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MEYERS A MENGEL,
JOSEPH W. TATE, ATTORNEY
AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly
attend to collections of bounty, back pay. Ac.,
and all business entrusted to his care in Bedford
and adjoining counties.
Cash advanced on judgments, notes, military
iti'l other claims.
Has for sale Town lots in Tatesvillc, and St.-j
Joseph's on Bedford Railroad. Farms and unim- I
Droved land, from one acre to GOO acres to suit >
Office nearly opposite the "Mengel Hotel" aud
Bank of Reed A Sehell.
April 1, 1885—ly
IMIWAItD F. KERB, ATTORNEY i
Pi AT LAW, BEDFORD. PA. Will punctually
itiTcarefully attend to all business entrusted to '
his care. Soldiers' claims for bounty, back pay
Jo,, speedily collocted. Office with H. Nicode- :
mus. Esq.. on Juliana street, nearly opposite the
Banking Houseof Reed A Sehell.
April 7, 1865.
J R. DFKBOKKOW. | JOHCI LUTX. j
IhI*RBO RRO \Y d LI'T Z ,
j I ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA., j
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to I
their care. Collections made on the shortest no- ;
They are, also, regularly lietnsetl Claim Agents I
and will give special attention to the prosecution !
ufclaims against the Government for Pensions, j
Back Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lauds, Ac.
Office on Juliana street, one door South of the
•Mengel House," and nearly opposite the Inquirer
JOHN P. REED, ATTORNEY AT
' LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders
hi? services to the public.
Office second door North of the Mengel House. j
Bedford. Aug, 1, 1861.
I ()HN PALMER, ATTORNEY AT ;
| LAW, BEDFORD, PA Will promptly attend ■
to all business entrusted to his care.
Particular attention paid to the collection of j
Military claims. Offiee on Juliana Street, nearly
opposite the Mengel House.
Bedford, Aug. 1, 1361.
MA. POINTS. ATTORNEY AT |
, LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully of
fer- his processional services to the publie.
Office with J. W. Lingenfelter, Esq . on Juliana
street, two doors South of the "Mengel House."
Bedford. Dec. 9. 1864.
17SPY M. ALSIP,ATTORNEY AT
.Ij LAW, BEDFORD. PA. Will faithfully and j
promptly attend to all business entrusted to his ,
cure in Bedford ar.d adjoining counties, AiiAiiMK.t
claims, back pay, bounty, Ac., speedily collected. ;
Office with Mann A spang, on Ju'iana street, j
two doors South of the Mengel House
Jan. 22. 1864.
r. U. KIMXELL. | J. W. LIXGENFELTB*.
KJMMELL A LI NDEN FELTED, I
_ ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD. PA.. ]
Have formed a partnership in the practice of i
the Law office on Juliana street, two doors South !
of the "Menge! House,''
H. SPANG, ATTORNEY AT
I I, LAW. BEDFORD, PA Will promptly at
tend to collections and all business entrusted to
his ,>are in Bedford and adjoining counties.
Office ou Juliana Street, three doors south of the
Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs.
May 1.;. Ml. j
rOHN T. KEAGY, ATTORNEY
J AT LAW. BEDFORD, PA. Will promptly
attend to all legal business entrusted to his care.
Will give special attention to claims against the,
offiee on Juliana Street, formerly occupied by i
Hon. A. King.
March 31, 1805.
i'hifsinan* and tlcntists.
\y W. JAMISON, M. I)., BLOODY
tT . urs. Pa., tenders his professional servi
res to the people of that place and vicinity. Office j
une door west of Richard Langdon's store.
.Nov. 24. 'os—ly
pkR. J. Lu MAKBOURG, Having!
t r permanently located, respectfully tenders j
hi" professional services to the citizens of Bedford '
Office on Juliana street cast side, nearly opposite
the P.anking House of Reed A Schell.
Bedford. February 12. ISfi-4.
X.HICKOK, | J. . SIN.NHH, JR., j
nE N TIMTS,
office in the Bank Building, Juliana St. i
All operations pertaining to Surgical or Me- ,
vhsnical Dentistry carefully perforata!, and war
Bedford. January 6, 1565.
