lug lands wi'h his psnialoons tucked in,
and a hunk of gingerbread, he was reaoy
to skin auy countryman that ever tried to
roh a monte muu, bv pretending to guess a
card when he thought ho had it sure.
"Jim, dressed in this rig, would stum
ble into an ex pi ess train at a country sta
tion, sprawl over the floor, spill a few oiu
of a-bag of f2o gold pieces, swear that he
had been roitied of a part of the money
lie had got lor selling ids hum, and in a
clumsy way bring out the cards to show
how the gamblers got the best of him.
Ills cappers or confidants would gather
about and soou Jim would have a flr>t
class game under way. Ihe greenhorns
would be sure to bite, Jim would turn
up the corner of the ace in such a clumsy
way arid let them win ale w times to get
them excited. '1 hen the a mplelons would
oel all they had, aud Jim would scoop
"For years Jim has been known-at races
fairs, ami on the principal railroads. He
worked them aI J as long as he could. He
was very successful on the Union Pacific
ami Central Pacific Kailrocds, and was ihe
best 'sure thing* gambler m America. He
was ttie equal of the ceiebrutcd 'Canada
Hill," the three card monte man who died
in Philadelphia recently.
' Jiui offerid Ihe Union Paciuc K dlr >a<i
Company $lO OOU for permis-iou to ply
his game on their road in I.sJC, and agreed
that he would uot llcece anybody but dea
cons ui d clergymen, lie used to say that
it was a perfectly lair thing to swindle the
pious people who were trying to cheat
others by betting on what they thought
was a sure thing.
"Jim was well known in Utah, Califor
nia, Nevada, ar.d, in fact, throughout the
West. Olten the rai road companies
would put detectives ailer him to keep film
off the trains. Luturiy lie worked the
trains between New York and Washington
He was not without syjnp iftiy. It he won
from a man who could afford to lose be
would not care how much he lea k away
from him. Hut, if he thought the victim
could not spare it, he would give hack
part of the money with the cod advice:
'Don't gamble; don't even bet that you
"Jim was registered at (bo P*rk Hotel,
Mat Goodereou's old place, as Jatues Jor
dan and by that name lie was generally
known. Two weeks previous to his death
he wa9 out with som friends preity well on
to Sunday morning He gt sen filing, all
in fun with Mat Carroll. Carroll goi irto
a sen file with another man and shot at him
hitting Jim t>y- mistake. Tne ball lodged
in the groin and he was taken to Belle
vue Hospital, where he died. Some of
the boys visited him in the Hospital, and
did what they cou'.tl for him. They raie
slTiOtobury hini decently, acd some of
the in sat up with the body on the last
night. Who were thevf Well, perhaps
there is no use saying who they wore, as
the man was crooked. But, though he
was a crooked man, he had a good heart,
and many is the dollar he took from those
who could afford to lose it and gave it to
some poor emigrant without a dollar in
The facts with regard to the shooting of
Bruce were as follows: On a Sunday af
ternoon a shot was heard in Park How,
and immediately afterward a thin man
limped across the rood to Frankfort street,
a stout man fell ou his back on the foot
way, and a man in aw hite slouch hat was
seen running along the sidewalk toward
the aide walk toward the postoffloe with a
revolver in his hand. He was pursued
and arrested. In the Oak street station
he was accused by the fat man, who said
his name was Maxwell, of having tired at
him. The prisoner was identified as ''Bos
ton Jack," a confidence man. In the
meantime a reporter had found that the
thin man. who had been forgotten in the
excitement, had been wounded In the
thigh, and that his name was James L.
Jordan. He was taken In an ambulance
to Chambers Street Hospital, where it was
found that the ball had passed through the
thigh. He said he was 32 years old, had
been in the city two or three years, and
was living at 9 Chatham street. He
would give no further information, lie
was sent to Bellevue the same evening.
This was James Bruce, alias Jordan. Bos
ton Jack, who gave his name as Frank
Hamsley, and Maxwell were brought be
fore Judge Murray the following day.
Hamsley was committed, without bail, to
await the result of Jordan's injuries, and
Maxwell was tined $lO fur being drunk,
and was held in SSUO bail to keep the
peace for six mouths.
