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AUCTIONEER, * .
J C. SPRINGER,
Next Door to Jocbnal Store,
(Opposite Court House.)
H. BROCKfiRHOFP, Proprietor
Wm. McKkkver, Manager.
Good sample rooms on first floor.
Free bus to and trorn all trains.
Special rates to jurors and witnesses.
Strictly First Clatt.
(Moat Central Hotel In the City,)
Corner MAIN and JAY Streets,
Lock Haven, Pa.
S. WOODS CALWELL, Proprietor.
Good Sample Rooms for Commercial
Travelers on first floor.
D. H. MINGLE,
Physician and Surgeon,
MAIN Street, Millhkih, Pa.
JjU. JOHN F. HAKTER,
Oillee la 2d story of Tomliusou's Gro
On MAIN Street, Mili.heim, Pa.
• FASHIONABLE BOOT A SHOE MAKER
Shop next door to Foote'a Store, Main St.,
Boots. Shoes and (Jailers made to order, and sat
isfactory work guaranteed. Repairing done prompt
ly and cheaply, and in a neat style.
S. R Pkalk. H. A. MCKkk.
PKALE & McKKE,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offlce opposite Court House, Bellefonte, Pa.
C. T. Alexander. C. M Bower.
A LEXANDER & BOWER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Offlce in Garmao'a new building.
JOHN B. LINN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office on Allegheny Street.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Northwest corner of Diamond.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Offlce on Allegheny Street, i doors west of offlce
formerly occupied by the late firm of Y< uni A
ATTORNEY AT LA W,
Practices in all the courts of Centre county.
Spec al attention to Collections. Consultations
in German or English.
yy ILBUR F. REEDER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All bus Dess promptly attended to. Collection
of claims a speciality.
J. A. Beaver. J W. Gephart.
JgEAVER A GEPHART,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
omce on Alleghany Street, North of High,
yy A. MORRISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Offlce on Woodrlng's Block, Opposite Court
A TTORNEY AT LAW,
Consultations in English or German. Oflloe
In Lyon' > Building, Allegheny street.
JOHN G. LOVE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
<3) BBLLEFONTB, PA. 9
omce in the rooms formerly occupied by tbs
late w p. Wilaoit
Whet) you go to seek your fortune.
My laddie now at home:
When you leave the dear old fireside.
And from Ha blessings roam.
Mo forth with manly bold ilea*
And bid adieu to fear;
And when you've auvtbiug to aav,
Speak up that all may hear.
There la no cue half so likely
To take up with alloy,
And to banish sweet home lessons
As your wavering, fearsome boy.
He dreada to speak of mother.
Whose counsel should be dear.
Or of father's sage advice to hiiu.
l.est all the world should hear.
lu your memory, O my laddie,
A picture bright ana tair.
Keep fore'er the dear old homestead
That with no place will compare,
And should temptation greet you,
Keep head ami heart tnith clear;
And when for right you hauish wroug,
speak up thai all may hear.
When you plead for Hod and Justice,
Where'er you chance to roatu,
When you staud up for your eouutry.
Your kindred or your home,
Do it with manly boldness,
And bid adieu to fear—
Withiu the shop or market place.
Speak un that all may hear.
THE BRIUE OF TIIE CAKNIVAT-.
"Does she really love me?" said Cap
tain Ernest von Steinberg, aide-ile-camp
to King Louis of Batavia, as he left the
presence of the young and beautiful
Baroness Anna von Graffenberg, the
belle of Munich, 44 or is she the heart
less coquette which common rumor
makes her ?"
As he passed down the staircase, he
encountered the Baroness' pretty French
44 Lisette, you are looking charmingly
to-day—do you know it?"
"My mirror told me so this morning,"
said the soubrette, looking up boldly in
to his face.
4 'What lips! what eyes, and what a
figure!" said the soldier. 44 But do you
know, I think you would look infinitely
prettier in a lavender colored silk robe,
with cherry colored ribbons?"
