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J C. SPRING KR.
Next Door to JOURNAL Store,
B KLLEFONTE, - - - PA
C 6. McMILLEN.
Good Sample Room on First Floor.
•Y-Free BUM to and from all Train*. Special
rates to witnesses and Jurors. *4
(Moat Central Hotel tn Via City J
Corner MAIN and JAY Streets,
Lock Haven, Pa.
S. WOODS CALWELL, Proprietor.
Good Sample Rooms for Commercial
Traveler* on first floor.
D. H. MINGLE.
Physician and Surgeon,
MAIN Street, MILLHKIM, Pa.
K.JOHN F. HARTER,
Office In 2d story of TomUntoa't Gro
On MAIN Street, MILLHEIM, Pa.
• FASHIONABLE BOOT A SHOE MAKER
Shop next door to Foote's Btore, Main Bt,
B"<>t... Shoes and <aitera made to order, and sat
lßfa.iory work guaranteed. Repairing done prompt
ly and cheaply, and in a neat style.
C. T. Alexander. C. M. Bower.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Offline In tiAnnan's new building.
JOHN B. LINN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office on Allegheny Street.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
BBLLEFOIT. % PA.
Korthweet corner of Diamond.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Orphans Court business a Specialty.
ATTORNEY AT LAW#
Practices in all the courts of Centra County.
Spec al attention to Collection*. Consultations
in German or English.
J. A. Beaver. J W. Gephart.
j>EAVER & GEPHART,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offloe on Alleghany Street, North of High.
Y° CUM A HARSHBERGER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Consultations In English or German. Office
in Lyons Building, Allegheny Street
*D. ■. HASSDWHU '•
JJAOTLNGS & REEDER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
* BELLEFONTE, PA
Offloe on Allegheny street, two doors esst of the
occunied by the late urn o1 Y""~"" * Bast
A LITTLE 3-year old, whose mother
was mixing a simple cough mediciue
for him, watched the process, and asked
if it was good. He was permitted to
taste it, and having discovered a bitter
ness in the decoction which was not
suitable to the present wants of his pal
ate he exclaimed: "It is awful good,
mamma; let's keep it ail for papa,"
ilie pittteiii fwtaL
A UOLDKN TKKSH.
Ah me! now silent * oiroutusisnee
May move our iumqj's deepest swtue*.
Alt tue: how aimple-seemioa ohauoe
Anu wake lite old reuieuittereJ tunes,
Till memory maiKleua to tlte altr,
And all the past'* oblivious bone*
Leap llv.n# from the sepulu.tre.
1 found a to-d*y a golden tress
uf one who has been dead for years.
And such a su Hen loucliuea'j
Fell ou uty heart and ou the spheres,
1 well uigli feared the Christ of Faith
Had gathered all ills suushlue lu.
And left us uothiug but tue wraith
uf dark seltlshueas and alu.
The seat beneath the btuel-ttough*.
The woodlands where our feel did stray,
The quick, warm thrill of whispered vows
That wore the precious tune away.
The twilight depths of those dear eyes,
The reverent lips the saintly urow,
The Kdeu-hours of low replies.
Beloved! bow they haunt ate now.
Almost uty heart had bridged across
The aolem waters which did roll
Betweeu my fearful seuse of loss
Aud every other human sou'.
But uothiug uow surmounts the waves.
That waslt my barren talaud shore.
Moaning like dead hopes from their graves;
Ah nevermore! ah nevermore.
L 1 FK'S Mil ADO W.|
Whatever on earth you oan see to ad
mire is beyoud me," Dr. Ogdeu said
"1 did think, Carroll, you were wade
of different stuff from the ordinary run
of young meu, but it appears you are
as big an idiot as the rest of them.
Ami, looking with Dr. Ogden's eyes—
indeed, with almost anybody's eyes—it
did seem as if young Carroll Eytiug had
done a very foolish tiling in determined
ly falling in love with a girl who was
only pretty and fascinating, but—poor
and obscure—aud that, too, when, as
the heir aud prime favorite of his rich
old bachelor uuole, Carroll might have
married m his owu rank and society.