Jim, the king of all montc men, was
buried iu Weeliawken Cemetery.
One of the notable personages of Rus
sia during the last reign was the Em
peror's dog "Mylord." The animal was
a great lavorite of his master, accom
panied him on his various campaigns
and was constantly the object of as
siduous care. He lias just died of old
age m the Princess Dolgoronky's hotel
at Pau, and hat been buried In the
garden of the villa belonging to General
Gaillard. A white marble tablet will
be raised over the grave.
Pchu* And ThniikMKlTlntc.
Thanksgiving was regarded as cacred
time in Connecticut a century ago. A
negro slave of Governor Huntington,
of Norwich, was thoughtlessly chopping
wood on a Thursday, Thanksgiving Day
in late November, One of the youug
ladies called to him, "Sambo, you
mustn't cut wood to-day ; it is Sunday."
"Sunday," said Sambo, reflectively ;
"we no hub baked beans last nigbt." A
traveler in prairiedom rode up to a log
houso on a Sitnrday as the family
wore sitting down to supper. His flrst
salutation was, "When did you hear
from Connecticut last?" "How did yon
know wo were from Connecticut?" "By
your beau pot, of course."
Was not one of the good dames of
those tunes famous throughout the col
ony for the thickness and richness of
her beau soup, whose husband, it is re
ported, invited a Governor or some
other dignitary home to dine with him
promising him u rare luxury ? It was
late, the family had dined, ami the mis
tress had gone out for an afternoon visit.
"Never mind," said the host, "here is
the porridge pot, still ou the crane in
the chimney," and forthwith bowls of
steaming liquid were spread upon the
table. "Wife's soup's not as good us
usual to-day, by crumbling bread
iut ii they managed to make a meal.
At tea the husband said : "My dear,
seems to me your beau soup was not as
good as common." "Where did you
get it?" "Out of the pot 111 the chimney
corner." "Bless me," says the horror
stricken wife," "that was my dishwater.'
Baked beans, baked salt i>ork and rye
and ludiuu bread were the luxuries.
Beans every Saturday night or the oyen
tops would fall in. Why on Saturday
night? It was said to be commemora
tive. In Indian war times an alarm
sent tin* settlers scurrying through the
woods to the block-house. It was Sat
urday and provisions were short. One
lady said she left an oven full of good
things and two adventure as men stole
through the alder swamps and returned
with whole scalps, and the whole garri
soned cammuuity made a supper of
baked beans and brown bread, and
thenceforward the custom prevailed till
it hits spread over the Union, along
with liasty pudding, to which Barlow
dedicated an ode, and succotash, which
the Pilgrims learned to make of tiie red
Caja* Coilites. ' s
L>iril(iliii llclloiiildKUd tlif CUIMIMII.
Mr. Duviu, in his most delightful
lecture ou "Down the Gulf and by the
Sea," lately delivered at Wiunepeg and
Hegma, tells the following very clntrac
t. ristic story ol the veteran statesman
at the head of the Canadian Govern
ment: "In due course the party trrived
at Quebec. The visit to the Angelicau
Cathedral brought ou some new- and
original ideas on the subject of church
decoration trow Mr lioby, the visit
to the Citadel, the St. Louis Hotel aud
Mount Hermou Oemetary idso contri
buting to the general amusement and
interest. And the first chapter of
what is really a novel in three chapters
concludes with this scene, which we
believe is historical, and took place this
summer. On reaching the St Louis
Hotel tliey saw Sir John McDonald,
with liis thoughtful face and dark curls,
which still fight hard ageinst the
blanching touch of time. He was sur
rounded by a lot ot cabmen all crying:
"I'll take you, sir, I've a fine horse,
Sir John." Then our friends bad the
opportunity of witnessing one of those
acts which more than even his great
ability has endeared Sir John McDonald
to a large portion of the Canadian peo
ple, Sir John asked whether Jim
McCullougli was there. Jim was not
there, but a little boy said Jim was on
the stand, and lie would fetch him.
Many yeare ago, when Parliament met
in Quebec, Jim always drove Sir John.
