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I-j Ali letters should be addressd to
MEYERS A MENGEL,
rosKPH \Y. TATE. ATTORNEY
,| \T LAW. BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly
■end to collections of bounty, buck pay. Ac.,
jC ii all business entrusted to his care in Bedford
I adjoining counties.
Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military
i i other claims.
Has for gale Town lots in Talesville, and St.-
-ephon Bedford Railroad. Farms ami unim
proved land, from one acre to 80(1 acres to suit
office nearly opposite the "Mengel Hotel" and
Bpr;k of Reed A Schcll.
April 1, 1 865—1y
lM)\YAIil> F. KERR. ATTORNEY
[j AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA Will punctually
tint carefully attend to all business entrusted to
hi# care. Soldiers" elains- for bounty, buck pay
ii speedily collected. Office with H. Nicode
mu#. Esq.. on Juliana street, nearly opposite the
Banking House of Reed A Schell.
April 7, 1865.
J R. DIRBORROW. | JOH.V ncrz.
I\ITB BO R RO W A LCT Z ,
[ } ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD. I'A.,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
their care. Collections made on the shortest no-
XLi-v are. also, regularly lictnsed Claim Agents
ami nil! give special attention to the prosecution
claims against the Government for Pensions,
Back Pay. Bounty. Bounty Lands, Ac.
office on Juliana street, oue door (south of the
VleDgel House." and nearly opposite the Inquirer
j OIIN P. REEI), ATTORNEY AT
' LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders
.ii# services to the public.
''ffice second door North of the Mengel House.
Bedford. Aug, 1. 18(51.
lOIIN PALMER, ATTORNEY AT
' LAW, BEDFORD. PA. IVillpromptly attend
all business entrusted to his care.
Particular attention paid to the collection of
Military claims. Office on Juliaua Street, nearly
opposite the Mengel House.
Bedford. Aug. 1. 1861. _
ir-l'Y M. ALBIP,ATTORNEY AT
Jj LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and
pr mptly attend to all business entrusted to his
e ire in Bedford and adjoining counties. Military
claims, back pay, bounty, Ac., speedily collected.
Uffice with Mann A Spang, on Ju'iana street,
ts d'tors South of the Mengel House.
Jan. 22. ISM,
K. M. KIMMKLI.. [ J- W . LIS6E-NFELTER.
KIMMELL A LINGENFELTER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA.,
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law Office on Juliana street, two doorsSouth
of the •Mengel House."'
/ F H. SPANG, ATTORNEY AT
"T LAW. BEDFORD PA Will promptly at
tend to collections and all business entrusted to
hi- care iu Bedford and adjoining counties.
"ffice on Juliana Street, three doers south of the
Mengel House." opposite the residence of Mrs.
May 13, 1864.
JM>. H. FILI.KR. J. I. Xiwr.
MILLER A KEAGY have formed a
I partnership in the practice of the law At
tention paid to Pensions, Bounties and Claims
i- ir.st the Government.
Office on Juliana street, formerly occupied by
Hon A. King. March 31, '65.
Dlnisirians and -Dentists.
I) 11. PENNSVL, M. 1)., Bloody
i , Krx, Pa., (lute surgeon afith P. V. V..) ten
i r- hi- profes-ional services to the people of that
ice anil vicinity. Dec. 22. '65-ly*
W. JAMISON, M. l>.. Bloody
T ,KI Pa., tenders his professional servi
the people of that place and vicinity. Office
■ n- door west of Richard Langdon's store.
N"V 24. tie— ly
[Alt. .I.E. MARBOURO, Having
I f permanently located, respectfully tenders
•• professional services to the citizens of Bedford
u 1 vicinity.
Office on Juliana street, east side, nearly opposite
the Ranking House of Heed A Schell.
Bedford, February 12. 1564.
N.HICKOK, i J. G. MIXSICH, JR..
ni; N T ISTS,
"See in the Bank Building. Juliana St.
VI operations pertaining to Surgical or Me
snieal Dentistry carefully performed, and war
Bedford. January 6, Is(w.
DREED. | J.J. SCHELL,
I) E E J> A N D SC H E L L,
l\, Banker* and
1) !■: A I. E US IN E X ( II A N(J E,
PRAFTS bought and sold, collections made and
v promptly remitted
• 1 p -its solicited.
a. KI VP O. F.. BHAXMX F. BKSF.DICT
| >i i'lb SHANNON AGO., IIA.NK
II ERS, BEOFORP, PA.
