Newspaper Page Text
xerius or PuhUogtlott.
Tn Wayhbsbcho IUpvbmca, omce In
"'''7 building, ewt of the Court Houe, l pub
llitied every Wedneeilny morning, at 13 pr
aunutn, in advance, or SI so if not paid with
In the year. AlUnburlpilan areonnt. most
!."V.!el No lrrwlllbe Mnt
out of the Bute unlew paid tot lit advawce, and
all lucli iuUerlptiona will Invariably be dlaron
tinned at the explnition of the time for which
they are paid.
Intoreat am rsn.Mtri,ii.. ...i.
neTnte "" "d must InvwuLTbl
lSSLtaf!l",' the author, not for
Biiiiiimtton, but an guaranty avntnst lmnrv.it inn
JAS. E. SAVERS,
FIRMNESS IX THE RIGHT AS GOD GIVES US TO SEE THE RIGHT.-,;.eom.
A KSOTTY PltlXT.
bt r. r.
"An answer will serve nil men."
All's Well That E.id Wbll .
'lf women vote as well as men,"
Says Dick on day lo Ned ;
"Pray, can you tell mo, of the house,
Which of them U the head."
SiuMNeJ. "If both have iqtui mohts,
No matter grjat or small,
There certainly must be two heads,
Or else no iiiun at all."
"Hut, j(of j here Is another point :
Supposing both have riches,
Which or thorn should buscitD for Btnr,
Or which should claim the ar.cHKS ? "
. . For the Republican.
BY A. PRISONEIt.
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
AVAYNESBUKG, P1SNNA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 1S68.
I or the llEFUULK AN.
t.Vt'Ol'RAOE NKILI.ED I..1IIOII.
Individual wealth aggregated, makes
the wealth of communities. Encour
agement to manufacturers developes
energy, cultivates taste, improves me
chanics, and attracts custom, not only
to the mechanic, but to his neighbor.
Every man who goes out tff his own
community to spend a dollar, dots just
that much injury to himself and the
neighborhood in which he lives. The
Editor appeals to the people at home
to support his paper oil the ground
that it is a homo journal, educating
public taste, promoting intelligence,
encouraging industry and giving gen
eral tone to society; every argument
he uses is for tb? improvement of his
patrons'; and I may say that there is
not one argument he uses that does Tiot
apply with equal force to the mechan
ic, the merchant, the &rmer or the
Erirndx. Up to ttie 28th of July I i '10te' keeper, a fact here for your pri-
liad not ,ce;i any old acquaintances in j va,c consideration. Almost every
the prison, and I had consoled myself steam boat that comes up the river
with the thought that if I found a j brings to Greene county articles of city
resting place in the o-ravevard niv manufacture, which could bo and are
friends would never know niv foto.
But on that day as I was walking
down to the brook, a man arrested my
attention. lie was disputing with an
Irishman who was cursing our gov
ernment (or not releasing us. I had
se?n the same person a few days be
fore, and something about him then
looked familiar. Now, as he argued
with the ignorant foreigner, Knowing
the rebels were to blame for
better made in the county and perhaps
at no greater cost. Xow why is it
that men will so act? Do thry ex
pect to get their patronage from the
city; or do they wish by the insult to
drive mechanics and all skilled labor
from their midst into the pent up
boundaries of sumo dingy city ? For
ADVICE TO VOIXO .If El'lIAXU'S.
Ill referring to the growing inclina
tion on the part of young men, after
they have served long and hard ap
prenticeships to acquire a good trade,
to abandon this mode of making a li v
ingand to enter the legal or medical
profession, where it is supposed greater
emoluments can be secured and larger
honors won, a cotcniporary well ob
serves that in nineteen cases out of
twenty such adventiiresarc failures, for
two reasons: Fiist, the professions
require peculiar talent ami the most
thorough education. Asa rule, ap
prentices to the trades have neither the
timo nor the means to acquire this
education. Hence, when a mechanic
at the end of his apprenticeship as
pires to and enters any one of the pro
fessions, he does so at a great disad
vantage. He may be a fluent speaker,
know how to argue a point in a debat
ing society or harangue a crowd nt a
ward meeting, but such talent3 do not
fit him tor the legal profession. He
A LE6EXD Or 1770.