Jim now came, old and ragged, driving
the worst cab in Quebec. Sir John
shook hands with him, inquired how
Biddy and the children were, and then
amid cheers, in which even the disap
pointed cabmen joined, drove off to visit
the Governor Ueueral and the Princess
! This Article of food was transmitted by
the Greeks to the Bomans, and either the
latier or the Phoenicians may have intro
duced trie cultivation of corn into G iul.
While, however, the land was maiDly
coven d with immense forests a long time
must have elapsed before the practice of
eating acorns, chestnuts, and beeoh mast
was abandoned, and even when corn was
regularly crown, ripened and harvested,
the grains were merely plucked from the
ear and eaten raw or slig'jtly parched. The
next step was to infuse the grains in hot
water for the nmkiug of a species of gruel
or porridge, nbd a long time afterward it
may have occurred to some bright genius
to pound the corn in h mortar or rub it
to a powder between two stones. Subse
quently came the hand-mill; but u was
not until alter the first crusade that the
wind-mill was mtnxluced from the East,
whither it had probably found its way
from China, The tirst bread was evidently
baked ou the ashes atul unleavened, aud
the intolerable pangs of indigesrion
brought on by a continual course of
"galette" or "damper" may have suggested
the use of a ferm was, ugeut, which, in
the first instancentmg probably, stal
bread turned sour. Pliny has distinctly
told UP, in bis "Natural History," that the
Gauls leavened their bread with yeast
made from the lye of bet r; yet, strangely
enough, they abandoned the use of beer
yeast, and did not resume it until the
17th century. Its revival in France made
the fortune of many bakers; then the
inedioal faculty sounded an alarm, declar
ing that yeast made from bear was poison
ous. Its employment was prohibited by
law in 1866 but the outcry raised by the
bakers and the public was so vehement
that in the following year the decree of
prohibition wes cancelled, with the proviso
that the yeast was to be procured only
from beer freshly brewed in Paris or its
immediate neighborhood. Some form of
fermented bn ad, however, the French had
been eating'tor 1600 years, in contradta.
Unction to the gruel ami pulse eating
Italians and Levantines and the purely
H IWI 9ea!e Begin Life.
Of the different sorts of North At
lantic seals all but two ere migratory—
that is to say, the whole body of them
move from north to south each Autumn,
and back from south to north each
Spring. The annual southward*journey
of the restless harp-seal furnishes a vi
vid picture of these great migrations
which are so prominent a feature of
polar history. Keeping just ahead of
the "making" of the ioe or final freez
ing np of tho fiords aud bays, at the
approach of Wiuter they leave' Gree
nland, and begin their passage southward
along the coast of Labradore, freely
entering all the gulfs and bays. Floating
in with the Aretie current, their progress
w extremely rapid, tfnd in but one short
week the whole multitude has passed.
Arriving at the Straits of Beliisle, some
enter the gulf, but the great body move
onward along the eastern portion of
Newfoundland, and thence outward to
the Grand Banks, where they arrive
tiix>ut Christmas. Hero they rest for
month, and then they turu northward,
slowly struggled against the strong cur
ing rent that aided them so much in their
southward journey, until they reach the
great ice-fields stretching from the Lab
rador shore far eastward—a broad con
tinent of ice. During the first half of
March, on these great floating field* of
ice, ure born thousands of baby seals -
all in soft woolly dress, white, or white
with a beautiful golden lustre. The
Newfoundlander! call them "white
eoats." In a few weeks, however, thej
lose this soft covering, and a gray, coarse
lur takes its place. In this uniform
they bear the name of "ragged- jackets,"
and it is not until two or three years
later that the full colors of the adult
are gained, with the black crescentic or
harp like marks on the back, which
give them the name of "harps." The
squealing and bark iig at one of these
immense nurseries can l>e ht-ard lor a
very long distance. When the babies
are very young, the mothers leave them
on the ice and go off in search of food,
coming back frequently to look after
the little ones ; and although there are
thousands of the small, white, squeal
ing creatures, which to you an] me
would seem to be precisely alike, and
all are moving about more or less, the
mother never makes a mistake nor feeds
any bleating baby until she has found
her own if ice happens to pack around
them, so that they cannot open holes,
nor get into the water, the whole army
will laboriously travel by lloundering
leaps to the edge of the field ; and they
show an astonishing sagacity in discern
ing the proper direction. It is supposed
that they can smell the water at a long
distance. Sometimes great storms come,
breaking the ice-floes in pieces and
jamming the fragments against one
another, or upon rocky headlands, with
tremendous force. And it is touching
to watch a mother seal struggling to
get her baby to a safe place, "either by
trying to swim with it between her fore
flippers, or by driving it before her and
tossing it forward with her nose." The
destruction caused by such gales is far
less when they happen after the young
sters have learned to swim. A baby seal
is afraid of the wtiter ; an 1 if some ac
cident, or his mother's shoulder, pushes
him into the water when he is ten or a
dozen days old, he screams with tright,
and scrambles out as fast as he can.