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT
! 'LLECTI ON • made for the East. West. North
*-' i s..uth. and the genera! business ot Exchange
otuuacwd. Notes and Accounts Collected and
fc*tuirtan§ promptly made. KEAL ESTATE
and sold. Oct. 20. !Bss.
I iANIEL BORDER,
1 * PITT STREFT. TWO POORS WEST OF THE BEP
' ;f to HOTEL. BEDFORD. PA.
MATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL
RY. SPECTACLES, AC.
be keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Si I
\\ atehes. Spectacles of Brilliant Double Re
' ■ f 'd Classes, also Scotch Pebble Classes. Gold
u st -h Chains. Breast Pins. Finger Kings, best
quality .If Hold Pen, He will supply to order
'king in his line not on hand.
<*t. 2n. isti,-,.
HP. IB VINE.
. ANDERSON'S ROW, BEDFORD. PA .
*' "er in Boots, Shoes, Queensware, and \ arie-
trom Country Merchants re
h-VVID DEEiBAUGH, Gunsmith,
Bedford. Pa. Shop same as formerly occu
*i^ V ''?^ n Border, deceased. Having resumed
r he is now prepared to fill all orders for new
s a i, t ' le 'Bortest dotice. Repairing done to or-
The patronage of the public is respectfully
1 Oct. £ 'O5.
\( iBEST BEREA GRINDSTONES
assorted sites, also patent fixturcg for same
®l)c ficiifori> (Sajritc.
BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
Slit itViMlhrvtl (iVilsftlc.
Can anybody tell who is the author of the tallowing'
It is a --gem of purest ray serene." the owner
ship of which any poet might be proud :
Oh ' the snow, the beautiful snow.
Killing the sky and earth below :
Over the housetops, over the street,
Over the heads of the people you meet.
Beautiful snow ' it can do no wrong,
Flying to kiss a fair lady's cheek.
Clinging to lips in a frolicsome freak,
Beautiful snow from the Heaven above,
Pure as an angel, gentle as love !
Oh the snow, the beautiful snow,
How the flakes gather and luugh as they go !
Whirling about in its maddening fun.
It plays in its glee with every one.
It lights on the face and it sparkles the eye !
And even the dogs, with a bark and a bound,
Snap at the crystals that eddy around ;
The town is alive, and its heart in a glow.
To welcome the coming of beautiful snow !
How wild the crowd goes swaying along,
Hailing each other with humor and song !
How the gay sledges, like meteors, flash by.
Bright for the moment, then lost to the eye;
Dashing they go.
Over the crust of the beautitul snow ;
Snow so pure when it talis from the sky.
To be trampled in mud by the crowd rushing by,
To be trampled and tracked by thousands of feet,
Till it blends with the filth in the horrible street.
Once I was pure as the snow—but I fell!
Fell like the snow-flakes, from Heaven to hell !
Fell to be trampled as filth in the street;
Fell to be scoffed, to be spit on and beat:
Dreading to die.
Selling my soul to whoever would buy ;
Dealing in shame for a morsel of bread,
lilting the living and fearing the dead;
Merciful Cod ! have I fallen so low
And yet 1 was once like the beautiful snow.
Once I was fair as the beautiful snow,
With an eye like its crystals, a heart like its glow;
Once I was loved for my innocent- grace—
Flattered and sought for the charms of my face '
(iod. and myself. I have lost by my fall :
The veriest wretch that goes shivering by.
Will take a wide sweep, lest I wander too nigh;
For all that is on or above me. I know,
There is nothing so pure as the beautiful suow.
How strange it should be that this beautiful snow
Should fall on a sinner with nowhere to go
How strange it should be, when night comes again
If the snow and the ice struck my desperate brain,
Too wicked for prayer, too weak for a moan.
To be heard in the din of the crazy town,
(lone mad in the joy of the snow coming down.
To he and so die in my terrible wo,
With a bed and a shroud of the beautiful snow
Interview of Hosr>-. Wilson :n<l I'ricf.
of IOM:I. with lite I' res ideial—Tlie.v
Fail to Obtain an Vssnranre that the
President Mill Itetraee His Steps.
The Washington correspondent of
the Chicago Tribune give the following
apj>arently authentic statement of a
conversation between Messrs. Wilson
and Price, of lowa, and President John
son, by which it will in- seen that the
latter adheres to the policy of recon
struction developed in his sjieeohes and
in his message. Mr. Wilson's disap
pointment in being unable to obtain
from the President any admission of
failureorretraction i- very evident from
the letter, which we print in full:
Washington, Dec. 1!>, 18<;">.