IAOOS REED j J- J M HELL,
|> E E I) A N D S C H E L L,
1 V Bonkers and
1' K A LE K S 1 N EX C H AN*G E,
DRAFTS bought and sold, collections made and
tuouey promptly remitted.
W. RUPP O K. SHASSOJI P. BKSEOICT
j>ri'J>, SHANNON A CO., BANK
-1 \ ERS, BEDFORD, PA.
BANK OF DISCOUNT AND DEPOSIT.
Co ELECTIONS made for the East, West, North
nd South, and the general business of Exchange J
transacted. Notes and Accounts Collected and ;
Remittamics promptly made REAL ESTATE
bought and sold. Oct. 20, 1865. j
[ iANI EL BORDER,
1 f PITT STREET, TWO DOORS WEST or THE BED- j
tußn HOTEL. BEDFORD. PA.
WATCHMAKER AND DEALER IN JEWEL- !
RY. SPECTACLES, AC.
He keeps on hand a stock of fine Gold and Sil- |
)er Watches, Spectacles of Brilliant Double He- ;
Saed (lla.-ses. also Scotch Pebble Glasses. Gold j
batch Chains. Breast Pins. Finger Rings, best'
quality of (iold Pens. He will supply to order ,
&n y thing in his line not on hand.
Oct. 20, lhf.j- 1
D F. IRVINE.
1 1 , ANDERSON'S ROW', BEDFORD. PA , j
Beater in Boots, Shoes, Queensware. and Varie- ,
tic, - <
s Pctfuliy solicited.
••* 20, 1865.
[YWII> DEFIBAUGH, Gunsmith, j
A J Bedford. Pa. Shop same as formerly occu
k'vd by John Border, deceased. Having resumed
* u rk, he is now prepared to fill all orders for new
Runs at the shortest dotiee. Repairing done to or-
J* The patronage of the public is respectfully
"'betted r Oct. % '65.
®l)c IScftfortP (ftnjcttc.
BY MEYERS & MENGEL
Uu> 'ihilfovd (ba-.fttf.
Ol T R IAH AI. IIISTOKV.
<■-. t roulmii—Hi* Excursimis to Aujfti
wiek. l*nHi Valley u:i<i the Ohio river:
Hl* Irallie with ,iml j-ifts to the Indian*':
AointuHinls u !n;>aiiv <f l'ri<-ndl> In
dians at liradiloek'h deleat: Settle-, at
VBghwtrk: Captain .lark, -rise Wild
Hunter of the Juniata:" His wife unit
children murdered by the Indian*: He
ItrramcN a leerer tit the aavagea.
< hie of the most prominent actors, on
the part of the whites, in the Indian
wars of the period of which we have
just written, Was one George (Toghan,
a native of Ireland, who came to the
colony of Pennsylvania in 1742. He
tirst located at a place on the Susque
hanna river, known as Harris' Trading
House, but soon removed into Cumbe
rland county, making many excursions
to Path Valley and Aughwick, and fi
nally, hv way of "the old Bedford trail,"
extending his travels as far westward as
the Ohio river. He was an "Indian tra
der," that is, he bartered such goods as
were desired by the Indians, for any ar
ticle of theirs useful in civilized life.—
His long residence among the savages
enahledhim to learn their language and
gain considerable influence over them.
At one time he was suspected by some
of the provincial authorities, of being
a spy in the service of the French, but
there seems to have been no ground
for this suspicion, except that Croghan
was an Irishman, and that he might
share the sympathy of many of his
countrymen in wishing success to
France. <)n the contrary his conduct
furnished hundreds of instances, in
which he served the English ino.it faith
fully, even at his own expense, making
presents to the Indians, in the name of
the Province, in oriler to retain their
friendship for the colonists. When
Braddock marched against Fort l)u
--quesne, he raised a company of thirty
Indians and joined that unfortunate
commander. What part lie took in the
memorable conflict which resulted so
disastrously to Braddock, neither histo
ry nor tradition informs us; but Gov.