44 Very possible, monsieur," answered
the waiting maid; 44 but that costs
money—and how is a poor girl like me
to dress like a lady?"
44 1 have thought of that difficulty,"
said Ernest, 44 and have provided a
remedy. Will you allow me to present
you with a slight token of my gratitude
As he spoke, he drew forth a little
net silk purse, through the interstices
of which several newly coined gold
pieces showed their pleasant, brilliant
countenances. Lisette's eyes reflected
44 Monsieur is altogether too gener
ous," she said.
But the little white fingers clasped
the glittering offer, and conveyed it to
one of the pockets of the coquettish
black silk apron that she wore.
44 Now, ten me, msette, is your mis
tress going to the masked ball at the
palace to-morrow night?"
44 Ah, but that is a great secret, mon
sieur, which I promised not to reveal,"
replied the Parisienue, archly, laying her
fingers on her lips.
"She is going then?" said Ernest.
"Monsieur says so," answered the
4 4 And what else did your mistress
charge you to keep secret?" asked the
officer, smiling in his turn.
"That she was going to wear a rose
colored domino, with a bunch of sky
blue ribbons on the right shoulder,"
replied the waiting maid and she ran up
stairs, as if to avoid further catechizing,
fully satisfied that her indiscretioq lmd
been an ample offset to the aid-de-camp's
"Very good, Madame Anna," said
the young officer to himself. "I have
now reconnoitered the ground, and I
shall know where to open my trenches.
All's fair, in love and war. And now to
my friend, the sculptor's—if his ingenu
ity can aid me, my success will be cer
On the night of the masked ball the
royal palace of Munich was a blaze of
light. Every window glowed as if the
interior were a mass of fire, and the
brilliant rays, streaming forth upon the
night, fell upon the glittering helmets,
breast-plates and sabres of the mounted
cuirassiers, or were reflected from the
bayonets of a detachment of the infan
try of the line drawn up as a guard of
honor in the square without.
Chamberlains stood at the entrance of
the palace, the files of lackeys, with wax
tapers flying in the evening air, shed
almost the light of day on the grand
staircase. Carriage after carriage rolled
up in succession, with their living
freights of beauty and youth, and as
light feet fell like snow flakes oil the
carpeted marble, as graceful forms van
ished within the portals, the ears of the
bystanders were lulled by the pleasant
rustling of silks, while the breeze was
perfumed by a thousand delicate odors.
But if such were the external mani
festations of the fete, how far more be
wildering was the interior of the palace
of pleasure! How softly beautiful were
the marble statues that graced the
niches, lined the corridors, and looked
down from their pedestals on the grand
ball room! How Oriental m their
magnificence were the gorgeous draper
| ies of velvet and satin, with fringes of
gold bullion, but above all, what music
streamed on the enchanted air from an
orchestra composed of a hundred of the
best instruments in the city. And the
life, the animation of the throngs in that
brilliant saloon—who shall describe it?
Ernest von Steinberg, who looked for
but one person in that brilliant multi
tude, was perfectly impenetrable.
Therefore, when he found the rose-col
ored domino at last, he hesitated not to
"Good evening, fair mask."
"Good evening, gallant cavalier. But
how know you that I am fair?"
"Were I to pronounce you the fairest
in Munich, none would dispute your
"Do you know me?"
"The belle of Munich hides her face
in vain." answered Ernest. "That in-
MILLIILLM. PA., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 15,1881.
imi table foot itiul hand are her betray
"Yon may be mistaken after all."
"I can not be, and 1 claim the hand,"
said Ernest; "and will tlnd employment
for that daiutyfoot. The luusie sou mitt;
let's away to the danee."
"1 believe mv band is promised al
ready," answered the fair one, "so take
it quickly before some one disputes the
prize with you."
The next minute they were whirling
round the vast saloon to musie that
might keep dancers on their feet for
life. Anna leaned upon the shoulder of
her partner, and he breathed into her
ear words that she could not listen to
without a thrill of pleasure.
At the conclusion of the dance, Ernest
led her into a side room, in which they
found themselves quite alone.
