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PROFESSIONAL CARDS OF
C. T. Alexander. C. M. Bower.
4 LEXANDER & BOWER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office In Garman's new building.
JOHN B. LINN,
ATTORNEY AT LA W.
Office on Allegheny Street.
ATTORNEY AT LAW*
Northwest corner of Diamond.
D. G. Bush. 8. H. Yocum. D. H. Hastings.
JYUSH, YOCUM & HASTINGS,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
High Street, opposite First National Bank,
w M. C. HEINLE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Practices in all the courts of Centre County.
Special attention "to collections. Consultations
la German or Engi sh.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
All bus nets promptly attended to. Collection
of claims a speciality.
J. A. Beaver. J. w. Gephart.
JJEAYKK A GEPHART,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
* BELLEFONTE, PA.
Office oi Alleghany Street, North of High,
w: A. MORRISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office on Woodrlng's Block, Opposite Court
JQ S. KELLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Consultations In English or German. Office
In Lyon's Building, Allegheny Street.
JOHN G. LOYE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Office In the rooms formerly occupied by the
late w. p. Wilson.
BUSINESS CARDS OF MILLHEDI, AC.
Watches, Clocks. Jewelry, Silverware, Ac. Re
pairing neatly and promptly don? and war
ranted. Main Street, opposite Bank, M llhelm,
~T O. DEININGER,
SCRIBNER AND CONVEYANCER,
All business entrusted to him. surti as writing
and acknowledging Deeds, Mortgages, Keleas. s,
4c., will be executed with neatness and dis
patch. office on Main street.
TJ 11. TOMLINSONj
* DEALER IX
ALL KINDS OF
Groceries. Notions, Drugs. Tohaco*. cigars,
I Fine ConfecUout-ilea ai.d everything iu tLe line
of a flret-class Grocery st re.
Conntrv Produce-taken In exchange for goods.
Main St eet, opposite Bank, Mldheim, Pa.
pwAVID 1. BROWN,
M ANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN
TIX WARE, STOVEPIPES, Ac.,
SPOUTING A SPECIALTY.
Shop on Main Street, two houses east of Bank,
J IT STICK OF THE PEACE,
All business promptly attended to.
collection of claims a specialty.
Office opposite Elsenhuth's Drug Store.
Tty| USSER & SMITH,
Hardware. Stoves, Oils, Paints, Glass, Wall
Papers coach Trimmings, and saddlery Ware.
Ac., Ac. graces of Patent Wheels.
Corner of Main and Penn Streets Millhelm,
I ASHIOXABI E TAILOR,
Cutting a Specialty.
snop next aoor to Journal Book stoie.
jyjILLHEIM BANKING CO.,
A. WALTER, Cashier. DAV. KRAPE, Pres.
ile Mimm BinmuiL
KISSES OF SLEEP.
What shall I aiug for the darling who lies
With the kisses of sleep on her iunooeut eyes;
Who sees in her dre&xnUud the wonderful
Whose shadowless beauty has vanished from
Ah. fair little maiden, tnv wisdom is v&iu
To choose the ouo path uever haunted bv
Thy feet may be btuisod, but iu darkness or
Tho hand of the Shepherd wdl load thee
he years of thy future are safe in tiis h >ld
Whose smiles, like the sunshine, his children
Go hid© iu bis bosom, if troubles assail,
Secure in his keeping whose love cannot fail.
Under False Colors.
They were making a railroad from a cer
tain city to —no matter where. Suffice it
that it was somewhere in that boundless
"Out West," and it ran through a wild,
Indian-infested country, where fever and
ague, and raids from the savages were un
comfortably familiar evils. Among the
small army of employes was John Marshall,
a civil engineer, in charge of a section in
one of the wildest portions of the line. But
he was young, fresh from college, and
hard work ami terrors tiad uo dange.-s for
John Marshall sat one day in the rude log
hut which constituted liis "office." examin
ing pi: as, making out requisitions, etc.,
when a shadow across his paper caused him
to lock up. In the doorway stood a boyish
fellow of apparently eighteen or twenty
with smooth face, fresh complexion, curly
hair, and somewhat effieminate in form and
figure. In response to Marshall's inquiring
look, he said: "I have called upon you, sir,
hoping to get work."
"Well, we are full just now in the sec
tion,' was the discouraging reply. • "What
can you do?"
"I can write, keep accounts, or do some
thing of that kind better than anything
"I see. Y'ou haven't been used to very
hard work, as your hands show."
"No, sir; but if you will only try me, I
am sure you will find me willing. I am
very anxious to get work."
