The Bedford gazette. (Bedford, Pa.) 1805-current, January 11, 1867, Image 1

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THE XEDFORH GAZETTE i published every Fri
day morning by METERS A MEKOF.L, at $2 00 per
annum, if paid strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid
within six months; $3.00 if not paid within six
months. All subscription aeconnts MUST be
settled annually. No paper will be gent out of
the State unless paid for is ADVANCE, and all such
subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at
the expiration f the time for which they are
All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less terra than
three months TEN CENTS per line for each In
ertion. Special notices one-half additional All
•esoluti'.ns of Associations; communications of
imitcd or individual interest, and notices of mar
riages and deaths exceeding five line.-, ten cents
per line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line.
AH legal Notices of every kind, and Orphans
Csurt and Judicial Sales, art required by law
te be published its both papers published in this
All advertising due after first insertion.
A liberal discount is inado to persons advertising
by the quarter, half year, er year, as follows:
g months. 6 months. 1 year.
♦One square - - -$4 50 Sb 00 $lO 00
Two-squares .--60# 900 16 00
Three squares - - - 8 00 12 00 20 00
Quarter oolurna' * " 14 00 20 00 35 00
. naif column - - - 18 00 25 00 45 00
One eolumn - - - - 30 00 45 00 80 00
♦One square te occupy ene inch of space.
JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with
I aeatness and dispatch. TIIB GAZETTE OFFICE has
just keen refitted with a Power Press and new type,
and everything in the Printing line can be execu
tod in the most artistie manner and at the lowest
ratei. — TERMS CASH.
All lettcrg should be nddressd te
at sGau\
fj AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA., will promptly
attend to collections of bounty, back pay, Ac.,
and all business entrusted to his care in Bedford
and adjoining counties.
Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military
and other claims.
Has for gale Town lots in Tatesville, where a
good Church is ercoted. and where a large School
House shall be built. Farms, Land and Timber
Leave, from one acre to 500 acres to suit pur
Office nearly opposite the "Mengel Hotel and
Bank of Reed A Schell.
April 6. 1866—1y
AT LAW BEDFORD, PA., will practice in
the courts of Bedford and adjoining counties Of
fice on Juliana St., opposite the Banking House of
Reed * Schell. [March 2, eS.
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
their care. Collections made on the shortest, no
They are, also, regularly licensed Claim Agents
and will give special attention to the prosecution
•f claims against the Government for Pensions,
Back Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lands, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
"Mengel House," and nearly opposite the Inquirer
office. ....
fj LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders
his services to the public.
Office second door North of the Mengel House.
Bedford, Aug, 1, 1861.
LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly attend
to all business entrusted to his care.
Particular attention paid to the collection of
Military claims. Office on Juliana Street, nearly
•pposite the Mengel House.
Bedford. Aug. 1, 1861.
LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and
proinptlv attend to all business entrusted to his
sare in Bedford and adjoining counties. Military
daims, back pay, bounty, Ac., speedily collected.
Office with Mann A Spang, on Ju'.iana street,
too doors South of the Mengel House.
Jan. 22, 1864,
ILive formed a partnership in the practice of
he Law. Office eu Juliana street, two doors South
•fthe "Mengel House,"
V LAW BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly at
tend to collections and all business entrusted to
his cars in Bedford and adjoining counties.
Office on Juliana Street, three doors south of the
"Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs.
May 12, 1864.
TORNEYS AT LAW. Bedford. Pa., office
same as formerly occupied by Hon. W. P. Schell,
two dosrs east of the GAZETTE office, will practice
in the several courts of Bedford county. Pensions,
bounty and back pay obtained and the purchase
_ and sale of real estate attended to. [mayll,'66.
JOHN H. FILLER, Attorney at Law,
Bedford, Pa. Ofßce nearly opposite the Post
Offics. [apr.2o,'66.—ly.
and gfuiisitsi.
I . RUN, Pa., (late surgeon 56th P. V. V.,) ten
dors his professional services to the people of that
* place and vicinity. Dec. 22. '65-ly*
jl T \Y. J AMIS*)N, M. D., BLOODY
YY # Kus, Pa., tenders his professional servi
ces to the people of that place and vicinity. Office
•ne door west of Richard Langdon's store.