The next day he tries it again, but finds
himself very awkward and soon tired
the third day he does better, and be
fore long he can dive and leap, turn
soirerset (if he is a bearded seal), and
vanish under the iceiiterally "like a blue
streak," the instant danger threatens.
BU Profit* ol Street Bffffitug*
Happening to pass through Four
teenth street yesterday afternoon I no
ticed an intelligent looking man with
an empty sleeve. He was begging—a
common enough sight iu New York—
but this beggar was an eestbete. He
was sitting beside a hnge music box
that probably costs 3100, and in front
of it was a handsome poodle dog, care
fully combed and trimmed, and in his
mouth a small basket. Tlie man bad a
soldier's cap iu his hand, and the group
was an affective and artistic one. Curi
ous to eee how the dog succoeded I
stood aside for a few minutes and saw
fully half a dollar dropped in pennies
and nickels by the ladies who were
passing, all evidently attracted by the
fine face of the beggar, the clean look
ing dog and the musical strains cf the
tireless box as it jinglad out an aria
from "Somnambula." No one stopped
to consider that beggars are not sup
posed to be able to buy SIOO music
boxes, but eyery tender-hearted woman
dropped her mite and passed on, think
ing she had done a charitable action.
Two hours afterward I passed the beg
gar, ai d found him still scooping in
the nickels at a furious rate. No doubt
he realized eight or ten dollars before
sunset. There is a story extant of a
man who tried unsuccessfully to get em
ploymeut, and at length sat down on
the • curbstone, exhausted by fatigue
and hunger. He fell asleep and his
hat slipped from his head and lay up
turned ueside him. When he awoke
he found nearly a dollar in small coin
in the hat, and, seeing that beggiug
was profitable, sat on the same spot day
after day with his hat before him. So
well did he succeed that he was able at
last to go out West and purchase a farm.
It is quite true, and the man is living
still. In* fact, beggiDg is a profession,
and men anti women stand in the dust
asking for alms who are really richer
than those' who bestow them. The
superintendent of police once pointed
out an old man,to me who, he said,
owned a whole row of dwellings up town,
tbe rents of which were over 315,000
per annum, and all this valuable prop
erty had been paid for by begging.
Use voui leisure uuie tor improve
Country Lift in Oroooo.
A drive of an hoar and a half brought
us to Vertonda, the little Tillage where
we were to see for the first time the real
country life. Its name is Turkish, and
is that of a flower whioh grows aban
dandtly in the vicinity. We torned off
the main road into a lane through the
fields then wiring with wheat and barley
ripe'for the harvest. This farm was
bought sixty years ago, by the father of
the present owner, from a pacha, for a
diamond hilted sword worth five thou
sand drachmas, or about one thousand
dollars. It is now estimated at about
forty times i<s value. It is very extensive
and beside the grain fields, has vine
yards and valuable chromium mines.
The village is small—a group of ten or
twelve houses, clustered about the white
washed churoh. Behind this, on higher
grounds, stand the house and garden of
the proprietor, nestled at the foot of an
abrupt and wooden cliff. A way in the
distance the snow-capped peaks of Del
phi*. the highest mountain of Eubcea,
looms up to a height of over five thou
sand feet. Its base is a half day's
ouruey from Vertonda on horsebac k,
and we hoped at first to make the ascent;
but, hearing on ail sides the difficulties
to be encountered, we did not attempt
it. One of the few people who had
climbed it, however, was Queen Amelia*
who was an undaunted explorer of all
parts of her kingdom.