Night had set in deep, and in a small
log eitbin situated a few miles from
Trenton, N. J., sat five men, four of
whom were seated around an oldoaken
table in the centre of the room engaged
in playing cards while they requont
lv moistened their throats with largo
draughts irom an earthen jug that
stood on tne tabic.
They were heavily bearded, coarso
looking men, and from their dress
which somewhat resembled tiie British
uniform, they were evidently torie3.
The other was a stout built young man
clad in the continental uniform. He
sat in one corner of the room with his
face buried in his hands.
"Tom," said one of the Tories, ris
ing from the table and seating himself
near the young prisoner, for such ho
evidently was, "Tom, you and I were
school boys together, and'T like you
yet. Now why can't you give up .your
wild notions and join us. lou are
our prisoner, and it you don t we shall
mav know bow to extract a splinter I hand I vou over to headquarters to-mor-
from bis own hand, how to mako a row, for with your bravery and talents
my own part, the only plausible rea
son that I can find, is that it has a
tendency to fatten some men's vanitv,
our captivity, and growing eloquent j 'v f fi'0,u homo to some large
in his appeals to the crowd that had t lm or some place that is all name,
gathered around, I stopped to listen. ! 10 secure an article which should be
When hcfinisLol, the crowd applauded n,i"l" at I'ome. What is the result of
him, and then memory brought his j this k'1"' f dealing? I know men
name to mind, and slopping up to j now in the city who arc most excellent .
him I said, are vou not Col. ('.. of, mechanics mid artisans, who would j
Wnvnesbuiv'. In an instant he k-rw ghvllv evue to some country place to I pettifogger or quack, merely because ho
me and shaking my hand almost ofT, ; exon-ist? tludr s
led me to his tent. There I found
salve, how to mix a powder or admin
ister n pill, but all tins, while it might
qualify him as a good nurse, does not
lit him for the medical profession. The
fact is, the voting men who abandon
their trades are tempted to do so by a
tceling ot false pride, erroneously
imagining there is no honor to be se
cured in a pursuit of the mechanical
arts. History prove3 the fallacy of
The brightest names which now
adorn the annals of all countiios are of
the best mechanics who have blessed
mankind with the productions of
their genius. All that is beautiful
and grand is the result of improve
ment in mechanic. The pendulum,
the main spring, the barometer, ther
mometer, printing press, steam engine,
locomotive, sewing machine, telescope
all, all arc the result of mechanics'
arts, making those fiinioiu who pro
duce them, and that people great who
A good mechanic who becomes a
to worn nt lus trade, is,
A man of'the
Capt. Rogers, Clias. Hook, Rich.
Adams, Ben. Hagar, and other Greene
county boys. It seemed like homo to
mo. I was then so reduced in flesh
;n i (i,,,, i,,.'ii " io promt
. . t lnneccL a mttf til nmnrt
m.o common, y, were .t inn, ,or uy.s menla, wh()
Memii.uii 01 iiiuw.iu;iia iu itisiom .tgu mental torm, with the
all kinds ot home manufacture
Every i dependence, will win as much honor
community is just whak its individual !"'' fts " living in the trades ns in
members make it. Mean, groveling tl,tf P''cssion; and indillcrent lawyer
., , . , , . l ! 1 . it " m'mi'i i.u nuisr uueisui' Mucins is
they almost despaired of my life, but dwcordant, or noble, generous and ! .llw,lyj ft miscr."!,0 ,in,P ox
the Col. said, "we will get him out." I intelligent, assisting every man who j :ltn.ttc in the 'community.' Let oiir
Asa help to this, some money vas!s'lmvs a disposition to become master; young mechanics, then, bconio amb
placed in my hand, for which I can
never be grateful enough. With it I
purchased raw potatoes to cure the
scurvy, with which I was tl.cn afflict
ed. While on the subject I may as
well describe this disease .
It usually oppeared first in the
gums. These became blue, and rot
ten, and finally turned black, and the
teetli grow loose in their sockets and
often fell out. I often pulled chunks
of flesh thesizeofa pea from my month.