"You iH'rsist, then," said t-lie lady,
"in calling me the Baroness von Grafi'en
"If I had doubted before, your danc
ing would have convinced me. The
leader of the Sylphides is known by her
"Well, you have guessed right. And
now in return for my confidence, may I
request you to raise your mask?"
"I can refuse you nothing," said
Ernest von Steinberg.
He raised his mask as he spoke, and
disclosed to the astonished gaze of the
baroness the well known features of King
Louis, of Bavaria.
"But I thought you assured us that
the cavalier was Captain Ernest von
Steinberg," exclaims the reader.
Let us explain. To give additional
facts and pleasure and complicate the
mysteries of masquerade, the courtiers
of Louis XIV of France had invented
the following expedient: They procured
tine wax likenesses of their friends, or
eminent persons and wore them under
their masks. When requested to de
clare their identity, they would raise
the outer mask and the inner wax one,
seen for a moment, in most cases com
pletely deceived the spectator. It is
easy to imagine what an indefinite field
for mystification this contrivance aflbrd
Captain Ernest had a friend, a sculp
tor, who had a model bust of the king,
ami from him he had procured a wax
mask, beautifully colored, and so well
executed as to deceive the eyes of the
Baroness for the moment they rested on
it. Ernest, satisfied with his success,
replaced his black velvet visor, and con
tinued the interview.
"Yes, baroness," whispered the dis
guised aul-de-eamp, 44 It is Louis who
stands before you—not as your king,
but as your subject, your slave—the
thrall of your beauty."
44 Ah, sire," replied the belle of Mu- j
nich, "you are sjKirtiug with the sensi
bilities of a weak woman."
"No, by heaven!" replied the raised
king. "I am incapable of that. Behold
me at your feet and hear me swear eter
nal allegiance to your charms."
"Rise, sire!" said the baroness, very
much agitated. 44 We may be seeu or
"Long have I thought," continued
the false king, "that beauty such as
yours should grace a throne."
"A throne!" echoed the baroness.
"But you are right," he continued
hurriedly; "this is no time or place for
confidence like ours. Hark! The clock
is striking twelve. Will you trust to
my honor, and meet me at this hour to
4 4 Where, sire?"
"In the Chinese pavilion in the gar
den of the palace. The wicket of the
postern gab; that leads to the door of
the pavilion shall be left open for you."
The baroness gave him her hand
44 T0-morrow night at twelve," said
she, and glided from the room.
"Oh, woman, woman, woman!" said
Ernest, when alone. "False as fair! Is
it for tliis we rank you with the angels?
But tremble faithless one—your punish
ment shall be as bitter as the agony I
And he followed the baroness into the
He had no sooner left the room than
a masked figure stole forth from beneath
a mass of crimson drapery.
"The Chinese pavilion to-morrow
night, at twelve o'clock," said the
stranger. "Bravo, bravo! Captain von
And he. too. vanished.
A few minutes before 12 o'clock on
the following night, Captain von Stein
berg, wearing his wax mask, unlocked
and entered the Chinese pavilion in the
royal garden. The inside shutters of
the windows were closed, so that he
ventured to produce a match and light
a wax taper, taking care to place a shade
over it, so that the room should 1> very
dimly lighted. After completing the
arrangements, he glanced around and
started on seeing the figure of a man
near the table. The stranger was
dressed in the uniform of an aid-de
camp, and wore a mask upon his face.
"Who are you?" demanded Ernest,
advancing to the intruder.
"You have anticipated a similar ques
tion." replied the mask.
"Bmt I have a right to know," said
"So have I," was the quiet answer.
"Sir," said Ernest, placing his hand
on the hilt of his saber, "I wear a
"So do I," replied the mask; 44 but I
reserve it for the enemies of my coun
"Tell me who you are, I implore you."
"Ah, now you speak in a different
manner. I, sir, am Captain von Stein
berg, at your service, aid-de-eamp to his
Majesty King Louis of Bavaria."