In my last letter i made allusion to
the fact that certain Western members
of Congress had had interviews with
the President since tiie passage of Mr.
Wilson's resolution, during which the
subject of reconstruction was freely dis
cussed, and that their impressions as
to his future course had not been very
favorable. I confined myself to this
general statement, as 1 did not at the
time feel at liberty to go into particu
lars. lam now permitted to give the
subjoined fuii version of what took
place on the stated occasion.
Mr. Wilson, with whom frank,
straightforward action in all things is
a leading characteristic, had been anx
ious for some time to have an early,
free, and full exchange of opinion with
the President relative to reconstruction.
He desired to express his own view s
upon the policy pursued by the govern
ment toward the rebel States, which he
knew to be identical with those of the
majority of the House, with the utmost
frankness to the Executive, and, if pos
sible, elicit from him a clear definition
of the line of action he meant to pur
sue toward Congress—whether he meant
to recognize the right of Congre-s to
determine upon the mode of recogniz
ing and restoring the rebel States to
the Union according to the views of
the majority of both Houses, or wheth
er his purpose was to bring the influence
of patronage, and other agencies at his
command, to bear in order to secure an
endorsement and adoption of his own
plan of reconstruction.
The passage of Mr. Wilson's resolu
tion by a vote thoroughly testing the
sense of the great majority of the House
upon the President's Southern policy,
on Thursday last, furnished a proper
omission for the mutual explanation
he desired, and hence he sought the
White House in company with his col
league, Mr. Price, on the evening of
the same day. The President received
his visitors very cordially, and, upon
an introductory remark of Mr. Wilson,
announcing the object of their call, in
vited them to an unreserved expression
of opinions and suggestions. There
upon Mr. Wilson proceeded to say sub
stantially as follows:
"Mr. President, you have, no doubt,
l>een informed of the resolution i ott'er
ed to-day in the House, und of the vote
upon it. In explanation of it 1 wish to
say, that neither myself nor the rest
of the majority voting for it, are dis
posed to make any distinction between
Tennessee and the other States lately
engaged in rebellion, in our prelimi
nary examination in their respective
claims to representation in Congress.—
fifttH-ii may, and probably will extend to !
the former State priority of eonsidera- j
tion, hy taking up and disposing of its j
case lirst, and this the majority will not ;
Passing from this special to the gt*n- ■
eral subject of reconstruction at large, j
Mr. Wilson continued: "I am aware
that there are men in Congress, styling
themselves 'Conservatives,' that claim
to be your friends par excellence. Now, !
1 do not hesitate to avow that i am !
what is commonly called a 'Radical.' i ;
contributed, in my humble way, all I |
could to the success of the party that
placed you in power. Hence I claim i
the right to call myself the friend of j
your Administration. Myself and
those acting with me in Uongre-- are
all friendly to it, and desire its entire
success. But we think, and with us
our constituencies, that by your plan of
reconstruction that result is not likely
to be attained. We hold, at the same
time, thai there Is one way in which it
could be reached. In our opinion, your
efforts to reorganize the rebel States and
restore them to the Union, after an mi
interrupted trial of some seven months,
have not proved successful to the ex-,
tent required to insure the future peace,
safety and prosperity of the country.
Congrt—. in pursuance of what it con
siders its solemn duty, now proposes,
after due investigation of the whole
subject, to devise, if possible, some bet
ter plan of reorganization and restora- j
tion. The plan Congress will probably
adopt will be to submit such amend- |
meats to the< onstitution as will, if ac-'
cepted by the .State Legislatures,furnish j
ample guarantees for the future. The j
majority of Congress expect and ask j
that, while engaged in investigating j
the whole subject of reconstruction, and j
devising some new plan, it may be left |
free to act as it may deem best, and that j
no attempt be made by the Executive!
to interfere with and influence its ac-1
tion by the distribution of patronage
or in any other way. If thus left free
by you, there can be no possible difli- j
culty between the Executive and Leg- j
islative branches of the Government.
But if you are disposed to interfere
with Congress, by patronage or other
wise, and force your peculiar ideas and ■
plans upon Congress and the country,
you will meet with serious opposition |
by those that are now the friends ofj
your Administration, and desire sin
cerely to make it successful. The plan
Congrt— will probably adopt will not
render it necessary for you to surrender
any of your own views in relation to
reconstruction, inasmuch as under the
Constitution of the United States, you
cannot IK 1 asked to approve the resolu
tions of Congress submitting certain a- i
mendments to the Constitution. You
will not be responsible for our action,
but we will be responsible for it to our
constituents, who will be called upon to
determine upon the merits of our plan j
of reconstruction. Hence there will j
I be no occasion for serious differences be
tween the Executive and Congress, if
each branch of thegovernment simply I
leaves the other to do what it considers !
its duty. And letmeadd this: the so- ;
called Conservatives of Congress, the
men that claim to IK* your exclusive
friends, go with you to-day because they
think it is to their advantage to do so;
but they will oppose you to-morrow, if
they shall And it is to their disadvan
tage to -upport you. You will find in
j the end that the men who differ from
you to-day from sincere convictions,
and honest, patriotic motives, are much
more reliable and trustworthy friends
than these time-servers."