Some could take their teeth out with
their fingers and place them in again,
and if they got well the teeth would
remain. My front teeth are still loose
from the effects of it. In a few days
it attacks the le js, particularly abo it
tb.3 joints, drawing the leaders, mak
ing the persons lame, and turning the
llosh a bluish color, fringed with yel
low. The victims scarcely looked
like men. The worst of all was, it
was often attended with diarrhor.i that
eoon carried its prey down to the
grave. I think the highest number
of deaths in one day was a hundred
and fifty. This was in August. Gen
erally, from thirty to a Hundred were
taken nut, exclusive of those that died
iu the hospital. The dead were thrown
into a vagon and kiuled to the
trenches and then laid in side by side,
with only a foot or two of dirt to cover
them. It is said their graves were
marked, but it is very doubtful if they
. were correctly. " .
Very often our rations were cut o.T
for Borne trivial excuse. On the 3rd
and 4th of July the rebels reorganized
the detachments and in consequence
nothing was given us to eat. To
keep us quiet they pretended they
were going to . send us away for ex
One thing is worthy of notice here.
"We knew tho Presidential contest at
home was vigorously being carried on.
The rebels were loud in their praise of
MoClellan, and declared if he was
elected, peace would be at once made
And yet but few flf till hrirfAnnni
wished for this, even though they
kueT it would bring releaso to theni.
They preferred to ace the Union saved,
even if they had Jo lie down in the
burning sand and die. ft was amus
ing to bear the men cursing when they
would get no rations, or something
would go wrong. The first maledic
iion would be upon odr government,
then upon tho War Department, then
on Gen. Grant, and finally winding
tip on Jeff Davis, and the whole
of his business. Of course I would
not he gnilly of trying to impose the
claims of any iluub, bnlch, or umjiirtc,
upon the people. No, but let every
man prove himself a caterer to the
public taste, and improver of bis espe
cial businos; prepare himself by men-
tal culture, by mechanical skill, by
steady habits, and constant industry,
to merit the claims he may put forth
to public patronage. Suppose some,
or all of those men who patronize city
work, were to take a sample of tie
kind of work they want done to some
skillful mechanic in their ou n town
and say, "if you will do nic work like
this, I will give you a goo I job and
pay you a good price for it." That
man will in return patronize you a?
liberally, because ho can then afford it,
and will, it' it comes in his way, turn
many a dollar to your account; but if
you will go from home to get mechan
ical labor done, ho can with a good
face tell you to go there for your pa-
...riot v.. .wni. IIV.IV UUtaut 'L III , , - . .
encouraging ski I led labor at home, is v i . i V i i"
tionsui their own vacation. II they
dignify (heir trades by becoming pro
ficient therein, the trades will dignify
them with the highest honors. Jf
mechanics pursue their business with
a purpose to sclt'-iniprovemeiit therein,
ami not merely to hammer and file
and saw, but to improve tho farm, to
develop something new therein, the
mind will be strengthened as tho arm
becomes muscular, and the heart of
tho mechanic will bo made to swell
with as true a pride as ever glowed
beneath the doublet of a prince. Will
the young mechanic think of these
What we Hrzlu ! Believe.
We begin to believe that now-a-days
greiMiUioiis make the man, and dress
We begin to believe that the perse is
more potent than the sword and the
Wc begin to believe that those who
sin the most during the week arc tho
most devout upon Sundays.
We begin to believe that honesty is
the best policy to speculate with until
you gain everybody's confidence ; then
when you need something of a peculiar
construction, or mechanical ingenuity
to construct, you have it at hand and
di not have to delay days and some
times weeks to send to the city. '.y
encouraging home mechanic you help
to cultivate public taste, by making it
familiar with skillful mechanism. "Do
unto others ns you would that others
should do unto you." If you stand
up for the interests of your communi
ty, you have a right to expect that
community will stand by your inter
es. The mutual dependence of indi
viduals is tho basis of commercial pros
perity, or adversity. Why then dts-
G. W- D,
Integrate society ?
There arc two kinds of prls.
One is the kind that appears best
abroad, the girls that are good for
parties, rides, visits, balls. fcc, and
whose chief delight "is in such things.
The other is the kind that appears
best at home, the jirls that are useful
and cheerful in the dining room, sick
room, and all the precincts of home.
