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TERMS OP PUBLICATION.
THE BEDFORD GAZETTE is published every Fri
day morning by MBVKRS & MBRGEL, at $2.00 per
annum, if paid strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid
within six months; $2.00 if not paid within six
onths. All subscription accounts MUST be
settled annually. No paper will be sent out of
the State unless paid for IN APVAHCE, and all such
subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at
tbe expiration of the time for which they are
All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less term than
three months TEN CENTS per line for each In
sertion. Special notices one-half additional All
resolutions of Associations; communications of
limited or individual interest, and notices of mar
riages and deaths exceeding five lines, ten cents
per line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line.
All legal Notices of every kind, and Orphans'
Court and Judicial Sales, are required by law
to be published in both papers published in this
IST All advertising due after first insertion.
A liberal discount is made to persons advertising
by the quarter, half year, or year, as follows :
3 months. 6 months. 1 year.
♦One square - - - $4 50 $6 00 $lO 00
Two squares ... 600 900 16 00
Three squares - - - 8 00 12 00 20 00
Quarter column - - 14 00 20 00 35 00
Half column - - - 18 00 25 00 45 00
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♦One square to occupy one inch of space.
JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with
neatness and dispatch. THE GAZETTE OFFICE has
just been refitted with a Power Press and new type,
and everything in the Printing line can be execu
ted in the most artistic manner and at the lowest
rates. —TERMS CASH,
ur All letters should be addressd to
MEYERS & MENGEL,
Q ASH BUYERS, TAKE N< )TICE!
SAVE YOUR GREENBACKS!
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
At J. M. SHOEMAKER'S Store,
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES!
Having just returned from the East, wo are now
opening a large stock of Fall and Winter Goods,
which have been BOUGHT FOR CASH, at nett
cash prices, and will be SOLD CHEAP. This be
ing the only full stock of goods brought to Bedford
this season, persons will be able to suit themselves
better, in style, quality and price, than at any
other store in Bedford. The following comprise a
few of our prices, viz :
Calicoes, at 10, 12, 14, 15, 1(5 and the
best at IS cents.
Muslins at 10, 12, 14, 15, IG, IS, and
and the best at 22 cents.
All Wool Flannels from 40cts. up.
French Merinoes, all wool Delaines, Coburgs, Ac.
SHAWLS —Ladies', children's and misses'
shawls, latest styles; ladies' cloaking cloth.
MEN'S WEAR—Cloths, cassimeres, satinetts,
BOOTS AND SHOES—In this line we have a
very extensive assortment for ladies, misses, chil
dren, and men's and boys' boots and shoes, all sizes
and prices, to suit all.
HATS—A large assortment of men's and boys'
CLOTHING—Men's and boys' coats, pants and
vests, all sizes and prices.
SHIRTS, Ao.—Men's woolen and muslin shirts;
Shakspeare, Lockwood and muslin-lined paper
collars; cotton chain (single and double, white
GROCERIES—Coffee, sugar, syrups, green and
black teas, spices of all kinds, dye-stuffs, Ac.
LEATHER—SoIe leather, French and city calf
skins, upper leather, linings, Ac.
Fir We will sell goods on the same terms that i
we have been for the last three months—cash, or
note with interest from date. No bad debts con
tracted and no extra charges to good paying cus
tomers to make up losses of slow and never paying
customers. Cash buyers always get the best bar
gains, and their accounts are always settled up.
J. M. SHOEMAKER.
Bedford, 5ep.27,'67. No. 1 Anderson's Row.
10 per cent, saved in buying your 1
goods for cash, at J. M. SHOEMAKER'S cash and
produce store, No. 1 Anderson's Row.
The undersigned have opened a very full supply
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
Our stock is complete and is not surpassed in
QUALITY AND CHEAPNESS.
The old system of
having exploded, we are determined to
SELL GOODS UPON TUE SHORTEST PROFIT
CASH OR PRODUCE.
To prompt paying customers wo will extend
a credit of four months, but we wish it expressly
understood, after the period named, account will be
due and interest will accrue thereon.
BUYERS FOR CASH
may depend upon
n0v1,'67 A. B. CRAMER A CO.
Thankful for past favors, we solicit a con- j
tinuance ot the public patronage.