Nov. 24, '65 —ly
JAR. J. L. MARBOI'RG, Having
If permanently located, respectfully tenders
services to the citizens of Bedford
and vicinity.
Office on Juliana street, east side, nearly opposite
the Banking House of Reed A Schell.
Bedford, February 12, 1864.
Offico in the Bank Building. Juliana St.
All operations pertaining to Surgical or Me
chanical Dentistry carefully performed, and war
ranted. Tooth Powders and mouth Washes, ex
cellent articles, always on hand.
Bedford. January 6,1865.
Dll. GEO. C. DOUGLAS, Respect
fully tenders his professional services to the
people of Bedford and vicinity.
OFFICE—2 doors West of the Bedford Hotel,
above Border's Silver Smith Store.
Residence at Maj. Washabaugh's.
by the use of Nitrous Oxide, and is attended with
no danger whatever.
upon a new style of base, which is a combination
of Gold and Vulcanite; also, upon Vulcanite. Hold,
Platina and Silver.
TEMPORARY SETS inserted if called for.
Special attention will be made to diseased gums
and a cure warranted or no charge made.
TEETH FILLED to last for life, and all work
in the deutal line done to the entire satisfaction of
all or the money refunded. Prices to correspond
with the times.
I have located permanently in Bedford,
and shall visit Sehellsburg the Ist Monday of each
month, remaining one week ; Bloody Run the 3rd
Monday, remaining one wijek ; the balance of my
time I can be found at my office, 3 doors South of
the Court House, Bedford, Pa.
n0v.16,'66. WM. W. VAN ORMER, Dentist.
Bankers and
DRAFTS bought and sold, collections made and
money promptly remitted.
Deposits solicited.
COLLECTIONS made for the East, West, North
and South, and the general business of Exchange
transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected, and
Remittanxes promptly made. REAL ESTATE
bought and sold. Oct. 20, 1865.
XL. LEWIS having purchased the
9 Drug Store, lately owned by Mr. H. C. Rea
mer takes pleasure in announcing to the citizens
of Bedford and vicinity, that he has just returned
from the cities with a well selected stock of
The stock of Drugs and Medicines consist of the
purest quality, and selected with great care.
General assortment of popular Patent Medicines.
The attention of the Ladies is particular y invi
ted to the stock of PERFUMERY, TOILET and FANCY
ARTICLES, consisting of the best perfumes of the
day. Colognes, Soaps. Preparations for the Hair.
Complexion and Teeth ; Camphor ice for chapped
hands; Teeth and Hair Brushes, Port Monaies, Ac.
Of Stationery, there is a fine assortment:
Billet, Note, Letter, Leaf and Mourning Paper,
Envelops, Pens. Pencils, Ink, Blnnk Deeds, Power
of Attorneys. Drafting Paper, Marriage Certifi
cates. Ac.. Ac. Also, a large quantity of Books,
which will be sold very cheap.
Coal Oil Lamp Hinge Burner , can be lighted
without removing the chimney—all patterns and
prices. Glass Lanterns, very neat, for burning
Coal Oil. Lamp chimneys of an improved pattern.
Lamp Shades of beautiful patterns.
Howe's Familv Dye Colors, the shades being light
Fawn, Drab. Snuff anil Dark Brown, Light and
Dark Blue, Light and Dark Green, Yellow. Pink,
Orange, Royal Purple, Scarlet, Maroon, Magenta,
Cherry and Black
Humphrey's Homeopathic Remedies.
Cigars of best brands , smokers can rely on a
good cigar.
Rose Smoking Tobcrro.
Michigan and So/ace Fine Cut,
Natural Leaf, Twist and Big Pin
Finest and purest French Confections,
Consisting of Grape. Blackberry and Elderberry
Jjp-The attention of physicians is invited to the
stock of Drugs and Medicines , which they can
purchase at reasonable prices.
Country Merchants' orders promptly filled. Goods
put up with neatness and care, and at reasonable
J. L. LEWIS designs keeping a first class Drug
Store, and having on hand at all times a general
' assortment of goods. Being a Druggist of several
years experience, physicians can rely on having
their prescriptions carefully and accurately com
pounded. [Feb 9, '66 —tt
(flothinfl, ctr.
Come one, come all,
and examine
A rare chance is offered to ALL to purchase good
and seasonable goods, at the lowest prices, by cal
ling at Lippel's.