The President, in reply, stated that
he was anxious to avoid a division a
mong the friends of his Administra
tion in Congress; that he would regret
to see any difficulties arise between
them and the Executive. J lethen pro
ceeded to review at length his policy of
reconstruction, reiterating the points in
support of it made in his published
speeches, and more lately in his mes
sage; but said nothing that could be
construed into an admission of its fail
ure. (>n the contrary, he seemed to lx:
fully persuaded of its present and fu
ture success. Nor did he say a word
indicating an intention to abstain from
interference with Congress in its legis
lation upon reconstruction. lie did
not say that he would interfere; but
neither did he commit himself to the
opposite lineof action. Howeverpres
setl by Mr. Wilson in this direction he
would not give the assurances desired
of him. That he would have made a
formal disclaimer of a purpose to med
dle with Congress, if he did not enter
tain it, may lie fairly*presumed. And
this was the impression left by the tone
and tenor of his remarks upon the
minds of his visitors.
CHICAGO is becoming metropolitan.
There were two hundred and seventy
five divorces granted in that city, by
the several courts, during the year 1860.
The Chicago Journal says: "Of these
one hundred and twenty-seven were
applied for by wives, whose grounds
of grievance against their husbands
were: drunkenness in fifty of the ca
ses, desertion twenty, cruelty thirty
nine, desertion and cruelty four, drunk
enness and cruelty forty-four, adultery
eight, drunkenness, desertion, cruelty
and adultery combined two, bigamy
two, other causes two. Of the entire
number of divorces granted, ninety
eight were applied for by husbands,
whose grounds of grievance against
their wives were: adultery in fifty-eight
of the cases, desertion twenty, drunk
enness eighteen, bigamy one, other
BEDFORD. PA.. FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12. 1866
UTTER TO MIA AM!'.
From Bob Varkis. a Nor til em A-|ii rant
for Literary Honor*.
Another aspirant for literary honors
has just emerged from obscurity in New
York city. His first communication ap
pears in a late number of the Mtfropol
iffin Rerord, and is addressed to the wit
ty and talented Bill Arp:—
MR. ARP, ESQ., GEORGY -You're a
trump, Bill, and tho' I ain't far ahead
in dollars, I'll bet <>n you. I've bin
readiti' some of your letters, and like
'em. Gee Hosefat, how you do sting
some of them fellers that tit With Sher
man! Some of 'em wants to know
mighty bad whar you live, so's they
kin send back some furniture marked
B. A. 'Tain't thar's. I seed a chap
yesterday with two -ilverforx and a
knife. Know'd at unci they kum from
Georgy, for they was genu in. He want-1
ed two dollars 011 'em, but I'd see him
hang'd fust. Nary stolen property for
me, speshily from Georgy. It's a bully
old .State Georgy is, and though it did
git licked, it ain't skeer'd. I'll bet on
Georgy. Yirginnyaiu't behind nuther.
What d'ye think of Boh Lew Ain't he
a high old fighter? I tell #ou, Bill, 1
hear some chaps talkin' so much about
how they licked your fellers that 1 git j
mad. < toll darn 'em, they didn't do no
fightin'. Most of 'em was in the boun
ty bizness, an' shoutin' at meet ins.—
There ain't no tight into 'em, but they's
powerful on talkin'.
Then talkin' about Old Yirginny,
ain't soiuefoak proud of Stonewall Jack
son and Jeb Stuart? Stun Hill! how
them slashers did fall on the Feds! No
time for prayin'thar, I tell you! It was
jest up an' git, and nary favor. That
part of Yirginny whar they litshould'nt
raise nothin' hut laurels. But till the
big fighter- wasn't on one side nuther.
Sheridan kum down mity heavy in the
Yalley, an' Kilpatriek done some tall
ridin' down your way. No use denyin'
it, Bill, your foaks got licked sometimes,
but I know what side the odds was on.