Call and examine our goods.
may24,'67. G. \EAGER
NEW ARRIVAL.—Just received
at M. C. FETTERLY'S FANCY STORE,
Straw Hats and Bonnets, Straw Ornaments, Rib- [
bons Flowers, Millinery Goods, Embroideries, j
Handkerchiefs, Bead-trimmings, Buttons. Hosiery
and Gloves, White Goods. Parasols and Sun-Lm
brellas, Balmorals and Hoop Skirts, Fancy Goods
and Notions, Ladies' and Children's Shoes. Our
assortment contains all that is sew and desirable.
Thankful for former liberal patronage we hope 1
to be able to merit a continuance from all our cus
tomers. Please call and see our new stock,
A RARE CHANCE IS OFFERED
J\_ ALL PERSONS
To display their Goods;
Tc sell their Goods:
To gather information;
To make known their wants;
Ac., Ac. Ac. Ac., Ac., Ac., Ac., Ac.,
by adTertisingin the columns of THE GAZETTE.
BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
i A "NOTHER VETO ON HIGH
YOU CAN SA VE MONEY
by buying your GOODS of
MIDLER & BOWSER,
Mann's Corner, ... BEDFORD, Pa.
They arc now opening a choice variety of
NEW AND DESIRABLE
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
Hats and Caps,
Boots and Shoes,
Tohacco and Cigars,
! <fcc., &c., &c.
LOOK AT SOME OF THEIR PRICES :
CALICO, at 8, 10, 12, 15, lfi.
GINGHAM, at 121, 15, 18, 20.
MUSLIN, at 10, 12, 14, 15, 18, 20.
j (fear Cassinieres, Cloths, Satinetts and
Ladies' Sacking, at very low prices.
teir Ladies', Gents' and Misses'!
Shoes, Sandals and Over-Shoes, in great variety.
teg"" Men's, Boys' and Youths' Boots.
teaT Best Coffee, Tea, Sugar and Syr
up in the market. Prices low
teg" Feed, Flour, Ac., for stile at all
teg" We invite all to call and see our
goods and compare prices before buying elsewhere.
teg" Our motto is, Short Proffits.
TEGR TERMS— Cash, Note or Produce.
Q L A D TIDINGS
GOOD GOODS ARE DOWN!
NEW GOODS! NEW GOODS!
just received and will be sold
AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES.
Call at BLACK & BORDER'S,
IF YOU WANT CUEAP GOODS of any kind !
We have no big stock of old goods at big prices.
Our stock is nearly all fresh and new. Look at
some of our prices :
MUSLINS, from 10 to 17 cents.
CALICOS, from 8 to 15 cents.
CLOTHS and CASSIMERES at reduced prices.
DRESS GOODS, all kinds, cheaper than before
ALL WOOLEN GOODS 25 per cent, cheaper
than any that have been sold this season.
etc., etc., etc.,
at the lowest market prices.
If you want Good Bargains and Good Goods,
call at BLACK A BORDER'S.
Schellsburg, Doc. om3
INTER IS COMING!
PREPARE FOR COLD WEATHER!
The undersigned hast just received from the
Eastern Cities, a large and varied stock of
which he will sell very CHEAP FO,R CASH or
COUNTRY PRODUCE. All wool pants and vests
as low as $3.00 to $12.00 ; overcoats, from $B.OO to
$30.00; cloths, cassimeres, cassinetts, Ac., of the
best quality, and at the lowest prices; under-cloth
ing, such as under-shirts and drawers, at $l.OO
each; also, flannel shirts, at $1.75.
lie has also on hand a large assortment of
such as ladies' dress goods, consisting of all wool
delaines; calicoes, at 10, 12, 15 and 16 cents per
yard ; muslins, at 10, 12,14 and 20 ; also NOTIONS
in great variety; queensware, groceries, hoop
skirts, cotton-chain, tobaeeo and cigars, Ac., Ac.
And a good supply of gum coats and blankets al
ways on hand. Gum blankets at $1.75.
Thankful for past favors, he would solicit the
continued patronage of the public, feeling confi
dent that he can please all who purchase at his
store. Remember the place, the "Old Colonnade,''
southeast corner of Richard and Pitt streets, Bed
ord, Pa. ISAAC LIPPEL.
TELL IT! EVERYBODY TELL IT!
COTTON NO LONGER KING!
