Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, October 30, 1993, Image 62

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    822-Lancaster Firming, Saturday, October 30, 1993
1 M -l_l.T_l.~fc »>-
We left Victoria, on the last leg
of our Canadian tour, by driving
through Beacon Hill Paik. Here
we saw a 127-foot cedar totem
pole. All during our trip the
weather was wonderful except for
one day. j
Our group had several hours to
walk through the S4-acre Butchart
Gardens. Tlieir special gardens are
dazzling and we had lunch here
before boarding another ship of
Fall Cleanup
NEWARK, Del. Sanitation
is the home gardener’s first and
best defense against plant diseases
and insect problems, and October
is the time for end-of-the-season
cleanup. According to University
of Delaware Cooperative Exten
sion plant pathologist Bob Mul
rooney, a few sanitary practices in
the yard and garden now will
encourage healthier plants for the
next growing season.
“Because dead plants provide
winter hiding places for insects
and diseases, spade them under or
compost the plant tops,” Mulroo
ney says. “You can even compost
diseased or insect-infested mater
ials. The only exceptions are
plants that have died from wilt
caused by Fusarium or Verticil-
Hum fungi. These fungi produce
overwintering structures that can
survive composting.”
Mulrooney says that, in general,
the benefits derived from compost
to improve plant health outweigh
the possibility of introducing
pathogenic organisms. Most
disease-causing fungi and bacteria
do not survive composting
because they cannot compete
against the normal decay-causing
“Another safeguard is to use
compost only when it is fully bro
ken down,” Mulrooney advises.
“Completely composted materials
will be crumbly to the touch and
no longer identifiable as leaves,
plants or grass cuttings.”
If you don’t want to remove the
crop debris from the vegetable
garden, Mulrooney recommends
tilling it into the soil. This alterna
tive offers several advantages.
Tilling mixes the organic matter
into the soil, which improves the
soil structure and fertility. Turning
the soil over also interrupts the life
cycle of many insect pests, expos
ing pupae and larvae to winter
Another landscape sanitation
practice for fall is pruning trees
and shrubs. Cut out and destroy all
dead wood and any wood that
shows evidence of disease or
insect infestation. Be sure to prune
either before or after the leaves
fall. Pruning trees during leaf
drop could open trees to infection
or infestation.
As for the fallen leaves, rake
and then dispose of or compost.
Chopping up leaves with the lawn
mower will speed decomposition.
“Discourage Plant Diseases in
Ida Risser
the British Columbia Ferry fleet.
Our bus was one of the 450 vehi
cles that it carried across the Strait
of Georgia to Vancouver.
For our protection, our key
numbers were not the same as our
room numbers. And, one time I
forgot my 504 room number and
had to wait for our luggage to
arrive as the key had 600 printed
on it. One evening we took a sun
dae back to the hotel for a Mend
but he was not in his room and so
Allen had to eat a second one. The
The University ofWisconsin
now evaluates forages
The Department of Dairy Science & Agronomy at
the University of Wisconsm-Madison has developed a
- program that evaluates forage production m terms of
milk/acre. The only recognized program of its kind, it
allows farmers to assess a forage based oh quality
(R.F V.) and yield (tons/acre). ■ • -
In determining milk/acre, the program assumes a
cow weight 1,350 lbs. m mid-lactation stage produc
ing 70 lbs. of milk/day.
Information from a forage analysis is used to For more information about the program and how
calculate relative feed value (R.F. V.). Then using yield/ to apply it your dairy operation, call Hoffman Seeds
acre, R.F V. and the above assumptions, a calculation at 1-800-776-7929.
is made for milk/acre.
Calculating Milkper Acre from R.E V and Tons per Acre of Dry Matter
friend told us that he loved straw
berry ice cream and could not find
* Vancouver is the third largest
city in Canada. Here we saw black
squirrels and western red cedar
trees that were 400 years old. We
took a lot of pictures of flowers in
Queen Elizabeth Park. In a Cana
dian Craft Museum we saw large
tapestries exhibited by textile
artists. We shopped here in the
Pacific Mall for some gifts. The
items displayed in the Vancouver
Art Museum gift shop were quite
Our group had a delicious sal
mon farewell dinner the night
before five taxis took us to the
Airport. We spent , all day on
planes and in airports waiting for
our suitcases as we transferred
from Air Canada to U.S. Air. In
Toronto we turned in $230 in
Canadian money and got $167 in
U.S. money. In Philadelphia our
plane was late to Harrisburg so we
found our son, Philip, waiting to
drive us home. Most of the people
in our group had visited Lancaster
County at one time or another and
this surprised me. It was so nice to
be home again.
Assumingequal R.F.V,
Dry Matter Tons per Acre
For example, a forage with an R. F .V. of 110 and a
yield of 5.0 tons of dry matter produces 6,343 lbs. of
milk/acre. Contrast that with a forage having an R. F. V,
of 122 at 5.0 tons of dry matter, which produces
8,365 lbs. of milk/acre.
The higher the R.F. V. at an equivalent yield, the
higher the milk/acre —and the greater the forage
quality. By the same token, the higher the yield at an
equivalent R.F .V., the higher the milk/acre
Assumingequal tons/acre
Dry Matter Tons per Acre