Millheim Journal. (Millheim, Pa.) 1876-1984, February 02, 1882, Image 1
VOL. LVI. HAKTEK, AUCTIONEER, REBERSBURG. PA. J C. bPRINGER, Fashionable Barber, . Next Door to JOURNAL Store, MILLHKIH, PA. JJROCKERHOFF HOUSE, (Opposite Court House.) H. BROCKEBHOFF, Proprietor. WU. MCKKKVBK, Manager. Good sample rooms ou first floor. Free bus to and from all tralua. Special rates to jurors and witnesses. Strictly First Class. IRVIN HOUSE, (Most Central Hotel tn the Cltyj Comer MAIN and JAY Streets, Lock Haven, Pa. S. WOODS CALWELL, Proprietor. Good Sample Rooms for Commercial Travelers on first floor. D. H. MINGLE, Physician and Surgeon, MAIN Street, MILLHKIM, Pa. JOHN F. IIARTER, PRACTICAL DENTIST, Office in- 2d story of Tomlinson's Gro cery Store, On MAIN Street, MUXHUM, Pa. BF HINTER, • FASHIONABLE BOOT A SHOE MAKER Shop next door to Foote'a Store, Main St., Boots, Shoes and Gaiters made to order, and sat isfactory work guaranteed. Repairing done prompt ly and cheaply, and in a neat style. & R. PKALK. H. A. MCKEK. PEALE & McK EE, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Offlce opposite Court Houae, Bellefonte, PA C. T. Alexander. C. M. Bower. A BOWER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA. Office In German's new building. JOHN B. LINN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on Allegheny Street. QLEMENT DALE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, BELLEFONTE, PA. Northwest corner of Diamond. H HASTING*, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on Allegheny Street, 2 doors west of office formerly occupied by the late flrin of Yocum A Hastings. M. C. HEINLE, ATTORNEY AT LA W. BELLEFONTE, PA. Practices in all the cmirts of Centre County. Spec al attention to Collections. Consultation* In German or English. ILBUR F. REEDER, ATTORNEY AT LA W. BELLEFONTE, PA. All business promptly attended to. Collection of claims a speciality. J. A. Beaver. J W. Geph&rt. JgEAVER <fc GEPHART, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on Alleghany Street, North of High. A. MORRISON, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA. Office on woodrlng's Block, Opposite Coun House. S. KELLER, ATTORNEY AT LAW. BELLEFONTE, PA, Consultations in English or German. Office in Lyons Building, Allegheny Street. JOHN G. LOVE, ATTORNEY AT LAW? $ BELLEFONTE, PA. # Office in the room* formerly occupied by the late w. P. Wileosu ok pitlkiti! §ntttmi BY AND BY. Softly o'er life's sea we're drifting, Lights and shadows o'er us alftmg. But the storm clouds w ill In* Lftiug, By and by. Kaiubow tints the sky adorning, Through youth's bright and radiant uioruuig, ' nil we hear the tempest wanuug, By and by. But we'll see the glad suu shining, And the bow of promise iw iuing, O'er the clouds with silver Uulug, By and by. Though the ulght seem loug and dreary, Aud the heart grow worn and weary, Morn will break with promise cheery, By and by; All the weeptug and the sorrow, All the trouble that we borrow, Lost within a glad to-morrow, By and by. No more cares our souls embroiling, Weary hands will know mwtolltug, Aud the spirit's robe no soLiug, By and by. HE KNEW THE GAMK. The steamer Star Light was just leav ing the lauding at Natchez, when two men hastily jumped aboard, as the gang plank was about to be pulled in. and hurried forward to the clerk's ufliee to register their names. ! • They were evidently strangers to-each other, and had nothing in common be yond the transitory fear of being left. The one, a middle-aged aud rather stout person, in a gray homespun suit and Panama hat, looked like a well-to-do Red River planter; while the other was a tall, long-ueoked, thimble-faced in dividual, who might have hailed from anywhere east of the Ohio. He wore a long-tailed coat, slouch hat, aud low shoes, buttoned at the side aud carried in his hand a shabby carpet bag that he seemed to value highly, for he never permitted it to leave his sight for a moment and clung to it with jeal ous care, even while he was laboriously placing his signature in the huge book that the magnificent office olerk suspi ciously pushed toward him. "Josiah Perkins, Opelonsas,' is what he wrote iu a crabbed, uncertain hand, just below the name of the stout pas senger, who registered as Mr. Silas Bobbins, of Berwick Bay." A man who was standing on the up per deck at the time the two strangers came aboard, turned around and looked at them narrowly as they briskly made their way through the crowd of idle loungers congregated on the guards. He was neatly dressed, wore a glossy silk hat, and on the little finger of his white, symmetrical left hand, flashed a superb diamond. As soon as the boat was again under way, he sauntered up to tne newcomers, aud carelessly re marked