If you would have a good suit of Ready-Made
Clothing call at Lippel's.
If you would have good and cheap
Ladies' Dress Goods.
Ac., Ac., Ac..
Call at Lippel's.
If you would have furnishing goods of all de
scriptions, notions, etc., call at Lippel s.
If you would have the best quality of Groceries,
buy them at Lippel's.
Goods of all kinds, sold at the most reasonable
prices, and country produce of all kinds taken in
exchange for goods, at Lippel's
REIMUND, Merchant Tailor, Bedford, Pa.,
keeps constantly on hand ready-made clothing,
such as coats, pants, vests, Ac.; also a general as
sortment of cloths, cassimeres, and gents' furnish
ing goods of all kinds; also calicoes, muslins, Ac.,
all of which will be sold low for cash. My room
is a few doors west of Fyan's store and opposite
Rush's marble yard. I invite all to give me a
call. I have just received a stock of new goods.
Licensed Scrivener and Conveyancer,
will attend to the writing of Deeds, Mortgages,
Leases, Article? of Agreement, and all business
.sually transacted by a Scrivener and Conveyan
cer. The patronage of -he public is respectfully
April 6. 'fifi-tf. -
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil
er Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double Re
ined Glasses, also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold
Watch Chains, Breast Pins. Finger Rings, best
quality of Gold Pens. He will supply to order
any thing in bis line not on hand.
Oct. 20, 1865-
Manufacturer of
The undersigned being engaged in the Cabinet
making business, will make to order and keep on
hand everything in his line of manufacture.
' will be furhished at all prices, and to suit every
taste. COFFINS will also be made to order.
attention paid to all orders for work.
on West Pitt Street, nearly opposite
the residence of George Shuck.
July 10, 1863.—tf RICHARD LEO.
RP ERMS for every description of Job
I PRINTING CASH ! for the reason that for
! every article we use. we must pay cash; and the
cash system will enable us to do our work as low
as it can be done in the cities.
printed in superior style, and upon reaeoua
rins. at THE BEDFORD GAZETTE office
HEADS, and ENVELOPES for business men,
printed in the best style of the art, at THE GAZETTE
iT>LT INTERS' INK has made many a
I business man rich We ask yon ko try it in
tne "olumns of THE GAZETTE
Hie SEUilfonl
The tide will ebb at day's decline
Ich bin dein!
Impatient for the open sea
At anchor rocked the tossing ship.
The ship that only waits for thee ;
Yet with no tremor of the lip
I say again, thy hand is mine,
Ich bin dein !
I shall not weep, or grieve or pine,
Ich bin dein!
Go lave once more thy restless hands
Afar within the azure sea—
Traverse Arabia's scorching sands—
Fly where no thought can follow thee,
O'er desert waste and billowy brine.
Ich bin dein !
Dream on the slopes of Appenine,
Ich bin dein !
Stand where the glaciers freeze and frown,
Where Alpine torrents flash and foam.
Or watch the loving sun go down
Behind the purple hills of Rome,
Leaving a twilight half divine,
Ich bin dein !
Thy steps may fall beside the Rhine,
Ich bin dein !
Slumber may kiss thy drooping lids
Araid'the mazes of the Nile;
The shadow of the pyramids
May cool thy feet; yet all the while,
Though storms may beat, or stars may shine,
Ich bin dein !
Where smile the hills of Palestine
Ich bin dein 1
Where rise the mosques and minarets,
Where every breath brings flowery balms,
Where souls forget their dark regrets
Beneath the strange mysterious palms,
Where the banana builds the shrine
leh bin dein !
Too many clusters break the vine,
Ich bin dein !
The tree whose strength and life outpour
In one exultant blossqm gush,
Must flowerless be forever more,
We walk ibis way but once friend—hush !
Our feet have ief r no trodden line,
Ich bin dein!
Who heaps his goblet hatqs his wine,
Ich bin dein!
The boat is moving from the land,
I have no chidings and no tears,
Now give me back my empty hand
To battle with the cruel years,
Behold the triumph shall be mine. •
Ich bin dein !
It is of Warren, the author of Ten
Thousand a Year, that this sharp prac
tice in the examination of a man ac
cused of swearing falsely in a will case
is recor Jed. It shows great dramatic
power unconsciously exhibited in his
daily business.