Hamilton writes that he "never heard
any objections to his conduct in that ca
pacity" (that of captain of a company
of Indians in Braddock's army). Dur
ing his traffic with the Indians on the
Ohio river, the French frequently seiz
ed"Tthd confiscated his goods, and by
these ad verse chances and his munificent
gifts to the savages, he was finally re
duced to bankruptcy. Compelled bv
his straitened circumstances to abandon
his trader's life, he settled at Aughwick,
in 17-11, where he built a stockade
known in Indian annals as "Croghan's
Fort." lie was afterwards appointed
a disbursing agent for the provincial
government, to distribute presents a
mong the Indians. In 1750, he was
made deputy agent of Indian affairs,
by Sir William Johnston. After the
evacuation of Fort Buquesne by the
French in 17AS, he resided in Fort Pitt,
and whilst on an excursion down the
Ohio, he was captured by the French
and taken to Detroit. After his release
he went to New York, where he died.
Croghan does not seem to have been
much of a warrior, but excelled rather
in the arts of diplomacy. Could the
rocks 011 the banks of the J uniata speak,
how many tales of the craft of this
dauntless adventurer would not bo told,
and what pictures of the unsophistica
ted nature of the Indian, tickled with
a ring of brass and gratified to ecstasy
with the most valueless trinket, would
not !>e presented. But a sterner na
ture than that of wily George Crogh
an, gave character to the scenes en
acted during the period of which we
are sja-aking. Captain Jack, the "Wild
Hunter of the Juniata," resided in the
neighborhood of Aughwick, from 1750
to 17>), but subsequently, in company
with several congenial spirits, built a
cabin near a beautiful spring on the
banks of the Juniata, whither he mov
ed Jus family, employing his time in
fishing and hunting. He was a huge,
athletic man, of dark complexion, with
an eye like that of the eagle. It is re
lated, that he would frequently visit
the banks of the ltaystown branch,
whilst 011 his fishing excursions, and it
was on his return from one of these,
that he found his wife and children
murdered and his cabin laid in ruins,
by the Indians. Thissudden and dread
ful loss almost crazed him, and he im
mediately disappeared no traces of his
whereabouts being discovered for 12
months thereafter. But one night an
Irishman named Moore, residing in
Aughwick, was startled from his slum
bers by the crack of a rifle. It was at
the hour of midnight and the Irishman,
wondering what a rifle-shot meant so
late at night, got out of bed and went to
the door, where, to his amazement, an
Indian lay weltering in his gore, on the
very threshold. A voice in the distance
BEDFORD. PA., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8. 1865.
cried out, "I have saved your lives!"
It was the voice of the avenger, Capt.
Jack. The news soon spread through
out theadjacent country, that the "Wild I
Hunter of the Juniata,' as Capt. Jaek
was called, had re-appeared. His name j
was upon every lip, and well might it;
be, for the terror which it inspired a
mongthe Indians, was no inean protec
tion to the settlers. His manner of'
hunting and slaying the savages had
more to do with the inspiration of awe
in their minds, than thenumlters which
he succeeded in killing. He had the !
faculty of striking when his blow was
least expected by his victim; and this '
was a.secret which Indian philosophy j
could not solve. So strongly did it op-1
erate upon their superstitious nature, j
that they began to regard him as a su
pernatural being. During his single
handed warfare with the Indians, Capt.
Jack slept in the woods, alike in winter j
and summer; no covering above him
save the bushes in the thicket, no pil
low under his head hut the rock on
which he chose to rest. But he was j
eventually called from his solitary life, I
by the tender of the command of a '
company of scouts, or rangers formed
by the settlers. "This company,"*we
are told, "was uniformed like Indians,
with hunting-shirts, leather leggings
and moccasins, and as they were not
acting under sanction of government,
styled themselves 'Captain Jack's Hun
ters.' " The exploits of this hand in
fighting Indians, however, reached the
ears ol' the Provincial Governor, and j
Capt. Jack was at once given a roving
commission to check the incursions of
the Indians on the frontier. Under this I
authority he drove the savages out of
Morrison's Cove and defeated them at
several other places. He afterwards of- 1
fered his services and those of his "Hun-;
ters" to Braddock, but, though George
Croghan used every possible argument
to induce the general to accept them, j
they were not permitted to take part in j
tlie expedition against Fort Duquesno. j
Braddock, doubtless, concluded that
their irregular mode of fighting, would
not comport with the dignity of iiisar-;
my, and rejected their services for the
same reasons w inch caused him to doom ,
his army to destruction. The period 1
and manner of Capt. Jack's death are!
both unknown. One account says he j
died in 1772. The range known as Jack's j
Mountain takes its name from this no
ted character and stands as an eternal
monument to his memory.