that it was a pleasant day. The man from Berwick Bay admitted that it was extremely fine weather for the time of year. Then the stylish stranger incidentally let drop that his name was Hallack Clark, a cotton buyer from New York, and asked in a com mercial tone what the business outlook was up the river. "Pretty fair," replied the portly planter— "pretty fair!" I have just sold all my cotton iu New Orleans at a good price, oash down, and am now on my way to Vicksburg for a short visit before going home. "Rather dull, though, on board— don't you tli ink so?" observed the cotton buyer, after a pause, thoughtfully caressing his well-trimmed side whiskers. "Rather," hesitatiugly repeated the planter, "but I'm uot so impatient as some." "You never play, I suppose?" quietly continued the New Yorker, taking a pack of cards from his pocket and in dolently running them over. "Sometimes," rejoined the other, with the utmost simplicity. "Seven up?" said Clark, with on interrogative uplifting of his finely arched brows. "It's the only game I know anything about/' innocently acknowledged the planter. "Suppose we try a hand or two then, just to while away the time?" blandly suggested the gentlemanly owner of the "deck. ' The planter, nothing loth, assented, and the game began. Josiah Perkins, who sat a little dis tance from the playars, deeply engaged in reading a newspaper a week old, up to this time had not seemed to notice the cotton buyer; but now he turned slightly in his chair, and looked search ingly at the man, as if he had suddenly aquired new and important interest in his eyes. Bobbins won the first rubber, which appeared to keenly wound the feelings of his antagonist, who proposed, just to make the game a Utile more interesting, that they should play for half dollar stakes. The planler willingly agreed to the proposal and quickly put up the money. From half a dollar the risk soon ran into five dollars, and finally ten. Rob bins winning nearly every game, and growing proportionately elated, in like degree, as luck continued to smile in his favor. Clark knit his brows, and declared he'd play till doomsday, but what he'd win one game. This desperate resolvo appeared to mightily spur Bobbins and ;he recklessly oftered to put down MILLHEIM. PA.. THURSDAY,-FEBRUARY 2,1882. twenty for every one of the stronger'* ten. The New Yorker seemed somewhat startled at the magnitude of the stout old party's challenge; hut he wosu't going to be bluffed by an old Red ltiver plant er by auv manner of means; so he cheer fully nodded assent, and play was re sumed, Clark losing heavily, but making no complaint, though obviously nervous —and a tiiHe distrustful of himself. When Kobbins had won live thous and dollars, the other said he had enough of the planter's play, and would try his luck at three card monte bv way of a change; adding, with refreshing candor, that it was a trick game and not one in fifty could win at it. Kobbins exultingly told him to go ahead, and see if he found him so very slow. Clark complied with the ease of out* long accustomed to the business, and skilfully threw the cards. Bobbins bit on the ace of hearts, and won; again the cards were thrown, and ay.ain the planter won. The stakes were doubled, and still success was his. The game was getting exciting. Kob bins grew red 111 the face, his hands shook and his eyes looked ready to start from his head. Clark was cooi, but watchful, and so was Perkins, who sat with his earjH't bag between his knees and his feet drawn p under his chair, furtively noting the manner of both the cotton planter and the cotton buyer. Ten thousand dollars iu notes and gold lay 011 the table. Kobbins bet his last shilling on the •even of clubs, and—lost! From red his face hocauie deadly pale, his breath came 111 quick, difficult gasps, and his lips trembled violently. "lam ruined!' he moaned—'utterly ruined!" "I told you it was a trick "game," coolly replied the gamble—"a mere slight of hand. You thought you saw the seven of clubs to be at the bottom of the pack, but the result proves that you didn't." The planter arose, staggered to the opposite side of the cabin; ami threw himself face downward on a sofa that happened to be there. "I'll try you a hand at that 'are game," said a voice at the sharper's el bow. "Throw your cards, mister, for I kinder tliink, if ye haven't got the pict ures set up, that I kiu beat the animal right here and now." "The cotton buyer!" turned and oon frouted the long-featured, lathy Perkins who had risen, and mildly requested the favor of being cleaned out on winning back what the planter had lost. The astonished gambler, for stioh lie really was, stared contemptuously at the lank speaker, but when he saw the