They differ widely in character. One
is often a torment at home, the other
a blessing. One is a moth consuming
everything about her; the other is a
sunbeam, inspiring light and gladness
around her pathway. The right educa
tion will modify both a little ; and
tli as unite the good qualities of both
A OEjnxEMAN.iu Western New
York manures bin mm vinm hv
burying at the roots the carcasses of I
wm cukv,A decided Catawba fla
vor, ha thinks, is thus imparted to
the people out of their dollars. It is
neither stealing or begging ; and those
who are humbugged have only them
selves to blame.
Wc begin to believe that a man was
not nudo to enjoy life, but to keep
miserable in the pursuit and possess
ion of riches.
We begin to believe the surest rem
edy for hard times and a tight money
market is an extravagant expenditure
on the part of individuals to keep
the money moving.
Wc begin to believe that none but
kuavesarequaified to hold office under
the Government with the exception
of natural born fools ami lunatics.
We begin to believe that pianofortes
are more necessary in a family than
meat and potatoes.
Wc begin to believe that a boy who
doesn't swear, smoke and chew- tabac
co, may be a very good . boy, but is
Wc begin to believe that if the dev
il should die one-half of the world will
be thrown out of employment.
We begin to believe he has most
merit who makes the most noise in his
own behalf; and that when Gabri
el comes not to be behind the times,
he, too, will blow his own horn pretty
An Atlanta paper tells of a chap
who came down from one of the upper
counties and encountered a man with
a baud organ covered with green cloth.
The man began to turn and the other
put down a quarter, which the other
immediately took up. Down wentan
othcr, which shared the same fate, and
then another. The stranger, findiuz
his pile getting low, turned to a by
stander and asked: "Mister, what sort
of a game is this, any how?"
vou will soon distinguish vourself in
the royal army, and after this rebel
lion is crushed out, your cause
would be rewarded by knighthood and
promotion in the army. Now there
are two alternatives ; u hick do vou
"Neither," said the young man,
raising his head and looking the Tory
steadily in the eye.
"I ftm now us you sny your prisoner,
but when the clock strikes twelve I
shall leave you I shall leave in a
cloud of smoke, and neither vou nor
yourcomrades, not even myssli canpre
vent it. You may wateli mo as
closely as you please, tie me hand
I 1- 'Ill t 1
an, i iooi ii you win, out, anigiusr pow
er than yours or mine has ordain
ed that I shall leave you at that
"l'oor fellow, his niiwl wanders,"
said the Tory, "he'll talk differently
in the morning." And lie returned to
his seat at the table, leaving the youth
with his head again resting m Ins
ban, Is. ,
When the clock struck eleven, tho
young prisoner drew a pipe anil some
tobacco from bis pocket, and ask.nl the
Tory leader if he had any objection to
his smoking. "None in'the'least." he
said, adding with a laugh "that is, if
ii ii jihiiiic nut iu disappear m a
cloud of tobacco smoke."
The young man made no reply, bft
immediately filled and lighted his pipe,
having done which he. he arose and
commenced pacing the floor.
He took half a dozen turns up and
down each side of the room, approach
ing nearer the table each tim. when
having exhausted bis pipe he returned
to his seat and re-filled it.
He continued to smoko until the
clock struck twelve, when lie arose
from his sent and slowly knocking the
ashes out of his pipe, said ;
"There, boys, it's twelve o'clock and
I must leave you ; good by
Immediately all around the room
streaks of fire ran hissing and squirm
ing; tho cabin was filled with dense
sulphurous smoke, amidst which was
heard a clap of thunder. Tho Tories
sat in their chairs paralyzed with
Tho smoke soo:i cleared away, but
the prisoner was nowhere to bo seen.
Tho table was overturned, the window
was smashed to pieces, and one chair
was lying on the ground outside of the
Tho Tory leader, after recovering
from his stupor, gave one glance
arojind the room and sprang out of the
window, followed by his comrades.
They ran through the forest at tho top
of their speed in the direction ol the
britishencainpment leaving their mus
kets and other arms to the mercy of the
flames, which had now begun to -devour
The next day two yecng men dress
ed in the Continental unilorin were
seen standing near the ruins of the old
cabin. One was of the night previous.
