Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, November 17, 1984, Image 38

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    A3B—Lancaster Farming, Saturday, November 17,1984
(Continued from Page Al)
particularly women, are deficient
in their calcium intake. In ad
dition, the research indicates that
the government’s Recommended
Daily Allowance for calcium is
below the level needed to prevent
If we all just drank one more 8
oz. glass of milk a day, noted
Speckman, that would be an ad
ditional 16 million gallons a day, or
six billion gallons annually.
In addition to prevention of
osteoporosis, calcium is also being
associated with the prevention of
hypertension. The problem with
the moderate salt-modified diets
on which many Americans have
been placed to curb high blood
pressure, said Speckmann, is that
those diets are deficient in
Speckmann reported that
calcium is an effective and well
tolerated treatment for mild to
moderate hypertension in 46
percent of hypertensives.
While the results of this research
is encouraging to dairymen, he did
caution that everyone, including
producers of calcium supplements,
will be “jumping on the calcium
bandwagon.’’ Consequently,
members of the dairy industry
must market milk as a natural
source of calcium that contains a
whole “package’’ of healthy
Speckman’s afternoon address
to the Inter-State producers
followed reports from officers of
the cooperative. General Manager
Paul E. Hand focused on three
issues of importance to Inter-State
members: the dairy provisions of
the 1985 Farm Bill, the
organizational directions for Inter-
State, and membership com
mitment to the organization.
As well as commitment, Inter-
State’s President, Robert B.
McSparran, emphasized progress
and security as benefits of
belonging to a financially strong
organization such as Inter-State.
How to manage corn borer
NEWARK, Del. Now that field
corn harvesting is nearly com
plete, many growers are asking if
they should chop the stalks for com
borer control. The University of
Delaware’s 1984 European com
borer fall abundance survey in
dicates that the overwintering
population is higher than last year.
Even though this population is
below the 10-year average, ex
tension pest management
specialist Joanne Whalen says
economic infestations could occur
next season. However, in some
cases winter weather and natural
enemies will aid in suppression, so
it’s important to consider the
potential effect of cultural prac
tices on overwintering borers
before spending time and money to
use these controls.
“Plowing, disking, and mowing
have all been used in an attempt to
reduce corn borer survival,” the
specialist says. “Research con
ducted at the University of
Delaware Agricultural Ex
periment Station has shown that
disking permits the highest sur
vival of corn borer larvae. In
general, with this practice larvae
Animal health
(Continued from Page Al)
Of more immediate concern to
the advisory board members, who
are primarily engaged in livestock
related businesses, from their
initial discussion were the
economic impact diseases, such as
As an example, Dr. Van Buskirk
listed three basic questions con
cerning the state role in at
tempting to deal with such a
-Should PRV be a regulatory
disease? Or, do we try to eradicate
or live with it as best we can?
-Should the industry accept
responsibility, particularly
financial, concerning it?
-Should the tax-payer help
support such an effort?
Concerning diseases, the overall
animal health advisory board
broke up into sub-units to take a
closer look at diseases for par
ticular species - cattle - dairy and
beef, swine, poultry and sheep.
At the suggestion of Dr. Robert
Herr, representing the Sheep and
Wool Growers, the group will add a
dairy goat representative to the
advisory board.
Dr. Van Buskirk told the group
that most animal health laws in
Pennsylvania are about 50 years
old and are not relevant to the
times and farming methods.
James R. Barnett, manager of
member relations, gave an update
on the Inter-State’s Young
Cooperator program, and at the
annual banquet on Thursday
evening, this year’s Young
Cooperators were recognized.
Gordon And Carole Hoover were
named the Outstanding Young
Cooperators, while Earl and
Kimberly Mills, Kathy Strock,
Mike and Janet Mowrer, and Ed
and Debbie Zug were also named
as Young Cooperator finalists.
Also recognized during the
festive banquet was C. Wayne
Pittman, 25-year employee and
leading fieldperson of Inter-State.
escape physical destruction and
are placed close to the surface for
easy emergence in the spring.”
If conventional tillage is plan
ned, she says plowing under the
stalks will result in the lowest
survival of overwintering larvae.
Growers can choose to do this in
the fall or leave stalks untreated
until spring. But if they wait until
spring, they must remember to
plow before moths start to emerge
and lay eggs.
With the increase in no-till com
acreage in Delaware, physical
stalk destruction has been
reduced, which could lead to in
creased borer survival, Whalen
says. Growers using no-till
practices can reduce moth
emergence next spring by mowing
or chopping stalks in the fall.
“This practice will benefit
isolated or large growing areas the
most,” she cautions. “When com
borer moths emerge, they tend to
migrate from their overwintering
sites. So, if you’re the only grower
chopping stalks in an area, you
could still experience economic
com borer infestations in the
spring from migratory moths. ’ ’
Some examples ot antiquated
animal health laws he cited are;
-The importation law, which
likely is no longer needed.