fel low take a well fitsed wallet from his pocket, his frown becamo a smile, and he eagerly assented to the stranger's foolhardy proposition. The two first games Perkins won; the third and fourth he lost. The wallet was empty but he was by no means at the end ot his resources. Deliberately unlocking his shabby car pet bag he took therefrom a goodly sized bag of gold, and proudly thumped it down on the table. "Ten thousand dollars, stranger, cau yon cover it?" "Yes, and go you five thousand bet ter." "Good! I'll see you five, and double it twice." "Forty thousand dollars," and the gambler's cheeks flushed. "It's a big pile, stranger." "Make it fifty, and toss your cards." The older planter raised his head and looked dazedly at the reckless Perkins. His hands were behind him, and almost touching the stove, in which there was 110 fire, however, and was so black and shiny as to make it a matter of doubt as to whether it had ever contained any. Before giving the sharper permission to toss the cards, the verdant looking individual hail taken the precaution to carefully examine each one, as if to tho roughly satisfy himself that he was not being cheated. Perkins bet on the queen of diamonds. His light blue eyes were as sharp as fer ret's, and the gambler felt that it would not do to count to much 011 his apparent verdancy. Passing over the first two cards, Perkins quickly picked up the third—the queen of diamonds, and with a single swift movement of his long hand swept the stakes into his carpet bag and drew his revolver. "You are a swindler,an arrant knave" cried the enraged and completely out tricked gambler—a "despicable fraud, and you have cheated me out of my money." "Easy, my friend!" coolly advised Perkins. It's a fair tiling, only I know the games and don't bet on the card I tee. "Here's your money, mister,' ap proaching the amazed Bobbins, and thrusting a roll of bank notes in his hand, "and the next time you play, three card monte with a professional, don't forget to mark your picture before staking your pile." "What do yon mean?" faltered the old planter, looking the gratitude he felt. Perkins held up his left hand, the thumb of which was slightly blackened. "Just gave it a rub on the stove. See!" and then slightly touched the queen of diamonds. • Tne planter did see, and left the boat at Vicksburg, a wiser man than when ho eame aboard at Natchez. Mr. Mlirr'i Theory. About Christmas time, last year, Mr. Ezra Mixer, who lives near the old War Office of Jonathan Trumbull, in Leban on, was led by an errand to the farm house of his neighbor Mr. James M. tvenyon. As he approached the house, he says Mr. Kenyon's big dog sprang at him ami fuNtened his tooth in his leg, After u fierce fight Mixer got away, leaving a mouthful of his pepper-and salt trousers iu tho dog's mouth, He went home and was ill for a time. After he had sufficiently recovered to limp over to tho home of Farmer Kenyon, he told him that the dog must be killed. Kenyon objected, and Mixer brought a suit of SSOO damages, which is now on trial in the Court of Common Pleas iu this city, A host of witnesses have been summoned, including Mixer him self. Ho is a little nimble, jerky fellow uearly seventy years old, and yet retains all the physical Vivacity of a youthful jumping jack. His facial contortions and antics kept the court room shaking with laughter. "Have you any grudge against Mr. Kenyon?" asked his attoruy. "None at all." "Do you want his money?" "Not at all." "Then why did you bring this suit?" "Well, you see, I am a believer in the old theory that if a bitten by a dog, he will surely have the hydrophobia if he doesn't kill tho animal. I asked Mr. Kenyon to kill the dog, or else I would have the hydrophobia. That was all I wanted of him. it was a small thing. And I thought that if he would rather have me run rued thau kill that brute, he ought to be mode to suffer." "Do you redly believe iu your theo ry ?" asked the Court, smothering a smile. "Certainly I do," was the answer, "and all the |>eople in my neighborhood believe the same thiug." Mr. Mixer's theory is a very wide spread delusion of the country people in all parts of New England. Several dogs that have bitten persons in this town have been killed within the post five years in deference to this old-time su persition. Mixer's case is still on trial. Th* Traveling Terror. The editor was sitting iu his revolving oane-bottomed chair.when Tornado Tom the travelling terror of Texas, cams in and demanded a retraction of tho state ment that he had swindled an orphan out of $4. "It's a lie clear through," said the Terror, striking the table with his fist, "I'm as good a man as smeilt the at mosphere in this section." "Perhaps you arc bettor," said the editor, meekly. "Myreoord'll compare favorably with youm." said the 'lerror with a sneer; "perhaps there are a few little back rackets in your life, sir, that wouldn't bear a microscopic investigation." "Oh, sir," said the editor visibly agi tated, "don't recall the post; don't bring up the memories of the tomb; I know I've led a hnrd life—l don't deny it. I killed Shorty Barnes, the Bowery l>oy of New York—hacked him all to pieces with a knife. I have atoned for it a thousand times. 