"Let us hear all about it, Tom," said
"Well," said he, "last evening as I
was passing this place, two Tories ran
out of the cabin and took possession
of me. Before I could make any re
sistance they took me in, and who do
you suppose I saw as a leader of their
party but John Bartg:;, our old school
riiatc. IIo talked with mo, and tried
to induce me to join them ; but I told
them I couldn't do it that at twelve
o'clock I was going to escape, disappear
in a crouo ot nre nna smoke ; but lie
laughed at me and said I was out of
"About eleven o'clock I asked him
if I might smoke. He said ho bad no
objection; so I filled my pipe and
lighted it, ami ommencs walking the
floor. I had about a pound of "gun
powder in my pocket, and as 1 walked
I strewed it all over the floor. When
tho clock struck twelve I bid them
good bye, and told them I had to go;
and then knocking the ashes out of ray
pipe, tho powder ignited and a daz
iling flame of fire shot across, around
and all over the room, filling it with
suffocating smoke. Before it cleared
away I hurled a chair through the win
dow, sprang out and departed, leaving
them to their own reflections. You
know the rest." ""
HEET1.NO HOTEL SXE.SFJr.
"Are you tho keeper of this here
tavern ?" inquired a tall, linky Indi
vidual, belonging to the regiment
North Carolina State troops, and then
in the Confederate States service.
"I am the proprietor of this hotel,"
replied the bustling little hotel-keeper
of an establishment between this city
and Richmond; "what can I do for
"What you ax for a bed?" said the
"Seven dollars, sir," responded the
"Only seven dollars, you say ? Well,
that is chenp; clog gone et it ain't.
Here's Confederate five, and there's a
two ; it a all right, aint it mister ?"
"Certainly, sir," replied Boniface,
"it is all perfectly correct."
"You hearn bun, didn't you. Jeems?"
said tho military gentleman, address
ing one ol his companions.
"I bear him," was the response.
"And you hearn him, too. didn't
ycr, Ike?" inquired he of another.
"In course I did," was the reply.
"I 'spcet it's right between you."
"Units a blossin.nny how." said
the soldier. "And now mister, el
ybn'd enly traveled as far ns I hev,
you would want to sleep mighty sudden."
"Certainly, sir. all risrht." exclaim
ed the landlord, m ho proceeded to
direct a servant to show the gentle
man bis uppartinent.
The soldier evidently "slept soundly;
but very early in the momma-, he
might have been seen descendiii" the
stairs with the mattrass upon which he
nail slept earelully tied up and shun'
i i I, . . . 1 p
over ins snouuicr. lie had not pro
ceeded fiir, however, before ho was met
by the astonished landlord, who indig
nantly demanded to know what he
was doing with that bed.
"Gwineto take it out for-tho regi
ment," cooly remni ked the soldier.
"You nre, nro you ?" roared tho ex
asperated landlord : "ho dare you
carry off my property in that man
"Your property ? Well, I like that.
Didn't I give ye seven dollars for this
hero bed only last night, and didn't
two of our fellows hear the trade?
Your property, eh?"
"The seven dollars yon paid mo was
for your lodging," said the proprietor,
growing somewhat irate us lio spoke.
"Nary login, cfl knew it," res
ponded the soldier, "I axed vou what
1 ! I I i . .
vou nxei lor a nen, ami paid ycr
own price, nun according to the na
ture of a traid, the bed's mine."
"Well, sir," interrupted the angry
host, "and what do vou ask for vou'r
bed? I want it." "
"Now ycr talk in," replied the
North Carolinian, as he dumped the
bed upon the tloor, and carelessly
threw himself upon it. "I want to
bo reasonable, and bein' it's you I'll
let you have tho bed for fifteen dol-
Term ol Advertising1
Anvj-RTisEnrsTS Inserted at $1 SO per squaM .
for throe lu-iinu. or Its, and All eonfla p-r
quill fnriMch lul, lit!, mill linortioitt U'n lluti ..
ur Urn ol 'lliiK type oounud a nqunre). All trail- f
aont a Ivprtlgi'iiit-tiL lo lie puld for luatlvauoa.