G. R. OSTER & CO.
Are now receiving at their NEW STORE a
large and carefully selected stock of new and
CHEAP Dry Goods, Furs, Clothing, Carpetings,
Oil cloths, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Wall papers,
Willow-ware, Queens-ware, Oils, Tobaccos, Segars,
Ac., together with an extensive assortment of Fresh
Groceries, which for extent and CHEAPNESS is
unrivaled in Central Pennsylvania, all of which
they offer wholesale or retail at prices that defy
competition. Piles of calico prints anil muslins
from 6i cents up to sublime quality.
They invite all to call, see for themselves and
TERMS .—POSITIVF.LY CASH on DELIVERY, un
less otherwise specified.
Beoford, Pa., Dec.13,'67m3.
gWorneirs at £<w.
S. L. RUSSELL. J. H. LONGENECKKR.
T > USSELL & LONGENECKER,
l~\i ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Ponsions, Ac
OFFICE, on Juliana Street, south of the Court
J. MCD. SHAUPE. E. F. KERR.
SHARPE & KERR, ATTORNEYS
AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA., will practice in
the courts of Bedford and adjoining counties Of
fice on Juliana st., opposite the Banking House of
Reed A Schell. [March 2, '66.
J. R. DURBORROW. | JOHN LUTZ.
DURBORROW & LUTZ,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
their care. Collections made on the shortest no
Thor ra also, rei/lilft rlir li/w A
and will give special attention to the.-prosecution
of claims against the Government for Pensions,
Back Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
"Mengel House," and nearly opposite the Inquirer
JOHN P. REED, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders
his services to the public.
Office second door North of the Mengel House.
Bedford, Aug, 1, 1861.
I7ISPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT
L LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and
promptly attend to all business entrusted to his
care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Military
•laims, back pay, bounty, Ac., speedily collected.
Office with Mann A Spang, on Juliana street,
t to doors South of the Mengel House.
Jan. 22, 1864,
F. M. KIMXIELL. | J- W. LINGENFELTER.
KIMMELL & LINGENFELTER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA.,
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law. Office on Juliana street, two doors South
ofthe "Mengel House,"
GIL. SPANG, ATTORNEY AT
. LAW BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly at
tend to collections and all business entrusted to
his care in Bedford and adjoining counties.
Office on Juliana Street, three doors south of the
"Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs.
May 13, 1864.
B. F. MEYERS. | J- W. DICKERSON.
MEYERS & DICKERSON, AT
TORNEYS AT LAW, Bedford, Pa., office
same as formerly occupied by Hon. W._ P. Schell,
two doors east of the GAZETTE office, will practice
in the several courts of Bedford county. Pensions,
bounty and back pay obtained and the purchase
and sale of real estate attended to. [mayll,'66.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will faithfully and promptly attend to all
business entrusted to his care. Office with G. H
Spang, Esq., on Julianna Street, two doors South
of the Mengel House. [may24,67.
3.N.HICKOK, | J. G. MINNICH. JR.,
Office in the Bank Building, Juliana St.
All operations, pertaining to Surgical or Me
chanical Dentistry carefully performed, and war
ranted. Tooth Powders and mouth Washes, ex
cellent articles, always on hand.
Bedford, January 6,1865.
Dr. H. VIRGIL PORTER,
(late of New York city,)
Would respectfully inform his numerous friends
and patrons, that he is still
IN BLOODY RUN,
where he may be found at all times prepared to
insert those BEAUTIFUL ARTIFICIAL
TEETH , at the low price of from TEX to EIGH
TEEN DOLLARS per set.
TEETH EXTRACTED, without pain.
Temporary sets inserted if desired.
L®" 3 All operations warranted.
Special attention is invited to Dr. Porter s
scientific method of preserving decayed and aching
teeth. H. VIRGIL PORTER.
IVTOTICE OF DISSOLUTION.—The
l\ partnership heretofore existing between
Richard Langdon and James G Slenker, under
the style and title of Langdon and Slenker, is this
day dissolved by mutual consent. The business
will hereafter be continued by the said Richard
Lan "don RICHARD LANGDON.
° JAS. G. SLENKER.
Riddlesburg, Pa., Oct. 11, '67.—m3
YES! O YES! O Yes!— The un
dersigned having taken out auctioneer li
cense holds himself in readiness to cry sales and
auctions on the shortest notice. Give him a call.
