Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, July 12, 1975, Image 67

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    With burning regulations
becoming more stringent
every year, farmers and
ranchers find it Increasingly
difficult to dispose of straws.
Incorporating straw into the
soil Is not feasible In many
cases; burning it causes air
pollution, and wastes a
potentially usable
byproduct.
Straw is the world's
largest source of
agricultural carbohydrate;
for every pound of grain
produced, about one pound of
straw is produced and must
be disposed of. One approach
toward disposal is feeding
straw to livestock, a method
of limited value, until
recently.
Historically, rice, wheat,
and barley straws, and com
cobs, make poor feedstuffs
because lignin, silica, or a
combination of the two, so
encrust the energy-rich
carbohydrates, cellulose and
hemicellulose, that the
microbes in ruminant
animal’s stomachs cannot
break them down to release
energy. The answer to this
problem is some treatment
that opens up the fibers
enough to permit increased
digestion to occur in the
animal’s rumen.
As early as 1965, resear-
WRNRESIER-SUMER YEARLING SALE
FARMERS LIVESTOCK EXCHANGE, INC. WINCHESTER, VA.
FRIDAY EVENING, IDLY 25,1975
7:30 P.M.
1500 STEERS AND HEIFERS
State Sponsored-Graded-Uniform Lots
- - All Beef Breeds*
Weight: 500 to 1000 tbs. Dehorned
MORRIS FANNON, AUCTIONEER
P.T. McINTIRE, SALE MANAGER
Write or Phone.
703/662-2946 - office 703/837-1254 - home
NORTHERN VIRGINIA LIVESTOCK, UK.
Box 440 Winchester, VA 22601
REGISTERED HOLSTEIN
HEIFER SALE
52 HEAD
IHURS. EVE., JULY 24,1975
7:45 P.M.
Located one mile East of Turbotville, Northumberland Co., 25 miles
Southeast of Williamsport. 12 miles Northwest of Danville, just off Rt.
54. Follow Auction Arrows.
31 REGISTERED - (21 quality Grades)
35 head due July, Aug., Sept., remainder through
fall.
Featuring Paclamar Bootmaker, (Ex GM), dtr., her
dam w-20,940m 914 f 4.3 percent 337 d; Hilltop Apollo
Ivamhoe <VG GM) dtr., her dam 336 d 17,887 m 711 f, 42
percent. Several dams w-15,000 to over 18,000 m.
Mostly A.I. sired including the following popular
Sires: Whirlhill Kingpin VG PQ; Penstate Ivanhoe
Star VG GM; W. President Vernon Ex GM; H. Lucky
Typeblazer Ex GM; Paclamar Triune Jethro Ex GM;
Citation R Maple Ex GM; Hartsbrook Ivanhoe Ken
Ex; Polytechnic Imperial Knight Ex GM; Collins-
Crest Paclamar Seven J VG; Fleetridge Monitor Ex
GM.
Pregnancy Examined, Health Charts, Catalogs.
Your inspection is invited anytime. Well cared for,
fine group of heifers from popular bloodlines.
Must be seen to be appreciated.
lewis D. Brown,
Turbotville, Owner
Oilier and Kreider
Aucts. and Pedigrees
2112 South View Road
Lancaster, PA
717-464-2233
LUNCH
Prospects Brighten
For Feeding Straw
chars at the Western
Regional Research Center of
USDA's Agricultural
Research Service at
Berkeley, Calif., were
looking for ways to treat
straw and similar materials
to Increase their usefulness
in feeds for cattle and sheep.
Now, ARS chemists George
0. Kohler, Howard G.
Walker, and Anthony C.
Waiss, who experimented
with many combinations of
chemical and physical
treatments, have selected
two processing systems as
the most promising. Large
scale preparation of treated
straw in quantities sufficient
for animal feeding trials
resulted from pilot scale
processing studies of the two
systems conducted by
engineers Robert P. Graham
and Marcus R. Hart.
