Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, November 13, 1993, Image 60
BlfrLancttMr Fanrtno, Saturday, Novambar 13,1M3 WPV E i I HAPPENING^ Competitive Trail Ride Winners Announced UNIVERSITY PARK 4-H members and leaders from eight counties recently participated in the ninth annual Pennsylvania 4-H Competitive Trail Ride, sponsored by Penn State’s College of Agri cultural Sciences. The event, also known as the Keystone Ride, took place on Sep tember 17 and 18 and covered mote than 30 miles through Roth rock State Forest in Centre, Mif flin, and Huntingdon counties. The 1993 first-place division winners were Beth Ann Bunnell, Columbia County, junior riding pony; Jollcne Shearer, York County, senior riding pony; Laura Tumbaugh, Perry County, junior riding horse; Heather Greenly, Columbia County, senior riding horse; Melissa Castriota, York County, adull/leadcr lightweight; and Gene Barrett, Columbia County, adult/Icadcr heavyweight. The annual competition is or ganized by Ben Nolt, coordinator of Penn State’s 4-H Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program, and Palricia Comerford, instructor in dairy and animal science. Richard Ely, 4-H leader in Somerset Coun ty, served as this year’s volunteer leader. “Competitive trail riding en courages teamwork between the rider and horse,” said Nolt. Make Topiaries For Holiday Giving NEWARK, Del, Too early to think about holiday gift-giving? ' Not if you plan to grow your gifts. Training a plant over a frame to shape into an ornamental topi ary is an inexpensive and easy way to make a gift people will tre asure, according to Jo Mercer, University of Delaware Coopera tive Extension horticulture agent “Simple indoor topiaries are easy to create from semi-woody plants such as rosemary and thyme. Both are very fragrant and adapt well to indoor culture,” says Mercer. “Elfin herb is also a good choice because it trains easily and blooms most of the year.” Any of the ivy varieties are also a good choice for shaping topiar ies. She suggests buying a plant that is growing in a pot only slightly smaller than the container you plan to use. Choose a healthy looking, not-too-full specimen that is already starting to vine. “For your topiary, use a clay or “4-H’ers leant to select a good trail horse and properly condition the animal. They develop riding skills and come to know what to expect of themselves and the horse. The experience also teaches youth how to treat woodlands and take care of champ sites and trails. They develop a greater apprecia tion for nature.” Participants spend months con ditioning themselves and their horses for the event. They must complete the ride within a speci fied time and are judged on their horsemanship, trail manners and the condition of their horse before, during and after the ride. This year's event was supported by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources Bur eau of Forestry, the Nittany Ama teur Radio Club, the Penn State Pre-Vet Club, Centre Equine Practice, the State College Air Na tional Guard Unit, the Patton Township Lions Club, Houser Vending Company of State Col lege, Happy Valley Motor Inn of State College and local volun teers. The 4-H Competitive Trail Ride is open to all 4-H horse and pony club members in the state. For more information, contact your county’s Penn State Cooperative Extension office or contact Ben Nolt, 323 Agricultural Adminis tration Building, University Park, PA 16802; (814) 863-3824. stoneware pot,” the agent advises. “The frame structure has a high center of gravity, making light weight plastic pots a poor choice they will tip over. A good prop ortion ratio for frame height to pot height is one to one. Keep the widths equal.” The frame should be medium weight wire, about the gauge of a coat hanger. In fact, a coat hanger is about the right size for the prop ortions of a 6-inch pot. The straightened hook can be inserted into the soil near the trunk of the plant. The remainder of the coat hanger is then bent into the desired shape a simple circle, a heart or a diamond shape that suggests an evergreen tree. “You don’t want to crush or abrade the tender stems of the plant,” Mercer says. “So use soft cotton twine or yam to gently tie the branches onto the frame. Snip off stray side branches only and let the tips grow to reach around the Trees Need Fertilizer Like other plants, trees must have essential mineral elements to grow well and remain healthy. Since, trees thrive in natural areas for decades, it’s often hard to understand the need to fertilize them in human-made landscapes. The reason is simply that soil and environmental conditions are changed when trees are trans planted to home grounds, making periodic fertilizing necessary. If a tree is growing in fertile, loamy soil, it will have less need for added fertilizer. Most trees are not planted in optimum soil condi tions however. The following recommendations apply to trees in the home landscape. First, get the soil tested to deter mine exact fertilizer needs of the areas where trees