"But what sent you to this outlandish
place to find it ?"
The young man colored, but made no
"Well," continued Marshall, "of course
that's your own affair, not mine. I can't
offer you anything iu the way of work, be
cause you don't seem qualified for severe
manual labor. I want a clerk —an assistant
—bad enough; but ihe company wouldn't
pay you if 1 should engage you."
"That doesn't matter," said the youug
applicant. "If you could only give me
board and lodging for a few months 1 would
"Yery well. On those terms 1 engage
you. But what is your name?"
' Frank Burroughs, sir,."
So Frank was engaged to assist John
Marshall, and he soon proved himself a
valuable aid, Educated, quick, and ready,
he soon made himself indispensable in vari
"Months passed, and that portion of the
railroad drew near completion. In the
meantime Frank and John had become fast
friends. They were inseparable compan
ions, and a deeper than ordinary liking
seemed to have sprung up between tliem.
"Frank," said John Marshall one day,
"our section will lie completed this week,
and then our employment here will be at
an end. What do you propose doing?"
"1 don't know," aud the youth hung his
"As for me," continued John, "I am go
ing home for a month's vacat ; on; and I
should be more than pleased to have you go
with me. In fact I must insist upon it, for
—in spite of your almost girlish waj's —1
should be lost without your society."
Frank remained silent, seemingly oppress
ed with a sorrow of some kind.
"You don't seem iu good spirits to-day,
said John, rallyingly.
"No; 1 am very sad indeed."
"Will you tell me why ?"
"It would involve a long story, and a
confession; one that Pt-quires a sacrifice of
self respect to make."
"But we are friends."
"Y~es, and I feel that you have a right to
know. So listen with all the patience you
can. Away down in one of the lonely val
leys that dot our beautiful New York State,
situated near the head-waters of the Mo
hawk, there lived a few years ago a man
named with a family consisting
of wife and one child, a girl. Mr. Lam
port had once lieen a prominent merchant of
New York; but meeting with heavy losses
in his business through wild speculations,
he had sold out, and with the remnant of
his fortune had settled in the valley I have
just mentioned. Here he resolved to begin
the world anew. Possessed of a wife who
sympathized with him iu all his trials, he
never despaired as many might have done.
"But one child had blessed tlieir union,
little Fanny, at this time about eleven
years of age. In her, all the parents' love
was centered. Mr. Lamport had been at
his new vocation about three years, and
was in a fair way to retrieve the losses he
had met with in his mercantile career.
"The little valley was but a few miles
in length, and but little more than a mile
in width, surrounded on all sides by high
mountains, thickly wooded. But few other
families had their residences in the valley.
The scarcity of neighbors, however, did not
cause Mrs. Lamport to have any vain long
ings for the society in which she had been
reared. Her nature was not of an ambi
tious turn. While. her family possessed
health, and the wolf was kept from the
door, she would never . complain, but
would always be a loving and fitting help
mate to her husband, Mr. Lamport was
fully conscious of the treasure he pos
sessed in his wife and they were happy in
"Thus things went well for a time; and
then calamity came. Both Mr. and Mrs.
Lamport suddenly died, leaving Fanny
alone, and almost penniless. Paralyzed
with grief the poor girl knew not what to
do. The neighbors kindly came forward
to assist her, and a hundred dollars in her
pocket, she went to a relative in New York
—a widow lady named Plessley. She was
not a handsome woman; she was not par
ticularly rich; she was certainly over
thirty. Those who merely saw her won
dered at the immense popularity she enjoy
ed; but those who knew her iatimately,
MILLHEIM, PA., THURSDAY, JUNE 3. 1880.
perfectly understood her fascinations. Mrs.
Plossley possessed a most brilliant intellect,
spoke several languages, had read every
thing that was to be read, and could talk on
any subject in the world, from the most
abstruse theological creed to the lightest
pirouette of the Black Crook dance. She
was the most amusing woman in New
York. Her conversations was like the
corruscations of brilliant fireworks, HO daz
zling that it was almost impossible to ana
lyze it; but those who had self-possession
encugh to close their eyes against the Hash
ing light saw in her thoughtlessness and
carelessness for the feelings of others, and
a thorough absence of heart in herself; she
was as brilliant as a rainbow, but as cold.