Three to one ain't a fair shake, an' it
mostly went that way. But you made
a big fight though, an' I tell you we
ain't ashamed of you. Beecher says
you fit bully, an' he knows. He wasn't
thar. Ali our jinerals sezso, too. They
I'M a Copperhead, Bill, a reg'lar dou
ble twisted sympathizer. Some foak
say your fellers don't like Copperheads.
Let'em go ahead. I don't care. 1 ain't
worshipin' you. I don't love the South
perticklerly. I ain't goin' to say your
foax have all the vartoo an' great men.
Nary time. I know better an' so do
you. But you've got a big share, tho',
an' your wimmen is gloriou-. They
don't wear pants an' address meet-in's,
but when they git goin' their tutigs is
powerful. I reckon they can hate mor'n
is healthy, but they can't spare none for
home. They Kent so much after the
Feds that the stock must be nigh run
out. Well, hain't they got reeson to
hate? That's what 1 want to know.
What'r you goin' to do with thefreed
men; ain't they a nonsance? 1 reckon
they ain't much better'n they use to
was. Well, poor critters, I pity 'em.
They ain't much to blame if they air
lazy. They wasn't eddycated. They
don't know what freedom is. They
can't rekuperate nor he made Provish
ional Guvernors, nor Tax Kollectors,
nor anything hut niggers. What's the
useo' talkin' about makin' 'era cityzens
when they can't spell. Better give 'em
sumthin' to eat, or bring 'em to Boston.
Well, no I reckon Boston don't want
'em. Set 'em to work, if you can, if
they don't stick to it, make 'em. You
musn't be too hard on 'em though.—
S'pose you lock up every mother's son
of 'em, that goes into the vagrant biz
ness, an' give 'em shower-bath doses if
they ain't willin' to work. That'll fotch
'em, I reckon, for they don't take kind
ly to water. Filianthropy is very good,
hut it's sometimes demoralizin'. it
mostly gits into noospapers and stays
there, so's the darkey's can't git no good
of it, for they ain't much on readin'.
I'll bet before Andy Johnson goes back
to Teunysee, they'll lam sumthin'. lie
won't teach 'em, but hunger an' Jack
Frost will. He 'em just well e
noughtolet 'em alone, an' if yourfoax
will take care of 'em he'll help you.—
Give'em votes. Shaw! he don't want
Look at Jamnka. Ain't them darkies
bin free long enuf to larn sunithin'?
Well, 1 reckon they have, an' they have
larned sumthin' too. They've lamed
to relapse and eut throats. They're
powerful on relapsin'. Andy don't go
in for givin' 'em votes, but work. He
believes in proteetin' 'em, an' he won't
stand any nonsense. Ile goes in for loy
alty an' labor, an' if both ain't right
he'll raise a row. That's all. Don't you
think loyalty is a very tine word? It
sounds so nice, an' looks well in print.
Our foax (J ain't one of 'cm) made it
up when your foaks was secedin'. Lv
erylxxly's used to it now, an' it goes
down mighty >liek here. If you want
to larn it so's to put it in your letters,
jest jine the Freedmen's buro. Some of
them eollidge chaps will teach you, for
they know every langwidge except a
few. Ain't you sorry you wasn't edi
cated when they was? They have a
powerful sight of larnin' in Massachu
setts, but ain't it healthy down your
Your talk about Andy Johnson is
'bout right, if I was down your way
we'd take sumtliin'. lie ain't the Uni
ted States, nor our father. He ain't goin'
to sell himself to the South, an' you
don't want to bay him. Andy Johnson
ain't for sail. He's on the Union track
an' if foax fuller he'll hring 'em in all
right. But don't hitch on to Ids coat
tail. It's mean an' he don't want it.
He hain't done more'n his duty, an'
he's jest goin' to mntenoo that way,
whether foax like it or not. 1 tell you,
Bill, Andy means to do the right thing,
but he ain't workin' easy. Them infer
nal New England fellers is draggin' on
the traces an' tryiri' to itold him back.
Then your foax is mity spunky, an' that
riles him purtykonsiderable. He has a
heap o' trouble tryiu' to harmonize
things, an' if the ekwality men would
only let up on him jest a little he'd find
it easier. Tain't no use savin' he'd orter
do this or do that. He's jest goin' to do
things the Johnson way. i,don't be
lieve in hoidin' back on the pardon,
blit he does, an' there he's got me, for I
ain't in the bizness. Well, I s'pose it'll
be. all right in the end, hut some thing
moves mity slow, an' unless you shove
'em on now an' then, they'll git behind.