The prisoner being arraigned, and
the formalities gone through with, the
prosecutor, placing his thumb over the
seal, held up the will and demanded of
the prisoner if he had seen the testator
sign that instrument, to which he
promptly answered he had.
"And did you sign it at his request
as subscribing witness?"
"I did."
'' Was i t sealed wit h red or black wax ?"
"With red wax."
"Did you see him seal it with red
wax ?"
"I did."
"Where was the testator when he
signed and sealed this will?"
"In his bed."
"Pray, how long a piece of wax did
he use?"
"About three or four inches long."
"Who gave the testator this piece of
wax ?"
"I did."
"Where did you get it?" #
"From the drawer of his desk."
"How did he light that piece of
wax ?"
"With a candle."
"Where did that piece of candle
come from ?"
"I got it out of the cupboard of his
"How long was that pieceof candle?"
"Perhaps four or five inches long."
, "Who lit that piece of candle?"
"I lit it."
"What with ?"
"With a match."
"Where did you get that match ?"
"On the mantle-shelf in the room."
Here Warren paused, and fixing his
large, deep-blue eyes on the prisoner,
he held the will up above his head, his
thumb still resting upon the seal, and
said ih a solemn and measured tone:
"Now, sir, upon your solemn oath,
you saw the testator sign that will;
he signed it in his bed; at his request
you signed it as subscribing witness;
you saw him seal it; it was with red
wax he sealed; a piece, two or three
inches long; he lit that wax with a
piece of candle which you procured
for him from a cupboard ; you lit that
candle by a match which you found on
the mantle-shelf?" *
"I did."
"Once more, sir, upon your solemn
oath, you did I"
"I did."
"My Lord— Ws a wafer
A GENTLEMAN who recently put up
at a log tavern in Wisconsin, was a
wakened by a young man who com
menced a serenade thus:
"Oh Sally Rice,
I've called you twice,
And yet you lie and snore!
I pray you wake,
And see your Jake,
And ope to him the door; or
window, I don't care much which,
It makes hut little difference
To either you or I
Big pig, little pig,
Root hog, or die."
"WILL you run away with me to
morrow night, Kate, dear?" said Phil
ip to his charming country belle, who
had just arrived at the years of discre
"Oh, no, dear Phil," replied the
young lady, with great sense of pru
dence, "I won't do any such action;
but I'll tell you what I will do—l'll
run away without you, and then you
can run after me, and we will meet at
my auut's the same evening."
How many times the spark of insur
rection has been partially quenched in
blood and ashes, and how often it has
been revived again in the little Island
of Candia, at the mouth of the JEgean
sea, the Turks, who have with difficul
ty held its people in subjection during
the past two centuries, know full well.
Candia, or Crete, is a long, narrow and
irregularly shaped island, with a great
backbone of rugged limestone moun
tains running through the centre of it,
honey-combed with cavernsand throw
ing off spu s that descend, in some pla
ces, precipitously to the sea, and, in
others, shelter fbrtile valleysand plains
where the olive and the oraoge grow
side by side, and corn and cotton flour
ish beneath the shadow of the palm.
Although hut little known at the pres
ent day, its traditions date back to the
Age of Fable. Long before HOMER
sang the siege of Troy, Crete is said to
have'contained a hundred flourishing
cities. In the middle of the seven
teenth century its population number
ed a million of souls. In 1821 it had
dwindled down to two hundred and
sixty thousand ; but in 1850, when the
last census was taken, it amounted to
hut little over one hundred and fifty
eight thousand, of whom one hundred
and twenty-six thousand were Greeks
and the remainder Mohammedans.
The Cretan mountaineers are a hardy,
turbulent race. They live rudely upon
the produce of their flocks and herds,
plough their scanty patches of soil with
oxen yoked after the ancient manner,
and hunt the chamois among the prec
ipices of Mount Psiloriti. Their wo
men ply the spindle and the distaff,
and weave in primitive looms the
coarse fabrics of cotton, or of wool,
which are worn by the members of the
In the northwestern part of the Is
land, in the mountainous district of
Arkadioti, the Cretans who have risen
in insurrection against the Turks, have
recently immortalized themselves by
an act of heroism worthy of their an
cient lineage, and rivaling thp self-de
votion of Leonidas and his little band
of Spartans in the pass of Thermopylae.