Ad i, r | m " K,J * H '"fciLuAMOH&fr:
METHLN G YOU NEED.—Cleav
er'* Wonderful Liniment..—lt is efficacious
and cheap. If you have a cut, old sore, frost uite,
tetter or any ailment requiring outward applica
tion, you should use it. If your horses or cattle
have cuts, kicks, sprains, grease, scratches, or old
sores, you should use it, for you can get nothing
better, either for yourself, or your horses and cat
tie. You can procure it of Store Keepers and
dealers in patent medicines throughout the cot in
ty. Manufactured only by JAS. CLEARER
Hopewell, Pa. novBm3
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10, 1868.
1 .11 IE AOH 3I EXT.
I The Minority Report of the Impeach
The following is the report of Messrs.
Eldridge and Marshall, members of the
Judiciary Committee, to which was
referred the subject of Impeaching the
! President. Read it.
The undersigned, agreeing with our
| associates of the minority of the com
mittee in their views of the law, and
j in the conclusions that the evidence
before the committee presents no case
for the impeachment of the President,
might, if they had stopped there, have
| been content simply to have joined in
the report which they have submitted.
But as they, as well as the majority,
have felt it their duty to go further,
and express their censure and condem
nation of the President, we feel that it
is due to ourselves, and to the position
we occupy, to present as briefly as possi
ble a few additional remarks for the
consideration of the Mouse and of the
Having determined that the evidence
does not show that the President has
been guilty of any act or crime for
which, under our Constitution and laws
he can or ought to l>e impeached, this
conclusion, it seems to us, is the deter
mination of the whole question sub
mitted by the House to the committee.
It is the commission by the President
of an impeachable offense only that
can subject him to ouroflicial jurisdic
tion, or justify us, a committee of the
House of Representatives, or even the
House itself, as such, in challenging
his official acts.
As the report of the majority does
not charge the President with any act
recognized by any statute or law of the
land, as a crime or misdemeanor, we
can but regard the charges preferred as
a political or partisan demonstration,
tendingand intended to bring him into
odium and contempt among the peo
ple. As an unjustifiable attempt to
excite their suspicions, " Spargere voces
in vufgum ambiguas ," we utterly deny
the right of the committee, or any
member thereof, as such, to do this.
As citizens, as politicians, we may
criticise, find fault with and condemn
the entire administration of the Presi
dent; but as a committee of the House,
considering the charge referred to it
as members of Congress, acting official
ly, we have no such right, power or
The Executive is one of the co-ordi
nate departments of this government,
invested with certain defined constitu
tional powers and prerogatives, over
which the Legislature has no control,
and with the constitutional exercise of
which the Legislative Department has
no right to interfere. The original
source of all executive and legislative
power is the same—the people; the
warrant and measure of those powers
the same—the Constitution. In his con
stitutional and legislative sphere; in
the exercise and conduct of his depart
—— ——*■ J iLv I V I V-oldvutj la ZKQ frco to act
and as independent as the Congress.
While acting within the bounds
prescribed for it by the Constitution,
he is no more accountable or responsi
ble to Congress than Congress is to
him. Congress has no more authority
to censure and condemn him than he
has to censure and condemn Congress.
His discretion exercised within the
bounds of the Constitution, is no more
subject to the animadversion or reproof
of Congress than are the constitutional
and discretionary acts of Congress to
Neither Congress or the President
has any powers or authority not de
rived from and found in the Constitu
tion. The only question with reference
to which the committee were authorized
to inquire, was whether the charge a
gainst the President were true, and con
stituted an offence or offences subjecting
him to impeachment. Certainly if this
is not the only question referred to the
committee, it is the only one which
the committee, as such, has investigat
The political purpose by the acts of
the President has not for one moment
engaged theattention of theeommittee.
We most certainly have no other motive
than to serve our country and do our
duty. In the matter referred to us we
have never once, in the taking of tes
timony or the examination of witness
es, supposed that any question other
than the impeachment was properly
before us. The impeachment of the
President, the chief officer of this great
Republic, the bare inquiry with a view
to ascertain whether he had committed
any offense for which he ought or
might be put upon trial before the
most august tribunal of the world, im
pressed us from the beginning with
most solemn awe.
We endeavored, in the investigation,
to exclude from our minds every ques
tion of mere politics, and as far as
possible, to be uninfluenced by party
bias. We were admonished that in
one sense, the nation, the people, in
the person of their Executive head,
were on trial before the world, and that
personal animosity and party politics
should be inflexibly and scrupulously
forgotten and ignored.