iH'eiNixt Nol ii ij4 Hct uii'Iit the heml of lon.1
ni-wa will l tturKrU luvaiUblj lUreataaUu
fDre.vh Intuition. ' ' r
A lilwrul .l.nliii:tKn made to persons atvertli
liniLy the quarter, lni!r-Tr or yeur. PpMlal
n, , tiers I'tiiir,! one-halt more than regular ad
vnrttM.'inents. Job I'r.iNTiNirof evnrkltit In Plain ami Fan
cy colon; H iuil-lillll, l:lnnlii,('ar.l Pamphlet
Ac, of every vurii-ly una sl le, printed at 111
Imrteal notice, ll.a llKfcnucAS Otiua liaa
hint lieeu re-fliietl, and every thing In the Prlnk
Iiik lino eiin he exu uUil In the uiot urtlaUe
mannerand at the lowiiit rntin. T. .
James Gordon Besse, of the
Herald baa forbidden tay of his edi
tors or reporters to attend tho Dick
ens banquet at New York, under pain
of dismissal. Mr. Greeley wril preside.
"Fifteen dollars !" gasped the land
lord. "Jes so," quietly remarked tho sol
dier; "if a man don't make one hun
dred per cent, darn mo ef he can pay
1 lie landlord paid the money, and
probably avoided speculating in future
wan any ottnoiwtn Carolina troops,
a stew r.pi:r.
We publish the following prospec
tus, as it is decidedly rK:h s
I propose to start a religious paper
on the gitt enterprise plan. Jt will
ue cevoten to sanctity and sowing
machines, piety, politics, anil patent
The following premiums will be
given to subscribers : "
Subscribers for one copy of the
Church Cancer will be presented with
a box of patent petroleum paste block
ing. This is a very superior article;
it -will black boots or stoves, and may
be used as a hair dye. See testimony
from leading clergymen, statesmen
Subscribers for two copies will re
ceive a box of sardines.
Subscribers for ten copies will be
presentetl with a pair of iron-clad
spectacles, with glass eyes, warranted
to suit one age as well as another.
Subscribers for twelve copies will
bo entitled to a wooden leg, a patent
boot-jack, which can also be used as a
cork-screw, a cotleo mill, or an ink
stand. Subscribers for twenty copies will be
entitled to a pair of false calves, and a
gilt edge cony of Anna Dickinson's
speeches and writings.
Subscribers for twenty-five copies
will receive a tilting hoop-skirt, and a
marble bureau with a mahogany top.
Subscribers for fifty copies will re
ceive a suit of summer furs, and a
burial plot, with an order for a tomb
stone when required.
-Subscribers for five hundred copies
will receive a nomination for Con
gress, with a library consisting of a
bottlo and a park of cards.
Subscribers for a thousand copies
will be presented with a farm in New
Jersey, fenced in and mortgaged.
Clergymen acting as agents for the
Cancer will be furnished , with one
pair of brass knuckles, and an acre of
A foreigner, anxious to study the
present condition of American politics
recently inquired of a prominent Dem
ocrat what are tho present principles
of the Democratic party. The follow
ing dialougue ensued :
Democrat. Why, sir, the Democrat
ic party has always been frank in the
statement of its principles. You have
only to read the platform adopted at
its last National Convention, and vou
will find them set forth in full. ' ..
Foreigner. I have read it, and find
the only distinctive, point in it lo be
that "after four years of failure to re
store the Union by war, there ought
to be and immediato cessation of hos
tilities." I suppose tho triumph of
the Uovernment over the rebellion in
the fifth year of tiie war must have ob
liged the Democratic party to admit
that they were mistaken. 1
Dem. Mistaken I Sir, the Democrat
ic party wits never mistaken. Buton
reflection I perceive that the present
principles of the party are not stated
in its platform. Tho first is that this
is a whito man's country, ami that
black men have no constitutional right
to vole, especially in reconstructing
the Southern States, and no human
power can give tliem tiie right.
For. You have heard of Noah
Webster, have you not ?
Dem. Heard of him, yes; and
ho was not only the best lexicographer
of'the English language, but he was a
straight out, old-fashioned Connecticut
For. Well, he defines a Democrat
to bo "ono who favors the extentioii of
the right of suffrage to nil classes of
men." How is it thnt a man can be n
Democrat solely because he opposes
that doctrine ?