[ TO HE CONTINUED, j
THE ROYAE HUiEII.
An Incident tu the Idle of Napoleon I.
"The bell for vespers has just rung,
and the Empress will pass around the
corridors in the course often minutes.'
She will be attended by the princess j
Hortenseand two ladies in waiting, but
you will readily recognize her, for she
is taller than the others, and will walk
a little in advance."
Thus spoke the tall and tierce-looking
gendarme , with a good-natured look of
concern upon the slight form at his
side, whose youthful face gleamed out
still and pale from the shadows that
were thick ly gathering, and whosesing
ular beauty was rendered still more
conspicuous by a pair of dark, iustrous
eyes, which had a sad, l>eseeehing ex
pression more eloquent than words.
The pale lips moved, as if to express
her thanks, but they gave forth 110 aud
"Hist! she is coming!" exclaimed the
guard, as his quick ear caught the sound
of approaching footsteps.
"Courage, vion enfant ," he added, as
the young girl leaned up against the
corner of the corridor, trembling in ev
ery limb, "the good Empress is like a
mother to her people!"
As he said this, he hastily resumed
his post, and when the Empress made
her appearance, was pacing backwards
and forwards with ids monotonous
tread, a stolid look upon his counte
nance, as tho' he was a mere machine,
that the discipline to which he was sub
jected was intended to make him.
Josephine then in the zenith of her
charms, wasattired in her usual elegance
in a robe of black velvet, whose very
folds swept tho floor; rubies gleamed up
on her IMJSOIII, and the heavy braids of
dusky hair, a custom which well accord
ed with her rich tropical beauty, and
she moved along with that graceful,
undulating motion peculiar to the
As she reached the spot opposite to
where the girl stood, she stepped out
from the shadow and sinking down
upon one knee, laid her hand 011 Jose
phiue's robe, as if to arrest her prog
Poor Marie! during her long and
lonely walk she had said over again the
little speech by which she had hoped to
win the kind heart of the Empress to
pity and aid her, but as she knelt there,
every word of it vanished from her
mind. But those white, quivering lips,
the imploring impression in those lifted
eyes spoke volumes, as Josephine look
ed down upon them, she understood all
she would say.
Signing the other ladies to proceed,
she took the roll of paper from Iter
hand. But as her eyes glanced over it
her countenance fell.
"I feel that I can do nothing for you,
my good girl," she said, turning to the
suppliant-! "desertion is an offence that
the Emperor never pardons."
"O! say not so, royal lady!" exclaim
ed the young girl imploringly. "The
good Emperor's heart is ever open to
you! It was to see his dying mother,
and after other means had failed."
Still the Empress shook her head. "It
is a hard case," she -aid; "hut it will
be useless for me to attempt to obtain
As Josephine said tfiis a stifled moan
escaped from the poor girl's lips, the
convulsive grasp upon her robe relaxed,
and she lay still and pale at her feet.
Alarmed, the Empress beckoned the
gendarme to approach.
"She has fainted," he said, as he bent
over her. "And no woncr; she has
walked from the village of L , full
eight leagues, since break of day."
"Do vou know her?"
"Yes, Madame, she is Marie Duval,
the betrothed of Henri Laferve, who is
to be shot to-morrow morning for de
"Poor child!" said the Empress, com
passionately. "Take her away, good
Jenna," she added, as the girl began to
show signs of consciousness, "and see
that she has rest and refreshment, and
if-he be sufficiently recovered bring
her an hour hence, to my private apart
The Empress passed along, hut the
kind-hearted soldier noticed, with a
feeling of satisfaction, that she held the
little roll of paper, while her counte
nance had a thoughtful aspect.
Napoleon was seated alone at the ta
ble covered with papers and maps. A
courier had just left him, who was evi
dently the bearer of go al news, for his
countenance had a pleased, almost ex
The door opened, and Josephine en
She paused anionieirt uponthethresh
old, giving his countenance a furtive
look, whose ever varying mood she had
learned to read.