On one of the slopes of the Arkadioti
range, and within sight of Mount Psil
oriti—the ancient Ida—snow-crowned
and rising to a height of more than
seven thousand feet above the Wei of
the sea, stand now the ruins of what
was, but a few weeks ago, the Greek
Monastery of Arkadion, a massive
structure built of limestone quarried
from the adjacent hills, and like the
old Greek monasteries of Syria and
Asia Minor, at once a fortress and a
place of refuge. When Mastapha Pa
cha, at the head of twelve thousand
men, marched from Retimo across the
great plain at the foot* of the Arkadio
ti mountains, one hundred and ninety
seven Cretan insurgents, with their
families, consisting of three hundred
and forty-three women and children,
retreated to the monastery, where they
determined to defend themselves to
the last extremity. The most trust
worthy account that has yet reached
us states that "the battle lasted two
days and nights," during which the
walls of the monastery were incessant
ly cannonaded. After more than a
thousand cannon shots were fired, a
practicable breach was made, and the
Turks, infuriated by the losses they
had already suffered, rushed to the
assault. They succeeded in gaining
the court yard of the monastery, but
could proceed no further. In this con
fined place the Cretans held their as
sailants at bay, and, gatheringstrength
from the religious exhortations of the
monks, and animated by their exam
ple, they fought for six hours with the
desperation of men who had staked ev
erything on maintaining their posi
tion. It was of no avail. Many of
their comrades had already fallen;
many others were grievously wounded;
when the survivors, finding they were
in danger of being overpowered by the
sheer force of numbers, sprang a mine
and blew themselves up, together with
their enemies. "Two hundred Turks
"were killed outright, and among
"them a great many officers. The
"number of their wounded was enor
"mous. From official reports more
"than two thousand wounded had
"been taken to Canea and Souda—the
"hospitals at Retimo not being able to
"contain them. Mustapha Pacha re
"traced his steps to Retimo, bringing
"with him the remainder of his army,
"together with sixty women andchil
"dren and a few monks. These were
"the only inmates of the monastery
"that escaped the horrors of the ex
It was a victory gained by the devo
ted Cretans even in death. The Turk
ish force under Mustapha Pacha has
been pronounced no longer in a condi
tion to resume active hostilities; "so
"the order has been given to another
"division of the army, at Heraclium,
"to march into the province of Missa
"ra, where the insurgents were gather
"ed in great strength."
By this single act of heroism the Cre
tans have vindicated in the eyes of the
world their right to independence.
They may be open to the imputations
which St. Paul cast upon their ances
tors. They may be "abominable and
"disobedient, and unto every good
"work reprobate," as he said they
were. They may be "venal and cor
rupt," as more modern writers have
described them; but they cannot be
accused of not loving liberty better
| than life itself. A people who can dare
to immolate themselves, as the Cretans
of Arkadioti did, rather than surren
der as prisoners of war, must be pos
sessed of nobler instincts than mere
courage, and there are episodes in Cre
tan history which justify the belief
that under a good government, and by
judicious training, they would be found
capableof wiping off every stigma that
has been cast ypon them. During the
four centuries that Crete was a prov
ince of the Venetian Republic, the
Cretans were more prosperous than
any other people inhabiting the islands
of the Grecian Archipelago. They
had populous cities and a thriving com
merce with the ports of the Mediter
ranean, and if the spirit of wild ad
venture sometimes led them to under
take enterprises among the islands'
which smacked strongly of what in
these days we should call piracy, it was
a common failing of the age in which
they lived, when every petty chief
made inroads upon the possessions of
his weaker neighbor.
But the point of interest just now is
not so much what the Cretans once
were, as what effect the present insur
rection may have in reviving that
most perplexing of al! questions—the
question of Turkish dominion in Eu
rope. Russia, though often baffled in
her designs, still covets as ardently as
ever the possession of Constantinople
and the control of the Bosphorus;
whilst the little Kingdom of Greece,
in its desire to extend its territory, is
so openly encouraging the insurgents
as to have provoked a strong remon
strance from the Turkish Government.