For any cause, to have shrunk from
a full and careful investigation of the
great question of impeachment, was
cowardice; to have pursued it in the
spirit of party, to have degraded it in
to a mere investigation of political
policy, with reference to partisan suc
cess, would have been meanness, and
would have disgraced the nation's con
We repeat, therefore, that the in
vestigation of the committee was, so
far as we took part in it, with the sole
view to ascertain whether the Presi
dent, under the charge preferred a
gainst him, was guilty of any impeach
able offense. Not only so, but with
the belief that it was the only question
we were authorized or expected to in
quire into. Not a witness was called or
examined with any view to proving a
case for merely censuring or condemn
ing the political action of the Presi
No suggestion was made, or intima
tion given by the majority of the com
mittee, until the resolution of censure
was offered, that there was any purpose
of considering, as a committee, any
but the question of impeachment, nor
was there then, as we understand it,
any purpose of reporting such resolu
tions in the House, for its official ac
tion. We think, therefore, that we
are warranted in saying that although
much testimony, irrelevant, illegal and
experimental, was taken, much that
had no bearing upon the question of
impeachment, and much more that
was not testimony in any case, or for
I any purpose; that none was taken with
: any view except the impeachment,
and hence we insist that if the com
mittee had the right and jurisdiction,
which we deny, to inquire into the po
litical and discretionary acts of the
President, with a view to his condem
nation, that it has not in any legitimate
and proper manner, investigated, or
attempted to consider that subject.—
We do not impugn the personal mo
tives of any member of the committee
who differs with us. Our intercourse
upon the committee has been pleasant,
and the courtesy with which we have
been treated, uniform and uninterrupt
We entertain none but the most
kindly personal feelings towards every
member, but candor and a sense of du
ty compels us to declare that we can
find no warrant or excuse for this
traveling outside or beyond the subject
with which the committee was charg
ed, to censure and condemn the Presi
dent, except in the prejudice and zeal
of overheated partisanism.
The President needs and can ask no
defense from us upon party grounds,
upon any other than those which spring
from official obligation and duty. He
was not the President of our choice
and was not elected by our votes; nor
is it necessary that we should agree
with him or justify or approve all he
has done. Neither do we feel called up
on to review all the great mass of testi
mony taken by theeommittee, to show
that his censure and condemnation are
not warranted by it, though taken as
it has been, anil unchallenged as it
In that regard, we do not, however,
believe the unbiased, the unprejudiced
mind will be able in the testimony to
discover any just or reasonable cause
for condemning or impugning the
motives by which he was actu
ated. Indeed, differing from him in
opinion, as we have, as to the policy
and propriety of many things he has
done, and many more that he has left
undone, we feel compelled to declare
that the proofs before us will not, war
rant a charge that he was in any in
stance controlled by motives other
than those pure and patriotic.
His greatest offense, we apprehend,
will be found to be that he has not
been able or willing to follow those
who elected him to his office, in their
mad assault upon and departure from
the constitutional government of the
fathers of the Republic, and that,
standing where many of his party pro
fessed to stand when they elevated him
to his present exalted position, he has
dared to differ with the majority of
Congress upon great and vital ques
tions. He has believed in the Consti
tution and binding obligations of the
Constitution; that the suppression of
the rebellion against the Union was
the preservation of the Union and the
States composing it; and that when
the rebellion was put down, the States
were all and equally entitled to repre
sentation in the Congress of the Uni
Planting himself firmly and immov
ably upon this position, he has incur
reir me nerce and ming-nani natron ana
oposition of all those who claim, by
virtue of the alleged conquest of the
territory, and the subjugation of the
people of the lately rebellious States,
the power and right to dictate to them
the constitution and laws they shall'
live under, and the liberties they shall
be permitted to enjoy. In this differ
ence between Congress and the Presi
dent, and the desire of each for the a
doption by the country of their respec
tive views, is, we suppose, to be found
not only the cause for the movement to
impeach the President, but of his cen
sure and condemnation. Out of it has
grown the embittered feeling and vio
lent hatred of the President by his for
The majority of Congress and of the
committee have entertained, and been
prepared, to declare at all times, in
Congress and out of it, even more
strongly than is expressed in their re
port, the same censure and condemna
tion. This opinion was not formed up
on any testimony taken before the
committee, or upon any facts elicited
by its investigation. It wasa political
opinion growing out of a difference of
views upon political questions. It was
the opinion with which the majority
of the committee entered upon the in
vestigation. It was that which in
spired and stimulated all its inquiries
and examinations. But notwithstand
ing these pre-existing opinions and
prejudices, the minority of the Com
mittee have been compelled to find, af
ter the fullest examination and the
most protracted deliberation, that the
President has committed no offense
for which, under our laws, he can or
ought to be impeached, and hence
none, as we insist, subjecting him to
the official jurisdiction of the commit
tee of the House.