''Welcome, my g>od Josephine,"
said the Emperor holding out his hand
Josephine saw that ihiswas a propi
tious moment, and piiyfully sinking
down on one knee, she kissed his hand
and presented himthe*oll of papershe
had received from the rirl.
"If it was for any ether offence, it
should be granted; but as it is, it is im
"But there are extenuating circum
stances in this case,"pleaded Josephine;
"the poor fellow had just received news
that his mother was it the point of
"That was no excuse. The soldier
has no mother save France; he owes
first duty to her!"
"Ah, if you could only see his be
trothed wife, sire, I knov your heart
would relent. —She traveled on foot
from the village of L—-, since day
break, to plead for her lover's life.
Poor girl! I fear that she will not sur
The Emperor shruggeditisshoulders.
"We must try to console her," he
said, dryly, "seeing we cannot grant
her another husband."
"She would never accept one!" said
Josephine, with indignant emphasis.
"She would sooner die with her lover."
Napoleon again shrug-ged his shoul
ders and took a pinch of snuff.
"My dear friend, such things may be
found in romance, but not in real life.
I'll wager most anything you like, she
would much prefer living with some
young, good-looking man, and which I
should find little difficulty in persua
ding her to do."
Josephine whispered a few words in
her royal husband's ear.
"Letit be so," hesaid smiling. "And
now suffer your young protege to be
summoned, and I will soon put the
truth of my assertion to the proof."
The Emperor listened attentively to
the touching plea, broken by tears and
sobs, that Marie poured out at his feet.
Then bidding her rise, he said gravely,
but kindly, for he was touched by the
artless beauty of the suppliant, 110 less
than by her unfeigned sorrow.
"1 am sorry, my daughter, that I can
not grant your petition. But I will pro
vide you with another love, and bestow
upon you a bridal dowry besides; which
will do just as well, if not better."
"Surely you jest, sire," said theyoung
girl, casting upon him a glance of sor
rowful surprise. "No one can take
Henri's place in mg heart. For the
love of mercy, spare his life!"
"He has committed an unpardonable
offence," was the stern reply, "the pen
alty of which is death. He must die!
unless, indeed," he added, in a lower
tone, "some substitute he found to suf
fer in his stead."
Marie caught eagerly at the hope con
veyed by these words. Again she
threw herself upon her knees, bathing
the Emperor's hand with her tears.
"Would your majesty indeed accept
a substitute?" she exclaimed. "Let
me take his place, then, and suffer for
"What! would you take his place to
morrow, and be shot in his stead?" in
quired Napoleon, looking steadily into
"If there is no other way to save his
life, willingly, gladly, sire !" was the
The Emperor's stern, impassable face
gave no token of the feelings that filled
his heart, as he looked upon the coun
tenance of the speaker, every feature
of which was distinct with the fervor
of her heroic soul.
"If you desire it, certainly," he said,
after a moment's pause. "But remem
ber that I am not trifling with you!
One of you must die! You will have
ample time between now and thedawn
to decide which it shall be."
The next morning rose clear and
cloudless. At the first streaks of dawn,
the large square in front of the palace
was alive with soldiers, while outside
of the paling, and in every available
place, were crowds of spectators, eager
to view what is so dear toevery French
man's heart, the pomp and circumstan
ce of a military execution ; and in this I
instance, rumors that had reached the
people, that it was not the real offen
der that was to be executed, but his af
fianced wife, who, by her own free
choice was to take his place, made the
crowd unusually large.
Circumstances indicated that it was
to IK- the scene of more than usual dis
play. The Emperor himself was pres-'
eat, attended by his start'. His tried i
and faithful body-guard were drawn up 1
in long array, together with the whole j
regiment to which the culprit belonged. j
At the appointed hour, Marie made
her appearance, attended by a priest, 1
and escorted by a guard of six soldiers.
A murmur of mingled pity and admi
ration ran through the crowd, as they
noted her extreme youth and beauty.
Every eye expressed sympathy, except
ing, indeed, the platoon of soldiers de- I
tailed to tire the fatal volley; they alone j
regarded the scene with an air of in- j
Marie's beautiful countenance was j
pale but composed, and she walked to
the fatal spot with a light, firm step, j
Yet, as her eye fell upon the coffin, that j
was arranged'so that it would receive
her body as it fell, a visible shudder j
convulsed her frame. But it quickly
passed away, and her countenance re
gained its former expression of holy ;
Closing her eyes, her lips moved a j
moment in voiceless prayer; then she J
signified that she was ready.