But, Jessie Morrison was so pretty, it
was haidly to be wondered at, when you
looked at the question from the lover's
So pretty, with a fair dewy complxion,
all cream-aud-roses, great, meltiug black
eyes and hair, and a mouth smilliug,
and fragrant and saucy, and a figure
liko a Hebe's.
4 *lt'u too bail, too bail," Dr. Ogdeu
went on, half-scalding himself with hot
coffee for supper—a breach of good
judgement he would have roundly be
rated in a patient—"too bad for any
"I did think it would all come to an
end, but here you oome and tell me you
are up and-down engaged to her—your
prospects ruined, your future marred."
_ Carroll laughed pleasantly.
"Hardly as bad as that, uncle Johu,
"My engagement to Jessie promises
to be a long ons, for I have no idea of
marrying until I am definitely settled
for my life business."
"Ruined and blighted, I tell you,"
Dr. Ogdeu repeated emphatically.
"She is not the style of girl to make a
good wife—she's selfish, and vain, and
lazy—crimps her hair and fools with
her toilets, at the expense of your shirt
"But, uncle Johu," Carroll interrup
ted solemnly, a merry twinkle in his
blue eyes, "you forget shirt buttons are
uot worn now.
"Button-holes and stads "
"The invention of the demon for
shiftless women and careless laundres
ses," Dr. Ogden growled.
"But that's neither here nor there.
"It's the principle of the thing that I
am after, although I might argue till I
was dumb before I oould convince you
that you were running your head against
"YoS, I think it would take that long
aud longer," Carroll answered.
"I am sorry that you look upou Jes
sie as you do, uncle John, but I think,
when you know her better, you will
change your mind."
"I haven't lived sixty-seven years,
and half ol them right in people's fami
lies, not to know the genuine article
when 1 see it!
"And I tell you, my boy, Jessie Morri
son hasn't the ring of the true metal
about her—never had, never will have ;
it ain't in her."
And then Carroll bit his moustache—
a sure sign that his usually placid tem
per was rising.
"We will not discuss the subject
further, uucle John," he said, with a
quiet manly diguity that Doctor Ogdeu
felt bound to respect.
'-Uucle Jolm is terribly unreasonable,
and utterly wrong," Carroll said to him
"The boy is making a consummate
fool of himself," uncle John thought
And for a long month Jessie's name
was never mentioned between them.
It was at the end of that period of
silence, one cold, dull January day,
when there was snow in the air, and Dr.
Ogden was driviug rapidly through a
shabby back street, wlien a woman ran
out from a wretched little house and
bailed bim, holding lier little blanket
shawl tightly oyer her unkempt hair as
she stood in the penetrating air.
"I have been watching for you the
last hour, doctor.
"There's a bad casein the house—au
old woman, and a stranger.
"You must come in and see her, doc
i It was a "bad case,"—Dr. OgdeiHGa
MILLHEIM. PA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21 ,1882.
covered that before he had beou five
minutes in the dull, comfortless tittle
bedroom wher the patieut lay.
"It's a bad case," he said to her, iu
his bluff, honest way, "but there's no
reason why we won't pull you through.
"Buiail-pox, I suppose some people
would call it, yarioloid I say.
"But you ureu't going to die, mind
"You're a stranger here, Mrs. Jones
"What's your name ?"
"I'm a stranger, sir, and I would have
stayed where I was if I'd dreamed 1 was
going to be such a dreadful trouble.
"Soiull-i>ox, yes, my daughter told
uie she knew it was sinal l-iox.
"My name's Morrison, doctor, and
I'm from Brighton on a visit to my
daughter, whom I liayen't seen for five
years, but she was afraid "
"Morrison !" Dr. Ogdeit repeated, a
curious little snap in his voice.
"I've heard the name before.
"So your daughter wouldn't have you
at her home, eh ?"
"You couldn't hardly blame her—
Jessie's young, pretty aud gay, aud
girls is thoughtless, you know.
"Maybe you kuow ner—Jessie Mor
rison, sir, iu Hewliug A Donaldson's
dry goods' store ?'
Dr. Ogdeu's eves twinkled od*lly as
he buttoned up his overcoat.
"I ve heard of her," he said,
"And you haven't seen her for five
"Not until a couple of days ago, sir.