Bill, you've got more friends down
this way than you've hear'n of. There's
Greeley. He's your friend, sure; but he
can't talk as he wants to. He's the only
horse in the Tribune team. The other
animals is mules, an' they've kick'd the
old man half blind. Then there'sßeeeh
er. He sez he ain't down on you; but
if I was you I wouldn't trust him. That
stock ain't sound. There's a heap of
friends in this -ek-liin which ain't goin'
to go back on you. You jist git on your
dig an'they'll stand by you. Theyain't
sorry about slavery. It war'nt nothin'
to them, an' theyain't goin' tocry about
it. Foax down this way want to see
things fixed up, an' I reckon they'd
fix 'em if they had a chance. S'pcse
you cum here an' look round. It's a
big place, but you won't git lost. Fetch
along some of the little Arps au' git
sum toys for 'em. < all an' .-ee me when
you feel at home. The editur'li tell you
where I live an' -end a boy to 'scort you.
I hain't got any planner or silver plate
'cause I wasn't one of .Sherman's bum
mers, but if you're sound on Bourbon,
we'll do. I've got a fust rate article,
an' ain't a siwvin' of it. Resiprokallv
your-, 808 VARKIS.
DEATHS I'ISO.H OIKKASE IA THE EEO
CRALAKHV IH'RIXU THE WAR.
From reports recently published by
the Surgeon General, it appears that in
the Federal army the mortality from
disease alone, was forty-eight and sev
en-tenths per one thousand of mean
strength for the first year of the war,
and sixty-five and two-tenths for the
second. Total number of deaths from
disease reported for the first year, 14,-
138, and 42,010 for the second. These
figures do not Include those who died
while absent as prisoners of war, or af
ter having been discharged the service
for disability. The number constantly
sick was about ten per eent. of the
The total number of cases treated by
the Medical Department, including
wounds and injuries, 878,918 during the
first year, and 1,711,803 during the sec
ond. The most fatal disease was camp
fever, of which there were 213,20U ca
ses, and 19,159 deaths during the two
years; next conies diarrhea and dysen
tery, 725,075 cases and 11,5(50 deaths;
then inflamation of the respiratory or
gan-, 304,3-! cases and 8,090 deaths.
Venereal diseases were much less fre
quent than the experience of other ar
mies would have led us to -uspect.
Still, 84 men in every thousand suffered
during the first year, and sixty-live du
ring the second; the total number of
cases being over 39,000.
Twenty-eight thousand six hundred
and twenty discharges for disability
were reported during the first year, or
about nine per cent, of the strength of
the army. Incomplete reports for the
first year of the warfrom troops in the
field and in garrison represent an aver
age strength constantly present during
the year, of 281,117 men; in hospital,
constantly present, 9,759 men; total,
290,9:5(1, among whom were 11,183 deaths
from disease. The number of deaths
recorded is much less than the real num
ber, and does not include prisoners ot
war and other absentees. For tiie sec
ond year, in field and garrison, 598,821;
in hospitals, 45,(15T; total, 644,508, oi
whom there were 42,010 deaths from
These mortality rates from disease
are much smaller than is usual with
armies in time of war, and are propor
tionately much le-s than those of the
allied armies in the Crimea, or of our
own army in the Mexican war. The
proportion of deaths from disease for
the third and fourth year was rather
A WHITE coachman, while waiting
for his load of colored freight, who
were at a ball in Bridgeport, Con., was
requested to walk inside. The coach
man did so, but found the air so heavily
laden with perfume that he was about
to retire, when he was suddenly infor
med that several ladies requested that
he would leave the room, as he smelt
so of the stable.
A PKOMIXEXT batchelor politician on
the Kenebeck, remarked toa lady that
soapstone was excellent to keep the feet
warm in bed. "Yes," said the young
lady who had been an attentive listen
er, "but some gentlemen have an im
provement 011 that which you know
nothing about." The bachelor turned
pale, and maintained a wistful silence.
A BOY" six years of age set fire to bis
father's hay-stack, in Westbury, Con
necticut, last week, and it was totally
consumed. On being asked why he
committed the act, he replied, "Well,
father's sold the cow; what the deuce
VOL. 61.—WHOLE No. 5.330.
KEEP THE LOAF ISDER VOI B Alt*.