In one system, ground
straw is treated with sodium
hydroxide (NaOH). The
NaOH is sprayed on the
straw as a 30 to 50 percent
solution so that about 4
pounds are applied per 100
pounds of straw. This
mixture is then either
pelleted in a mill, or put
through a screw extruder -
much like a meat grinder -
designed by the Center’s
engineers. Both the pelleted
and extruded forms of this
product are reasonably
dense, facilitating handling
and transportation. The
products are fairly dry -11 to
18 percent moisture - and,
therefore, do not require
costly dehydration for safe
storage.
The second processing
system involves soaking
baled straw with a 20 to 25
percent solution of ammonia
in water so that each 100
pounds of straw is treated
with about 5 pounds of
ammonia. Stacks of treated
bales are enclosed in plastic
sheeting and allowed to
stand at least 30 days before
dehydration. The “stacks”
are vented, and excess
ammonia is safely trapped to
prevent air pollution.
In a preliminary 63-day
trial, sheep which were fed
rice straw treated by these
methods gained about 1-3
pound per day or ap
proximately SO percent more
than those fed untreated
straw. This compares
favorably with alfalfa-fed
sheep. The treated ration
contained 72 percent straw,
10 percent alfalfa hay, 6
percent barley, 9.8 percent
cottonseed meal, 1 percent
urea, and small amounts of
dicalcium phosphate, trace
mineral salt, and vitamin A.
This trial was conducted in
cooperation with Dr. William
Garrett at the University of
California, Davis.
More recently, a 56-day
beef cattle feeding trial was
carried out at Davis. In this
experiment, the cattle
gained over 3 pounds per day
on a ration containing up to
60 percent treated dee or
barley straw. “We are very
encouraged by the results
we’re getting,” says Dr.
Walker. “Our next step is a
40 HEIFER AUCTION 40
FMUY HIE, HUB
at 7:00 P.M.
In Boro of Factoryville on College Ave., jus.) off Rt. #ll and Rt. #6,
Lackawanna County, a few miles from Rt. #Bl. Arrows!
40 Extra fancy Bagging Holstein Ist Calf Heifers.
These heifers are artificially sired, selected as calves
from the Better Dairies and all bred to a Jersey Bull.
To start freshening the last of July, the majority in
Aug., some in Sept. Size and quality. Interstate Charts.
Terms: Cash or Approved Check.
RAYMOND HAYDUK, JR.,
Owner
Jim Adriance, Auctioneer
Montrose, PA 717-278-1574
Public Sales Register
SAT. JULY 12 9:30 a.m. -
Nichols Estate Auction, De
Alton Nichols Home, Maple
St., Roulette, Pa. off Route 6,
10 miles from Coudersport, 7
miles from Port Allegany. Si
Pepperman, Auctioneer.
SAT. JULY 12 -12:00 Noon.
Public Auction for “G. Byron
Streett” at the ARMORY,
Chestertown, Md. Antiques,
Furnishings, Paintings,
E' ■* i, glass, silver, china,
. Auctioneers: Harry
Rudnick & Sons, Inc.
100-head beef feeding trial at
Davis which will run for
about 150 days. We hope to
get the same results in this
longer trial.”
Dr. Kohler says, “The
increased gains are due to
increased digestibility of
cellulose and increased
consumption of the treated
straw rations. We observed
no animal health problems
with any of the treated straw
rations.
“The project is important
not only because of the
pollution problem that straw
burning causes, but also
because of shortages and
increasing prices of grains.
By replacing grains as much
as possible in cattle and
sheep rations, we should be
able to produce meat
cheaper.
“The world is facing a
shortage of energy and
arable land. This makes it
essential that we make more
efficient use of crops in
which large expenditures of
energy have already been
made. It is especially im
portant that we develop
ruminant feeds from
materials that are un
suitable for human con
sumption,” Dr. Kohler says.
Lancaster Farming, Saturday. July 12.1975
SAT. JULY 12 12:30 p.m. -
Complete Dispersal of 32
Head Holstein Cattle and
Farm Machinery located 4
miles from East Smithfleld,
5 miles from Ulster, 5 miles
from Route 6, N. Towanda on
Saco Road. Watch for
arrtws. Sale by Galen 8c
Susan Finnerty, owners, R 2.