The censure and condemnation of the
President, either by the majority or
minority, is without our jurisdiction,
notjustified by the facts, or becoming
one department of the government to
wards the other, and calculated to
bring reproach upon the committee,
the House and the nation. We cannot
ignore the fact that time has been
spent, and testimony taken by theeom
mittee, endeavoring to ascertain if the
President, in his official capacity, has
spoken censoriously or condemnatory
of Congress, with a view to his im
peachment. Therefore, can it be more
becoming in a committee of this House,
or in the House itself, to go beyond its
jurisdiction and censure and condemn
the President, than for him to censure
and condemn Congress?
Is not the impropriety of the one as
apparent as the other? If one is im
peachable is not the other wrong?
What would be thought of the Supreme
Court, if, after having been compelled,
in a case properly pending before it, to
decideanactof Congress unconstitution
al, it should, because it did not agree to
the propriety or policy of the enact
ment, declare its "severe censure and
condemnation of Congress for having
passed it? Who would hesitate to pro
nounce this an unjustifiable and even
an unwarrantable interference with
the rights and duties of Congress by
the Supreme Court calculated to dis
turb the harmony of our governmental
system, and to bring into unhappy, if
not fatal, collision, the co-ordinate de
partments ? Like this attempt to re
prove or censure the President for acts
or wrongs not amounting to offenses
subjecting him to the legal jurisdiction
of the House of Representatives, such
an act would, it seems to us, be sheer
imprudence ; an act on the part of the
court justly meriting obloquy and re
proach. Such interferences by one de
partment of the government with the
others, must and will most assuredly
break off that courtesy which should
VOL. 62.—WHOLE No. 5.425.
! at all times characterize their relations
: and intercourse. The end cannot but
be foreseen ; the antagonism will ulti
mately produce enmity, open hostility
and aggression, which must result in
the destruction of one or more depart
ments, and as a consequence, destroy
our system of government.—Altogeth
er, with all due respect to the majority
of the committee, we cannot regard the
charges made against the President as
a serious attempt to procure his im
peachment, without dwelling upon
their utter failure to point to the com
mission of a single act that is recog
nized by the laws of our country as a
high crime or misdemeanor.
The inconsistency of the majority
cannot fail to challenge the attention of
the country. Acts for which Mr. Lin
coln, was unanimously applauded, are
deemed high crimes in Mr. Johnson.
For every act so gravely condemned
the President had the sanction and ap
proval of his Cabinet, and yet while he
is arraigned before the world as a crimi
nal of the deepest dye, they are not on
ly not impeached, but are recognized
as especial favorites of the impeaehers.
The latter have even gone so far as to
unite in the passage of an extraordina
ry and unprecedented law to prevent
the President from removing these
officers from the places which they
Mr. Stanton, the late Secretary of
War, gave his emphatic approval of
the acts for which the President is ar
raigned ; and yet the ex-Secretary is a
favorite and popular martyr, and the
whole country is vexed with clamors
for his restoration to power and place.
The President is held criminally res
ponsible for the acts of subordinates of
which he did not even have the slight
est notice or knowledge; and yet those
bringing him to trial enact a statute
depriving him of all control over these
same subordinates, and they are deem
ed wort hy of the especial protection of
The President has used every means
within his power to bring the great
State prisoner, Jefferson Davis, to a
speedy trial, and yet he has been de
nounced throughout the land for pro
crastination and preventing the trial,
while judges and prosecuting officers,
having entire control of the matter,
have been deemed worthy of the most
honorable plaudits. Were ever inconsis
tencies more glaring and inexplicable
than these, and can we possibly be mis
taken when we assert that however
honest may be the majority of the com
mittee, the verdict of the country and
posterity will be, that the crime of the
President consists not in violating but
in the refusal, to violate the law, in be
ing unable to keep pace with the party
of progress in its rapid advancing
movements, or to step outside of and a
bove the Constitution in the admin
istration of the government; in prefer
ring the Constitution of his country to
the dictation of an unscrupulous par
tisan cabal; in daring.to meet the mal
edictions of those who have arrived
at the accomplishment of a most wick
ed and dangerous revolution, rather
than to encounter the reproaches of his
own conscience uni 1 rneeUrwn of potior
ity throughout time? If the subject
were not too grave and serious a one
for mirth, some of the grounds of im
peachment presented by the majority
would certainly be sufficiently amus
The President is gravely arraigned
for arraying himself against the loyal
people of the country, in vetoing the
miscalled reconstruction acts of Con
gress, when without dwelling upon
the constitutional right and duty of
the President in the premises, Congress
itself has. for the same acts, just received
the most withering and indignant con
demnation and rebuke of the entire
people from Maine to California.