"You sec, I can't get away—being in
service—very often, but I'd heard Jessie
was going to l>e married to as Hue u
youug gentleman as there was in the
world, and I ciayed so to see her and
talk it over with her.
"She alwavs w as liigb-minded, ambit
ious, Jessie was, and I wasn't surprised
when I heard it; and, of course, I
couldn't blame her for not letting me
stay with her a few days, when she
found I was ill with such symptoms.''
"Well, I don't agree with you," he
"Your daughter was bound to take
care of you ; you wouldn't have turned
her out of your home if she had brought
a pestilence with her.
"I don't admire your daughter over
and above, madam—a girl who would
allowed her old mother to live out at
service, while she is earning fair wages
and dresses as tine as your daughter
"TLeu you've seen her doctor '
"You know how pretty and stylish
"1 don't mind it a bit, and Mrs. Jones*
isn't afraid of the disease, for she's had
it, aud her husband, too.
"I've got a few dollars sayed up, and
I'll give it to her.
"I was going to buy Jessie a coral pin
she wants so bad, but she'll have to go
without it now.
"What a terrible pity," IV. Ogden
"Now, Mrs. Morrison, I want you to
take your medicine regularly, and fol
low every direction 1 give you, and in a
little while you'll be all right."
And then Dr. Ogden bustled away to
change his clothes ana fumigate his hair
and whiskers before he went home.
At luncheon that day, Carroll Eyting
looked gloomy and depressed, an 1 be
fore the meal was over he broke the
"I dare say you will object, uncle
John, but I Would be thankful if you'd
go and see Jessie.
"She's hall ill, aud dreadfully nervous,
having been exposed to small-pox—a
miserable begging creature from the
city forced herself upon her a day or so,
ago who at the time was sickened from
the scourge herself.
"It is shameful, positively shameful
that there is such laxity iu our health
taws as to "
Dr. Ogdeu interrupted the indignant
"There are tilings more shameful,
"See here, Carroll-- if I was to get
the smali-pox would you kick me out,
send me to the hospital ?
"What would you do?" #
Carroll looked questiongly.
"Kick you out !
"Send you to the hospital !
"Why uncle John, you don't think
me capable of "
"Of course you wouldn't.
"S you're afraia Miss Morrison's
coming down with the small-pox, are
"I don't suppose you'd marry her if
she turns out pock-marked and scanty
haired, and "
"I'd marry her no matter how her
beauty was spoiled !
"I loved Jtssie, not her face,"Carroll
"T- en, if her beauty of character
was spoiled, Iter womanhood tarnished
by a mean, despicable deed, you'd give
her up y"
"I would—but it is au impossibility.
"Will you go and see her, uncle
John—as my betrothed wife ?"
And then Dr. Ogden laid down his
napkin, and stood up, aud looked soelmn
ly at Carroll."
"My boy, when I tell you that this
morning % I was called to see the "misera
ble beggar from the city who forced
herself upon Miss Jessie Morrison, and
learned from her own lips that she was
the girl's owu mother, inhumanly driven
away—perhaps to her death—by reason
of fear and mortification, I do not think
you will ask me to visit Jessie Morrison
as your 'betrothed wife.' "
Carroll had sprung to Lis feet during
Dr. Ogdeu'g words, a paleness on his
face, an excitement iu his manner, born
of tlie very conviotiou in Dr. Ugdeu's
words and mien.
"Cuole John !
"It is impossible-impossible !" he
Hut before twenty -fflur hours had pas
sed he know it was not only possible
but true. \
"You wore right* uncle John," he
said sadily, "tke g rill loved was sper
"She wo* not worthy W be- your
And whin Dr. Ogden shook him
sympathise!ugly by the hand, ho did
as much as say—
"l told you so !"
Jessie Morrison did not have the
suiiill-pox, but she lost her lover, just
as she richly deserved to lose him, and
will repent bitterly her inhumanity as
long ns she lives.
Oid Mrs. Morrison recovered in
Heaven's and under Dr.