"The deuce you are!" thought Er
"Bnt, confidence for confidence,"
said the impostor. 4 'Now, you must
tell me who you are and by what right
I find you in the pavilion at this hour."
"By the very best right in the world,"
replied Ernest, boldly. "I, sir, am
King Louis of Bavaria," and he lifted
his outward mask displaying the fea
tures of the king.
"Pardon me, sire," said the stranger
falling on his knees, "but making my
rounds in the garden, I found the pos
tern gate unlocked, and fearing treach
ery to your royal person, deemed it my
duty to keep watch in the pavilion, of
which, OH your majesty is aware, I have
a duplicate key."
"Bounds, man! you haven't locked
the |>osteni, have you ?" asked the pr
"No, Hire; it remains OH T found it."
"Then, my good fellow, there \H no
harm doue," said Ernest. "And I'll
tell you a secret. I expect a lady here
every instant, who has accorded me a
private interview. The best service you
can render me—is to leave me to my
"A hint from your royal lips is a com
mand," saitl the pretended Ernest.
"That your Majesty's suit may prosper
is the warmest wish of your most de
The stranger vanished.
Before Ernest had an opportunity to
frame any hypothesis with regard to
this mysterious being, the door oj>ened
cautiously and admitted the baroness.
She threw herself at once at the feet of
"liise, hulv!" said the pretended mon
arch. I would rather be at your feet—
"Not," said the baroness, till your
majesty pledges your royal word to par
don me in advance for Whatever I muy
"1 freely pledge you that," said Er
nest aiding the hulv to rir.e.
"Know then," said the baroness, that
lam an ungrateful woman. Your
majesty distinguished nie last night, and
held out hopes so brilliant that a sub
ject might well be dazzled by your
promise. I was dazzled and I heard
with pleasure. But it was only a mo
mentary weakness, hi the delirium of the
dance you told nie that you loved me—
my consent to meet you here seemed a
confession of reciprocal affection; but in
truth my heart is giwu to another. I
love—l love with all the fervor of my
l>oing—not a monarch, but a subject."
"A rival!" said the pretended king,
sternly. "His name?"
"Promise thut you will hot harm him,
"I make no promiseun sugli a ease as
"Then I shall keejpuy secret," said
the baroness, firmly.
"And you will love tj|iiH man—even if
I command you to teagihis image from
"I love him and hint only," said the
baroness. "Tn good report and evil re
jKtrt—in sorrow and sickness —in shame
and honor. Truly £ pledged him my
'hand—my heart went.with it. lam his
"And he is thine,, dear Anna!" said
Ernest, tearing off his disguise. "Will
you forgive the trial that I have sub
jected vou to?"
"Will you forgive the weakness of a
moment that made me listen to tempta
"Freely and fully," said Ernest, fold
ing the barouess in his arms. "And
now, when shall we bd fawned?"
"To-night!" said a voice behind them.
And there stood the King of Bavaria,
but still in the uniform of an aid-de
camp in which he hod entered the pavil
ion that evening and tirst encountered
Ernest. He it was who had overheard
the appointment at the* masquerade.
"To-night," he related, smiling on his
astonished auditors. "The chapel is
lighted up; the priests are in waiting;
the wedding guests are there, and the
feast prepared. Louis of Bavaria waits
to conduct you to the altar, and to give
away the bride. And may the pleasures
of this carnival be but the precursors of
a life joy!"
The delight of the lovers; the joy of
Lisette; the surprise and pleasure of all
their family, must be left to the imagi
Why n man should strike with the left
hand when unarmed, but should use his
sworil or lance with the right, is a diffi
cult question to answer. There is no
innate disposition to prefer the one or
the other hand for any purj>ose is abun
dantly proved by the fact that out of a
dozen young children half will show a
preference for one and half for the other.
