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A36-L«ncaster Farming, Saturday, June 5. 1993
Ohio State University placed first overall at the recent livestock Judging competi
tion at Penn State. The team, front row, from left, Coach Dr. Tom Turner, Rie Beekman,
Dixie Bowsher, Becky Quaintance, Becky Emnett, Steve Isler, and Trent Martin. Back,
from left, Matt Boss, Craig Eibling, Bill Thompson, Scott Ellis, Sam Sutherly, Keith
Hinds, and Doug Anderson.
UNIVERSITY PARK (Centre
Co.) Approximately 100 stu
dents from 13 institutions tested
their skills at the annual North
Evaluation, Selection, and Judg
ing Contest, held recently at Penn
State’s Ag Arena.
Students from four-year col
leges east of the Mississippi River
spent three days competing in
judging and evaluating beef cattle,
sheep, and swine, and in oral
On the first day of competition,
students evaluated meat animals
destined for slaughter, including
estimating external fat thickness,
ribeye area, quality grade, and
yield grade for cattle and sheep,
and backfat thickness, loineye
area, USDA grade, carcass length,
and percent muscle for swine.
They evaluated eight animals of
each species, calculating an aver
age group live price on each class
of four animals, and ranking the
animals on carcass value per
First-day results are listed
SHEEP EVALUATION - DAY 1
High Individuals- 1 . Henry Zerby, Penn
State University; 2. Tyler Rhode, University
of Illinois; 3. Matt Peterson, University of
ELKTON, Md. All farmers,
including dairy producers, should
be aware of ihc numerous possible
health risks to their animals.
Extension personnel with the
University of Maryland system
have provided an outline of some
seasonal and ycar-around advice.
Rabies is a deadly, viral disease
that can spread from wild animals
to your animals.
Foxes, skunks, raccoons, dogs
and cats can all be sources. Vacci
nating your animals is the best pre
vention and should be done on an
Have a licensed veterinarian do
the actual injection. Mishandling
the killed virus could cause you to
become exposed and require treat
ment. Veterinarians have had a
pre-exposure immunization them
selves so they arc prepared for the
Inflammation is a common
word used to describe the result of
Students Test Livestock Skills At Contest
High Tmiim- 1. Penn State University; 2.
Ohio State University; 3. University of
SWINE EVALUATION • DAY 1
High Individuals-1. Eric Sheiss, Purdue
University; 2. Sam Sutherly, Ohio State Uni
versity; 3. Heather Seigler, University of
High Teams- 1. University of Illinois; 2.
University of Florida; 3. Ohio State
BEEF EVALUATION • DAY 1
High Individuals- 1 . Heather Seigler, Uni
versity of Florida: 2. Becky Emnett, Ohio
State University; 3. Robert Gnbble, Louisia
na State University.
High Team*- 1. Ohio State University; 2.
University of Florida; 3. Purdue University.
OVERALL EVALUATION • DAY 1
High Individuals- 1. Heather Selgler, Uni
versity of Florida; 2. Becky Emnett, Ohio
State University; 3. Matt Peterson, University
High Teams- 1. University of Florida; 2.
Ohio State University; 3. Penn State
The second day of the contest
consisted of breeding animal
selection. In each of three meat
animal species, students were pro
vided performance records or
genetic evaluations of perfor
mance, along with a production
scenario. They were asked to com
bine production information and
visual appraisal to arrive at a plac
ing or ranking for each class.
In each species, eight replace
ment females were used in a keep
cull class. Students were required
to keep four and cull four animals.
Health Challenges Need Attention To Detail
an injury, but what exactly docs it
By definition, inflammation
means that four conditions are pre
sent, redness, heat, swelling and
pain. The injured site is reacting
and trying to repair the damage.
To do this, more blood comes to
the area and washes in the neces
sary materials to start healing. A
lot of chemical reactions take place
and result in creating heat.
Congestion often results and
causes swelling which adds to the
original pain of the injury.
The suffix “ilis” means inflam
mation of that area. For example:
tendinitis means inflammation of
A recent injury docs NOT need
liniment. Liniments cause a local
irritation which starts the healing
process; they promote
As long as the injury is warm to
the touch, do not put a liniment on.
After a period of time and the area
is cool then a liniment could be
used and may speed up the total
Acute injuries are sudden, have
In the two other classes within
each species, contestants had to
rank the four animals and then
answer 10 questions about the ani
mals in the class. Results are:
The second place overall for Penn State University. Front row, left to right,
Doug Musser, Carol Ann Griffith, Jackie Reed, Amy Smith, Julie Mlkesell, and William
Stewart. Back row, left to right, Henry Zerby, Eric Smith, Brian Beam, Brian Miller,
Fred Weaver, and Keith A. Bryan, coach.
sharp pain and are short course.
Chronic injuries are frequent, have
dull pain and arc long term.
Inflammation is often asso
ciated with acute injuries. A good
thumb rule for these two situations
is: COLD ACUTE, WARM
Cool temperatures will slow
down inflammation and warm
temperatures will encourage it.
Knowing this, you can help your
animals recover quickly by taking
advantage of their natural healing
Springtime offers unique situa
tions with pasture growth and
grazing animals and may require
special management to prevent
problems at this time.