Just then one of the Emperor's aids j
rode up, and beckoning to the priest,
said a few words to him.
Father Godfrey immediately return- j
edtohispatient. "Daughter," hesaid,'
"our good Emperor sends thee word ;
that if thy courage fail thee, there is,
even now, time to retract."
"Tell the Emperor 1 thank him, fa
ther," returned Marie, calmly ; "but■ j
that it is easier for me to die for my be
trothed tluin to live without him.
"But bethink tliee, daufht<>r," jj<t- j
sisted the good priest, "this is a terrible |
fate. Life is sweet, especially to the j
young. The Emperor empowers me to |
offer to thy acceptance another lover, j
equal in every respect, to the one thou i
wilt lose, and a bridal dowry. Rush j
not from so fair a prospect to so cruel a
"Urge me no more, holy father," was
the firm reply,; "my resolution is im-1
movable.—Neither distract with vain j
and worldly thoughts the soul, that is j
fixed steadfastly upon that country it is j
so soon to enter.
The priest drew back, and one of the i
soldiers approached to bandage her j
At first Marie demurred, but on i>eing j
told that it was indispensable, quietly 1
During these proceedings a profound J
silence reigned throughout that dense !
crowd of people, and when the signal
to fire was given, every heart stood still; i
even the rough, stern soldiers, aeeus- j
turned to view death in its most cruel j
forms, involuntarily turned their eyes I
away from the pitiful sight.
There was a sharp report of musket-'
ry, and when the smoke cleared away, j
it was discovered that Marie had fallen
forward upon her face.
The Emperor, who had been a pass- (
ive but attentive spectator of all this,
instantly spurred bis horse to the spot,
where she lay.
"J lon J)i<it!" he exclaimed as he
threw himself hurriedly from the sad
dle, "can it be that those stupid fellows
"She has only fainted, sire," said
Father Godfrey, bending over her, and
laying his hand upon her wrist as he
Yet, though the muskets were loaded
with blank cartridges, so that not a
hairof her head was injured. Forsonie
minutes Marie lay as still and deathly
as though life had indeed departed.
When she unclosed Iter eyes, she look
ed up bewildered into the face that she
had never thought to see again in life.
"Marie, my sweet angel! my sa
vior !" exclaimed Henri; look up, our
sufferings are over! The Emperor was
but testing your love. He has pardon
ed me, and Father Godfrey is even now
waiting to make us one."
And before Marie could hardly real
ize this happy change in her prospects,
she was a wife.
As soon as thepriest had pronounced
the benediction, the Emperor approach
ed them. Overcome with gratitudeand
joy, they would have knelt at his feet,
but he prevented them.
"No thanks are due to me," he said,
addressing Henri. "You owe your life
neither to your own desserts, nor," he
added, hiscyes resting kindly on Marie's
happy face, "to my clemency, but to
that heroic courage and devotion of her
you have just called wife. Endeavor,
in all your future conduct, to prove
VOL. 61.—WHOLE No. 5,326.
worthy of her! 1 give you a month's
furlough in which to enjoy your honey
moon; to which the Empress adds five
thousan# 4 friUics as a dowry to..your
bride. At the expiration of that time,
return to the service of your country;
and rememlw, hereafter, that the brave
soldier never leave* hifc post of duty."
The meaning of this scene was not
long in passing from lip to lip through
the excited throng of people; and as
Napoleon ceased -peaking, the air rung
with shouts of " Vive P Empereur
But Napoleon quickly withdrew to
the little alcove, where,secure fromob
servation, Josephine had witnessed the
triumph of her protege.
"You have won," he said smiling.
"But how is it," he added, "that you
read the heart of this simple maiden so
much better than IV"
"I judge her by my own heart, sire.
This lovely pleasant girl ha-done noth
ing that 1 would not gladly do for
"My good Josephine! said the Em
peror, pressing affectionately her hand
in his, 1 believe it!"