"Fanny was takeu into society, after
only a few months, by Mrs. 1 Messley, who
took every care to display whatever beauty
of accomplishment her young relative pos
sessed. Fanny soon made her mind that
Mrs. Plessley was using her for a specula
live purpose, the desired end being a rich
husband. While the window was not par
ticularly anxious to exchange her freedom
for the matrimonial yoke, she schemed to
gain for herself fortune and position by
marrying Fanny advantageously. The
waited-for man came at last, lie was
a millionaire, and was infatuated with
Fanny, ami was sixty years old The girl
recoiled from the proposed match witli dis
gust; the venerable suitor pleaded. Mrs.
Plessley commanded. X'pon Fanny's re
fusal, the widow ordered her to leave the
house, never to enter again. Witli the re
m.dnder of the money she had orginally
brought with her, and which she had kept,
because she hail found no need to spend it,
she went out into the world"
Here the speaker hesita ed as if loth to
"Is the story finished?" asked John.
"Well, go on, then. 1 should, of course;
like tokuow what lieeame of Funny."
"Not knowing where to go or what to
do. but with a vague idea of getting work
somewhere or somehow, she applied to
numerous warehouses and i-liops, hut she
was in every instance obliged to confess
ignorance of the work in question. In
some places her good looks subjected her to
insult, and she went to bed at night in a
cheap lodging, thoroughly discouraged.
The next day she went through about the
same experience, with the same result.
"If I were only a man," she said to her
self, 'I could get on better; 1 would at least
lie free from insult, ami I could seek my
fortnue much moreccmfortably.'
"This set her thinking, and by morning
she had resolved upon a novel masquerade.
Very early she set out, aud u short walk
brought her to a clothing warehouse She
entered, and thus addressed the shopman:
'Have you ready-made suits for boys or
"Yea," was the reply.
"Piease show me so;n ?"
"She selected a suit of clothes which she
thought would answer the purpose, hud
them put in a bundle, and took tliem to her
room; together with a cap which she
bought on the way. Half an hour afterward
she looked in the mirror, and saw a smart
young fellow of eighteen—bnt with her
hair reaching to the waist. A pair of scis
sors. skilfully used, soon brought the hair
into a proper condition, and iheu she scatce
ly knew herself.
"With the next train she started for the
West, stopping at Buffalo where she ob
tained a situation in a warehouse to fill a
temporary vacancy; but that job lasted only
a few weeks, and then she went to Chicago.
There she looked for work in vain until her
mono)' was almost exhausted, and she
found that being a man did not insure com
plete success. Her slender and youthful
appearance debarred her from work of a
heavy nature; aud lighter situations, such
as bookkeepers, clerks., etc,, were scarce.
"At last, finding that starvation w-.s her
only prospect in the city, Fanny resolved
to try the country. By chance she read in
a newspaper of a railroad being in course
of construction, and so she came here,"'
"Came here!"ejaculated Jolm Marshall.
"Then you are "
am Fanny Lamport," was the blush
John started back in amazement. lie
was naturally a bashful fellow, unaccus
tomed to female society; and the idea that
he had been months associating with a
young lady unawares was startling. Then
he wondered that he had not suspected the
truth before; that he had not more particu
-1 irly noticed his clerk's effeminacy, girl
ish blushes, and pretty ways. Ami now
that he thought of it, he did not relish the
idea of parting with that same pretty clerk.
A silence of some length ensued at the
completion of Fanny's story, broken finally
by John Marshall.
"I don't see," he said with some hesita
tion, "that we need part just because you
have changed your sex; but then, you see,
it wouldn't be exactly proper for you to
slay here with me, now that I know you're
Fanny was silent. She was thinking of
the bitterness of leaving the man she had
learned to love. The months she had spent
in his society had been the happiest since
her parent's death.
"Do you wish to leave me?" asked John.
"No, indeed," replied Funny, quickly.
"Please do not make me go away, No
body but you knows of my sex."
"I see but one way for you to do as you
"By marrying me."
• It was settled with a liug and a kiss.
John Marshall went home to spend his va
cation, which resolved it self into a honey
moon. When his friends ask him where
he found his lovely wife, he always replies
that there Is a funny story connected with
his courtship; but Fanny blushes at this
point, and he never tells the story.
Bingen, " fair Bingen on the Rhine,"
immortalized by Mrs. Norton's ballad, is
credited with a population of seven
thousand in the guide books, but iooks
smaller. We confess to a feeling of disap
pointment ou looking at Bingen. A dirty
looking railroad fronts the town and de
stroys all the romance attached to the place.
Their are many fairer towns farther down
on the Rhine, the rhapsody of the " Soldier
of the Legion" who "lay dying iu Algiers."
to the contrary notwithstanding. The
grand scenery of the Rhine just begins to
open at this point. Below Bingen, and
until we reach Coblentz, the mountains
tower precipitously on either side and the
ruins of old castles becomes more numerous.