Dem. Polities have changed since
Webster's time. Ho did not regard
negroes as men.
For. Indeed he defined a negro to
be "ono belonging to tho black race of
Dem. Well, Webster is a mere ped
agogue. Our statesmen have thought
For. Who are your statesmen ?
Dem. Andrew Jackson and
For. But Jackson led the free ne
groes to tho polls, and voted with them j
sule hiy side.
"em. t-'h, yes, wo would he perfect
ly willing to 'lead tliem to the polls,
but tho mischief is they won't be led.
They march to the polls in plattoons
against us. But this is not our prin
cipal point now that ncrro sullrn 'e
lias prevailed ever the South ; fe ha':e , him, it must bo stopped it is (rood
financial policies. 1 he'ationttl bonds for nothing. As many subscribers as.
should be taxed, and what is left of! an editor has, so many tastes he has to
their value after paying tlio tax should ' consult.
bo paid in greenbacks. j One wants something Very smart
l or. hat is a greenback ? and something sound. One likes an-'
Dem. It is the promise of the Uni- cixlotcs. fun and irolie. mid t!m nTt
cstimato wcra held by the insurance :
companies of the entire country.
Dem. Perhaps 300,000,000 more.
I don't know.
For. Nor I ; but suppose it to lie as
you sny. Now vou know that the Na
tional Banks own 3 10,000,000 in the
bonds and that the class who own ami
do business with banks are not all
millionaires. 'J hey are well to-do
business men, and no more. About
500,000,000 of our bonds are held a.1
investments in Germany, ; mainly by"
persons of moderate means who had
mith in tho stability of our .Republican
institutions. Besides there are, all .
over tho country, trust estates, arid '
money of pcrsoiid'ef moderate means,
which bavo been invested directly in'
tho bonds. The nmouut of these can
hardly be less than $200,000,000. '
Hero then wo have a grand total of'
1,710,000,000 of the interest; bear
ing portion of tho Nntional debt,
which amounts to about- 8'-00O,000, ,
000, belonging to tho people who can
not be capitalists, having, say $280,
000,000 lor tho aristocratic buudhold- '
Dent. Some of your figures rest Utt
on supposition'; but, ns it is impossible '
luurmoni uie exact injures, we can
only arrive ut them by estimates from
tho facts actually known. Your'
statement i3 new to me, and 1 1 must '
think of it. - ': fi-t;
For. Are there any other principles I
of tho Democratic parly on which you
can liive me any information? ,
I 'o n. None at, present. Cldcaga
Mot people think tho selections of
suitable matter for a newspaper tho
easiest part of tho business. How
great an trior. To look over and
over fifty exchange papers daily, from
which to svket e nough for one, espe-'
dally when, the question is not what
shall, but what shall not bo selected,,
is no very easy task. If every person
who reads n newspaper could have ed
ited it, we should have less complain
ing. Not utif'rcqucntly it Is tho case
that an editor looks over all his cx
ch angu papers for something interest-,
im' fludit.'.ui find absolutely nothing. ,
Lvery paper is drier than a contri-,
bution box, and yet something must bo'
had his paper must bo out wifV
something in it, and he does tho best
u can, To mi editor wln has A(
least cure in what ho selects, tho writ
ing he has to do is the easiest part of
his labor, Every subscriber thinks
the paper is printed for his own bene
fit, and it there is nothing that suiU
ted States to pay a certain sum of mon
ey without interest.
For. And nre thu greenbacks ever
to bo paid ?
Dem. No, they are to circulate as
For. How lonir will they circulate r-q
door neighbor wonders that a man of
sense will put such stuff in his paper,'
Something spicy comes out and tho
editor is ?. blackguard. Next comes
something tirgum?iitativo, and the ed
itor is it dull fool. And soj between
theni all, the poor fellow gets the d I.
-currency after it is announced that they They never reflect that what docs not
are never to be paid And how much please
Will they be worth Her dnllnr?
Dem. That's nono ' of my business.
The Black Republicans issued them,
and they must tako care of them.