1 blew a man's head off at a log roll in Kentucky, aud bitterly have I repented of my folly. I slew a lot of inoffensive citizens of Om aha over a paltry $4 pat, simply because I got excited. Oh, could I out cheat the tomb of tho men I have placed in its maw I would be happy. But it was all owiug to my high temper and lack of early training. 1 know that I have been wayward, wicked; and you have a right to come here and recall those unhappy memories, but its d d meau for all that. Nobody with a heart would treat a man like you have. Don't leave, stranger, I'll tell you all. I sawed a man's head off with an old army Babre just for " The Texas Terror was down and half way round the corner, while the editor, taking a fresh chew of rattle-snake twist continued his peaceful avocations as quietly as a law and abiding citizen. Ok! The commercial traveler while in Tennessee approached a stranger as the train was about to start, and said : "Are you going on this train?" "I am." "Have you any baggage?" "No." "Well, my friend, you can do me a favor and it won't cost you anything. You see, I've got two rousing big trunks and they always make me pay extra for one of them. You can get one checked on your t cket, and we'll eucher them. See?" "Yes, I see; but I haven't any tick et." "But I thought you said you were go ing on this train?" "So I am. I'm the conductor." "Oh!" He paid extra as usual. Marl* wi Listening. A few months ago the daughter of a Rockland man, who has grown comfort able well off in the small grocery line was sent away to a "female college." and hist week she arrived home for the holi day vacation. The old man was iu atten dance at the depot when the tram arrived with the old horse in the delivery wagon to convey his daughter and her trunk to the house. When the train had stopped a bewitching array of dry goods and H wide-brimmed hat dashed from the ear, and flung itself iuto the elderly purty's arms. "Why you superlative pa!" she ex claimed, "I 'm ever so utterly glad to see you." The old man was somewhat unnerved by the greeting, but he recognized tho sealskin cloak in his grip as the iden tical piece of property he had paid for with the bay mare, and he sort of hug ged it up iu his arms, aud planted a kiss where it would do the most good with a report that sounded above the noise of the depot. In a brief space of time the trunk and its Attendant baggage were loaded into the wagon, which was soon bumping over the cobbles toward home. "Pa, dear," said the young miss, sur veying the team with a critical eye, "do you consider this quite excessively beyond?" "Hey?" returned tho old man with a puzzelod air ; "quite excessively beyond what? Beyond Warren? I consider it somewhat about teu mile beyond Warren oountin' from the Bath way, if that's what you mean." "Oil, no, pa; you don't understand me," the daughter explained. I mean this wagon and horse. Do you thiuk they are soulful?—do you think they could be studied apart in the light of a symphony, or even a simple poem, and appear as intensely utter to one on returning home ss one could express?" The old man twisted uneasily iu his scat and muttered something about he beleived it used to be used for an ev press before he bought it to deliver pork in, hut the conversation appealed to be traveling in such a lonesome direction that he fetched the horse a resounding crack upon the rotunda, and the severe jolting over the frozen ground prevent ed further remarks. "Oh there is that lovely and consu 111- ated ma!" s-reamed the returning ool legiatess as thoy drew up at the door, aud presently she was lost in the em brace of a motherly woman in specta cles. "Well Maria,"said the old man at the supper table, as he nipjied a piece of butter off the lump with his owh knife, "an' how d'you like your school?" "Well, there, pa, now you're sbou—l mean I consider it far too beyond," re plied the daughter. "It is unquestion ably ineffable. The girls are so sump tuously stunning—l mean grand—so ex quisite—so intense, and then the parties the balls, the rides—oh, the past weeks have leen one sublime harmony." "I s'pose so—l s'pose so," nervously assented the old man as ho reached for his third cup, "half full"—"but how about your