Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, June 24, 1995, Image 24

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    A24-UncMtor Fatmlno, Saturday, Juna 24,1995
Horticultural Association Tours York, Lancaster Orchards
(ConUniMd from Pag* A 1)
of pumpkins and every patch is dif
ferent,” Haas said.
H«a« said that while the pump
kin patches at this stage look a
mess, the method works quite well,
especially in the straw fields. It
keeps the patches from being mud
dy and makes the pumpkins easier
to harvest
Tour members were eager to
learn how others handle problems
such as theft at pick-your-own
Haas said that several years ago,
his orchard had a problem with
theft After endorsing a rule that all
vehicle trunks must be opened,
about five persons were arrested
and that seem to cure the problem
ever since then.
UtoZ f ‘
, '/7*w
i' #•
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About 100 persons participated in the summer orchard tour of the State Horticultur
al Association of Pennsylvania, which toured orchards in Lancaster and York couties
on Tuesday and Wednesday.
(Continued from Peg# A 1)
applying protective fungicides to
their crops. Farmers throughout
the region also need to be alert as
there are suspected cases of late
blight in other Pennsylvania coun
ties as well as confirmed cases in
Virginia and New Jersey.
The following are some general
recommendations for prevention
and/or control of late blight:
• Good spray coverage of the
plant is essential. Some of the
recommended protectant fungi
cides have no systemic action. As a
result, any uncovered areas of
foliage are susceptible to infection.
• During cool, damp weather,
use the minimum spray intervals
recommended on the fungicide
labels. During hot, dry weather,
the spray applications can be
spread to die maximum spray
intervals, as this type of weather
does not favor blight development
■ When using overhead irriga
tion, the best time to run the system
is during the middle of the day.
Allow the dew to dry from the
leaves in the morning before start
ing the system and shut the system
off early enough so that the foliage
has time to dry completely before
nightfall. Blight infection requires
a period of continuous wetting and
these periods of drying should help
reduce infection.
Growers of potatoes and toma
toes need to be very consistent in
scouting their Helds for signs of
late blight infection. Since the
spores can travel 20 miles or more
on the wind, a blighted field does
not need to be in the immediate
area for infection to occur.
The best control for birds, Haas
said, is to have lots of cherries so
they can eat half of them.
Kauffman’s Fruit Farm and
Market owned by the Ken Kauff
man family, grow 85 acres of
apples. 35 of peaches, and several
acres of cherries, plums, and pears.
Kleiner said that the big differ
ence between Lancaster orchards
and those in many others counties
is that a large market exists. Some
counties have many orchards but
few potential customers.
Brown’s Orchard and Farm
Market owned by Stan and Nona
Brown and Scott and Brenda
Brown, has expanded from 38
acres in 1948 to its present 180
Barton’s Fruit Farm owned by
Blight Diagnosed In Lancaster County
Symptoms of late blight can
occur on leaves, petioles, and
stems. The disease will also occur
throughout the growing season
whenever cool, humid, and rainy
weather occurs.
Infections will first show up as a
brownish-black spot that will
expand rapidly under ideal condi
tions. On leaves there will fre
quently be a light green area at the
Junior Livestock Shows, Sales The Youth, Adults,
Lowell L. Wilson,
Professor, Animal Science
and Brenda L. Coe,
Animal Welfare Project
Many leaders and members of
the agricultural community gained
their first formal training and
experiences with animals while
involved in youth activities. These
lessons and experiences create
enthusiasm which remains
throughout life and affect one’s
continued interest in and contribu
tions to animal agriculture. Most
recent writings about junior lives
tock shows have emphasized their
value in the education and training
of youth. Emphasis has been on
overcoming the criticism of ani
mal activists or those in agricul
ture who may not agree with the
concept of livestock exhibitors,
especially events involving youth.
In the past few years there have
been several incidences of unethi
cal behavior and practices discov
ered in junior livestock shows.
Adult supervisors (associated with
either youth training and educa
tion programs or show and sale
management) and parents must
Richard Barton is a 250-acre farm,
farm market, and greenhouses.
Naylor Wine Ccllers, Inc.
offered a different perspective for
fruit growers. Richard Naylor uses
27 acres of vineyards for its wine
Shaw’s Orchard, owned by
Glenn and Mary Sue Shaw, grow
strawberries, cherries, plums, and
pears for the retail market and
apples, peaches, and nectarines are
mostly sold wholesale.
The Horticulture Association
holds an annual summer orchard
tour, but this is the first time in 10
years that it has included Lancaster
and York counties. Tour planners
select progressive orchards located
not only in Pennsylvania but also
other states.
margin between the dead tissue
near the center of the lesion and the
normal green tissue of the rest of
the leaf. The presence of this light
green area indicates active fungal
An examination of the under
side of an infected leaf during a
period of active late blight deve
lopment may actually show the
fungus. It will appear as a charac
Brenda L. Coe
recognize the imperfections of the
system—and take bold steps to
assure a high level of ethics and
honesty in every aspect of junior
programs. The shows and sales
which usually culminate a year’s
investment by youth, adults and
donors must be given more atten
tion. All parties must be cognizant
of the absolute necessity of impro-
teristic faint white downy growth
at the margin between the dead and
living tissue. The presence of the
lesions together with the faint
white downy fungus on the under
sides of the leaves is diagnostic of
late blight These same symptoms
will occur on both potatoes and
Information on the occurrence
and management of late blight can
\ *
Lowell L. Wilson
ving and conducting programs
based on honest and ethical
Animal care and handling
guidelines have been developed
recently for every livestock spe
cies, and fitting and showmanship
guidelines are continually
revised —these efforts need to be
connected and applied. The year-
ispects a cherry tree at Cherry Hill Orchards.
be obtained from the integrated
pest management hotline at Penn
State. The number is (800)
736-6476 (800-PENN-IPM).
Additional information and spe
cific spray recommendations can
be obtained from county extension
agents, professional grower asso
ciations, and the Pennsylvania
Department of Agriculture Plant
Industry Labs (717) 787-5609.
General Public
round educational value of youth
programs must be emphasized and
perhaps the “glory and glitter”
aspect of the final shows and. sales
de-emphasized. Business
principles—and business ethics —
should be high priority education
al objectives of our youth prog
rams. As an example—some of
the abuse which an extremely
small number of adults and juniors
inflict upon show animals minim
ize or totally eliminate the value of
the animal. When illegal com
pounds are fed or injected there
may be condemnation of the meat
and other products obtained from
the animal. No loss of the produc
er or to the reputation of the indus
try could be more devastating.
Different attitudes of the public
toward animal use: Animal activ
ists for many years have criticized
junior livestock activities because
they feel the “adult” agriculture
segment teaches juniors to misuse,
abuse, manipulate and profit from
animals. Unfortunately, there are
many people who know little or
nothing about farm animal pro-
(Turn to Pago A 27)