A few years hence, when upon a lone- j
ly island, forsaken by all his summer I
friends, she, whom lie had rejected from
his heart and throne, wrote to him for
permission to share his exile, did Na
poleon receive another proof of that
self sacrifice which is seldom found j
save in tiie heart of a woman.
Since the days of Fouche no country
hxis been cursed with such a multitude
of spies and informers as the border
portion of the United States has been
from the commencement of the war al
most, if not quite, up to the present time.
They constituted a small army of them
selves, and as it was morally impossible
that any person of honorable instincts
should undertake an office so thorough
ly degrading, all the departments of
this odious service were filled by men
who were either without principle or
wereof the most disreputablecharacter.
it was 111 vain that its chiefs were dig
nified with the titles of provost mar
shals and deputy provost marshals, and
that their men were styled Government
detectives; the popular instinct soon
penetrated the thin disguise and saw
the mom-hard underneath. We do not
say that detectives so-called may not be
necessary to a Government during a pe
riod of civil war, or that they may not
he made useful, when they are kept
within the sphere of their legitimate
functions. But, on frequent occasions
here in Maryland they rendered them
selves infamous by first instigating the
crime and then arresting the offender;
and seizing for confiscation the proper
ty in his charge. The well known case
that was tried before the late Chief Jus
tice Taney, in the Circuit Court of the
United States in this city, is an instance
in point, and the scathing rebuke ad
ministered on that occasion by the ven
erable Uhief Justice to provost marshal
McPhail and his supurserviceable aids,
will be felt by them—if they are capa
ble of feeling anything—as long as they
cumber the ground.
The sanguinary and brutal assault
which was also made by the same par
tics upon that upright Judge and hon
orable gentleman, Judge Carmichael,
dragging him from the bench in open
court, and beating him about the head
with their pistols until his person was
covered with blood, was as dastardly as
it was unprovoked, and caused a shud
der of abhorrence even among those
who applauded the system that gave
employment to these men, and by a
paradox that would be unaccountable
in other times, heartily supported these
ruffians in their wrong doings. But the
evil went deeper than this. Stimulated
by partisan malignity, a system of es
pionage was organized which was felt
in every household. Witnesses were
suborned, servants tampered with, the
most innocent acts or expressions were
perverted into something that was as
sumed to be either disloyal or treason
able, and were made the pretexts for
arrests and imprisonment for months
without even the name of the secret ac
cuser being made known to the victim,
or the nature of the charge upon which
he was held. That these things should
have been permitted so long, and that
journals under the convenient pretext
of devotion to the Union should have
recorded, with complacency, day after
day, the most flagrant violations of the
rights of citizens, are facts not more re
markable than was the personal vindic
tiveness by which such proceedings
were characterized, and in which they
but too frequently found their true ori
Happily, nearly the whole herd of J
spies and informers have been got rid i
of recently, but, unhappily, they have '
not yet received their just deserts. We
learn now, also, that the man Baker,
the Uhief Detective of the War Depart
ment at Washington, and who, for his
notable exploits, in various ways, was
rewarded not long since with a gener
al's commission, lias fallen into such
disrepute that President Johnson has
not only ordered away all detectives
employed at the White House, but "has
also indulged in very severe strictures
upon Baker himself, and to his face." !
But what do strictures amount to if
they are not followed up by arrest and
punishment? This General Baker has
been bluntly characterized by one of the
New York papers as "a bold, bad man,"
and, we are told, that "the fixed im
pression with regard to him is that he
first created and organized himself most
of the crimes he discovered, and that
; he has misused the powers entrusted to
him, aiid the protection afforded by Mr.
Stanton's favor with a recklessness that
only his long and desperate training as
an adventurer in California could have
rendered possible to any man's nature.
A congressional committee toward the
close of last session discovered that he
had lieen sending many persona to the
(>ld ('apitol prison simply by his own
mandate, and that they bad been kept
in confinement there upon the most
frivolous charges, or ujion no charges
And now we learn that Secretary
Stanton has directed the release of other
prisoners from the Old Capitol who have
been sent there by this same General
Baker, and who have been imprisoned
for a considerable length of time, and,
as it is delicately stated, "without the
charges being sustained." Hisnumer
ousarrestsin New York of bounty-bro
kers, and alleged bounty-jumpers, just
before the close of the war, are now very
generally believed to have been merely
schemes for extorting black mail, and
suits have since been brought, or threat
ened, to force him to disgorge the large
sums of money he stands accused of re
ceiving on that occasion. More recently
he has been indicted in Washington for
having falsely arrested a Mrs. Cobb, and
taken from her a sum of money, and
we heartily join with the New York
Citizen in the hope that all others whom
he has plundered and oppressed every
where will pursue him before the courts
in the numerous cases in which lie has
been guilty of similar practices.
