Newspaper Page Text
Al6—Lancaster Farming, Saturday, June 23,1984
Penn State Agronomy Field Day
(Continued from Page Al)
pastures contained 53 percent
more alfalfa plants than or
chardgrass pastures after twe
years of grazing,” Bosworth said.
Ryegrass mixtures are a little
And they adapt to intense
frequent cuttings - 4 to 5 a year.
But what about disadvantages:
Ryegrass is not as winter
hardy as orchardgrass, but ac
ceptable for Pa.
And, when the ryegrass is
higher in proportion to the alfalfa
in the mixture, it doesn’t clip as
Presently in the early stages of
the research, Penn State is
recommending a seeding rate of 10
lbs. of alfalfa with 10 lbs. of
ryegrass to the acre.
But tests currently in progress
hope to fine-tune the seeding rate
more closely with the particular
variety of ryegrass being used.
The Penn State plots currently
include four varieties of ryegrass -
Reveille, Taptoe, Bastion and
Citadel - in 6, 12 and 18-pound
seeding rates with alfalfa in rates
of 3,6, and 12 pounds to the acre.
“In a couple of years, we hope to
have better data on seeding rates
based on the growth habits of the
various varieties of ryegrass,”
Both the cutting and fertilization
management for the alfalfa
ryegrass mistures are geared to
the alfalfa. For example, if more
cuttings are made, 4-5, it’s better
now to use Grimaldi ryegrass; but
if the first cutting is made at bloom
stage and less frequent cuttings
are made, it is better to stick to
Ryegrass mixtures are an ex
cellent pasture mix, very
palatible, and is the favorite
grazing in places like Europe and
The ryegrass doesn’t take over a
Sid Bosworth examines alfalfa-ryegrass plots at Field Day
at Penn State.
stand as readily as orchard-grass
and a seven-year-old stand - while
showing signs that other grasses
were moving in, did not show the
takeover that orchardgrass would
The ryegrass studies are being
done at Penn State by G.A. Jung of
the USDA Pasture Research Lab.
And, in other forage news:
A new Reed Canarygrass is
under development which is low in
In tall fescue, a new variety is
under development with low tissue
fungus levels, which has been a
problem affecting summer
quality. It would be a certified
fungus-free variety and could not
be transmitted since the fungus is
“Thus far, we’ve not been able to
re-mfect clean plants,” explained
Anthracnose is the main
disease at which Penn State Red
clover breeding efforts are being
directed. Breeding trials are being
directed at both the Northern and
Southern types and it doesn’t hurt
to use varieties resistant to both -
no matter where you plant in the
state. Seven varieties of Red
Clover are now listed in the
Agronomy Guide and next year the
list will likely be updated to about
While there are resistant
alfalfa varieties, all of them - if
inoculated in the lab - will not
show signs of the disease but will
carry the fungus. The Penn State
research hunt is being con
centrated on plants that don’t
support the fungus, but so far the
hunt has been discouraging.
But never disregard Verticillium
Wilt in picking an alfalfa variety.
Also, look for resistance to An
thracnose, Fusarium Wilt and
Tye s big 120 planting width and narrow
transportable design make it a whole lot
easier (or a small tractor to perform large
Tye s 10 No Till Drill is equipped with the
same performance proven planting system
that is standard on Tye Stubble Drill'" and
Pasture Pleaser* models
I. Heavy duty spring swivel coulters
2. Internally fluted seeders 3. Front seed
delivery double-disc openers and 4. Press
depth control wheels
The present important need in
disease research for alfalfa is a
better lab test that reflects more
exactly what happens in the field.
“Our current thinking con
cerning weed control in alfalfa,”
according to Nathan Hartwig,” is
like that for com and soybeans - an
annual treatment (except first
year) that controls the weeds
coming right from seed.
Hartwig also favors the lowest
labeled application rates for
herbicides like Sinbar and Velpar
because the higher rates can cause
A new herbicide - Fusilade - is
not yet labeled for alfalfa, but
looks like it will take out the
grasses and not harm the alfalfa. It
may be labeled in the next couple
of years. But it doesn’t affect
dandelion and other dicods. It
could be used pre-emergence to
take the annual grasses out of a no
till alfalfa seeding.
The Brassicas - designed to
provide late summer and fall
pasture - like nitrogen, according
to Penn State research, and about
75 lbs. to the acre gets them off to a
good start and helps suppress
Also, the best method for
Brassica establishment is no-till
sod-seeding. It reduces erosion,
permits grazing under all kinds of
weather conditions and reduces
loss due to flea beetles.
Corn production also was in
cluded in the field day program.
One of the major areas of study
over the past four years has
cerjtered on manure management
The study, which includes the
1981 through 1983 harvests, shows a
definite advantage for in
corporating the manure. In
corporation by disc or injection
showed yield advantages of 12 to 30
bushels an acre over non
But no appreciable difference
was noted in either fall or spring
application if both were in
Compaction was also studied in
the tests involving liquid dairy
manure. The tractor, spreader and
manure weighed a total of 23 tons
and no yield loss was noted due to
In weed control, no difference
was found between herbicide
application before or after
manuring. A longer look will be
taken at this phase of the study to
determine if weeds are due to the
manure being applied or due to the
mg and features similar to the pop. ye
Pasture Pleaser* The convenient 120 plant
ing width complements the Tye No Till line of
80 Pasture Pleasers and the 160 Stubble
Drills Options include * Choice of coulter
blades ♦ Wide variety of press/depth con
trol wheels and ■* Legume bluestem and
continuous growing of com.