The house of Mr. X. is a low cottage,
covering much ground, and built around
a court-yard, which we entered through
a high, strong gateway. The gate and
the iron barricades at the windows gave
me a feeling of trepidation ; but my
friends laughed at my fears, and the at
tractive and cherefnt aspect of the es
tablishment reassured me. Flowers
were growing everywhere, pigeons were
ooomg from their cotes in a little tower,
and several smiling servants were
awaiting our arrival. The inside of the
bouse was most comfortable, and the
view from the froDt windows was sub
erb overlooking the garden and village
to the sea, half a mile away ; bevound
this lay the Boeotian Mountains, and
still fuither in the distance, shining
like a golden crown in the setting sun.
rose the eternal snows of Parnassus.
Alter a little I wandered out into a field
opposite the house, where a woman was
cooking at a fire built iu a rough sort of
stone furnace. She had an iuwiem-e
copper kettle full of soap. I said ; "You
must have a large family ?" Yes," she
replied with an amused smile : "thirty
women." Supposing that they had a
system of 00-operative house-keeping,
and that she cooked for the whole vil
age, I continued my inquiries, when
she told me that, it being harvest sea
sou, there were many extra laborer*,
who were women, and she as the steward a
daughter, had the supervision of them.
The supper consisted only of a piece
of bread beside the toup ; and this diet
has but few varations, such as black
olives, salad, and fruit in the season.
Meat is a great r&rity ; many eat it but
once a year, at the feast of L&mbri, or
Easter. Then every one eats roast spring
lamb ; and if one is too poor to buy it
he will be sure to find somebody to give
it to him. The generosity of the Greeks
is extreme at Easter and New Year, as
it is considered a religious duty to help
the pooi at these seasons. She took
her soup off the fire, and put it out in
the air to cool, remarking that it was
very injurious to the teeth to eat hot
fot.d. As Greek peasants always have
fine teeth, probably the theoryjs a oor
rect one. After this she raked out her
tire and put a number of loaves of bread
ou the heated stones : there, she said,
t hey must remain all night to be thor
oughly cooked. Her work finished, she
gave a sigh of relief, and sat down to
await her family of thirty women, whom
we soon saw approaching through the
gathering darkness. As they came nearer
t perceived that they were mostly girls
of fourteen or fifteen years, with one or
two older women who led the party ;
they were a sturdy-looking, sunburned
set, and, instead of seeming weary with
the long day's work, were in the beet of
Bpints, laughing and talking. Tke effect
was most picturesque : for although clad
in the poorest, and in many oases most
ragged castnmes, the shape of their
garments was suoh as best to set off
their superb figures, and their free, tin
trammeled gait gave them even a ma
jestic air. The material of the dress is
both woolen and cotton, of soft yellow
ish-white, embroidered with bright
colors : the broad sashes and the ker
chiefs worn over the head are also of
some gay color, beoomiDg to their dark
hair and eyes. As soon as they had
reached the place where we were they
sat down in groups, keeping up the
same lively chatter.
Daring our own repast, which was
soon announced. Mr. X. told us thai,
these women laborers were a set o
people from the poorest part of the
population, who always went about to
gether from estate to estate to help
when there was extra work on hand.
They receive a drachma per day and
their food, the day lasting from sunrise
to sunset. This company was from
Chalcis ; but he soon expected a band
of men from Salamis, whose natives are
considered remarkable good workers.
The conversation then turned upon the
conditon of the laboring classes in Greece,
whereupon he expressed much dissatis
faction at the large number of feast
days that the peasants keep, and said
that the country would always be poor
until the laborers would learn to worn
more steadily. Some of his people,
particularly the older ones, would never
work on any saint's day j as the n'ime
of the saints is legion, there woul be an
average of nearly a day a week, beside
the Sunday, when they would do nothing
but dress in their best clothes and dance
and sing. I Could not help thinking
how much this sociable dancing and
singing added to their charms as human
beings, and wondering/whether they
would come home at night from their
labors with suoh an elastic step ware it
not for this waste of which the
landlords so bitterly complain,
-•V / '
w - :r