are to be planted. Soil test kits can be pur chased in the extension office. The cost is $6 per kit Office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. The results of the test will include fertilizer recommendations. Any complete fertilizer is good for trees. The ratio of nitrogen phosphorus- potassium should be 1-1-1,1- 2- 2, or 1- 2-1. Recom- luumal MIDDLE ATLANTIC MILK MAAKETMQ ASSOCIATION. INC entire wire frame.” She recommends checking the ties frequently to prevent girdling. Remove ties that are too tight. Gradually, the plant will become self-supporting and ties can be removed altogether. After the entire length of the frame has been covered, snip off the tips to encourage side shoots to grow. This will add the fullness that camouflages the structure. “Once your topiary takes shape, it can be dressed up for the sea son,” Mercer suggests. “A circular topiary lends itself well to becom ing a wreath. Just add miniature lights powered by batteries and a bright red or plaid bow to com plete the traditional holiday symbol.” IMMBMAN 1 MFG. CORP. 380 SERIES FOR A versatile, economical Bales and Ear Corn. WELL BALANCED, RUGGEDLY BUILT FOR MANY YEARS OF TROUBLE-FREE SERVICE 390 Series A FULL LINE OF EXHAUST FANS Including Efficient Belt Drive Units J With Housing W a wf And Shutter 30”, 36” And 48” mended fertilizers include 10-10- 10,5-10-10 or 5-10- 5. You can substitute such fertilizer types as 20- 20- 20,10- 20- 20, or 10- 20- 10. However, remember to ,apply just half as much because these contain twice as much fertilizer. The best timedo apply fertilizer every year, or at least every other year, is late September through November. The next best time is in early spring before buds break. Avoid July through mid- September applications because new growth, forced out at this time, will not harden before the onset of winter. As a result, the new growth will die. Ideally, you should apply fertil izer just before a gentle rain. This will help the material dissolve and move into the soil. When a dry spell persists, irrigate the fertilized area with 1/2 to 1 inch of water. The simplest and fastest way to apply fertilizer is called broadcast ing - or surface fertilizer applica tion. This method requires little labor and no special equipment. You amply spread fertilizer even ly over the soil surface under tree branches and at least 5 to 10 feet beyond the drip line. Trees that are planted in regularly fertilized lawns probably will not require more fertilizer applications. The second fertilization method is called the hole or punch-bar method. With this method, you use a punch-bar or similar device to make holes six to twelve inches deep. Make holes five to ten feet beyond the drip line of the tree. This method is advantageous if the soil is compacted or contains a lot of clay. The holes, which con tain fertilizer, aerate the soil and provide nutrients to the trees. With the hole method, you should spread evenly the recom mended fertilizer rate in the holes using a funnel and a small cup as a measuring device. After placing fertilizer in each hole, finish fill ing the hole with sand, crushed stone, perlite, peat moss or loam soil. eMUL IT DOES A BODY GOOD. MIDDLE ATLANTIC MILK MARKETING ASSOCIATION, INC. 125 King Court/ Hollander Rd. New Holland, PA 17557 (717) 364-9611 This Is A Rugged High Speed 'or Ear Corn, Bulk Feeds, re or Bales. Cracks In Trees? Large cracks that develop in trees are often blamed on one of two causes • the freezing and thawing of the trunk during the winter, or the effect of direct sun light on the trunk dunng any pan of the year. Traditionally, cracks have been thought to develop on the outside of the trunk and move inward. However, Arbortopics (2371 S. Foster Avenue, Wheel ing, IL 60090) reports that research on tree growth and func tion suggests this may not be true. Studies by Dr. Alex Shigo, a respected plant pathologist who has done endless research on the internal functions and care of trees, indicate that cracks begin to form inside the tree and move toward the surface. Cracks may originate from wounds, improper pruning cuts, root injury, branch stubs, or weak crotches. The important point to realize is that the crack originates inside the tree completely out of view from the outside. Freeze/thaw cycles, drought, wind, and heat all can cause swell ing and contraction of tree stems. These actions may serve to force the internal cracks toward the sur face. The environmental condi tions did not create the crack; they stimulated an existing crack to move to the surface. Crack formation can be pre vented with proper tree care. Eli minating weak crotches, proper pruning cuts, and wound preven tion are the keys. Tree wraps and pruning paints do little, if any thing, to prevent cracks. Cracks can form beneath tree wrap as if it wasn’t there. A growing number of researchers and nurserymen are. recommending not using tree wraps. As we leant more about' trees, old ideas continue to give way to new procedures. Contact Us T" ot Literature & Prices!