Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, May 28, 1994, Image 141

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Westmoreland Co. Correspondent
GREENSBURGH (Westmoreland
Co.) An evening workshop on
woodlot management drew about SS
registrants to the Mountain View Inn
here recently.
Recent increases in both the value
of timber and stories of timber sales
where owners may not have gotten
fair value for their trees is prompting
closer management of timber, accord
ing to Anthony Quadro, Wcstmorc-
2 garage doors, comm,
steel, insulated w/Windows,
never used size 11’x12'
white, low clearance, tor
sion spring mount $l4OO
Dairy barn stanchions
$5.00 each. Water cups
$3.00 each, rams Columbia
Ramonav cross. Fayette
Co. 412-564-1954.
Automatic DeLaval pipeline
washer complete with 24
hour time dock, rebuilt 1
year ago. $175.
717-345-1170 Schuylkill
1972 Int TD9 dozer engine
runs needs steering dutch
work. Lehigh Co.
Nl com picker model 327
field ready, JD 3 14’ btm.
plow, 3 pt. hitch. Leb. Co.
20 holstein feeder steers
600 lb. 63# lb. Schuyl. Co.
AC model B excel, oond.,
$1350, Curtis heavy duty
air compressor $4OO. Fle
mington, N.J.
NH kick baler, model #271
works good, $5OO 080.
Cumber. Co.
Ferry 5' American posum
belly livestock trailer w/
loading ramp, asking
$5,600, very good cond.
Bucks Co. 215-267-2377.
Bucyrus Erie 228 truck
crane $3500, P&H 325
truck crane $4OOO, Lorain
25 ton truck crane $3300,
ACHD6 dozer needs work
$3OOO, 2 yd. drag bucket
$l2OO. Cecil Co. Md.
Black mare pony 11,2 H, 14
yr. old, Welsh
standardbred cross rides,
drives, $lOOO. Fred. Co.
NH L-35 skid steer new
paint, tires $ rebuilt motor,
IH 56 2-row planter both
vg.-e cond., make offer.
Susq. Co. 717-869-2210.
Ryobi 15* miter cut-off saw,
excel, cond., $375. Leb.
Co. 717-949-3299, eve.
after 5:30 p.m. or Sat
1978 GMC4WO pickup for
parts $350, Int. 35012* disc
new blades, Kewanee 34'
elevator PTO elect motor.
Juniata Co. 717-436-8790.
Case 1210 del., gear drive,
65 HP, power steering
$3BOO. Franklin Co.
Wrenches, wrenches-
Thorsen 9/16“x1/2’ box
end wrenches, brand new
$12,000 avail., make offer.
North’d. Co. 717-758-2078
or 717-896-3894.
40A farm, 1/2 eultivatable,
bam, no-house, 1000' road
front, city gas water
$135,000, offers consider,
SP combine $lOOO.
Gloucester Co.
Case model 80 combine T
cut pull type grain bin field
ready good oond., shed
kept. Harford Co. Md.
NH 50 bale thrower w/new
thrower belts. Lane. Co.
Tenn. walker geldings, 6 yr.
old Palamino, 6 yr. old big
black & 3 yr. old roan,
mountain broke. Somerset
Co. 814-267-3809.
Woodlot Workshop Offers Management Options
land Conservation District forester.
Sales of 100,000 board feet are
common. Prices may go as high as
$5OO per thousand, making the total
sale a significant amount.
Participants at the workshop heard
four speakers.
• Anthony Quadro, forestcr/rc
source specialist for Westmoreland
Conservation District, Greensburg -
• Tom Fitzgerald, Pennsylvania
Bureau of Forestry
Planner 20* powormatic 10
yrs. never been used extra
HD66 T-saw 18" Rockwell
planner 16’ jointer. Mont.
Co. 301-384-5376.
Simplicity tractor 5216
hydrostatic 16 HP twin cyl.
36* mower, also 36’ air
master fan V 4 HP 2 spd. w/
shutter. Berks Co.
1960 C-70 Chev. truck
w/16' Mid West bed w/hoist
& cattle racks. Rockingham
Co. Va. 703-879-2205.
72’ Jacobson mower deck,
$500,1971 VW Beetle runs
& looks good $950, 1984
Pont. Fiero $2500. Chester
Co. 610-869-8883.
Sprayer & accessories for
truck mounted application,
appropriate for shrubbery &
lawn care business, excel,
oond., Cat 111 quick hitch.