The impeaehers forgetting that they
have been themselves impeached, and
that the verdict of the tribunal of last
resort has already been rendered a
gainst them, still persist in trifling
with the peace, safety and prosperity
of the country by precipitating upon it
this dangerous question, at a time so
critical as this. It is wicked thus to
trifle with the interests of a nation,
and disregard the voice of a great peo
ple, when spoken, as in this case, so
emphatically in favor of the pre
servation of our constitutional form
of government, and the rights and
liberties established by our Revolu
We should not attempt to add any
thing to the able, and as we believe,
unanswerable argument just presented
by the Chairman of our committee,
upon the law of impeachment, had not
experience taught us the wonderful di
versity of human judgment and con
clusions. We should find it difficult
to believe that there could, upon the
questions submitted to us, possibly be
two opinions among candid and intel
ligent men. Blind bigotry and unbri
dled partisan rage, it is true, can see
crime in the most meritorious actions,
and men governed by these unhallowed
passions do not hesitate to drag to the
stake and torture of the inquisition,all
who will not conform to their wretched
creeds and miserable dogmas.
Theysubstitute their own crudeand of
ten crazy theories for truth and justice,
and under pain of the severest penal
ties demand of all men to bow down
and worship the idol they have erec
ted. That their own judgment may
be fallible, or that other men, differing
from them, may be equally wise and
honest with themselves, does not occur
to their minds, and they will, without
hesitation, question thejustice even of
the Almighty, if the ways of Provi
dence do not conform to their own
This class of menj has constituted a
considerable portion of mankind in all
ages, and in none have they been more
numerous than in our own. They
have furnished the bigots and persecu
tors of all time: and their pathway
through the line of history, from
its earliest dawn to the present time,
has been marked with carnage and des
olation. With such men, no argument
based upon the Constitution and estab
lished laws can have any effect. They
are too pure and immaculate to be fetter
ed by the restraint of constitutional or
They are a law unto themselves, and
both men and gods must conform to
their views and theories, or receive
their bitterest maledictions. But our
people will never submit to have their
Chief Magistrate arraigned for trial
for offenses unknown to the laws, and
which exist only in the heated brains
of his political enemies. It would be a
precedent disastrous in its consequen
ces, and subversive of our political in
We cannot doubt that the evidence
herewith, this day submitted, will be
received with one universal burst of
indignation by the American people.
If they retain any just pride in their
country and its institutions, they will
blush to find that the chief officer of
their government has for ten months
i been subjected to the scrutiny of a
i secret star chamber, an inquisition un
j paralleled in its character in the annals
I of civilization.
A drag net has been put to catch eve
ry malicious whisper throughout the
land, and all the vile vermin, who had
gossip or slander to retail, hearsay or
| otherwise, have been permitted to ap
pear and place it upon record for the
delectation of man kind. Spies have been
sent over the land to hear something
which might blacken the name and
character of the Chief Magistrate of our
country. Unwhipped knaves have
given information of fabulous letters
and documents, that, like the ignis
fatuus, eternally elude the grasp of
their pursuers and the chase ever resul
ted only in aiding the depletion of the
That most notorious character,Gener-
Lafayette C. Baker, Chief of the Detec
tive force, even had the effrontery to
insult the American people by placing
his spies within the very walls of the
executive mansion. The privacy of
the President's home, his private life
and most secret thoughts, have not
been deemed sacred or exempt from in
The members of his household have
been examined, and the chief prose
eeutor has not hesitated to dive into
loathsome dungeons and consort with
convicted felons for the purpose of ac
complishing the object of arrraigning
the President on a charge of infamous
When we consider all these facts and
that the investigation has been a secret
and ex parte one; that it has been so
persistent and untiring and carried on
at a timeof most unparalleled party ex
citement, when the masses of the dom
inant party were lashed into a wild
frenzy and led to believe that the Pres
ident was guilty of treason, when thou
sands all over the land really thought
that it would be a righteous act to get
him out of the way, by any means, fair
or foul, and when lie has been hunted
down by partisan malice as no man
was ever hunted and hounded down
before, it is really wonderful that so
little has been elicited that tends in the
slightest degree to tarnish the fair fame
of the President. The American peo
ple ought to congratulate themselves,
for the sake of the reputation of their
country, that the failure has been so
emphatic and complete.
