Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, June 12, 1993, Image 10

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    AlO-Lancaster Firming, Saturday, Jurit 12, 1993
They’re Good For You
William Butler Yeats, one of Ireland’s greatest poets, once
admonished his daughter that “fine women eat a crazy salad
with their meat.” The inference was that real men and common
folks don’t eat salads. That was in the early 20th century.
If Yeats were alive today, nutrition and health educators in
the University of Maryland System and throughout the
nation would no doubt try to bring him up to speed both on
political correctness and “the New American Plate” message of
National Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month being observed dur
ing June.
The “plate” theme is a national campaign conducted by a
trade organization and the American Institute for Cancer
Research to help U.S. consumers realize that a diet rich in fruits
and vegetables at least five servings a day is a key to
healthier living.
In Maryland, educators at the Baltimore and College Park
campuses of the University of Maryland System have joined
forces with several state government agencies and the National
Cancer Institute to target a more specific audience with a com
prehensive long-range program to help people live longer,
healthier lives.
That audience is low-income, pregnant women and mothers
who participate in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s
Women, Infants and Children (WIC) food program at 16 sites
throughout Baltimore and in Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Cecil,
Montgomery and Prince George’s counties. Approximately 70
percent of die target audience comes from a minority racial
background, mostly African American.
The Maryland “5-A-Day Promotion” takes its name from a
recommendation associated with the Food Guide Pyramid
released to the public last year by the U.S. Department of Agri
culture, with consensus from various health agencies and
That recommendation was that Americans should eat five
servings of fresh fruits and vegetables every day in order to stay
healthy and avoid certain kinds of cancer.
Most Americans consume only half that many servings of
fruits and vegetables. So the major goal of the Maryland prog
ram is to bring participants up to the recommended level, both
for themselves and their families.
With the National Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month in June
and the new recommendations to eat five servings a day,
mothers across America have added reasons to tell their chil
dren to “eat your veggies,” and “eat your fruit.” They’re good
for you!
Farm Calendar
Antique Machinery Show, Gou
glersville Grange Hall, Gou
glersville, thru June 13.
SUN Area Dairy Pageant, Bos
cov’s Susquehanna Valley
88lh American Dairy Science
Association, University of
Maryland, College Park, thru
Seminar, Kreider’s Restaurant,
Manheim, noon.
American Dairy Science Associa
tion annual meeting. University
of Md.. thru June 16.
_ , , i - ... - ■.
Tuesday June 15
FFA Activities Week, Penn State,
American Milking Shorthorn Soc
iety Annual Convention, Dela
ware Hotel, Delaware, thru
June 19.
Pa. Holstein Association Union/
Snyder twilight meeting,
Daniel Stoltzfus Farm, Lewis-
burg, 7 p.m.
Juniata Dairy Princess Pageant,
Walker Grange Hall, Mexico,
Dauphin Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Dauphin Co. Ag Cen
ter, 8 p.m.
Cumberland Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Embers Convention
Center, Carlisle, 8 p.m.
Kempton Fair, Lenhartsville, thru
June 20.
Rotational Grazing and Pasture
Management Tour, Penn State
Research Farm, sponsored by
Northwest Pa. Cattlemen’s
Association, Mercer.
Lancaster Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Farm and Home Cen
ter, 7 p.m.
Clearfield Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Civic Center, Cur
wensville, 8 p.m.
Erie Co. Dairy Princess Pageant,
Erie Zoo, 1:30 p.m.
Franklin Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Lighthouse Restaur
ant, Chambersburg. 7 p.m.
Somerset Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Somerset Area H.S.,
To Keep
Cows Cool
Summer heat stress may take its
toll on cows in the form of reduced
dry matter intake, lower produc
tion, poorer conception, and
increased herd health problems.
To minimize these problems,
Glenn Shirk, extension dairy
agent, offers the following ideas:
• Keep cows cool by keeping
them in a well-ventilated bam dur
ing the heat of the day.
• Feed a cooler ration by feeding
more concentrate and less forage,
but be careful to observe cows’
minimum needs for forages and
fiber. Be sure they consume at
least I.S percent of their body
weight as forge neutral deteigent
• Feed the bulk of forage during
the cooler hours of the evening.
• Keep ensiled feeds and total
mixed rations fresh.
• Provide easy access to good
quality, fresh water.
• Increase the nutrient density
of the ration to compensate for
reduced feed intakes.
• Increase certain mineral levels
to compensate for increased excre
tion rates. Suggested levels are; 1.4
to I.S percent potassium, 0.4 S to
0.55 percent sodium, 0.30 to 0.35
percent magnesium, 0.50 percent
salt and 0.25 to 0.30 percent
To Provide
Adequate Water
The cheapest feed nutrient and
the one consumeed in the greatest
quantity by cows is water. Be sure
cows receive plenty of good qual
ity water.
In addition to the water cows
consume in the feed, they also
drink about 2S to 33 gallons per
day. They should have access to
water all day and it should be close
to their feeding and grazing areas.
A dairy producer’s goal is to
maximize feed intake. If pastured
cows have to walk to the bam or
some other remote area for water,
they may be templed to linger near
the water rather than graze.
Excess walking also increases
cows’ demands for energy, leaving
less energy available for milk pro
duction. Streams supply water to
many pastures. If the quality of
water is inferior, it may be benefi
cial to fence cows away from the
stream and pipe good water to the
7:30 p.m.