In some cases the partiality for the left
is so strong as to triumph even over the
persistent attempts of parents and nurses
to "break" their charge of what they
consider a bad habit. These obstinate
youngsters grow np left-handed, and are
often in after life much exercised to
know whether, after all, their peculiar
ity IH an advantage or the reverse. Cer
tainly to a man who becomes good at
cricket it adds much to his efficiency as
a bowler, if he his able to deliver his
ball from the left, and thus puzzle the
batsman, who experience leads him to
calculate upon a twist in the opjxjsite
direction. Left-handed swordsmen and
boxers are also specially difficult to en
counter, and the same thing may be
said of racquet and tennis players and
many other proficient in ont door exer
cises, who have the use of the left hand
either by preference or concurrently
with the right. It is, however, plain
that in all times and places the right has
had the preference, and has boed armed
with the engine of attack ; so much so
that amongst the Greeks a favorite ex
pression for "by the left" was the phrase
"towards the shield side."
Speculation in G-alu.
The Russian Government is considering
the expediency of a law to prevent the
speculation in grain to the injury of the
producers. The government intends to
control the grain markets instead of allow
ing the speculators to do it. Here is an
instance which, if carried out, will show
despotism in a better light even than a
free government. We may couie to that
yet in time.
SCOTCH TART. —Take a deep, square
tin aud line it with rich paste; select
pleasant tart apples, peel and core, quarter
and cut in bits. Fill the paste with the
apples aud cover the whole with a layer
an inch or more thick of sugar, and sprin
kle with small bits of butter. Bake in a
and have it well browned.—
When rightly made the apple is soft and
candied. Serve warm.
Military Aula f tba Aautan.
The most astonishing insects, if not the
most astonishing animals, in the world,
are the so-called "foraging," or, as they
might more appropriately be called, the
military ants of the Amazon. They belong
to several species of the same genus, and
have been carefully watched by Bates,
Belt, and other naturalists, blcltoon legi
onia moves In enormous armies, and every
thing that these insects do is doue with the
most perfect instinct of military organiza
tion. The aruiv marches in the form of a
rather broad and regular column,hundreds
of yards in length. The object of the
march is to capture and plunder other in
sects, etc., tor food, and as the well
organized host advances, its devastating
legions set all other terrestrial life at de
fiance. From the main column there are
sent out smaller lateral columus, the com
pesing individuals of which play the parts
of scouts—branching off in various direc
tions, and searching alx ut with the utmost
activity for insects, grubs, etc., over every
fallen leaf. If prey is found iu sufficient
ly small quantities for them to manage
alone, it is immediately seized and carried
to the main column ; hut if the amount is
too large for the scouts themselves to deal
with, messengers are sent back to the
main column, whence there is immediately
dispatched a detachment large enough to
cope with the requirements, insects or
other prey which, when killed, are too
large for single ants to carry, are torn iu
pieces, and the pieces conveyed back to
the mam aruiy by different individuals.
Many insects in trying to escajie run up
bushel and shrubs, where they are pursued
from twig to twig by theii remorseless
enemies, till on arriving at some terminal
ramification they must either submit to im
mediate capture by their pursuers, or drop
down amid ttie murderous hosts below.
As already stated, all the spoils which
are taken by the scouts, or by the detach
nieuts sent out in answer to their demands
for assistance, are immediately lakeu back
to the main army or column by twosmaller
columns of carriers, which ate constantly
running in two double rows<one of each bit
ing ladeu and the other not).On either side
of the main column there are constautly
running up anddowu a few individuals of
smaller size, lighter color, and havuig
larger heads than the other ants. These
appear to perfot m the duty of officers, for
they never leave their stations, aud while
actively runniug up and down the out
sides of the column, they seem intent only
on maintaining order in the march, stop
ping every now and then to touch some
member of the rank and file with tneir en
tente, as if giving directions. When the
scouts discover a wasps' nest in a tree, a
strong force is sent out from the main
army, the nest is pulled to pieces, ami all
the larva; iu the nest are carried by the
carrier columns to the rear of the army,
while the wasps fly around defenseless
against the invading multitudes. Or, if
the nest of any other species of ant is
fount', similarly strong force is sent out, or
even the whole army maybe deflected to
ward it, when with the utmost energy the
innumerable insects set to work to sick
shafts and dig mines till the whole nest is
rifled of its contents. In these mining op
erations the Ecilons work with an extra
ordinary display of organized co operation;
for those low down in the shafts do not
lose time by carrying up the earth which
they excavate, but pass on the pellets to
those above, and the auts ou the surface,
when they receive the pellets, carry them
only just far enough to insure that they
shall not roll back again into theshaft,and,
after having deposited tliem at a safe
distance, immediately hurry back for
The Ecitous have no fixed nest them
selves, but live, as it were, on a perpetual
campaign. At night, however, they call
a halt, and pitch a camp. For this pur
pose they usually select a piece of broken
ground, in the interstices of which they
temporarily store their plunder.