The following is copied from a New
York paper printed in the year 1775,
and is related as a fact. Similar cases
often occur in these days, where a pa
rent, having given all into the hands
of his children, is obliged to spend
the remainder of his days in poverty j
At this time there is living in Har
lem an old man who relates the follow
ing story of himself. He was possessed
of a pretty good farm with everything
necessary for his business, and had one
child, a -on who having married, it was
agreed that the young couple should
1 vc in the housS with the parent as he
was aw idower. These things went on
exceedingly well for some time when
the son proposed to his parent that he
should make over to him his estate,
promising to build a new hquse and
otherwise improve the farm. The fath
er through persuasion, gave him a deed
or gift of it, and everything belonging
After a few years, as the father grew
old he grew a little fretful and dissatis
fied, while the sou, thinking he had
nothing more to expect from him, for
got his filial duty and used his old fath
er worse than his servants. The old
man was no longer permitted to eat at
the table with his son and wife, but
compelled to take his meals in the
chimney corner, and wa- continually
ill-used by them. The ill-usage to the
old man was at length carried to such
a height that he could no longer bear
it, but left the house and went to a
neighbor and relation of hi?, declar
ing that if his friend could not help
him get his farm back again, he -hoitkl
be obliged to come and live with him.
His friend an-wered that he might
eomeand live with him, and if he would
follow his directions, he would help him
to get his estate again.
Take this bag of dollars, carry it to
your room at your son's, shut it up well
in your chest, and about the time you
expect they will call you down to din
ner, shut your door, and have all your
dollars -pread on the table in the mid
die of the room. When they call you,
make a noi-e with them by sweeping
them into your bag again.
The bait took completely. The wife
had peeped through the keyhole, and
saw the dollar- spread out on the ta
ble and told it to her husband. When
the old man came down, they insis
ted on his sittingat the table with them,
and treated him with uncommon civ
The old mail related to hh%friend
whaThe httd done, who; gave him di
rections what to do if his Son asked for
After a few days the son discovered
the old man very busily engaged in
counting out his money, and at the next
meal time asked him what money it
was he had been counting;.
"Only some money i have received
for the discharge of one of the bonds I
had standing out. I expect more in a
few I fear i shall be obliged
to take Mr. X's farm, upon which I
have a mortgage, as he i< not able to
raise the money, and if the farm is sold
it will not fetch a< much as will dis
charge the mortgage."
After a few days the son told his
father he intended to build a house on
the farm, if he would let him have that
"Yes, child, all I have i- corning to
you. i intend giving you the bonds
and mortgages I have, but then I think
it will be the best to have it put all to
gether in a new deed of gift. 1 will get
neighbor L. to call here and draw a new
Accordingly his friend and cousin,
who had devised the scheme, c ame to
the house, and the son gave the father
the deed, that another might be drawn
of it. When the old man had got the
instrument into his hands In tin-pres
ence of his friend he broke off the sea!,
and committed the writing to the fire,
"Burn, cursed instrument of my fol
ly and misery! And you, my dutiful
children, as this estate is all my own,
again, must remove immediately, un
less you will be content to be my ten
ants. I have learned, by sad exper
ience, that it is best for a parent to kohl
the loaf under his own arm*. That
one father can better maintain ten
children than ten children can a fath-
THE New York Krpre.tss&ys that the
History of Mexico shows that (luring
the last 40 years, Mexico has had thirty
seven different forms of government,
thirty-two of which were "Republics
and seventy-five Presidents! Its revo
lutions during that time have amoun
ted to over two hundred. Many years
since, a Mexican protectorate was urged
upon the I". 8. Senate by Gen. Houston,
upon the ground that the Mexican peo
ple otherwise would fall a prey to some
European power. The project was con
demned and abandoned. But perhaps
in view of the past and present, it
would have been well. The fact is, the
troubles of Mexico spring from the
people themselves. A composite race,
made of the Spandiard, the Aztec, and
the Indian, is as incapable of improve
ment, or pf republican government as
wild Indians. Heaven has allotted to
Mexico the finest country under the sun
and its people have made it one of the
wort of governments. Each race would
have done better, uneontained by the
other; but miscegenation has ruined all,
—and a mongrel, debased race, and an
archy, is the violation of natural laws.
If Maximiilian can make anything out
of them, it is more than they are eter
likely to do for themeelves.
SWI\F. S FLMH.
Under theabove headinga correspon
dent of the Kingston iN. Y.) Journal
In the last i--ue of your paper it is
stated that the Jewish nation seldom
suffer from Cholera, and this exemp
tion is piaood in connection with the
. fact that they eat no pork. This im
: munity from cholera is but a tithe of
the hie--ings gained hy the Hebrews by
abstaining front the use of swine's
fle-h. In an experience of nearly a
quarter of a century, and after much
observation and enquiry, the writer has
never known a Jew to suffer from scrof
ula, consumption, or tape worm. The
sufferings and deaths from the first two
diseases, or forms of the same disease,
so common among the pork eating na
tions of theearth, are unknown among
| the children of Israel. Place these facts
in connection with this, that the hog is
the only domestic animal that suffers
and dies from scrofula, and it speaks
volumes. Your readers have all heard
of "measly" pork; but they may not
know that these measlesarepure,dead
ly scrofula; and that they are never
found in beef, mutton, veal, or lamb.