For. But Democrats hold them and
will suffer by their rqmdiation.
.. Dem. Well we'll consent to lose
what wo have in greenbacks in order
to break down tho aristocratic bond
holders. Anil teliii oi-fl fhnv
Dem. Tho rich men,
For. Br.t I am told thes.-" men hold
no bonds, and that ncartt all vonr
bonds are owned directly or indireclr,
Uy poor men. - -
Dein. It must bo mighty indirect,
then. I'm sure I don't own any.
For. Let us sec. Have you any
money in bank ? . -
Dem. A little; and my wife has a
deposit -ii the Saving Bank, which
she has saved from her cheese and
For. You are both-Bondholders
ease them will please the next man;
Dut they insi?t that it tho paper does
not suit them it is good for nothing;
and will stop It right off. . . 1
Mrt. Joits Hickman's attack.' A
tho Irish Catholic portion of our pop
illation, and Mr. Gwrgo- Lanflon's
reference to tho Germans of Peansvl- '
vaniit, iimy have the cxc.isa of being
uttered in tho heat of delxite, but they
cannot claim' tho palliation of being
the Abtors ! justified by any principle which govr
cm statesmen vrhilo in tho discharge
of public duty. John Hickman knows
that jonie of the bravest men who fol
lowed our flag to victory during the
war to crush tho slave-holder's rebel
lion, arcfri.-ii ut holies; whilo Mr.
Landou cannot be ignorant of the fact
that among the thrifty population
which has rendered Pennsylvania pow
erful and wealthy as a State, our Ger
man fellow citizens rank' deservedly
high in all that peciaius to morality,
The Pittsburg Oaxtlo' f&ya a boy
in Missouri bought and ato four
pounds of gum drops the other
day and was nearly asphyxiated in
11. II. U, I .1I..W III..II.I.IO .IS UIVIUIIVI i
integrity and painotisiri, .Messrs. Lan
doa and Hickman, by their indiscreet
then. Arc your lives or property in-, r-mnrks on these pniufryliave afforded
an red? I tho opposition press ot the state a
Dem. We have a policy on our! wide reach in nppeali g to theprcju
bouse. . : dices and resontments of the people.
For. What, are vou such aris'tosrat- t"'s. sarcastically referred to; and
ie bondholders ? ' ' whilo ninety-nine cut ot every hun-
Derri. How is that?
For. Nearly all the. Nntional bonds
owned in this country arc held by the
National Banks, Savings Banks, Life
Fire and Marine Insurance and Trust
Companies. These companies in turn
arc merely agents for those who in
sure and deposit and dp business with
them. In New York State the Sav
ings Banks alone hold $10,000,000.
in bonds. Those of Massachusetts g25,
000,000 ; those of Rhode Island $13,
000,000, and including the other thirty-four
States, it is safe to say their
Savings Banks alono hold $300,000,
000, and that these represent the sav
ings of three millions of poor people.
The number of depositors in New
York and Massachusetts together
amount to 804,501 persons, all of
whom are poor, and their humble sav
ings would be Swept away by repudia
ting the National debt, one seventh of
which is dua to them. . .,i. .v .
Dem. Is that so? , i
. For. Moreover, the Idfe and Firs
Insurance Companies of New York
uity alone hold f 66,000,000 in Na
tional bonds. How man; should you
jdred Republicans- in Pennsylvania do
not entertain such sentiments, the lie
publican party is held responsible for
these utterances, and will be more or
less affected by their injustice. State
NOKL riE.XIiS' wonKiy
A horrible outratrn was eommited a
few days since upon a loyal citizen
nrnied Patrick Honey,, who resides
near Waverly, Tenn.,on the Nashvillo
and Northwestern Railroad. Some
days since a gingof Kukluxlcfl docu
ments at his house, warninT him to
leave tho ' country, but ho plkl no
attention to the notice', and went oa
with bja work. Subsequently a largo
company of raon, disguised and armed,
dragged him out of his house about
midnight, carried him to a creek three
miles distant, tied a" rc-po around hla
neck, amLdragged him up and. down
tho creek; pulling out his hair and
beard, kioked him and whinned him
and left him lyinz insensible in the
woods. He was found the following
evening by his wife, in a most horrible,