Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, June 04, 1977, Image 130

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    — Lancaster Farming, Saturday; June 4, 1977
Red Holsteins
[Continued from Pace 128]
black and whites in the Capp
herd and were outdone by
only one black and white.
Although Bill, Jr., may
have his father’s name, he
shares his mother’s fondness
for the odd-colored
“Billy’s-aim is to have a
herd of all red and whites,”
states Mrs. Capp with pride.
He’s already on his way
with nine red and whites
which he purchased himself.
Billy has bought most of his
animals at red and white
sales for about $6OO - $7OO a
piece for a yearling heifer.
He’s been forced to buy his
hiefers because his animals
have been producing more
bulls then heifer calves at a
ratio of four to one. Out of his
five heifer calves that were
born on the farm, two died,
leaving him three to raise.
His sisters, Donna, 16, and
Debbie, 14, have been
Donna, who is a member of
the Lower Dauphin chpater
of the Future Farmers of
America, has fared the best.
Her animals kept having
heifer calves, and at present,
she has a total of 10 dairy
animals, six of which are red
and white, and the
remainder black and white.
But don’t let that number
fool you, though, Donna just
sold two animals to buy
herself a 1970 Maverick, with
sortie money left over, to
“Before this I bad another
that ohly took one Holstein to
buy,” she says with a big
grin. Her philosophy for the
future is to just keeping
raising heifers because they
are good investments.
Her younger sister Debbie
has the same philosophy. At
present Debbie has five red
and whites (three cows, and
two heifers), and four black
and whites.
As soon as she is old
enough to drive, she’s going
to follow the same route as
her sister did.
How did the children get so
involved in raising dairy
“When they were two
years old, we bought each
one a heifer calf instead of an
insurance policy,” Elsie
Capp says. “And, that’s the
last we bought them any
animals - they’ve taken all
responsibilities from there.”
The children grew up
loving the animals and
working with them, so there
was a natural inclination to
build up a herd.
“And, now the girls are in
FFA and have red and
whites as projects.” Mrs.
Capp points out, “So, they’ve
just kept interested.
This is the first year for
both Donna and Debbie to be
members of FFA, and they
love it.
And, while Billy wasn’t old
enough to be in FFA this
year, be “can’t wait” to take
part, according to his
When you add up the total
of Billy, Donna, and Debbie’s
red and whites, you’ll find
that 20 of the 52 in the herd
are theirs.
So, with three children and
a wife favoring the red and
whites, William Capp is
slowly giving in and swaying
toward the side of the red
and white lovers.
At present the Capps are
breeding all their heifers
with their two red and white
bulls, and have many
animals in the herd that are
red factor carriers.
Eventually? they may have
an all red and white herd.
“At first I wasn’t for the
red and whites, but now I like
them too,” says William Sr.
The only problem he sees
with the red bloodlines is
that the sire selection is
more limited than with the
well established black and
William Capp does all the
artificial breeding for the
herd, having taken an AI
course with Curtiss.
And, this year, for the first
time, the Capps have
decided to consign three of
their animals to the National
Red and White Show and
Sale at Elkhom, Wisconsin,
on September 3 through 5.
“Buyers get upset with
Mom,” pointed out Donna,
“because she never wants to
In defense of herself, Mrs.
Capp acknowledges that she
is a little “strong-willed”
when it comes to selling her
animals, but, “they always
want to buy the kids’ pets or
our best animals, and we
need them because we’re
still building up a herd.”
But, this year, she decided
to consign a second-calf
Even though they’re not
Elwill’s best animals, it is
going to be hard for the
Capps to part with some of
their red and whites.
But, there will be others to
take their places, and the
Capps know'it.
I *
Federal milk orders explained
farmers do not march to the
tune of the federal
government. However, the
milk they produce is
controlled by state law,
federal marketing orders, or
About 80 per cent of the
milk produced in the United
States for drinking purposes
is marketed through 61
Federal Milk Marketing
Orders throughout the
A “federal order” is a
regulation issued by the
Secretary of Agriculture on
the handling of milk. It
operates locally under a
market administrator
appointed by the secretary.
the Federal Milk
Marketing Order requires
that dairy farmers regularly
supplying the market oy
paid set minimum prices for
their milk. These payments
for milk but be pooled and
paid on the basis of the
established uniform price.
Milk handlers are the only
ones regulated by the orders.
Dairy farmers may produce
and sell any amount of milk.
As long as they can find a
handler to purchase the
milk, farmers "are entitled to
the order’s benefits.
As early as 1900, erratic
and widely fluctuating prices
had become a serious and
characteristic problem of
fluid milk marketer.
Following World War I,
many farmers ' -formed
cooperatives in an effort to
stabilize prices through
collective bargaining with
But these bargaining
► arrangements frequently
were distrupted by a
minority of dairy farmers
and dealers who continued to
trade in milk without regard
to the bargaining
When the depression of the
early 1930’s broke down most
bargaining arrangements
and caused farm milk prices
to collapse, farmers turned
to the government for hehlp.
Local and state regulatory
agencies were established
throughout the country and
were effective in stabilizing
prices. But only Federal
authority had sufficient
scope to regulate markets
where part of the milk
entered into interstate
The Federal orders of
today are based on the
Agricultural Marketing
Agreement Act of 1937,
which sets out in detail the
authority granted earlier-
Federal orders bloster
market conditions with a
legal framwork of rules and
procedures on which orderly
marketing activities can be
based to the benefit of all
parties concerned.
Federal orders seek to
stabilize market conditions
and do away with those
particular characteristics of
unregulated markets which
are hbth harmful and
unnecessary. These rules
and procedures serve to:
1. Give farmers, milk
handlers, and the public an
active voice in determining
minimum farm milk prices
through a procedure of
public hearing.
2. Establish minimum farm
milk prices that:
a.) assure farmers as much
for their milk as general
The Profit/Center features the Supreme
Flying Dutchman Unloader.
The Profit/Center is a reinforced, poured
concrete structure.
For simple servicing, if needed, the
Profit/Center features a 7 ft. walk-in tunnel.
All controls are out of the weather. The
tunnel is vyell lighted and contains an
access door to the unloader.
The Profit/Center calls for no more climbing
to open the filling hatch. It features its own
E-Z filling system.
This new system was created to meet
TODAY'S farming needs speed, ef
ficiency, economy, and low maintenance
The Profit/Center System is constructed and
maintained by Sollenberger Silos Inc. The
people who have been constructing poured
concrete silos for 50 years.
Chambersburg, PA 17201
(717) 264-9588
I Name.
| Address
I State.
I Phom
supply and dem» M
conditions in the
warrant and; q
b.) assure the market ot
adequate supplies of nuiv
3. Provide for the order],
marketing of surplus milk
a.) a pricing method
on the uses in which rmiu
sold, and
b.)a payment method bv
which farmers are assured
uniform prices for the milk
they deliver to the
to individual dealers m th»
market. '
4. Reduce the danger of
unwarranted and harmful
fluctuation of prices paid to
5. Assure farmers of
accurate weighing, testing,
classification, and
accounting for milk.
6. Make available
information on the handling
of milk in the marketing
area so as to enable
interested parties to
evaluate the market