Nor is it generally known that heredi
tary consumption and scrofula are one
1 ami the same disease; and that the
most common forms of insanity are
; owing to the development of scrofulous
tubercles in the brain. The seeds of
these terrible maladies are transmitted
from parent to child in the form of mi
nutegrainsof tubercles deposited chief
ly in the lungs and brain, ar.d as the
unhappy offspring of such parents pro
gress in life, these tubercles become in
flamed and enlarged, ending in con
' sumption, if thelungsare the suffering
organs; and in softening of the brain
and insanity when that organ is the
seat of the disease. Sometimes the poi
son of scrofula thrown out upon the
skin in the form of tumors, ulcers, "fe
ver sores," salt rheum,etc., in which
cases life is often prolonged at the ex
pense of constant misery and suffering.
TEMPER IS THE ATI XG STOCK.
The farmer's stock around him par
takes more or less of the quality of the
owner or those who attend upon it. A
man's influence is imparted to his
beasts, particularly the horses, the
working cattle, _and the milch. A
man of irascible temper gets up nerv
ousne>s in a horse or a cow. Thebrute
becomes afraid of him; and if of a vi
seious nature, is apt to .be hurtful,
spitefully influenced, perhaps irre
clainiably spoiled—whereasa mild-tem
pered, discriminative man will grad
ually smooth down the asperities of a
har-h disposition. We have known
milch cows, wild as deer, brought to a
placid tractability. The man is a supe
rior and his superior influence will be
communicated. Wise stock-men keep
fools and irritants out of their stock
A loh of broken Southern banks have
had their rottenne.-- varnished over by
the application of the word "National,"
but as a portion of the people and press,
remembering their insolvency, fail to
give their issue- full confidence, certain
radical shoddy organs in Pennsylvania
call this want of confidence "Attacking
the National Currency," and cite it a.-
the outcroppings of latent treason. In
the estimation of such "loyal" shoddies,
the Southern people must not only sub
mit to the domination of arrogant ne
gro soldiery; to disfranchisement; to
negro equality ; to be lorded over by
agents of the negro Boarding house; to
be plundered of their cotton, their lands,
their household goods; and a hundred
other plagues, but they must also sub
mit to the plunderings of cleaned-out
stock gamblers and swindling bank
rupts who have been sugareoated by
the Treasury Department. In so many
words, "loyalty" means, in the South,
submission to every sort of plundering.
A few days ago the mayor of Spring
field, Illinois, and forty "prominent
citizens" made a carriage pilgrimage
, ie tomb of Lincoln, on the invita
:i and at the expense of a negro min
.- trei troupe. The minstrels performed
some "pieces," which drew forth a
speech from the mayor and a response
from the leader of the troupe. The
Chicago Times thinks "it must have
been moving to see Bones and theTam
borine standing in reverent silence be
fore the tomb, their jokes hushed, and
their thoughtsremotefrom conundrums
and double inte>^cb'es. ,, It expects that
the proprietor of the learned pig, and
the exhibitor of the double headed calf
will next make a pilgrimage under the
mayor's protection, to be assured that
he hopes they "will meet with thesuc
cess which their loyalty and meritor
ious ability so richly deserve." "Wax
figger-" seems to be looking up.
C- mm AMUJ mmmammam JU mmmmmmm
MRS. SWISSHET.M says that liberty has
been betrayed by its friends, and in her
new>paper she will advocate "equality
before the law, honesty as the best pol
icy, and Christianity as the best states
manship."' A cotemporarv says Mrs.
Swisshelm is smart and tart enough to
write in a lively way, and having no
other half to exercise her sharpness up
on, has a perfect right to take a ' public
body" for it. Congress is tough and can
: stand it.
Ix 1860, the total number of common
schools in Pennsylvania were 12,960;
whole number of teachers, 15,563; pu
: pils, 703.930; average cost of each pupil
j per month, OS cents. Total cost of the
| system, including taxes levied, and
j State appropriation, $3,614,233.55.
THE statistics of the Lutheran church
in the United States for the year 1565,
: are just published, from which we learu
the following items: Ministers, 1,627;
: congregations, 2,856; communicants,