Chester Co. 610-932-6999.
Corriedale lambs all twins
ready now for freezer or
breeding stock sadler.
Lane. Co. 717-336-5860.
Danuser posthole digger
for Farmail H or M $375,
Lundell S' forage harvester
$375, single hole corn
shelter hand crank $125.
York Co. 717-259-0553.
Bolens H-16 lawn tractor
42’ mower & snow blade
hydro drive new, battery,
belts, bearings & paint v.g.
cond. Lane. Co.
Air brake tag trailer very
good deck $ paint ramps
8:25x15 tires $4500.
717-873-4656, 8 a.m.-5
79 Dodge V( ton 4WD club
cab pickup good drive,
train, motor, body rough
$BOO. York Co.
8 yr. old light sorrel sound
3uiet lead mule. Lane. Co.
oseph E. Blank, 158 Blank
Rd„ Narvon, Pa. 17555.
English budgies (para
keets) Ig. type- spangles,
rare colors, breeders, etc.,
must sell all due to allergy.
Also equipment York Co.
Hoi. service age bulls real
nice. Adams Co.
NH 268 baler & thrower
rebuilt knotter $lOOO, hay
Ist cutting alfalfa mix $7O
ton, Marrietta silo 10x40
free you dismantle. Luz.
Co. 717-788-1470.
15 Clay cow stalls already
removed from bam good
cond., additional parts. Lyc.
Co. 717-398-3924 eves, or
leave message.
49 GMC 640 solid T 11” B
10.00x20 good drive away,
2 sets roll over 16’ JD
plows 2 or 4 btm. field
ready. Clearfield Co.
Northwest crane model-25
45' boom- Murphy diesel
very good cond., runs nice
$5500. Monroe Co.
Guernsey heifer fresh 5
wks. NH 36 flail chopper 6',
McCormick Deering farm
wagon, Kendall filter discs,
30 gal. gas water heater.
Lehigh Co. 610-965-2622.
310 NH baler w/#7O throw
er $3200. Lyc. Co.
Reg. Border Collie male 21
mths. old partly trained
good pedigree $2OO, also
Border Collie pups ready
July 4. Lane. Co.
James C. Finley of Penn
State's School of Forest Re
sources suggested that the
concept of renewal Is at the
heart of any management
• Jim Finley, Pecn Stale School of
Forest Resources, University Park
• Ronald Rohall, a private soncult
ing forester, Ligonier.
Tom Fitzgerald’s slide show and
lecture grew out of his many years of
experience in the forest service. Giv
ing a brief history of logging in Penn’s
woods, he pointed out that in the
founding documents of the common
wealth, William Penn gave provisions
for preserving a portion of the land in
As the needs of a growing nation in
the late 1800 s strained nature’s capa
city to produce, we were losing about
1,000 acres of Pennsylvania forest a
year, he said. At its lowest point, only
30 percent of the state’s land was
wooded. Today nearly 60 percent of
our Pennsylvania land is forested.
However, management of that forest
is a real concern, since about two
thirds of it is in private ownership.
According to Fitzgerald, the state’s
original concern in forestry manage
ment was fire detection and preven
tion. At one point the state also at
tempted to reforest areas by tree plant
ing. The trend now is to let the forest
regenerate itself.
“The state has learned that Mother
Nature plants trees, too,” he said. That
has led the forest service to seek re
alistic plans that work with, rather
than against, nature, he concluded.
Jim Finley from Penn State's
school of forest resources promoted
the idea that most of our forests need
to be managed as an even aged timber.
“The stand structure of most Pennsyl
vania forest areas are aged within a
plus or minus 10 percent.” To manage
such an even-aged stand requires a
different strategy than an uneven-aged
The diameter of a tree is not a good
indication of its age, he asserted.
Height is a better indication. In plan
ning a timber harvest, Jim suggested
that the owner/manager should give
the timberland’s best trees the oppor
tunity to reseed the forest for the next
harvest. By observing and aiding the
natural selection process, he implied
that the next harvest would be better
and come sooner.
Ron Rohall, Ligonier, is one of the
private consulting foresters on the
commonwealth’s recommended list.