Other elements, too, are at work. The
red shirts of the Garibaldians are said
to have been seen in the streets of Ath
ens, and several detachments of these
"Free Lances" are reported to have al
ready crossed over to Crete. Victor
Hugo, in response to an appeal from
Athens, likewise encourages the Cre
tans to persevere. In strong, nervous,
melo-dramatic language he tells them
that "the antique tyrannies" are suf
fering shipwreck everywhere. He
adds, what others on this side of the
water might do well to believe and
profit by, that "an insurrection sup
pressed is not a principle destroyed," 1
and that although Right may be sub
merged for a season, and the waves of
events pass over it, in due time it will
again appear on the surface to vex the
oppressor.— Bait. Gazette.
Dr. Lord, formerly of Boston, has
been a resident of the West for about
six years. During his first year, he
was extensively engaged in buying
wool, and, on one occasion, becoming a
little bewildered with the multiplicity
of crooked roads over the broad prai
ries, he rode up to a small cabin, enclo
sed in a clump of locust trees, and hail
ed a white-headed boy, perched on the
top of a hen-coop, with—
"Hallo, boy!"
"I reckon you're a stranger!" was
the response.
"Look here sonny."
"I ain't your sonny."
"No, you ain't my sonny, but you'll
jump down and come here, and I'll give
you a dime."
The boy sprang as if alighting from
a wasp's nest, and coming up to the
stranger, exclaimed: Well, old lioss,
what is it?"
"I have lost my way, and don't know
where I am. Can't you tell me ?"
"Yes. You aresitting on that hoss."
Mr. Lord laughed at the boy's wit
and handed him the dime.
The boy took the money and looked
upon it with mingled feelings'of won
der and delight, and said :
"I reckon you must have a power of
"Why so?"
"Cause you slather it awa^so."
"What's your father's name?" in
quired Mr. Lord.
"Bill Jenks," was the reply.
"Ah, yes. I know him," exclaimed
Mr. Lord. "He grows wool, don't he?"
"No, but his sheep duz."
"If you knew me, my lad, you would
be more respectful in your replies. I
am a friend of your father. My name
is Lord."
"Oh, yes!" exclaimed the astonished
and delighted lad. "I have heard pap j
read about you in the Bible,"and start-j
ing for the house on a dead run, he
bawled out at the top of his voice,
"Mother, mother, the Lord is out here
on horseback, and has lost his way."
in the old North State, is undoubtedly
the healthiest spot on earth and it was
on that account that some "lower coun
try gentlemen" were surprised one day
to see a Bunkhumite at work on an
ominous holein the ground. Of course
they inquired what he was about.
"Digging a grave, sir."
"Digging a grave! Why, I thought
people didn't die often here—do they?"
"Oh, no sir, they never die hut once!"
They never asked that question "hut
"WHAT are you sitting that child on
that quarto dictionary for?" said Mrs,
D., as the pater arranged his little boy
at the breakfast table.
"1 am," replied he, "fixing the basis
of a sound English education."
"Yes," said she, "but you are begin
ning at the wrong end."
"I don't believe it's any use, this vac
cination," said a Yankee. "I had a
child vaccinated, and he fell out of the
window a week after and got killed.
VOL. 61.—WHOLE No. 5.375.
Victor Hugo's Story Hatched
Readers of Mr. Victor Hugo's "Toil
ers of the Sea," will Remember the ter
rible narrative of the fisherman Gilli
att's encounter with the Octopus or sea
devil, who winds his horrible suckers
round his victim, and gradually draws
away his life's blood. The poet-novel
ist has been accused of exaggeration in
this incident, but according to Mr Lord,
an English traveler, who has just pub
lished in London a book about British
Columbia and the Pacific coast, the sea
devils of the North Pacific even outdo
the terrors of the Channel Island spe
cies. Mr. Lord says:
"The octopus as seen on our coasts,
although even here called a 'mansuck
er' by the fishermen, is a mere Tom
Thumb, a tiny dwarf as compared to
the Brobdignagian proportions he at
tains in the snug bays and inland can
als along the east side of Vancouver
Island, as well as on the mainland.
These places afford lurking-dens, stiong
holds, and natural sea-nurseries, where
the octopus grows to an enormous size,
fattens, and wages war with insatiable
voracity on all and everything it can
catch. Safe from heavy breakers, it
lives as in an aquarium of smooth,
lake-like water that, save in the ebbing
and flowing of the tide, knows no
change or disturbance.
