Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, April 18, 1998, Image 46

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    A46-Lmctstef Farming, Saturday, Apr! 18, 1998
‘Forage Suitability ’ Something That
First cut hay is difficult to field cure without ram damage due to high humidity and
significant rain events occurring within 3 days of each other Later cuttings are less
likely to be ram damaged, but in wetter years, may also be damaged by ram and long
exposure to sun while field curing Tedders or inverters will promote more even,
quicker drying of the hay An option to consider is harvest as haylage Haylage
production reduces the amount of drying time needed and will thus yield a higher
quality forage if ensiled and stored properly Ordinarily, haylage can be wilted and
harvested between ram events
Management Dynamics: Liming these acidic soils will allow for a wider selection of
suitable forages and lea'il to increased forage production on previously unlimed soils
Depending on the forage species grown, increasing the surface soil pH to 6.5 will
increase yields 20 percent for tall warm season perennial grasses to as much as 100
percent for alfalfa Cool season grasses will yield 50 percent more Legume
persistence will be increased
Using facilitating practices of fencing and watering facilities to control livestock
movement as mentioned above will better distribute grazing pressure This will prevent
areas of over-utilization and under-utilization from developing Over-utilized areas will
evolve into low-growing sod formers and weedy rosette plants (dandelions and
Philip Keeney Named 1998
Penn State Distinguished Alumnus
Philip Keeney, professor emeritus of food sci
ence and a researcher so identified with ice
cream that be is known nationwide as “The
Emperor of Ice Cream,” has been named a
1998 Penn State Distinguished Alumnus, the
University’s highest alumni award.
“Philip Keeney has devoted more than 40
years of service to the food processing indus
try,” says Robert Steele, dean of the College
of Agricultural Sciences. “His work with ice
cream and confectionery products over that
time proved to be of major significance to the
food industry and to agriculture as a whole.”
Keeney, a native of Cedar Grove, NJ., is
renowned within the ice cream industry for
his breakthrough research on how fat emul
sions affect the structure of ice cream during
freezing. He also made significant contribu
tions to research on the textural properties of
com syrups and developed microcrystalline
cellulose as a texture and structural agent in
ice cream.
After serving as a U.S. Army Air Craps
B-24 bombardier from 1943*1945 in the Paci
fic Theater of Operations during World War
11, Keeney entered the University of Nebras
ka, earning a B.S. in dairy technology in 1949.
He worked as an assistant manager of a milk
drying plant in Winthrop, Minn., from 1949t0
1951. He earned an M.S. in dairy technology
from Ohio State University in 1953 and
earned his doctorate in dairy science from
Penn State in 1955.
Keeney joined the Penn State faculty in
1955 as an assistant professor of dairy sci
ence. He was promoted to associate professor
in 1962 and became a full professor in 1966.
He became a member of the food science de
partment when Penn State designated the
dairy manufacturing major as part of the food
science program in 1975. He served as food
science department head from 1980 to 1985.
Keeney was director of the Penn State Ice
Cream Short Course from 1955 until his re
tirement in 1985. The short course, which ex
panded during Keeney’s tenure, attracts ice
cream professionals from every state and
many foreign countries. Keeney continues to
help teach the course every year.
Keeney also directed Penn State’s research
on the chemistry of the cocoa bean and other
chocolate-related projects from 1962 until his
retirement. His research—which took him to
such countries as Honduras, Brazil and Ma
laysia centered on how post-harvest pro
cessing of cocoa beans affects chocolate fla
vor. In 1985, the cocoa research program was
perpetuated with the establishment of a $1.5
million endowment from the chocolate indus
try to study the molecular biology of cocoa.
Keeney developed and taught introductory
undergraduate food science courses and de
veloped graduate courses on product develop
ment and ingredient technology. He has been
profiled as Penn State’s emperor of ice cream
in such media outlets as People, the “Today”
show and the New York Times. He also pre- M W
sented an educational program on ice cream mZ m m
fw Ac Smithsonian institution's “On The 520 0 Zenith Parkway • P.O. Box 2252 • Rockford, IL 611
Visit Our Website:
(Continued from Pago A 43)
Keeney is a life member of the
Penn State Alumni Association
and is serving his third, three-year
term on the board of directors of
(Turn to Pag* A 47)
8 KN ROTOR $ 44- 5 °
830/881 s 64.°°
6 KN ROTOR $ 49. 5 °
New Holland | 890/895 $ 44 . 5 °
John Deere 3960/3970
Case-1 H
New Holland 770
Big Savings on Shear Bars, Grind Stones and Bolts
Can Be Plotted, Used By Producers
Deep, channery, well drained, strongly acid, moderately steep upland soils
plantains) Bare areas will appear between plants in advanced stages of decline
Underutilized areas will tend to evolve toward taller growing species In more remote
areas near wooded borders, woody vegetation, such as blackberry, prickly ash, and
sumac, invade Underutilized areas will have more dead leaf and seed stalks than
more closely grazed areas
Since these soils are low in organic matter, they supply little mineralized soil nitrogen
Hence, non-leguminous forages respond well to nitrogen fertilizers If grasses and
non-leguminous forbs are yellowish green in color and urine spots are much darker
green than their surroundings, nitrogen fertilizer is needed Forage production can
Site Documentation: Similar forage suitability group - G-127NY400PA Deep, well
drained, strongly acid, moderately steep upland soils Nonchannery phase of the same
soils on D slopes (15-25 percent) Higher AWC gives them production capabilities
approximately 25 percent better than G-127NY401PA. The absence of significant
amounts of channers makes seedbed preparation easier, requires less equipment
maintenance, and improves seedling survival Post setting is also easier
References Cornell U Ag Exp. Sta Bull 995-Interpretation of Chemical Soil Tests,
FORADS Database-1995, AH296-Land Resource Regions and Major Land Resource
Areas of The United States, Penn State Ag Exp Sta Bulletin 873 - Soil Climate
Regimes of Pennsylvania, Penn State Agronomy Guide 1995-96, Penn State U Soil
Characterization Laboratory Database System-1994, Soil Survey of Cameron and Elk
Counties, Pennsylvania, and USDA, NRCS National Range and Pasture Handbook
Forage Suitability Group Approval
Special Pricing Good Through June 30th
4 1 98