books—readin ', writ in', grammar, rule o' three—how about them?" "Pa! don't" exclaimed the daughter reproachfully; "the rule of three! gram mar! It is French and music end pointing and tho divine in art that have made my school life the bos—l mean that have rendered it one unbroken flow of rhythmic bliss—incomparably and exquisitely all but." The grocery man and his wife looked helplessly at each other across the table, A'ter a lonesome pause the old lady said: "How do vou like the biscuits, Marie?" "They are to utter for anything," gushed the accomplished young lady, "and this plum preserve is simply a poem iu itaeif." The old man rose abruptly from the table, aud went out of the room, rubbing his head iu a dazed aud benumbed man ner, aud the mass convention was dis solved. That night he and his wife sat alone by the stove untill a late hour, and at the breakfast table the next morning, he rapped smartly on his plate with the handle of his knife, aud remarked; "Maria —me an' your mother have been talkiu' tho thing over, au' we've come to the conclusion that this Ixiard iu' school business is too utterly all but too much nonsense. Me an' her con sider that we haven't lived sixty odd consummate years for the pur|K)So of raisiu a curiosity, an' there's goin' to be a stop put to this unquenchable fool ishness. Now after you've finished that poem of fried sausage an' that sym phony of twisted doughnut, you take an dust up stairs iu less'u two seconds, an' peel off that fancy gown an' put on a caliker an' then come down an' help your mother wash dishes. I want it distinctly understood that tlure ain't goin' to be no more rhythmic foolish ness in this house, so long's your superlative pa an' your lovely an' con summate ma's ruunin' the rauche. You hoar me Maria?" Maria was listening. A New Swindle. A new swindle upon unsuspecting farm ers lias been brought to light, and this is the way the scheme is operated: Swin dlor No. 1 calls upon a farmer with a pat ent wagon tongue, and informs him that having made a big thing out of it, he is on his way home with only this county to sell. He tells the farmer that he can have it for $250, and if he wants it to write to him, In a few days patent right man No. 2 comes along. He ha* heard that the farmer has the right of the oounty, for the patent wagon tongue as he made a big thing of it in Nebras ka, he wants to buy the right of the county, and offers the farmer S4OO, and $lO to bind the bargain. The farmer writes to No. 1 and sends him his note for $250. He never hears of either of the men again, but his note comes up for eollection in a neighboring town, and Mr. Farmer is out $240. Imposing Mormon Tempi*. The oonatruction of the Grand Tem ple of Worship now being erected by the Mormon church at Manti, Utah, is being puahed ahead with as large a force of workmen as convenience will permit, aud the walls of the building are begin ning to loom up aud are covered with scaffolds and derricks. We learn from Mr. D. Wilkin, who has just returned Crorn a trip out in the Manti country, that tli© temple is beiug constructed of white limestone The building is situ ated on top of a mountaiu a spur of the Wasatch range, that extends into the town of Maidi, and is called by the people of Utah the Mountain of the Lord. The foundation of the temple is (13 feet above the level of the road, and is set in solid rock, the top of the moun tain having been excavated and removed, making it level is 95 feet in width and 172 in length. From the ground to the square will l>e 82 feet in height. There will be two towers erected, oue t the east, anil the other ae the west corner of the building. The tower at the east corner will be 179 feet iu height, while that at the west corner will be ten feet lower, or 169 feet in height. They are four terrace walls around the mountain in front of the temple, which will aver age about 17 feet in height and are al>out 900 feet in length, and in all contain about 2,400 cords of rock, as at present built, and 55,000 yards of debris has been excavated and hauled away. The stairway from the road to the upper ter race is 63 feet, aud will contain 132 stone steps, 16 feet in width. In back of the terrace will be filled with rich soil, to the top of the stone work, and trees and shrubbery plauted, and the tops of terraces are to be ornamented by neatly dressed and cut alone, and stat ues will be placed at various and ap propriate places. The water to supply the temple will be brought iu wooden pipes from a spring situated about a mile and a quarter east of the temple, back iu the mountains, and has a fall of 79 feet to the reservoir to the tower terrace. The whole side of the m ountain is to be planted with trees and flowers, and