We trust, also, that the Bishop of the
Episcopal Church, whom, but a few
weeks ago, he caused tobedraggedfrom
his home in North Carolina, and from
a sick wife, brought on to Washington
under guard, and after putting a few
questions to him insolently, dismissed
to find his way back to North Carolina
as he could, will not find it inconsistent
with the dignity of his eloth and the
sacred nature of his trailing to bringsuit
against this man for so gross an outrage,
and that there will be found a jury hav
ing the manliness to award exemplary
damages. In one or two instances at
the north the provost marshals have al
ready been made to feel that they can
not shelter themselves under the orders
of their superiors for acts done in defi
ance of the laws, and we shall rejoice to
see the day when the civil tribunals in
the border States, relieved from the pres
sure of the arnxed hand, shall prove to
the world that they are yet capable of
redressing the wrongs that have been
perpetrated hitherto with impunity by
<Tovernment detectives— alias spies smd
informers—of all grades, and of thus
vindicating their own high functions
and the sanctities of private life. — Bal
A\ AWH>VA Kl* .M IST AK E.
A farmer who had bought a calf from
a butcher, desired him to drive it to his
farm and place it in his stable* which
he accordingly did. Now it happened
that very day that a man with a grind
ing organ and dancing bear, passing by
that way, began their antics fn front of
the farm-house. After amusing the
farmer's-tsyjaijy for some time^ the or
gan-man entered the farm-house and
asked the farmer if he could give him
a night's lodging. The fanner replied
that he could give the man lodging,
but lie was at a loss where to put the
bear. After musing a little, he deter
mined to bring the calf insidethe house
for that night, and place the bear in the
stable, which he did. Now, the butch
er, expecting the calf would remain in
the stable all night, resolved to steal it
ere morning; and the farmer and his
guest were awakened in the night, by
a fearful yelling from the out-building.
Both got up, and, taking a lantern,
entered the stable; when the farmer
found, to his surprise, the butcher of
whom he had bought the calf, in the
grasp of the bear, which was .hugging
him tremendously, for he could not
bite, being muzzled. The farmer in
stantly understood the state of the case,
and briefly mentioned the circumstan
ces to the owner of Bruin, who, to pun
ish the butcher for his intended theft,
called out to the bear: "Hug him, To
mmy;" which the bear did in real ear
nest, the butcher roaring most hideous
ly the whole time. After they thought
he had suffered enough, they set him
free, and the butcher slunk off, glad to
escape with his life; while the farmer
and his guest returned to their beds.
A newspaper calling itself Democrat
ic is not ashamed to say that Abraham
Lincoln was lfc thefather of his people."
Of what people? The negroes we hope
is meant; for we will not be considered
as belonging to any people of which
Abraham Lincoln was a father in any
sense. We should be glad to let Abra
ham Lincoln rest quiet inhisgrave,but
as long as his friends will bring him up
before us, so long we shall express our
contempt and horror of everything that
belonged to his life. We know of noth
ing in him that a man of honor canap
prove. Even hisjokes were so obscene
that no gentleman could laugh at them.
A PROFOUND OBSERVER remarks:
"I have often observed at public enter
tainments that, when there is anything
to l>e seen, and everybody wants par
ticularly to see it, everybody immedi
ately stands up and effectually prevents
anybody from seeing anything."
STERN ADVICE TO PARENTS.— In a
recent sermon upon the training of chil
dren, Henry Ward Beeeher gave the
following advice to parents: "Never
strike a child on the head. Providence
has provided other and more appropri
" WiiATareyougoingtogive me for a
Christmas present ?" asked a gay dam
sel of her lover. "I have nothing to give
but my humble self," was the reply.
"The smallest favors gratefully receiv
ed," was the merry response of the