"The ordinary resting place of this
hideous 'sea-beast' is under a large
stone or in the wide clift of a rock,
where an octopus can creep and squeeze
itself with the flatness of a sand dab or
the sliyperiness of an eel. Its modes ol
locomotion are curious and varied; us
ing the eight arms as paddies, and
working them alternately, the centra!
disk representing a boat, octopi row
themselves along with an ease and ce
lerity comparable to the many armed
caique that glides over the tranquil
waters of the Bosphorus; they can
ramble at will over the sand roadways
intersecting their submarine parks,
and, converting arms into legs, march
on like a huge spider. Gymnasts of
the highest order, they climb the slip
pery ledges, as flies walk up a window
pane, attaching the countless suckers
that arm the terrible limbs to the face
of the rocks, or to the wrack and sea
weed,, they go about, back downward,
like marine sloths, or, clinging with one
arm to the waving algae, perform ser
ies of trapeze movements that Leotard
might view with envy.
"I have often, when on the rocks, in
Esquimault harbor, watched my friends
proceedings; the water being cleafand
still, it is just like peering into an
aquarium of huge proportions, crowd
ed with endless varieties of curious sea
monsters; although grotesqueand ugly
to look at, yet all alike displaying the
wondrous works of Creative wisdom.
In all the cosy little nooks and corners
of the harbor, the great seawrack
( Macrocystics) grows wildly, having
a straight round stem that conies up
from the bottom, often with a stalk
three hundred feet long; reaching the
surface, it spreads out two long tapering
leaves thatfioat upon the water, thissta
forest is the favorite hunting ground ol
"I do not think in its nativeelement
an octopus often catches prey on the
ground or on the rocks, hut waits for
them just as a spider does, only the oc
topus converts itself into a web, and a
fearful web too. Fastening one arm to
a stout stalk, stiffening out the other
seven, one would hardly know it from
the wrack amongst which it is conceal
ed. Patiently he bides his time, until
presently a shoal of fish come gaily on,
threading their way through the sea
trees, joyously happy, and little dream
ing that this lurking monster, so art
fully concealed, is close at hand. Two
or three of them rub against the arms;
fatal touch! As though a powerful
electric shock had passed through the
fish and suddenly knocked it senseless,
so does the arm of the octopus paralyze
its victim ; then winding a great suck
er clad cable round the palsied fish—as
an elephant winds his trunk round any
thing to he conveyed to the mouth
draws the dainty morsel to the centre
of the disk, where the beaked mouth
seizes, and soon sucks it in."
By a sort of poetical justice, these
tyrants of the sea caverns are them
selves hunted by an enemy of untiring
pertinacity. The Indian regards the
octopus as a great delicacy, especially
when the huge glutinous body is care
fully roasted. Were the octopus once
to get its long throng-like feelers over
the side of the canoe, and at the same
time retain a hold upon the seawrack,
it could as easily haul it over as a child
could a basket. This the crafty Indian,
well knows. How he captures him Mr.
Lord thus describes:
•'Paddling the canoe close to the
rocks, and quietly pushing aside the
wrack, the savage peers through the
crystal water, until his practiced eye
detects an octopus, with great rope-like
arms stiffened out, waiting patiently
for food. His spear is two feet long,
armed at the end with four pieces of
hard wood, made harder by being bak
ed and charred iu the lire; these pro
ject about fourteen inches beyond the
spear-haft, each place having a barb on
one side, and are arranged in a circle
round the spear end," and lashed firmly
on with cedar bark. Having spied out
the octopus the hunter passes the spear
carefully through the water until with
in an inch of the centre disk, and then
sends it in as deep as he can plunge it.
Writhing with pain and passion, the
octopus coils its terrible arms round the
haft; redskin, making the side of tbi
canoe a fulcrum for his spear, keeps the
struggling monster well off, and raises
it to the surface of the water. He is
dangerous now: if he could get a hold
fast on either sftvageor canoe, nothing
short of chopping off the arms piece
meal would be of any avail.