Opposite Bingen, in the middle of the
river is Bishop of Hatto's famous " Mouse
Tower," still in a good state of preservation.
flow Pent I* Formed.
Vast regions of the globe, designated
in the geographies as solid laud, are
covered by peat bogs. The table lauds of
the South American Cordilleras, the im
mense plains of Siberia, about one-tenth
of lrelund, large proportions of the surface
of Scotland, Germany, Norwny, Jutland,
the gorges of the Swiss Alps, and large
tracts in this country are covered with the
morasses which have been formed by peaty
deposits. Oil many a low plaiu, on lofty
table lands, in valleys and depressions
where water gathers and is held by the
clay subsoil or the solid rock, the forma
tion of peat goes on. The surfaces of these
sileut waters ure eovered with a thin green
tilin like a mere scum which, however, is
plant life, minute conferva*, that decays
and sinks, to be succeeded by another
growth. These depositions going on, age
after age, become u solid mass, and ulti
mately are transformed into peat. Varieties
of peat that to the unaided eye are but
smooth, oily muck, become under the mi
croscope, the remains of vegitation, min
ute morasses that flourished aud died
through countless generations, aud sank
below the water that sustained aud nour
ished them while living. In time this
I gradual accumulation becomes a palpable
mass. Farlicles of sand aud stones, the
roots oi adjacent plants killed by the slug
gisli waters ure held in the mass, which,
rising vear by year, at length aifords a
foothold for water-fowl, and gradually
reaches the surface, makiug a soil for
uquutic plants. These in their turn con
tribute to the accretion, so that the mass
consists of layers, more or leas defined, of
the remains of confer vie, coarser vegeta
tion, roots and eutire plants, mingled with
sand and mineral substances. These
changes are passive and unnoticed, but the
water continues to accumulate, saturating
the entire mass, and at length becomes ag
grtsuve, breaking through the treaehtrous
surface and destroying the vegetation that
has obtained a loothold over the slime.
Sometimes the imprisoned ami generated
gases burst through, sending forth streams
of black liquid mud, which overwhelm
und destroy .all vegetable life within their
reach. These bogs are continually grow
ing. Quietly, gradually, but irresistibly,
they spread, undermining forests in some
cases and sinking them out of sight. What
are commonly known as salt marshes are
frequently immense beds of jieat. The
accumulation is very gradual, but the rank
grains, rushes, and other aquatic vegeta
tion which retain a precarious foothold die
aud decay ami add year by year to the
mass. What was once a treacherous
morass, becomes in time apparently solid
laud, and more advanced lorms of vegeta
tion succeed; perhaps a forest. But the
marsh is still there, and below the root of
the trees is a spongy bed of peat. Even
beneath the shade of forests growing on
solid ground jieat is in prxiess of forma
tion. The foliage of the trees deposited
annually and the soJPfrQfk vegetation that
grows iu rank luxuriance in the impenetra
ble shade decay and add layer after layer
of soft, slimy substance, that in time be
comes concreted peat. 1 binning or cut
ting oil the trees allows the wat ;r to eva
porate, and the peat becomes the compara
tively dry fibrous substance we use as
I'elroleuut Field* In ltiiamlii.
The owners of American petroleum de
posits w.ll before long have to encounter a
considerable amount of opposition in view
of the discoveries of this valuable oil on the
Continent, and especially in Hanover and
Russia. The beds in the latter country are
boundless, extending for a wide distance of
1,500 miles, along the Caucus range, from
the Caspian to the Black Sea. At the
present time, however, there are but two
districts in this large area where any sys
tematic efforts are being made to obtain the
petroleum. One is in the valley of the
Kuban rivex (which flows into the Black
Sea), where two wells have been sunk by
a French company under the superinten
dence of an American Manager; this com
pany has a refinery at Toham. The other
and most productive district is near Baku,
on the Caspian Sea. Many wells have
been sunk here to the depth of 300 feet,
having a daily yield of 28,000 barrels of
crude petroleum. An extraordinary amount
of sand flows out with the oil, ami is heap
ed up near the orifice of the wells in banks
at least thirty feet high. Large refinories
exist at Baku, although the refined oil at
present produced is not as good as the
The traveler who is fortunate enough to
see Babylon in April caunot call it deso
late. The date groves and gardens along
the banks of the Euphrates are then things
of beauty in their fresh spring verdure, and
the plaiu itself is laid down with crops.