A Queer Maori Marring*.
A good clergyman, who was working
among the native population of New Zea
land was anxious to establish the sanctity
of marriage among them. Among others
who were candidates forthe rite was a much
married aboriginal named Ngataparapara.
On arriving at the clause of the formula
where candidates for matrimony are di
rected to join hands a strange scene occur
red. No sooner had the direction tieen
given than a whole bevy of inamoratas
sprang forward, two or three banging on
by the hands and arms of the would-be
Benedict, with an equal number clinging
to his legs, lie was completely besieged,
pinned hand aud foot, and confusion was
made worse confounded by a hugging and
tugging, by which the unfortunate fellow
was in imminent danger of dismember
ment. Seeing the turn thiugs bad taken
the priest naturally enough paus;d aud
looked on in uismay. "(Jo on," cried the
hapless bridegroom, "or can't you see for
yourself these abominable wretches will
have me dragged limb from limb f" Still
the reverend gentleman hesitated, seeming
ly at a loss what to do under the circum
stances. "If you don't get along," cried
the man, "and bring this tiling to a finish,
there'll be another dozen of them here in
less than no time, aud when they find I
baveu't got a flopj>er left to hang ou by
they'll drag off the last shred of blanketing
1 have over me." The situation was now
perplexing in the extreme, and there was
nothing for it but to hurry over the service
and bring the comedy to an end. The
sequel to the story is worth adding. In
course of time this much-married man
died, as did the seven-times married wo
man of the gospels. The question then
arose as to who was his lawfully married
wife. Some flve-and-twenty claimants
appeare.l before the judge of the native
law court, and the question to be deter
mined was : had the woman who got hold
of the deceased's hand precedence over her
who merely tugged at his legs. As there
was considerable property left behind
couusel were employed by the respective
claimants, and it is said tlia Itheir learned
disputations on the respective importance
of arms and legs left the unfortunate judge
iu the dilemma of the man without a leg
to stand upon.
Suon is fame: A conversation over
heard the other day: She. Did Sheridan
or Knowles write " The School for Scan
dal?" He. Why, Knowles, of course.
Sheridan was a general in the army, you
know and never wrote anything. Didn't
yoi ever hear about his marching through
Georgia? She. O, I remember now, but I
always did get these rwo men confused.
Th Sea Lain pre jr.
The lampreys form a small group of
hardly more than a dozen varieties,
aud are the most imperfectly developed
and occupy the lowest grade of all fishes,
with the exception of the Lancelot.
Their skeleton consists entirely of car
tilaginous material. They are destitute
of ribs, shoulder girdle, real jaws, and
scales, and ure possessed of only
one nostril, and their gills have the form
of fixed sacs. In their habit of feeding
uud attaching themselves to the bodies
of other fish, from which they rasp off
the flesh and suck the juices, they be
come very suggestive of the leecli.
The body of the sea lamprey is olive
green, mottled with dark brown.
Length from two to three feet; numer
ous rows of mucous ducts on the head
and lw>dy. The mouth, when not. at
tached to any object, forms a longitu
dinal fissure; when attached it is circu
lar iu form. The teeth are of various
kinds, generally disposed in concentric
circles, lu the throat, and partially
closing it, isagroupof three large teeth.