Ulster, Pa. Scott and
Nichols, Auctioneers.
SAT. JULY 12 - 11:30 A.M.
Public Sale of Valuable Real
Estate and Household Items
located at 1003 East Main St,
Akron, Pa., Lancaster Co.
Real Estate to be sold at 1
P.M. Sale by Pedro and
Mirto Melendez, owners;
Diller and Kreider, Auc
tioneers.
SAT. JULY 12 9:00 a.m.
Sharp • Public Sale of An
tiques, Collectables, Per
sonal Property and Farm
Machinery on Route 254, 1
mile West of Rohrsburg, Pa.
35th YORKSHIRE
SWINE SALE
Production Tested - Certified Meat Tested
FRIDAY, AUGUST 22
1 P.M. AT THE FARM
OFFERING 50 BRED GILTS
AND PROVEN SOWS - 100 OPEN GILTS
25 BOARS.
THE SALE WITH THE TEST RECORDS
Our 1974 Big Winner - Grand Champion
$lOOO.OO Keystone International Carcass
Barrow.
1975 begins with big, big, big, and bigger
winners. We had the Grand Champion Carcass,
the Ist light wt; Ist med. wt; Ist H. wt; and
Ist H. wt. pair. All carcass winners at Eastern
National, MD.
CATALOGUES AVAILABLE
Brooks End ond PorKoy Forms
RENO H. THOMAS, Sale Mgr.
Beavertown, PA 17813
Phone 717-658-5821 or 6544 or 7007
GOOD'S & MARTIN'S
PUBLIC SALE
WOLGEMUTH'S
AUCTION BARN
mURS. EVE., JULY 17,1975
at 6:00 P.M.
Located along Valley Road, 4 miles West of Manheim, 1 mile West of
East Fairview Brethren Church. Take Hosier Road to Valley Road.
G.E. apt. size elec, range (used IS mo.); Admiral &
Magnavox color TV’s, RCA AM-FM stereo, Old
Teardrop bedroom suit, single bed, dresser, wardrobe,
wash stand, chest of drawers, porta-crib, play pen,
night stand, Cherry hide-away desk, drop-leaf table,
plank chairs & rocker, 4 blanket and 1 cedar chest,
trunk, sewing cabinet, (50 yrs. old) school teachers
desk, Easel, 8-day and old mantal clocks, single 16 ga.
Ivy Johnson shotgun, egg incubator, old collar box,
stem ware, wine glasses, wash board, old mixing and
punch bowls, Nat. Geographies and maps, kero, lamps,
oval mirror, crocks, jars, steam hair setter, elec,
juicer, ice cream maker, handmade Hungarian looms,
irons, silver butter knife & sugar shell set w-mother of
pearl hands, marbles, childs swim pool, Christmas
decor., old 45 records, wooden barrels, old cigar boxes,
collectables, pots, pans, dishes, and many useful items
not listed.
Lunch available. Sale to begin at 6:00 p.m. Thurs
July 17 at Wolgemuths Auction Barn.
C. H. WOLGEMUTH
Sale Manager
Phone 717-665-5664
on Greenwood Rd. Sale (or
the Estate of William H,
Evans, Doyle Evans,
Executor; Eugene A. and
Gele L. Derr, Auctioneers.
TUBS. JULY 16 - 6 P.M.
Public Auction of Furniture,
Glassware, Appliances, etc.
at the Farmersville Auction
located at Farmersville, 3
miles East of Brownstowr>,
Lancaster Co. Sale by oohn
J. Rutt; Richard Murray,
Auctioneer.
Stars, five miles northwest
of Liveroool, located in
Juniata county. Terms by
John S. Kurtz; Lester 0.
Weaver, Auctioneer.
TUES. JULY 15 - Bragdon’s
Furniture Auction, Rt. 77,
Monroeville, N.J., one hour
from Lancaster, Penna.
Selling outside 4 p.m., inside
at 6 p.m. Consignments
accepted daily, 9 a.m. til 9
p.m.
I Continued on P ate 6l|
Held at
67