Ogden's skilled cure—but it was not to
return to the haru work of years, for
touched with deep pity, Dr. Ogden and
and Carroll secured her a position as
matron in a children's asylum where
her life is declining peacefully amid oou
genial, well-performed duties.
And Carroll Eyting will never marry,
to Dr. Ogden's secret delight—yet a de
light strangely mingled with regret at
the young fellow's qufrt sadness and
ludiguutiou that such Agirl could have
Htnulowed so noble a ij 'e.
l>lieaut .luoltst Days.
Undoubtedly tiiere is much idle talk
about tbe wonderful extravagance of
ladies of the present day, their pursuit
of constantly changing styles, and the
luxuries demanded by those who can,
or think they can afford the expense.
One would be led to suppose, in the
absence of knowledge to the contrary,
that these were things of modern growth.
But just look at the "style" they used
to put on in early ages, and their enor
We arc told that the ladies of Lesbos
slept on roses whose pen nine had been
artificially heightened. Aud in time
court maidens powdered .their hair in
gold. Marc Antony's daughter did not
change her d ress hair a dozen times a
day, tm do the Saratoga graooa, bat who
made the lampreya iu her lish pond
wear earrings. The dresses of Lollia
Paulina, the rival of wore
valued at #2,604,480. Tins did not in
clude her jewels. She wore at one sup
l>er $1,562,500 wortb of jewels, and it
was a plain citizen's supper. The luxury
of Poppase. beloved by Nero, was equal
to tliat of Lollia. The women of the
Koinau empire indulged iu all so r ts of
luxuries and excesses, and these were
revived under Napoleon tbe first in
France. Mine. Tallica bathed herself
in a wash of strawberries and raspber
ries, and had herself rubbed down with
sponges dipped in milk and perfumes.
Ovid says that m his day girls were
tuught to smile grseefully. The beauties
of ancient times were just as vain as
modern belles, and spent the greater
part of their day at their toilet Tbe
use of cosmetics was universal amongst
them. Aspasia and Cleopatra (models
of female beauty, it is said), both used
an abundance of paint, aud each wrote
a treatise on cosmetics. Cleopatra used
bears' grease to keep her hair from fall
ing out. Roman ladies were so careful
of. tbeir complexions that to protect
them they wore masks. The Athenian
women of of antiquity were verystudioUH
of the attitudes and actions, and thought
a hurried aud sudden step a sign of rus
ticity. We iiave oertain styles of beauty
now-a-days; so had the Greeks. They
went wild over the "ideal ohm," neither
sharp nor blunt, but gently undulating
in its outline, aud losing itself gradual
ly and almost insensibly in the iullness
of the neck. The union of the two eye
brows Wiis esteemed by the Romans as a
beauty. It is said they admired the air
of dignity it gives to the face. An Al
banian belle of to-day presents a rather
striking appearance. She is, as a rule,
coifed with seed pearls aud coins, and
enveloped in bluok serge pelisse. She
uses paint on lior face profusely, and
her taste runs to cherry lips anil cheeks
and jet black eyebrows strongly drawn.
An Albanian bride discards paint for a
a while, and if wealthy, wears a suit
like this: Rose colored under robes,
with an over robe of dark green velvet,
the idoa being taken from a rose bud
half opened in its leaves. Thus array
ed the girl of handsome features is
said to look really bewitching. The
Tartars despise prominent nasal appen
dages, and tbe woman who has the
smallest uose is esteemed the most
charming, but to outside barbarians
she is a perfect fright. The women of
Spiti, India, wear tunics, and trousers
of woolen stuff, with large boots, partly
of leather, partly of blanket, which
come up to the knee, and which they
are fond ot taking off at any time. In
order to get greater warmth they often
put a quantity of flour into these boots
besides tlieir legs. Their taste in regard
to ornaments luns much to all sorts of
rings, including nose rings. A typical
women in the interior of Afrioa is thus
described: "Her naked negro skin was
leathery, coarse and wrinkled; her fig
ure was tottering and knock-kneed; her
thin hair hung in greasy locks; on her
wrists and ankles she had almost an ar
fcenal of metal links of iron, brass and
copper, strong enough to bind a prison
er in his cell. About her neck were
hanging chains of iron, strips ot leather,
strings of wooden balls and heaven
knows what lumber more."