Lips fiesliy, with a distinct and slightly
fimbriated membrane, and beneath a
deep triangular fossa, Laving a fold on
Lampreys are frequently found at
tached to sturgeon, from which they
suck the slime and mucus exuded in
abundance through the pores of the
sturgeon. All the skate family provide
favorite food for the lampreys, in whose
lsxlieH they rasp out deep wounds, which
often produce ulcerations. The youug
pass through several changes before be
coming perfect lampreys. At first the
young are destitute of teeth and have
only rudimentary eyes.
With the Italians and French the
lamprey is considered a great delicacy,
whereas in England only the poorer
classes eat it. In this country it is
valued only by a few epicures, and is
rarely seen on the fish stands. Sotheru,
the actor, considered it a great luxury,
and was known to pay very high prices
to obtain it, being of the opinion that it
contained more brain food than any other
It is related of the Roman emperors
that, so great was their valuation of the
lamprey, both as a luxury and stimula
ting food, artificial ponds were con
structed iu which to fatten the lam
preys, the principal food being well-fat
tened living slaves, on whose bodies the
eels would fasten and feed, affording an
enjoyable pastime to tbe noble Roman.
The only place in New York city where
the lamprey is served up is at the Grand
At the next dinner of the Ichthyopha
gous Club, the sea lamprey will receive
special attention from the French cooks,
and is to be served in every known
The negroes of the South have great
respect for the lamprey eel on account
of its supposed medicinal qualities, the
skins being in great demand as infallible
cures for rheumatism and kindred ail
ments. The skins are bound about the
ankles, wrists, and neck of the patient
while fresh from the body of the eel,
and we worn for long periods of time, in
fact often till they drop off.
In the months of March and April the
lampreyß begin ascending our fresh
water rivers and streams that empty into
salt water. Here they construct what
might be called a nest, composed of
stones piled up in a heap. These stones
are carried a distance by means of their
sucking mouth. In these conical heaps
of stone they deposit their spawn.
The Mahometan Pilgrim.
Of the 80,000 pilgrims returning from
Mecca, 800 were taken ou board the
Calypso. They were stowed away like
cattle. Their habits, too were cattle
like. They covered every square inch
of deck, and every part of the hold fore
and aft. They were "packed like sar
dines—men, women and babies—smell
ing of cocoanut oil." They were indeed
"a heaving mass of cocoauut oil, rags,
filth and putrid sores and misery." Ex
cept to cook their messes, or to fetch
water, or to kneel in prayer, each never
moved out of the small space taken
possession of at the beginning of the
voyage. "Gaudy jackets and wraps were
on the strong and rich ones. The poor
were barely covered; tliey were skin and
bone and half-naked, with a rag round
the loins at most. They had each with
them a cooking pot, some opium, a
handful of grain and a pot to drink out
of. ' During the fifteen days of the
voyage twenty-three pilgrims died.
Tliey died not of disease, but of priva
tion, fatigue, hunger, thirst and opium
—of vermin and misery." The dead
soon found a place of repose at the bot
tom of the sea. The body bad attached
to it a piece of money, so that the next
world might be reached in a not alto
gether destitute condition.
Mrs. Burton tells how much mute,
patient paiu she was a witness of among
the pilgrim* cargo. She often "spent
the whole day, from light to dark,
staggering about the rolling ship, with
sherbet and food and medicine, treating
dysentery, fever, and diarrhoea." She
found that the pilgrims died with mar
velous facility. "A few hours of cold
kill off half a dozen like flies; they eat
rice, they beg a few lumps of sugar, they
lie down, and they give up the
ghost." This tallies with the experi
ence of a medical man who used to ac-
company Coolie emigraut vessels from
Calcutta to Trinidad. The Coolies, ho
said, had little hold upon life. They
would, if vexed by any semblance of
ill-treatment, apparently make up their
minds to die. They would even say
that by such a time, they would die,
and would be true to their word. Mrs.
Burtou found that the religious preju
dices of the pilgrims often prevented
them from accepting her gifts of food.