Irrigating canals cross it here ami there,
and give trouble to the horsemen. No grass
grows upon the mounds, and there are
patches of the level white with the nitre
which is to be found here as in other parts
of Mesopotamia; but the surface of the
soil is on the whole green and pleasant to
the eye. The glad waters of the river flow
in the bright morning sunshine, with palm
and mulberry hanging over its banks,
drinking in sap and life. The great city,
which counted its population by millions
and filled the world with a renown not yet
forgotten, has disappeared, under the dust
of 20 centuries; but nature is as fresh and
jocund as when Babylon was still unbuilt.
Birds sins overhead in the pleasant spring
air; butterflies flutter about in search of
flowers, and balmy odors regale the sense.
The Clocks of Furls,
Paris is getting the start of other capi
tals as regards public clocks, the munici
pality having contracted with the Pneu
matic Clock Company lor the erection of a
number of clocks in the principal thorough
lares. Some of them have been set in
motion. Each clock consists ot two opaque
gloss dials, with a hollow space between,
in which a gas-burner is lit at night, so
that the time can be seen by persons ap
proaching in either direction. The hands
are removed at an interval of a minute by
means of pneumatic tubes, the air being
pumped in by a six-horse power engine.
Observatory time is of course given, and
the company offer to lay tubes to private
houses. Tne principle is that of an Aus
trian firm, and it will have to compete
with the electric clocks at the railway sta
tions. One objection will perhaps be
taken to it—viz., that it does not indicate
fractions of minutes.
Marriage In Egypt.
When an Egyptian wants a wife he is
not allowed to visit the harems of his
friends to select one, for Mohammed for
bade men to see tho face of any woman
they could marry—that is to say. any be
sides their mothers or sisters. A man is,
therefore, obliged to employ a "khatbeo,"
or matchmaker, to find one for him, for
which service, of course, she expects
" backsheesh"—that is payment. The
khathen, having found a girl, recommends
her to the man as exceedingly beautiful
und eminently suitable to him. The father
is then waited upon to ascertain the dowry
he requires, for all wives are purchased as
they were in patriarchal days. When
Jacob bail Sio money to pay for Rachel he
served her father for seven years as an
equivalent; and when duped, was obliged
to served a second time to secure his prize.
(Gen. xxix.) Fathers still refuse to give
u younger daughter in marriage before, an
elder shall have been married. The
people of Armenia, in Asiatic Turkey,
forbid a younger son to marry before an
elder, and this is likewise the law of the
The price of a wife varies from 5
shillings to $1,500. The girl may not be
more than five or six years old, but, what
ever her age, twojt birds ot the dowry is at
once paid to her father m the presence of
witnesses. The father then or his repre
sentee, says: "I betrothe thee, my
daughter," and the young man resjionds,
"1 accept of such betrothal." Unless
among the lower classes, the father expends
the dower iu the purchase of dress orna
ments or furniture for the bride, which
never become the property of her husband.
Even when betrothed, the intercourse of
the parties is very restricted. The Arabs
will not allow tliem to see each other, but
the Jews are not quite so stringent. The
betrothals often continue for years before
the man demands his wife. Thus, "Sam
som went down and talked to the woman,"
or espoused her, ami " after a time he re
turned to take her." Girls are demanded
at the age of ten and between that and six
teen years, but ufter sixteen few men wil 1
seek tlieui, and the dowry expected is then
Girls iu Egypt are often mothers at
thirteen aud grandmothers at twenty-six,
and in Persia they are said to be mothers
at eleven, grandmothers at twenty-four,
and past child-bearing at thirty. When a
man demands his betrothed a day is fixed
for the nuptials, and for seven nights before
he i:i expected to give a feast, which, how
ever, is furnished by the guests themselves.
Thus one sends coffee, another rice, another
sugar, etc. The principal time of this
continued feast is the night before the con
summation. The conduct is intrusted to
the " friend of the bridegroom." (John iii,
29.) About the middle of tins day the
bridrcarivesattbe house and then returns to
the harem, where she sits with her mother,
sisters, and feiualc friends. At the third
or fourth watch of the night—three or four
hours after sunset —the bridegroom, who
has not seen his fair one, goes to the
mosque to pray, accompanied by "meshals,"
or torches and lauterns, with music. Upon
his return he is introduced to his bride,
with whom, having given her attendant a
present to retire, he is left alone. He then
throws off her veil and for the first time
9ees her face. If satisfied, he informs the
women outside, who immediately express
their joy by screaming " zuggareet," which
is echoed by the women iu the house, and
lhen by those in the neighborhood.