Lass graia and more grazing tend to a
better development of frame and muscle
than when corn is fed to hogs exclusively.
Build the frame tns f , and lay cm the fat
The fostal Card.
No one denies that the postal oard is
a great thing, and yet it makes most
people mud to get one. This is be
cause we naturally feel sensitive about
having our correspondence open to the
eye of the postmaster and postal clerk.
Yet they do not read them. Postal em
ployes hate a postal card as oordially
us any one else, if they were banished,
and had nothing to read but a package
of postal cart is or a foreign book of
statistics, they would read the statis
tics. This wild huDger for postal
cards on the part ot postmasters is all a
myth. When the writer doesn't oare
who sees his message that knocks
the curiosity out of those who handle
those messages. A man who would
read a postal card without being com
pelled to by some stringent statute
must be a little deranged. When you
receive one you say: "Here is a message
of so little importance that the writer
didn't care who saw it. I ilont oare
much for it myself. Then you look it
over and lay it away and forget it. Do
you think that the postmaster is going
to wear out his young life in devouring
literature that the sendee does not feel
proud of when he receives it? Nay, uay.
During our official experience we
have been placed where we could have
read postal cards time and again, and
no one but the All-Seeing Eye would
have detect ed, but we have con
trolled ourself and closed our eyes to
the written message, refusing to take
advantage of the conttdeuce rcjiosed in
ns by our Government and those who
thus trusted us with their aeorets. All
over our great land every moment of
tiie day or night these little cards are
being silently scattered, breathing lov
ing words inscribed with hard lead pen
cil, and sheddiug information upon sun
dered hearts, they are as safe as though
they had never been breathed.
They are safer iu most instances lie
cause they cannot be read by anybody
in the whole world.
That is why it irritates us to have
some one open up a conversation by
saying: "Yourememoer what tnat fel
low wrote me from Cheyenne on that
postal card of the twenty fifth, and how
lie rounded me up for not sending him
those goods?" Now, we can't keep all
those things in our bead. It requires
too much of a strain to do it cn the
salary we receive. A man with a very
large salary and a tenacious memory
might aeep run of the postal correspon
dence in a small office, but we cannot
do it. We are not accustom to it, and
it rattles and exiles us.
llanK IturtfUry hi anArt.
A writer from San Francisco says when
tbe combination lock was invented it was
thought that burglars could uo mere go
a burglariz ng. In 1872 or 1873, however,
ibis lond hope was found fallacious, when
a Louisville bank was nearly "cleaued out
of cash." TuiS adroit operation was fol
lowed for a period of four years by a
nuui ; er of robberies and attempted robber
les which have been equaled. Tbe
"gentlemen of the jimmy ' had the best
of the combination lock, bome idea may
be bad of the serious charKOter of this tact,
when the reader reflects that during those
years nearly three millions of money and
bonds were stolen from various banking
ius.ilutioas. These most skilful robberies
were the work ot one gang of men, nor
was the proof necessary to convict obtained
until the famous Northampton robbery, in
the winter of 1876, when four masked
men took from the vault money and bonds
of the face value of nearly one and a
I propose tc tell the story of two ot the
exploits of this gang, wbtcn, although not
altogether successful, will show; in part,
tne amouut ot work required to break a
bank, it may deter letnargic persons from
adopting tbe profession, because it will be
tound that even buigl&rs have to work for
a living. Robert Scoti and Jimmy Dunlap
were the brains of the combination, the
former born in Warsaw, 111., and the other
in Scotland. They were both "nervy,"
muscular, aud nobby. They lived in con
siderable style and fared sumptuously every
day. bcoit owned the celebrated trotting
mare ixuox. lie, in company with the
blonde-uioustacned Dun lap, created no end
of a sensation one season at Long Branch
being voted stunning good fellows by the
men, wlme they attracted considerable
attention among the ladies. Billy Conners,
a Now xork "crook," was also a member
of the syndicate. The Second National
Bank of Elmira was selected for attack,
it was decided to "work the bank" through
the floor of the YouDg Men's Christian
Assooiation room directly above the vault.