Bpeaking of a man almost dead of hun
ger, she says: "I fetched him a large
plate of rice, and carefully scraped away
all of the outside, that he might not
suspect us of having touched it. He
took it, looked wistfully at it, and
thanked me, and as soon as I turned
away threw it into the sea. I then gave
him two apples, and he ate them be
cause I could not touch the inside."
The pilgrims themselves were not kind
to one another when kindness was most
needed. "Once they bid fair to die,
their dearest leave them lying in the
fierce blaze of the sun. or in the night
wind aud damp, and give them neither
to eat nor to drink. 'Khalas!' they say,
'it is finished!'—it is not worth while, it
is wasted." Some of them with plenty
of money prefer to die of starvation
rather than to part with their rupees.
Buying A Big Herd of Cattle.'
Tim Foley, the Leadville millionaire,
who need to live here, was considerable
of a humorist in his way. He don't lay
any great claim to hilarity in a literary
way, but he can tell you things that
have occurred to him personally that
would make you roll over in the tall
grass and howl with mirth.
Some years ago Tim hail a bunch of
cattle up north, and learning that Frew
en Brothers had more money than they
wanted, he decided to sell to them. The
Frewen Brothers were just over from
England at that time and hadn't leai ned
the wild, peculiar ways of these uncouth
people of the West. They came to
Wyoming as eivilizers, so to speak,
bringing with them the air of refine
ment and culture from their foreign
home. It looked odd to the old timer
here in the mountains to see a pair of
bloooded cusses, with hollow, aesthetic
chests, and pants that were too short.
Nothing could seem more queer than
two noble sons of Albion, with eye
glasses and dispepsia, starting a cattle
ranch on the frontier, and the boys had
a good deal of fun over it.
Foley found out that the Frewens had
about $4,000 on hand that they wanted
to squander on bulls, so he tackled them
and told them that he had about enough
to make the sum an even thing for his
herd. The Frewens were taken out to
the base of a big hill and stationed where
the herd could be driven by them while
they tallied them. Foley fixed it so that
a herd of a hundred or so, by judicious
ly revolving it around that hill, counted
up high enough to make $4,000 worth
of cattle, and then he told the herders
to drive them over the range behind the
This goes to show that by using a
500-foot hill judiciously it can be worked
in at a good price. Foley no doubt
worked that hill in at about $2,000 and
it didn't cost him a cent either. If we
could work off a range of sand hills at
that rate, and get cash for them, we
would cease to write abstruse editorials
and make some money in this new and
attractive style for two or three sum
mers, and then go to Europe and visit
the crowned heads.
There are people who do not believe
the above story, and, in fact, we don't
believe it either, but we give it for what
it is worth.
Duration of the Sun.
There are extinct suns. The fact
that there are such lends new weight to
the reasons which permit us to conclude
that our sun also is a body which slowly
gives out its store of heat, and thus will
sometime become extinct. The term of
17,000,000 years which I have given
may, perhaps, become consierably pro
longed by the gradual abatement of
radiation, by the new accretion of fall
ing meteors, and by still greater con
densation than that which I have assum
ed in the calculation. But we know of
no natural process which could spare
our sun the fate which has manifestly
fallen on other suns. This is a thought
which we only reluctantly admit. It
seems to us an insult to the beneficent
creative power which we otherwise find
at work in organism, and especially in
living ones. But we must reconcile
ourselves to the thought that, however
we may consider ourselves to be the
center and final object of creation, we
are but as dust on the earth, which
again, is but a specie of dust in the im
mensity of space; and the previous du
ration of our race, even if we follow it
far beyond our written history, into the
era of the lake dwellings or the mam
moth, it is but an instance compared
with the primeval times of our planet,
when beings existed upon it, whose un
earthly remains still gaze at us from
their ancient tombs; and far more does
the duration of our race sink into in
significance, compared with the enor
mous periods during which the worlds
have been in process of formation, and
will still continue to form when our sun
is extinguished, and our earth is either
| solidified in cold or is united with the
ignited central body of of our system.