>avitie tli** Crown.
After the Empress' flight from France
the new government ordered that all the
valuables of the imperial family, including
the crown, the regalia and the sword of
state, should be dejxisited with the Bank
of France. But a rumor soon got abroad
that the Empress' crown, together with the
celebrated regent diamond, has been secret
ly forwarded to Loudon to the care of the
Rothschilds. A little later the gossips af
firmed that it had been sold by l)r. Evans,
the American dentist, and that the proceeds
had been applied to the support of the Em
press at CliiselhursL Tne true accouut of
her flight, and of the valuables she took
with her, has recently been published. It
appears that when Prince Metternich ap
peared at the Tuileries, and bade the Em
press hasten her departure, she went hur
riedly into her lx*droom, put on a brown
waterproof cloak, a round traveling hat,
took a green parasol, began to collect in
great haste all the miniatures of the Em
peror, of her sou, of her sister, the Duch
ess® d'Albe, and ot her niece, and put them
into a lapis lazuli box, which, Jiowever, in
the haste ot her flight she was destined to
leave behind. "Make haste, madauie, 1
hear cries; they are mounting the stairs;
tliey are coming!" cried M. Nigra. Prince
Metternich went boldly into the bedroom
and took the Empress by the arm. Every
one bad, more or less, lost their presence
of mind. The Empress left without taking
any money witli her, although there was
alKiut 4(,000f. in the drawers, and Marshal
Yaillant, who had had a thought of this
and bringing some rouleaux of gold with
him, had, with the greatest difficulty, suc
ceeded in entering the palace by the gate in
the Rue Ue Rivoli, arrived too late to give
them to the Empress. She was driven to
the hotel of Dr. Evans, who supplied her
with money. She was then put in the
hands of Sir John Burgoyne, who conveyed
her across the Channel, and when she set
foot on British shores she was almost pen
niless. in the subsequent arrangement of
her affairs, after the Commune, many of
her valuables, and among them the crown,
were restored to her.
The Bottom Out.
Now we have a story of Mr. Neff, re
siding near Alexandria, Huntingdon county,
Pa., who recently, by attempting to draw
water, found his well dry. On descending
to investigate, it was related that he was
astounded to discover that the bottom had
actually fallen out of the well, and,in short,
the well proved to be the entrance to an
immense cave, stretching miles and miles
in every direction. Stalagmites and stal
actites of magnificent gorgeousness lent
beauty and variety to the otherwise tomb
like scene. Here and there a flowing
stream of water rippled over stony beds,
while thousands and thousands of bats flut
tered their clammy wings, surprised at tho
entrusion of man. Petrified sea-shells of a
hundred varieties strewed the floors and
protruded from the strata. Among other
things, it is said, valuable deposits of me
tallic ores were discovered, which, with all
the rest of the ingenious narative, we hope
may prove true, and add much to the ma
terial wealth of the country.
Secret© of the Sea.
Sooner or later the poles and Africa must
yield up their little mysteries to the organi
zation and persistence of modern explora
tian, and then (Lire will be one thing only
left to look for—a spot of ground large
enough to lie inhabited on which humanity
has not its representatives. The search
may not be hopeless, but certainly up to
this date the most eccentric and indefatiga
ble globe-trotters have failed to find any
such place. The man, woman, or child,
in this country of free schools who knows
of even the existence of the Tristan Da
Cunliu islauds can scarcely lie found; yet
most maps show them, and in some cyclo
pedias they ure recognizable iu the few lines
about Tristan Da Cuuha There are three
islands in the group, which lies in the
South Aliunde ocean, about midway be
tween Africa and America, and nearly on a
line drawn from Buenos Ayers to Cape
Town. It **as on the largest of the group,
containing aliout forty square miles, that
the ship Mabel ('lark, owned in this city,
and sailing from Liverpool to Hong Kong,
was driven ashore by stress of weather two
years next May day; and now, Capt. East,
of her majesty's ship (k>mus, has just re
ported his delivery of the presents sent by
President Hayes to the islanders who suc
cored the crew. They are one hundred in
number, and are chiefly descendants of a
certain Corporal Glass, who was one of a
garrison placed on the island by England
when Bonaparte was imprisoned on Bt.