In his role as consultant, Ron is a per
son who can help manage a timber
sale for a landowner. He said that the
owner’s long-term goals are the high
est factor in guiding a consulting for
ester. With no connection to logging,
or government, the consultant makes
initial contacts with loggers, draws up
a contract, and conducts a bidding
The consultant is there to help the
logger know what is expected, prevent
problems from getting out of hand,
and following through on details that
might slip past an owner. Fees for the
consultant are usually based on a per-
Tom Fitzgerald used
slides and humor to Illustrate
the major points of this talk.
centage of the sale.
During the seminar, several current
practices were criticized as counter
productive or even harmful by several
speakers. Some of these include:
• Minimum diameter cutting. To
take out all the trees above 12 or 14
inches is pure gravy for the logger,
said one speaker. And you are taking
out the best genes for the next genera
tion of forest, said another.
• Grazing cattle, sheep or goats in
a forest or woodlot. Creates too
many problems to enumerate, said one
• Lack of a plan for erosion con-
Cold Weather
Help Control Pine Beetle
though much attention has been
paid this year to the wiinter weath
er’s negative effects on forest and
ornamental trees, the extreme cold
may have helped destroy popula
tions of southern pine beetle on
the Eastern Shore and in Western
“In 1993, there was an exten
sive outbreak of the southern pine
beetle on the lower Eastern Shore.
Close to 3,000 acres of loblolly
pine forest were infested and kill
ed by the beetle last summer and
fall. We are particularly aware of
southern pine beetle because
every year it causes millions of
dollars of losses in pulpwood and
sawtimber throughout the south
east,” said Dr. Robert Rabaglip,
Maryland Department,of Agricul
ture forest entomologist.'
The tiny adult beetles bore
holes through the bark of pine
trees and tunnel between the bark
and wood. Healthy trees will
“pitch” them out of the holes, but
trees weakened by a hot dry spring
The female lays eggs in her tun
ne and tiny grubs hatch and feed
on the inner bark. The grubs be
come adult beetles, tunnel out
through the bark, and attach other
trees. Small populations of south
ern pine beetles often live in
weakened or dying trees in gener
ally healthy forests and only be
come a problem after a warm win
ter or dry spring.
‘The southern pine beetle, as its
name implies, is a southern insect
that occurs from Texas north to
southern Maryland and Delaware.
While the beetles are able to with
stand the ‘normal’ winter tem
peratures that occur on the Eastern
Shore, the extreme cold this win
ter may have ‘frozen’ many of the
beetles,” Rabaglia said.
Several days of near zero de-
Anthony Quadra, forest re
source specialist for the
Westmoreland Conservation
District, discussed state re
gulations in a timber sale.
trol. Every logging operation should
have a specific plan, including runoff
diversions on sloping roads and runoff
control into streams.
Some practices were universally
endorsed at the workshop:
Getting professional help. This
might come through the unpaid con
tacts with the forest service or a pri
vate forester if needed when consider
ing a sale.
Talk with your neighbors about
their experiences can prepare you be
fore a timber sale.
Have a plan that includes the fu
grcc temperatures can kill the
southern pine beetle eggs and
young grubs that live in the moist
area between the bark and wood.
A survey of infected trees on the
Eastern Shore conducted early this
spring by the Maryland Depart
ment of Agriculture found nearly
100 percent mortality of the young
“Unfortunately, the more ma
ture grubs living in the dryer outer
bark, or those protected by the in
sulation of thick bark, may have
survived, so the news isn’t all
good,” said Rabaglia.
Previous outbreaks in Maryland
and the southern Appalachians
have reportedly declined after un
usually cold winters. Tempera
tures this winter on the lower East
ern Shore bottomed out near min
us four degrees Farenheit and
remained near ten degrees Faren
heit for over 24 hours, a combina
tion which should significandy re
duce populations of the beedes
this spring.
In western Maryalnd, where
there were several small, localized
beetle infestations in Allegany and
Washington counties in 1993, Jan
uary’s near minus 20 degree tem
peratures should certainly affect
beetle populations this spring.
“Although beetle populations
may be low this spring and early
summer, southern pine beetles
have a high reproductive capacity.
By late summer, beetle popula
tions could be back to high levels
again. If spring and summer con
ditions remain cool and wet, trees
should be able to defend them
selves against the low spring
population, but only lime will tell
us how they will fare this fall,”
Rabaglia said.
For more information, contact
Dr. Robert Rabaglia, Forest
Health Monitoring, Maryland De
partment of Agriculture, (410)