But they were met at the outset by an
unexpected difficulty—ihe door of the
room was an iron one, and locked with a
Hall lock. They did not understand its
mechanism. One of the party entered
the house of the secretary of the Young
Men's Christian Association while he was
asleep and searched his pockets to steal
the keys long enough to get an impression
in wax. The young man, however, had
placed the keys under the carpet in his
room, and the robbers were thus foiled.
They were now "in a quandary," and were
almost ready to give up, when Conners
heard of a lock expert who was employed
by one o! the great New York safe-makers.
Considerable diplomacy was employed and
some half a dozen interviews held before
the expert consented to reveal the secrets
of the iiaii lock for $50,000.
Conners came back to ElmirA, and Duu
lap, by some means, managed to hayo a
letter sent to the New Y'ork safe men uiak
iug inquiry in regard to their goods. As
was expected,the expert was uespatcued to
Elmira to "buz" the customer." He was
careful to mike known his busine a. It
was mentioned in an evening paper. Scott
mserted a ball ot paper in the Hall lock,in
const quence of which it was quite natural
that the expert be summoned to repair the
same. The expert took an impression of
the key,and thai difficulty was surmounted.
About this time a cerlaiu Mrs. Davis came
to Elmira from Baltimore and rented a
smalt house iu thfe suburbs. Hue represented
iter husband as a commercial man, who was
almost always on the road, it was a queer
kind of housekeeping she kept. There was
a full set of window cui tains to the house,
a few blankets and a few culinary utensils.
But she was very careful to sweep the
pavement every day and hung out an
Here the "gang" spent their time, never
going out in day time, and using every
precaution against disoovery. Tbe reader
will seo at once the value of this cover.
These men, it must be lewembered, were
suspected; some of them were known
hank breakers. Had their presence been
k >nwu iu Elmira a dszen of detectives
would have been at their heels and all the
banks would have been warned. By this
plan, however, they were enabled to defy
pursuit, for had a robbery been committed
during their stay there, no one knew they
were in the city. They were strangers to
everybody; nobody ws£ familiar with their
faces. In this house they lived nearly
two months. Every night they wen: to
the Y. M. C. A. room, unlocked the door
and took up ihe flooring, which they were
also careful to repiaoe before the inormug
began to blush over the hills. There were
not more tuau six men engaged in this
work: one of the party was obliged to
••pipe" outside. 'A)h after ton of stone
was carried up stairs in baskets and depos
ited on the roof; they burrowed through
five feet of solid masonry, and thence
through a layer of heavy iron. A plate of
steel, nearly two inches in thickness, was
the last barrier between them and the
coveted wealth. They were at work upon
this. The president ot the bank, Mr. H.
C Pratt, had occasion to enter the vault
one night, and observed a quantity of
plaster dust upon the floor. The president
suspected and buuted up an officer; but
the midnight masons took the hint and es
Stanley and Uruit.
Brazza, the Afrioan explores, the
other night heaped coals of fire upon
Siauley'a head. But he did not operate
in a meek, Christian spirit. He is an
Italian and has a very remarkable head.
To the front view of his face Euehd's
definition of a liue (length Without
breadth) is applicable. There are, how
ever, a pair of gleaming, intensely keen
black eyes, the ironical expression of
which musfhave been galling to Stan
ley. As to the profile, it is made up of
violent curves. The forehead is bumpy
and strongly modeled. A very high
bridged nose (higher than the Duke of
VV eilmgton's, but not so abruptly out
lined) dips at tbe end in a rounded
pout, so far down as to be almost hori
zontal with the mouth. The chin ad
vances in another strong curve. Braz
za's head is Florentine. Iu Leonardo's
picture of "The Last Supper" there is
such a head, and it is upon the
shoulders oi one who betrayed with a
kiss. Judas baa not, however, gleam
ing eyes aud an expression of scorching
irony. Br&zza managed not to look
scornful when singeing Stanley's head,
it is said that he was eavesdropping
while bis hated rival was expressing
contempt for Mm and the French flag,
which he appraised, in the diction of a
New York dry goods store, at so much
per square yard. Brazza's appearanoe
at the close of the evening was a most
effective and smoothly performed coup
de theatre. His little speech was de
livered trippingly, in a good voice and
with telling emphasis. That "Let me
shake hands with you before 1 hear
what you have said of me"—it was as
the lady saying to the gentleman who
asked her in a railway tram if she ob
jected to a cigar being lighted, "I really
cannot answer one way or the other, as
nobody ever yet smoked before me."