the crystal stream ponred forth by the little spring, as it winds its way down the side of the mountain, will travel from root to root, quenching their thirst, thus assis ting the trees to produce their foliage in spring, the flowers in bloom and the glass to grow. The building of the tem ple was first commenced five years ago, and has been worked on ever since, and it is expected that it will be in condition in about three years that it can be used but it is estimated that it will take fully Ave years to complete the building. The building will be fifty feet in height, and the excavation at the east end of the basement is about forty six feet in depth Mr. Folsoni is the architect, and as to his skill and ability as an architecturist, the Manti temple will speak for years after he has passed from the face of the earth. It was President Young's inten tion, when he ordered the erection of this temple, that it should be the grand est and most imposing structure erected on the American continent, and all indi cations point to such being the case! Mftnti is situated about 125 miles, a little east of Salt Lake City, and 250 miles northeast of Pieche. and is quite a large town, being the third oldest set tlement of Utah Territory. It is located at the foot of the east side of the Wa satch mountains, in one of the most fer tile valleys in the Territory, which is dotted its entire length with well stocked farms and large orchards. The Wasatch river, a tributary to the Sevier river, Hows through the town, supplying the people with water for all necessary pur poses, including irrigation. The Manti and surrounding valleys is the granary of the mountain country. Its fruitful farms not only produce a sufficient quan tity of grain to supply the greater por tion of Utah with grain and flour, but it supplies the greater portion of Southern Nevada with flour and a goodly portion of the grain consumed by us. Brigliam Young had made several trips down into Sanpete county, from which the church derived a large por tion of its revenue, for the purpose of locating a spot where a temple should be erected. He first intended to locate it at Mount Ephraim, but changed his mind; and, after several trips and chan ges of looation, the prophet, while in Manti one day, upon being told the leg end of how the mountain, at the foot of which he was stopping,derived its name the Mormon prophet said: "The tem ple shall be built upon the Mountain of the Lord." The following legend, in regard to the naming of the mountain, is told and be lieved by the Mormon poople of that vicinity: One day a little child, years ago, rushed into the house, calling "Mamma! mamma!" and telling its par ents that it had just seen a great large man riding on a big horse that nearly reached to the skies, on the top of the mountain, and it looked like the Lord. The parents rushed out and called their neighbors, telling them the child's story but nothing could be seen on the top of the mountain. However, ever since that time the mountain has been known as the "Mountain of the Lord." Publish your joys, but conceal your sorrows. The Formation of Coal. All attempts to explain sat'sfactorily the formation of cottl have thus far proved unsuccessful, though it is generally un derstood that it is the product of the de composition of vegetable matter. Just how that decomposition has been brought about chemically is a matter which chem ists have not an yet been able to eolve. The principle! difficulty has been that it has been impossible to obtvin a clear lo ft gbt into the chemical constitution of coal. It bas been thought hitherto, and this is the popular belief, that coal is in the main pure carbon, mixed with vary ing quantities of bituminous substances. It has been generally believed that, as the product of the distillation of coal is prin cipally carlion, it would be safe to con clude that free carbon actually does exist in coal. The fact that sugar, staich, etc., under similar circumstances, leaves a re siduum consisting of carbon has never l>een considered a proof that that element existed in these bodies in a free state. It is well known that coals which inay have the same percentage of carbon, hydiogen, and oxygen do not by any means, in cok ing yield the st m pioducts of distillation, and we have a complete analogy for this iu the behavior of cellulose and starch when aubjected to distillation. Evidence (joints to the conclusion that coai is a mix lure of many and complex compounds; and the difficulty, amounting almost to an impossibility, of separating these com pounds has much to do in rendering a chemical solution of the questions involved in the formation of coai a very arduous task. The production of coal by