"But the wily redskin knows all this,
and has taken care to have ready an
other spear unbarbed, long, stra'ght,
smooth, and very sharp, and with this
he stabs the octopus, where the arms
join the central disk. I suppose the
spear must break down the nervous
ganglions supplying motive power, as
the stabbed arms lose at once strength
and tenacity; thesuckersthat a moment
before held on with a force ten men
conld not have overcome, relax, and the
entire ray hangs like a dead snake, a
limb, lifeless mess. And thus the Indian
stabs and stabs, until the octopus, de
prived of all power to do harm, is
dragged into the canoe, a great inert,
quivering lump of brown-looking jel
A OlllL BCG.
We yesterday made the acquaintance
of Jack, a dog that has been raised by
ihe employes of the street railways,
and thoroughly educated to the busi
ness. He is i.ew a little mere then two
years old, and vas to unlcrtui ate as to
ose his ] art nis at a very tender age—
or they probably lost him, as he was
.aken at the stables on Rowan street,
a lost and helpless pup. He grew, un
der the kind treatment of the boys, to
his present size, and is now a full
grown cur—the friend of every officer,
conductor, and driver, on the various
roads, and no one among the hundreds
of men who know him will ever stand
back and refuse assistance when Jack
is engaged in the perloimance of his
duties and in difficulty. Jack is not
particularly partial to the hoys of the
city corrii any, but shares his time and
-ervices with all the roads. He rides
upon the cars, having the privilege of
;he entire city, and makes it his duty
to keep the track char when cows,
hogs, and vehicles are too slow in get
ting away.
The conductors call Jack a "spotter,"
one who detects dishonesty on the part
>f conductors, on the sly, as he fre
quently spends a whole day riding on
one route, jumping from one car to an
chor while both ears are in motion—a
feat that would be difficult for any one
but himself, without danger. His ob
,ect in doing this is evidently to look
ifter the interests of the road.
Jack lives high, "boarding round"
imor.g his numerous friends, who
share with him as they would their
oest friend. He knows at what time
and place to meetfthe conductor or dri
ver with whom he chooses to dine. He
is to be formally presented with a tok
en of respect in the shape of a hand
some cellar, on Christmas, hearing the
nscription, "From the Central Passen
ger Railway Company. 1 am a rail
road dog. Whose dog are you ?"
Weare sorry to state that Jack's pride
was shamefully humbled yesterday.
1 Wolf, a stable eleg, on duty at the
Fourth street stables, ct me to town yes
terday, which lie selde m dees, except
on important business,and hadapleas
ant interview with Jack, alter vsiiieh
betook his place on the ears to return.
Jack objected to this, claiming that the
cars were not for the accommodation
of dogs, which objection gieatly insult
ed Wolf, and taking Jack carefully by
the surplus of the neck, threw him in
the gutter, where he hejd him until he
imparted to his little rival some whole
some advice, to the purport that he had
better mind his own business and let
other dogs' business alone.— Louisville
A YOUNG man in St. Louis recently
wrote to Mr. Horace Greeley to use his
influence in obtaining a situation for
him. He received the following re
ply: "New York isjust entering upon
the interesting process of starving out
200,000 people whom war and irredeem
able paper have driven hither. It is
impossible to receive and employ more
till these are gone."
A burglar was frightened out of his
scheme of robbery by the sweet sim
plicity of a solitary spinster, who, put
ing her night-capped head out of the
window, exclaimed, "Go away, aiift
you ashamed?"
I think I have seen you before, sir;
are you not Owen Smith ?
"O, yes: I'm cwin' Smith, and ow
in' Jones and owin' Brow n, and owiu'
every body."
SOMEBODY asked a Parisian editor
where he got all his intelligence.
"From the newspapers." "W here do
the newspapers get it?" "From other
newspapers." "But who is the first
author of it ?" "Nobody."
THE question why printers do not
succeed as well as brew ers, was thus an
swered: "Because printers work for
the head and brewers lor the stomach,
and where twenty men have stomachs
but one has brains."
PUNCH tells of a city man who never
got up till noon, because, he said it was
only fair, as the day broke in the morn
ing, to give it a chance of redeeming
its position before beginning with it.
"Do you thinl you can do the land
lord in the Lady of Lyons ?" said a
manager to a seedy actor in quest of an
"I've done a good many landlords."
AN An.tiiu.ii ltcttrcrcl rcteeol
emnly said one evening: "Parents,
you may have children, or, if you
i have not, your daughters may have."
—The temperance movement is ma
king great headway in St. Louis. A
new hall, to cost $20,01)0, is about to be