Another phase of the study
showed the value of manure
analysis. Good data can be gotten
from analysis of liquid manure
that is well agitated. Analysis
permits better manure
management and prevents high
nutrient buildups in soils. These
studies will also provide better
averages that will help other
farmers throughout the state in
evaluating the value of their
Tuesday, June 19
Report supplied by auction
CATTLE: Steers: Mostly
Holsteins, Medium to Good 49.50-
56.25. Heifers: Medium 48.00-53.50.
Cows: 1.00 lower. High Yield 44.00
45.85; Average 40.00-44.00; Big
Middle 38.00-43.00; Shelly 37.00
down. Fat Bulls; Good 52.00-55.00;
FEEDER CATTLE: Steers (300
550 lb.)- Few dairy type 41.00-49.00.
Steers (600-850 lb.)- Few Medium
Holsteins 46.00-51.00. Heifers (all
weights) Good run; steady. Choice
55.00-57.00; Good 50.40-55.00;
Medium 38.0049.00. Bulls (all
weights)- Few Medium 45.0049.00.
VEAL CALVES: Choice 80.00
95.00; Good 65.00-80.00; Medium
50.00-65.00; Light/weak 50.00-
down. Farm Bulls- 85.00-100.00.
HOGS; Barrows & Gilts strong
demand, very active. 210-250 lbs.
52.60-53.25; over 260 lb. 49.75-52.00.
SOWS: Steady to .50 lower. Over
450 lb. 37.5042.10; under 450 37.50
44.75. Boars Heavy 35.25-35.75;
FEEDER PIGS (by the hd): 2.00
higher; (20-25 lbs. 20.00-24.00 hd)
(3040 lbs. 25.00-36.00 hd) (47-55 lbs.
31.00-39.00). Shoats (by the lb.) to
SHEEP: Lambs- Individual
100.00 (large run) Choice 63.00
74.00; Good 57.0063.00; Medium
55.00 down. Ewes-16.0022.00 lb.
GOATS: (Lg) 29.0038.00 (hd);
Sm./Med. 8.0027.00 (hd); Family
Sale every Tues. evening 7:00
Thursday, June 21
Report supplied by PDA
CATTLE: 282. Compared with
last Thursday’s market: SI. cows
1.50-2.50 lower; few Choice 1200-
1480 lbs. 57.60-60.85, Good 54.75-
57.85 few to 61.50; few Good and
choice Holsteins 1200-1500 lbs.
52.85-57.85; few Standard 47.00-
55.00; few Utility and low Stan
dard 42.25-46.00. SI. heifers: few
Choice 58.75-60.60; few Good 48.35-
30.25; few Standard 42.00-49.00; SI.
cows: Breaking Utility & Com
mercial 42.10-45.35 few to 47.25 low
dressing 36.00-41.60; Cutter and
Boning Utility 38.60-43.60; Canner
& L. Cutter 36.85-39.60; Shells down
to 29.50. SI. bullocks: few Standard
45.50-47.85; SI. bulls: Yield Grade
Vo. 1, 1260-1900 lbs. 48.00-55.75
Individual at 60.85.
FEEDER CATTLE: Steers, few
Medium Frame No. 1, 450-750 lbs.
'2.00-63.00. Heifers, few Medium
'■’rame No. 1, 400-600 lbs. 38.00
CALVES: 460. Vealers 3.006.00
lower. Few Choice 64.0068.00; few
Good 52.0060.00, Standard & Good
90-115 lbs. 53.0058.50; 7090 lbs.
46.0054.00; Utility 90120 lbs. 41.00
50.00; 5065 lbs. 30.00-45.00.
FARM CALVES: Active Hoi.
Bulls 85-135 lbs. 80.00-103.00, some
down to 57.00; Hoi. Heifers 90-110
lbs. 59.0064.00 Beef cross calves
80225 lbs. 57.0072.00, individual at
HOGS: 19. No. 1-3 220-230 lbs.
52.75-53.35. Sows few US No. 1-3
350-450 lbs. 38.00-41.50.
FEEDER PIGS: 7. 1 lot of US
No. 1-3 40 at 29.00.
SHEEP: 32 few Choice 50.00-
70.00. Spring si. lambs 57.00-59.00.
Stock Ewes: 1 lot 19.50 per hundred
GOATS; 8.15.00-34.00 per head.
Monday, June 18
D uncans ville, Pa.
Report supplied by auction
SLAUGHTER CATTLE: Steers-
Choice 64.00-66.50; Good 58.00-
64.00; Standard 50.00-58.00; Utility
42.00- Heifers- Choice 64.00-
66.40; Good 56.0064.00; Standard
48.00- Utility 40.00-48.00.
Cows- Choice 48.00-50.00, few to
55.00; Good 44.00-48.00; Standard
42.00- Utility 40.00-42.00;
Cutters 38.00-40.00; Canners down
to 36.00. Bulls 1200-2260 lbs. 44.00-
58.10; 900-1100 lbs. 42.00-52.00.
FEEDER CATTLE: Steers-
Choice 300-600 lbs. 50.00-60.00.
Heifers- Choice 300-600 lbs. 46.00-
CALVES; Vealers- Prime and
High Choice 75.00-90.00; Good and
Choice 60.00-75.00; Standard 45.00-
60.00; Utility down to 35.00. Farm
Calves- Holstein bulls 90-120 lbs.
75.00- Heifers 90-120 lbs.
HOGS: Barrows and Gilts 210-
250 lbs. 49.50-53.60; 170-300 lbs.
45.00- Sows 300650 lbs. 40.00-
FEEDER PIGS: 25-35 lbs. 22.00-
32.00 per head; 35-50 lbs. 32.00-
SHEEP; Slaughter lambs 70-90
lbs. 50.00-66.00; Ewes 12.00-32.00.
"For your nearest dealer, please contact —" '
HAMILTON EQUIPMENT, INC.
567 South Reading Road
P 0. Box 478, Ephrata, PA 17522