Helena, fifteen hundred miles away. The
oldest inhabitant is Peter Green, a hale,
hearty man,in his 72dyear, and the young
est is his great-grand child, aged a few
months. There have only been four deaths
in thirteen years, and no death in infancy
was ever known among them. The per
fect climate is proliably the explanation of
these facts. The community cultivate
aliout twenty acres, potatoes being the chief
crop, aud usually get ten or twelve bushels
from one of seed. They have five hundred
cattle, five hundred sheep, and any quan
tity of fowls. The little state is "both or
dtrly and contented, and Peter Green is
looked upon as the chief, although lie dis
claims all pretentions to power. Doubt
less the fact that nearly a majority of the
population are related to him —be had six
teen children —accounts for the estimation
in which he is held. Capt. East recom
mended his son, William Green, for the
Albert medal, or the hfe-saving medal of
the Royal Humane society, and as he
greatly distinguished himself on the occa
sion of the Mabel Clark's wreck the matter
is one for somebody's attention in this
country, also. Some years ago the island
ers begged some cats from a ship, which,
for some reason, stopped at Tristan Da
Cunha, but the perverse animals preferred
rabbits and chickens to exclusive mice and
now they run wild all over the island,
while the mice are greater pests than ever.
All the islanders want now is a clergyman.
The chaplain of the Com us christened five
childred, who, doubtless, could have waited
a year or two longer for the ceremony, but
the case of expectant brides and bride
grooms is bard indeed. Contemplative
Dersons without inordinate appetites for
letters and newspapers, may not find its
picture unattractive, but die genius of the
age is all for restless competition, and most
people will regard such a life as vegetation
rather than existence, and will not cease to
wonder that human beings should, of their
own free will choose to endure it.
In the Buffalo Police Court, recently,
there was a curious case involved in the ex
amination of an Indian named Nicholas
Smith, from near Brantford. Canada, and
a pretty looking young white matron with
two small children, from the same vicinity.
Her name was Mirand Potts, and she stated
that her husband left her some two months
The Indian, who is remarkably intelli
gent, and a good-looking chap, perhaps
thirty-five years of age, with a Caucasian
formed head and face, and an excellent
talker, accompanied by the woman, arrived
at a hotel on Exchange street, and the two
registered as husband and wife.
Thinking all was not right, the landlord
notified the police, wnen they were arrest
On being asked what was his purpose in
coming here with this married woman and
ber little children, the Indian promply re
"To get married."
"Didn't you know that would be big
amy!—a states prison offense," his honor
"Bigamy don't frighten Indian," the
noble red inau responded.
"But suppose you found yourself in the
"For as nice a woman as that," pointing
to the pretty matron with the baby on her
lap, as mildly unconcerned as if everything
was perfectly 6crene, "I would take my
chances for a dozen penitentiaries."
" Why don't you marry a squaw ?"
"Whcn*l've got a chance to own as pret
ty a white wife as that!" again pointing to
the young matron, with a cute smile of ad
miration in his black eyes, "Indian know
too much for that."
"D'ye know what I've a good mind to do
"Send you to the Workhouse as a vag!"
"1 guess not," said Mr. lodian, with a
still outer smile, "I own a good farm out
where I live, with a good house on it, and
I've plenty of money in my pocket. Where
will your vag come in'?"
Thi9 was a stumper, so Mirand Potts
was called up to see what she had to say.
When asked if she did not know what §
serious crime it was to marry a second time
while her husband was living, she looked
as innocent as a country girl sent out to
milk the cows, and said:
"La me, 'Squire, I didn't know as it
mattered. John he's up and left me, and
he never was much account anyhow."
"Then you could stoop to marry a nigger
"I don't know nothing about nigger
Indian, but he's got a good place already
provided, and so far as I've seen he's a
good man, and I'd a heap rather have a
smart Indian that would give me a good
place to live, than a poor shankle no-ac
count white man that runs away."
"But didn't you know if you married
him it would be a States prison offence?"
"Yes, I suppose it might be. But I
thought I could just as well get a divorce
after, when I'd have more time.'
As no crime had been committed, they
The Maddest Woman
Probably there have been madder women
than this one was, but we have never aeen
one near asunad as she seemed to be. She
was going down a street, in Detroit, when
it was raining, and she had an umbrella,
two packages in yellow papers, and a shop,
ping-bag. On the street there was a
place where the sidewalk had been torn up
to allow builders to haul out clay for a cel
lar. The workmen had gone in somewhere
out of the rain, and nobody had thought to
put down any loose boards. The clay was
fresh and sticky, and about four inches
deep. She hesitated, and looked back as
though she thought it would be wise to go
back a block and go around the mud, but .