Judged according to his tenacity,and en
terprise, Stanley is a great man; but he
is a poor writer. His speech, which he
read with a closed mouth, was inter
minable and without movement. Why
he called Brazza a Florentine in mean
iug to abuse him it is hard to nuder
stand It is not disgraceful to be a
oountryman of Dante.
Man and animals.
There can be no doubt that dogs associ
ate with barking in certain tones special
emotional states in tneir companions. In
fact, it is probable that dogs can, in this
way, communicate with each other a wide
range of states of feeling. But these states
are present states, not states past or future.
They are their own states; not tne states of
others. A dog can call his companions'
aitention to a worn able cat, or he may
have his attention roused by exclaiming
"cat." But no dog could tell his compan
ion of the successful "worry" he had just
enjoyed, or suggest that they should go
out tor a "worry" to-morrow morning.
Aud here we come upon what seems to me
the feet which raises man so immeasurably
abeve the level of the brute. The brute
has to be contented with the experience
he inherits or individually acquires. Man,
through a language, spoken or written,
profits by the experience of his fellows.
Even the most saVage tribe has traditions
extending back to bis father's father
(■si roai). And the civilized man—has he
not in his libraries the recorded results of
many centuries of ever-widening experi
ence and ever-deepening thought? Thus it
is tha. language has made us men. By
means of language, aud language alone,
has human thought become possible. This
it is which has placed so enormous a gap
between the mind of man and the mind ot
the (log. Through language each human
being becomes the inheritor of the accumu
lated thought and experience of the whole
nuinaa race. Turough language has the
higher abstract thought become possible.
The sale of Malmaison to a land com
pany for $90,000, or less than one-third
of what tbe late Emporer Napoleon gave
Queen Christina of Spain for it will re
move another landmark in the history
of the Bonapartes. Originally a hos
pital, Malmaison was tbe dowry home
of Josepuine to Beanharnais, and it
was there that she died, thus being ful
filled, aooording to Lord Holland, the
prophecy made to her by a gipsy before
she had made the acquaintance of Napo
leon, that "she would be more than a
queen and die in a hospital,'* After
the death of Josephine, Malmaison be
came in turn tbe property of a Swedish
banker and of tbe ex-Queen Christina
of Spain, while of late years it has be
longed to to a financier, whose attempts
to divide the property into eligible
building sites was a failure. This finan
cier has gone the way of so many cour
tiers, and Malmaison is to be demolish
ed to make room for a manufactory.
—Wolfe was oonquerer of Quebec at
ch for BuiMluf.
A trade journal has tbe following re
garding papier-mache: It may claim to
rival iron in the multiplicity of its in
dustrial applications. In Europe it is
employed to a considerable extent in
hrcnitecture, from a complete church
building in Bavaria (capable of seating
1,000 persons,) having columns, walls,
altars, roof and spire of papier
mache, to thefiuest traceries of a Gothic
screen. Some of the most tasteful halls
in Britain and on the continent are fin
ished in it, in preference to 'wood. The
mantels and the mirror frames they
support, are of its composition; and,
strange as it may seem, the very chan
deliers, in their gilded elegance, are of
this humble material, Its use in archi
tecture can literally have no limit; for
no onerto-day can say what may not be
made of ft. In toys, tables, bijouterie
of all kinds, we have examples of its ex
tensive uses, and suggestions of its
future applications. Papier maoUe
never cracks, as wood, plaster, terra
ootta. etc., will do. In the same ar
ticles it can be- made, if required, far
lighter than plaster, terra-oeita, metal
ofi even wood. Neither heat nor cold
affects it; it can be sawed, fitted, nail
ed or screwed, quickly adjusted or re
moved, gilded, painted, inarbleized or
bronzed. It can be made light as cork,
or heavy as stone; never discolors by
rust, as with ron;is not affected by
temperature or oxygen, as is eveu acino.