artificial means is met with great obstacles, among wh : ch the absence cf all knowledge con cerning the conditions under which that p-oceas actually took place is the princi pal one. The question whether the vege table matter to which our coal yeins owe their origin was amassed by ddfting or was carbonized in situ, has been much debatted, and there has been much discis sion on the point whether it waft obtained from water or from land plants. I>r. Muck, of Uochum, iu a recent work takes up ibe theory that al>> have mainly con tributed to the formation of coal. It is urged that the remains of mariue plant* are rarely found in coal veins, and that shells, etc are not often met with. Dr. Muck calls attention to the fact that mar ine plants decompose easily and complete ly, losing their form entirely; and that the disappearance of the calcareous remains of mollusks is readily explained by the for mation of large quantities of carbonic acid gas daring the piocess of carbonization, in accepting the marine orgin of coal it is cot necessary to resort to jhe assumption < f immense pressure and high tempera tures to explain decomposition and the tc tal destruction of the structure of the ori ginal substance. Dr. Muck combstsFre rny's beg theory at length. His views are well supported by recent investigations made by llerr P. F. iteinsch, who has ex amined 1,200 sections of coal, com ng to the conclusion that that mineral substance has not been formed by the alteration oi accumulated land plants. Herr Ileinseh claims to have discovered that coal con sists of miscropical organic forms of a low order of pro'oplasm; and though he care fullp examined the cells and other re n ains of plants of a higher order he o-un putcd that they have coniriouted only a traction of the matter of the coal veins, ho we er numerous they may be in some instances. An Ape as a I>eteotiv. Since the dog of Montargis played so important a part in the conviction of his master's murderer, few of the inferior animals have distinguished themselves so conspicuously by furthering the ends of justice as has au observaat ape. whose in telligent conduct on a recent tragical occa sion entitles him to universal admiration and respect. This very superior simiau belonged to a traveling troupe of perform ing monkeys, five in number, and was 'on a tour' with his proprietor and colleagues to S >utbern India, when the company was attacked by robbers on tiie road to Sir rate. While these miscreants were slaughter ing the impresario and four members of the troupe the fifth coutrived to evado their grasp aud to scuttle up a lofty tree, from the topmost bough of which he wa : ched the.r subsequent prxjeedings. Having plundered the inau&ger's corpse, they hastily interred it with a view to av.-rt discovery of tbeiL crime, and made off. No sooner were they out of sight than the sagacious ape descended trom his post of vantage and hastened to the near est human habitation, the inmates of which, laboring folK, he induced by be seeching gestures and plaintive cries to follow inm to his master's grave. It ap pears that the police authorities of S urate have retained the ape's services, in the confident expectation that a quadminaue who has already given such shining p roof of his detective ability wili render them in valuable assistance in tracking and identi fying his dead master's assassins. Bleeding at the Nose. There are two little arteries which sup ply the whole face with blood,one on each side; these branch from the main arteries on each side of the windpipe, and running upward towards the eyes over the outside of the jawbone,about two-thirds back from the chin to the angle of the chin, under the ear. Each of these arteries, of course, supplies just one-half of the face,,the nose being the dividing iine; the left nostril is supplied with blood by the left artery, and right nostril by the right artery Now, supposing your nose bleeds by the right nostril, with the end of the fore-finger feel along the outer edge of the right jaw ualil you feel the beating of the artery directly under your finger, the same as the pulse in your wrist; then press the fiager hard upon it, thus getting the little lellow in a tight place between your finger aud j iw bone; the result will be that not a drop of blood goes into that side of the face while the pressure continues; hence the nose stops bleeding for want of blood to flow; continue the pressure for five or ten min utes aud the ruptured vessels in the uose will by that time probably contract so tbat when you let the blood into them they will not leak. Bleeding irom a cut or wouud anywhere about the face may be stopped in the same way. A hen to-morrow is oetter than an egg to-day- NO 5.