finally concluded to go through it. Put
ting her packages under her arms, and
holding the umbrella firmly, she stepped
both feet into the clay. That was easy
enough, but when she undertook to remove
one loot the rubber shoe came off. She
began to look mad then, but she was not
half as mad us she got to be 111 a oouple of
minutes. She tried to get her foot back
iuto the rubber as it stuck in the mud, and
came near tipping over trying to balance
on one foot, but by jabbing ner umbrella
into the mud she saved herself from sitiiug
down sideways. Then she got both her
feet into tl*? overshoes and tried to step,
she couldn't rescue those shoes to save her
life. Then she looked around to see if any
body was looking. She bent over and
took hold of one of the rubbers with her
hand and finally coaxed it to come along
with her foot, but while she was doing that
one of her packages fell out from under
her arm behind. She tried to turn around
to pick it up, but her rubbers had become
fastened in the yielding clay, and they
wouid not move. At this point she begau
to get mail. Her warm-coiored hair flash
ed tire, her eyes snapped, her face turned
the color of a red wheelbarrow, and she
looked around for a man to kill. It was
the most awful sight ever witnessed by
mortal man. Por luliy three iniuutes she
f-t jod there, and then she took her foot out
ot those rubbers, picked up the muddy
things in her turds and waded ashore,
her delicate gaiters going iuto the clay clear
up to her shoe strings. When she got on
to the plank walk on Van BureD street, she
wiped her feet off on the fence, and after
looking around for the author of her fun
for a few minutes, she went away, looking
back at every step as though the fate of the
person who left that sidewalk open was
>eaied. It is said that a woman has been
seen for two nights walking up and down
the street, with a mountain howitzer strap
ped to her back, looking vainly for game
that is out of sea9an. Well, she had a
right to be mad.
The wonderful change which has taken
place in navigation is shown by reference
to the condition of our commerce thirty
years ago. In 185 ft there were 818 ship's
(all sailing vessels) registered at the Cus
tom House of New York, belonging to that
port. The largest was the Heniy Clay,
1,207 tons. The average was about 500
1 tons, and to these were added 96 barks,
which are three-masted vessels of smaller
size. The largest of these was 404 tons
aud the smallest 160 tons. This entire
fleet has given place to steam navigation,
and, considering the immense increase in
our commerce, it would seem hardly possi
ble that it could be performed by sailing
vessels. In 1840 the steamer British
visited New York and one of its pas
sengers, byway of bravado, told his friends
that he would be home by a specified time.
The period designated for the entire trip
was 32 days, three of which were spent iu
that port. He astonished his friends by
accomplishing this purpose, but at present
the same thing could be done in one third
less time. The best liners then took hardly
more than a dozen of first-class passengers,
and it may be added that one of the last
men of distinction to cross the Atlantic in
this manner was Washington Irvng. When
appointed to the mission at Madrid he was
invited by Grinnell, Mint urn & Co. to ac
cept a stateroom in one of their best ves
sels. He returned, however, in a steamer.
Among the most popular of the the above
mentioned packets was the "Dramatic
Line," controlled by Edward K. Collins,
lie bad great histrionic taste, and hence
named his ships the Garnck, the tiiddons,
the Shakespeare, and the Roacius. Collins
foresaw the supremacy of steam, and this
led him to create the "Collins Line, "who?"?
ill fate has long been familiar to the public,
looking back upon the above-mentioned
fleet of barks and ships, numbering more
than 400, it is sad to think that all are out
of existence, having been either wrecked at
sea or broken up for their material.
Blind u Bats.
The subject of color blindness came up
at a ferry-dock saloon, Detroit, the other
day, and an old ex-captain offered to test
the eyes of several sailors, presjne. He got
off Ills stool, laid down his pipe, and be
"Now, boys, what is the color of my
"White!" they replied in a chorus. It
was as red as a beet, but th ;v were after a
"Correct," said the captain. "This
convinces me that your eyes are all right
as to the color of white. What is the
"Correct again, except the sandy spots.
"You'll all pass on white and gray.
What is the color of that dog out there?"
"So it is. And the cok rof h s chair is
—what?' l "
"And of this?"
"And what is my general appearance?"
That is, if you saw me forty rods off how
wouli you describe me?"
"As a perfect gentleman," was the ready
|j|They thought they had him then. He
started for the bar, but halted and finally
sat down and had no more to say for a long
ten minutes. After they had despaired of
getting any beer at liis expense and was
about to go out he suddenly said:
"Ah! boys, one more question. If I
treat this crowd what would be the color
of the liquid?"
"It would be the color of beer," they
hopefuliy shouted. *
*■' Blind as bats—worse case I ever saw!"
he mumbled, as he took his hand from his
pocket, "It would be exactly the color of