It can be made for a given thickness
stronger than any white or rare marbles,
and is even tougher than slate, quite as
hard, and will not chip corners nor
crack off in strata. One of the great
advantages of papier-mache is that it
can be produced very cheaply. In
architecture it can be supplied very
nearly at plaster price, and, taking in
to consideration the price of patting up,
costs no more, and sometimes even less.
This depends on the size of the orna •
ment, the larger being tbe cheaper in
proportion, it can be made to imitate
the rarest marbles, as it takes a polish
even superior to slate, and costs not
half so ninoh as the preparation of plas
ter Of Paris, known as soagliola, while
it is infinitely stronger. Pedestals, col
limns, newel-posts, vases, clocks, and
multifarous other articles are made of
it in elegant and durable forms. Possi
bly, as a recent writer remarks, when
the forests of the globe are regarded as
curiosities, and the remaining groves
are perservdd with the same care that
has guarded historic trees, th 6 cast off
rags of mankind, and the other wise
useless weeds, reeds and grasses of the
marsh and swamp, will take the place
of timber in the construction, and many
will welcome the change, if for nothing
else than that it will obviate much of
ths nuisance et frequent repaint: uga.
Tlg*r Slaying; Extraordinary,
In the early part of October in Java
took place the announced clearance
among the tigers belonging to His
Highness tbe Sultan, in order to make
room f>r a fresh supply when the new
tigers pe s will be built. At abont 10
A. M. the Sultan, the Resident Military
Commander, Assistant Resident and
other spectators appeared behind the
Kratou and seated themselves in a
grand stand constructed for the pur
pose. Thousands of Javanese flocked
to the spot to see the combats. Soon H
tignt between a royal tiger and a buf
falo together in a pen was commenced,
the tiger was several times tossed in
to the air and then gored to death by
the buffalo, which had been made as
tnrious as possible by peppered water,
burning nettles and red hot iron bars.
This combat lasted fully two hours. Af
terward began the rampokea or tiger
light. On tne plain alongside the Kra
ton stood Javanese, armed with stout
spears fifteen to eighteen feet long,
drawn up in rows, one behind the other,
altogether an extraordinary large square.
The two foremost rows lay kneeling, •
the two hindmost stood erect. In the
centre of this open space were thirteen
straw-roofed, wooden pens, in each of
which was a tiger. At a given signal
a musical instrument called the game
lan begins playing a martial air to a
slow measure. The tiger-keepers then
step out of the ranks and approach the
cage. Two of them bear each a burn
ing torch, with which they set fire to the
straw. The tiger, frightened by the
shower of sparks, is then foroed out into
the open space, but knows not whither
to turn. It runs around and seeks
whether it can find an outlet, until it
endeavors either by a desperate spring
to get away over tfio human wall wliicu
keeps it inclosed or tries to creep
through underneath. But it falls pierc
ed by the many spears which have
strnoK it. It utters a savage cry, which
is dr wned by the applause and shouts
of the multitude. In silont agony it
strikes around furiously with its mighty
paws. The shafts of the spears olten
break like glasi.. In such cases a single
blow might cost the life of any unior -
tunate within reach of its olaws. It is
afterward killed m due form. Tibs soene
took plaoe in the same way thirteen
times successively with as many tigers,
the festivity closing at 2 P. M, Only a
few accidents occurred. One soldier by
ill luck received a spear thrust when
combating with a tiger, and was severely
wounded in the leg, A native received
a bite when one of the tigers broke
througn tne square and was killed out
side it, after causing great oommotiou
among the spectators.
Wmglit of MU una Women.
Far the purpose of ascertaining the ave
rage weight ot men and women living in
that section of the country of which Cin
cinnati is the centre, a thorough test was
made during the recent industrial exhibi
tion in that oity, 22,155 " adults weri
weighed, of whom 7,497 were uien an-1
14 68S were women. The average weight
for the former was found to tie 154.02
pounds, and for the latter 180 87 pounds.
A similar record ot the weights of 20,0 )0
men and women was made in Boston in
1864, by which It appeared that in that
latitude the average weight of a man was
T4l.fi pounds, and of a woman 124.fi