-The Indemnity Act, which lists
specific old diseases and does not
provide for indemnity for dead
animals. In conflict with that
antiquated statute, the state did
help pay for dead chickens by
getting a specific legislative
allocation and technically it is
paying for dead animals under
Johne’s for suspect dairy cattle a
farmer sends to slaughter.
-Compliance procedures are
out-dated and the BAI has no
authority to cite violators and
needs powers similar to the State
Dog Law.
And, of course, the bottom line
concerning animal health is the
cost m
“Agriculture gets less than one
percent of the state budget,” Van
Buskirk said.
He citerd three mains areas of
funding concerns - salaries for
departmental personnel, in
demnity and research.
He said that some improvement
has been made in the salary pic
ture to compete with industry for
qualified people but personnel are
still needed in such areas as
monitoring at auctions and gar
bage feeding operations.
Indemnity is a complex financial
concern and essentially comes
down to how livestock industry
responsibility for indemnities can
be dovetailed with taxpayer
support. And, even more basically,
if it can be dovetailed.
And, in the area of research is
the matter of facilities and per
sonnel to provide diagnostic and
study support for any animal
health effort.
In future meetings, the Animal
Health Advisory Board to the BAI
will take a closer look at more
specific items - both as they relate
to particular species and such
matters as indemnity that cross
species lines.
Or how channel ends are U-bolted for
extra strength and convenience. Even
how you can install them in minutes.
But the real reason Hedlund -Martin
specifies high-tensile, smooth-finish
Allied FloCoat* tubing is because it
stands up to all the abuse your cows can
dish out. Which means you won’t have
to replace it as often as other brands.
That saves you time. And it saves you
money. It's that simple.
(Continued trom Page Al)
-Feeder pig regulations.
-Is forced depopulation to be
During the moratorium period,
other PRV regulations will remain
in effect, including quarantine and
the need for permits to ship hogs
from positive herds to market. But
during the period, existing
or future owners of PRV herds will
not have to proceed with
depopulation under the previous
eight-month time limit set by the
Committee work is expected to
begin immediately. The work
group includes veterinary, BAI,
Pork Council, packer, auction and
other livestock representatives.
It is hoped that a public session
to review the draft might yet be
scheduled before Christmas.
At Wednesday’s session, Dr.
Lawrence J. Hutchinson, Penn
State Extension veterinarian,
presented a letter outlining several
considerations for a PRV program
aimed at eradication:
These include:
--Strictly enforce current
regulations on importation and
movement of breeding swine.
-Initiate surveillance of im
ported feeder pigs, possibly 10
percent of each lot of feeders with
a minimum of 10 and maximum of
50 being tested.
-ID regulations be maintained
and enforced.
-Tighten and enforce bio
security, particularly at auctions
and packing houses.
-Payment of indemnity for
breeding stock be considered and
be available only to herd owner
participating in a BAI-approved
eradication plan.
-Use of killed PRV vaccine be
considered in PRV-positive herds
on a BAI-approved eradication
plan. To be used only in herds with
serious disease problems and only
in the early stages of eradication.
BAI would control vaccine
availability and use. It would be
administered only by accredited
veterinarians and all vaccinated
animals be identified as PRV
Concerning indemnity, the letter
cited a suggestion for indemnities
to be funded under a plan of
assessments from the agricultural
industry and possibly funds from
the state.
A number of these and other
PRV concerns were discussed at
Wednesday’s meeting, which led
up to the compromise
The action by the BAI in
establishing a moratorium until
May 1 specifically applies to the
requirement of submitting an
eradication plan when applying for
a permit to send hogs to market. A
hold until May 1 will be placed on
the plan requirement, which in
effect places a moratorium on
depopulation, the main objective
sought by the Pork Producers. The
State also extended the
moratorium period until May 1,
beyond the 90-day request of the
producers, thus giving more time
to work out the alternative
Attending Wednesday’s session
were John H. Henkel, of the Pa.
Pork Producers Council, who
chaired the session; Kathy Hoh
mann, of Hog Farm Management
Magazine, as observer; C. Eugene
Wingert, PDA and Pork
Producers; Terry Sheets, State
representative and swine
producer; Warren Lamm, House
Ag Committee; Sheila Miller,
Senate Ag Cemmittee; John
Hurtgen, Animal Health Advisory
Board; Karl Brown, PFA; Ronald
E. Shaffer, Pa. Grange.
Ray S. Lehr, Permfield Corp.;
Max Smiith, Pa. Livestock Assn.;
Dick Anglestein, Lancaster
Farming, as observer; Les Bur
dette, Penn State; Dr. Larry
Hutchinson, Penn State; Mark
Nestleroth, Lancaster County
Swine Producers; Jim DeGaetano,
Pa. Livestock Auction
Association; J. Clyde Brubaker,
Pa. Sheep Producers.
Hedlund/Martin, Inc.
841 Kutztown Road,
Myerstown, PA 17067
(717) 933-4151
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