Sullivan Co. Dairy Princess
Pageant, Main St., Dushore, 7
Moml.n. .1 (int' 21
SiniimiT lU^ins
Eastern Forage Improvement Con
ference at University Park, thru
June 23.
(Turn to Pag* A 34)
pasture sites.
Another alternative is to house
cows during the heat of the day and
provide them with good quality
water and feed in the stable. Water
areas also tend to get sloppy and
muddy, thereby increasing the risk
of mastitis. This risk is reduced if
cows are stabled and the stalls are
kept clean and dry.
To Control Flies
The secret to fly control is the
elimination of fly breeding oppor
tunities. Flies breed in damp
organic matter such as manure,
spilled feeds, and bedded packs.
They do not breed in liquids or in
dry material (under 50 percent
Ideal fly breeding takes place
between 50 and 70 percent mois
ture. Thus, very few flies come
from liquid manure storage areas
or dry areas. They could be coming
from calf hutches, bedded packs.
June 13, 1993
Background Scripture:
Devotional Reading:
John 14:1-14.
I have recently finished read
ing John T. Alexander's biogra
phy of Catherine The Great
(Oxford University Press,
1989) and was struck by the
role that the sense of duty
played in her era. It was so
important then and is almost
non-existent now. I suppose
the skein of duty has been un
raveling for many years, but we
have certainly experienced its
demise in our own time. While
certainly no historian, it seems
to me that it was the 60" s that
did in duty, humility and self
understand why this hap
pcncd--at least I think I do: it
was a reaction to the sense of
duty carried to absurd dimen
sions, those who acted like wild
beasts during World War II and,
when challenged, responded
that they were "only" doing their
duty. And, in the 1950" s during
the Cold War and even the hot
war in Korea, many rebelled
against mindless obedience to
duty. But it was Viet Nam in the
60" s that brought the coup de
grace. This was also the era of
the "me-iirst" revolution and
we were told to do whatever
feels good to us, an admbnition
that still is much with us.
Perhaps our society was over
due to break out of some of its
stifling conformity and I believe
that to some degree these winds
of change were necessary. But
anything can be carried beyond
the point where it continues to
be good and constructive. We
have gone too far and it is time
for us to embrace once more the
concepts of duty and serving
others, although not necessar
ily in the fatalistic way as be
The key, I believe, is whether
the sense of duty and self-sac
rifice is imposed upon us from
outside orembraced by us within
as "our own thing." Paul points
us to Christ as our model: "Have
this mind among yourselves,
which you have in Christ Jesus,
who, though he was in the form
of God, did not count equality
with God a thing to be grasped,
accumulations of damp feed, and
wet manure.
You first need to control water
leaks, keep feed cleaned up, and
have good air movement over the
manure. For laying hens, you may
want to consult your feed company
about increasing the fiber content
and lowering the salt level in your
To successfully control flies,
you will need to use a variety of
methods. Monitoring fly popula
tions, sanitation, water manage
ment, pesticides, and natural pre
dators arc a few of these methods.
Penn State researchers are look
ing for more effective control mea
sures. We hope to soon be able to
identify some new effective con
trol measures.
Feather Prof s Footnote: "Take
time to deliberate, but when the
time for action arrives, stop think
ing and go in. ” —Andrew Jackson
but emptied himself, taking the
form of a servant..." (2:5-7).
This passage makes it clear
that obedience to the cross was
not something that was thrust
upon Jesus by either God or
man. Servanthood was some
thing he chose willingly. That is
not to say that he wanted to be
a martyr, but that he did not
want to back away from his
mission. He had a choice-the
cross was not inevitable or in
cscapablc-and his choice was
the role of a servant. Because
he chose God's will, the cross
became for him, not something
alien, but an expression of his
own desire.
Once more, it is a matter of
how we perceive things, in this
case: servanthood. As the world
sees it, the role of the servant is
the role of one who is not in
charge of his or her own life. To
be autonomous means to be
able to do what we choose to do.
And there is the rub, Jesus chose
to serve and so servanthood
was not demeaning to him. He
felt no loss of self in offering
himself. In fact, we may infer
that he felt truly fulfilled.
Servanthood is only demeaning
if imposed upon us. But if we
choose it, we lose nothing and
we are none the less for it. In
fact, we arc more.
Paul shows us how much more,
rather than less, Christ was for
his choice: "Therefore God has
highly exalted him and bestowed
on him the name that is above
every name, that at the name of
Jesus every knee should
bow...and every tongue confess
that Jesus Christ is Lord..." (2:9-
11). So, Paul is not calling us to
Christian servanthood to im
pose upon us something that we
do not want, but to offer us a
fulfillment that putting "me
first" can never give us. It is Ork.,
even necessary, to do "your own
thing" when, in doing it, you are
also first of all doing his thing.
When they arc one and the same,
we experience the highest pos
sible gain. We do not have to
choose between serving others
and fulfilling ourselves, for they
are one and the same.
Lancaster Fanning
Established 1955
Published Every Saturday
Ephrata Review Building
1 E. Main St.
Ephrata, PA 17522
Lancaster Farming, Inc.
A SMinun Entfpri—
Robert C. Campbell General Manager
Even* R. New Manger Managng Editor
Copyright IMS by UncaMsr Forming