In what we have said of the charac
ter of the evidence taken before us and
the means used to procure it, we must
not be understood as reflecting upon
the action of the committee or any
member thereof. Such an interpreta
tion of our remarks would do great in
justice to us and to them. Whether
such latitude should have been given in
the examination of witnesses, we will
not now inquire.
In an investigation before the com
mittee, it would be difficult, and per
haps, impossible to confine the evi
dence to such as would be deemed ad
missible before a court of justice.
Indeed, it may be questioned whether
it would be proper so to restrict it; and
it is, perhaps, better for the President
that those who were managing the
prosecution from outside, were permit
ted to present anything that they
might call or consider evidence, as
the world can thus the better compre
hend how utterly destitute of founda
tion is all this clamor that has been
raised against him.
end Lafayette (JTBakery late Chief of
the Detective Police, and although ex
amined on oath, time and again and on
various occasions, it is doubtful wheth
er he has in any one thing told the
truth, even by accident. In every im
portant statement he is contradicted
by witnesses of unquestioned credibili
ty, and there can be no doubt, that to
many previous outrages, entitling him
to an unenviable immortality, he has
added that of wilful and deliberate per
jury. We are glad to know that no
one member of the committee deemed
any statement made by him as worthy
of the slightest credit. What a blush
of shame will tingle the cheeks of the
American student in future ages, when
he reads how this miserable wretch, for
years, held, as it were, in the hollow
of his hand, the liberties of the Ameri
can people; that clothed with power by
a reckless administration, and with
his hordes of unprincipled tools and
spies penetrating the land everywhere,
with uncounted thousands of the peo
ple's money placed in his hands for his
vile purposes, that creature not only
had the power to arrest without oath
01* writ, and imprison without limit,
any citizen of the Republic, but that
he actually did so arrest thousands all
over this land, and filled the prisons all
over the country with the victims of
his malice or that of his master.
This whole system, such an outrage
upon the Constitution and every prin
ciple of free government, anti-Ameri
can and anti-republican, has, with its
originators and supporters, thank God,
been damned to eternal infamy; and
it is pleasant to reflect that not only the
system, but its unscrupulous agent, will
go down to posterity loaded with in
famy and followed by the curses of mil
It sometimes happens that the ad
ministration of the most dangerous u
surpation is placed in the hands of men
so respectable for character and talent
as to disarm suspicion, and conciliate
even those whose liberties are endan
gered. We have reason to be thankful
to an ever-kind and merciful Providence
that this despotism, when the attempt
was made,in an unhappy hour, to trans
plant it to our free American soil, was
placed, for its administration, in the
hands of a class of men so destitute of
manhood and character as to arouse the
undying scorn of the entire people; and
as these infamous outrages were not
sanctioned by any precedent in our
own country, it is hoped and believed
that they will never, throughout all
time, be' deemed worthy of imitation.
It is not our purpose now to attempt
an analysis or discussion of the evidence
taken before us or to point out the
gross absurdities and inconsistency of
of a very lage portion of it. It will
be read and be considered by the A
merican people, and we cannot doubt
what their verdict will be when those
who have been attemptingto load with
disgrace and infamy the Chief Magis
trate of our country, shall stand pillor
ied in the undying scorn and indigna
tion of a great people. .
He, after passing through this fiery
ordeal, we have no hesitation in pre
dicting, will have, and retain, all over
the land, even to a greater extent than
heretofore, the respect and confidence
of his countrymen.
(Signed) S. S. MARSHALL.,
CHARLES A. ELDRIDGE.
—At Lockport, Henry county, Ky.,
the other day, Dr. W. W. Johnson and
his brother-in law, named I loyd, had a
"difficulty." Floyd tried to shoot
Johnson, but before he could carry out
his design, the Doctor fell dead from
disease of the heart.
—lt is suggested that female suffrage
be tried in Utah,