In general, there are two reasons
why animals get sick on pastures;
poisonous plants were eaten, or
unique conditions existed which
resulted in sick animals.
With all livestock you want to
gradually get them adjusted to eat
ing pasture. A sudden change can
make any animals sick, so plan on
letting animals graze for a short
SHEEP SELECTION - DAY 2
High Individual** 1. Shelley Connett,
University of Illinois; 2. Henry Zerby, Penn
State University: 3. Brian Beam, Penn State
High Teams- t. University of Illinois; 2.
Penn State University; 3. Purdue University.
SWINE SELECTION - DAY 2
High Individual*- 1. Matt Peterson, Uni
versity of Florida; 2. Doug Musser, Penn
State University; 3. Beth Stack, Delaware
High Team*- 1. University of Florida; 2.
Purdue University; State University.
BEEF SELECTION - DAY 2
High Individuals* 1. John Blckelhaupt,
Unlvanily of Illinois; 2. Robbie Tate, Louisia
na State University; 3. Tyler Rhode, Universi
ty of Illinois.
High Tsame- 1. University of Illinois; 2.
Penn State University; 3. Auburn University.
OVERALL SELECTION - DAY 2
High Individuals- 1. John Blckelhaupt,
Univarsity pf Illinois; 2. Matt Peterson, Uni
versity of Florida; 3. Dustin Kendall, Purdue
High Teams- 1. University of Illinois; 2.
Penn-State University; 3. Purdue University.
Day three consisted of 12 plac
ing classes (five beef, four swine,
and three sheep) and eight sets of
oral reasons. Two classes of beef
cattle and two classes of swine
included performance information
and production scenarios. Day
three results include;
SHEEP JUDGINQ • DAY 3
High Individual*- 1. Amy Cash, Auburn
Univarsity; 2. Suzanne Heflin, University of
Tennessee; 3. Justin Marsh, University of
High Team*- 1. Auburn University; 2. Uni
versity of Kentucky; 3. University of Illinois.
SWINE JUDGINQ • DAY 3
High Individuals-1. Sam Sutheriy, Ohio
period of time and slowly increase
the time spent grazing.
Plan on a two week
transition 14 days from when
you first start them on a short time
on pasture until they are spending
the maximum time on pasture.
Bloat in Ruminants
Frothy Bloat is when cattle,
sheep, goats and other ruminants
eat 100 much of a very rich, digesti
ble, high protein, legume pasture.
The bacteria that live in the
rumen quickly ferment the lush
forage and produce a great deal of
gas which gets trapped in the pro
tein liquid and results in large
amounts of foam.
The trapped gas/foam increases
and causes the rumen and reticu
lum to stretch and put pressure on
the heart. Eventually the pressure
becomes so great that the animal
dies from a heart attack.
Springtime pasture is very
digestible to begin with and the
sudden change from winter feed
ing of hay may be abrupt enough to
encourage rapid fermentation.
Prevention: Fill animals with
grass hay prior to turning out onto
State University; 2. Steve (tier, Ohio State
University; 3. Fred Weaver, Penn State
High Teams- 1. Ohio State University; 2.
University of Kentucky; 3. Penn State
BEEF JUDGING • DAY 3
Nigh Individuals- 1 . Jim Martin, Universi
ty of Tennessee; 2. Luke Lemenager, Uni
versity of Illinois; 3. Fred Weaver, Penn State
High teame- 1. Penn Stats University; 2.
University of Illinois; 3. University of
SPECIAL AWARD-HIGH TEAM JUDO
INQ ANGUS- Penn State University.
ORAL REASONS • DAY 3
High Individuals- 1. Justin Marsh, Uni
versity of Kentucky; 2. Fred Weaver. Penn
State University; 3. Aaron Dufelmeier, Uni
versity of Illinois.
High Teame- Penn State University; 2.
University of Kentucky; 3. University of
OVERALL JUDGING - DAY 3
High Individuals- 1. Fred Weaver, Penn
State University; 2. Luke Lemenager, Univer
sity of Illinois; 3. Justin Marsh, University of
High Teame- 1. Ohio State University; 2.
Penn State University; 3. University of
Points accumulated by contes
tants during the three-day event
were totaled for the overall com
bined awards given below:
OVERALL COMBINED AWARDS
High Individual*-1. Henry Zerby, Penn
State University; 2. Matt Peterson. University
of Florida; 3. Becky Emnett, Ohio State
High Teams- 1. Ohio State University; 2.
Penn State University: 3. University of
pasture. This will limit the amount
of lush pasture they can eat. Also,
you can feed an “anti-bloat” ingre
dient (detergent) to animals to
break up the foam.
This “anti-bloat” material can
be fed to animals in a special min
eral block, on a treated magnet that
would stay in the reticulum or
could be drenched into the animals
Grass Tetany, also known as
Grass Staggers, is a disease that is
nothing more than a magnesium
deficiency in animals.
Spring growth in pasture is rapid
and often is deficient in magne
sium. If animals get all their feed
from pasture then they run a real
risk of having a magnesium
The problem is exaggerated if
the animals are lactating because a
great deal of magnesium goes out
in the milk.
Animals suffering from grass
tetany will act unpredictably, seem
moody, and sometimes will exhi
bit dangerous behavior by charg
ing and attacking people.
(Turn to Pago A3B)