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Fflcts Relating To l n f creasea - Between 1937-59 and May 1969, prices of food ,
TLn A J TL A * ol ' use at; * lol^ e increased 20 percent. During the same Milk Fever In Cows
IHO r armor Anti iHA LAnCIHIMy petlod ■consumers paid 43 percent more for services. 24 percent kA~ R- er • *. j
■ ■■l# lUiaiici ntlU | III; vumuflior moie for transportation, 54 percent more for medical care andlB M °y Be Eliminated
Tho TT cf . • , percent more for commodities other than food ’ T , , ...
_ „ e U-S. faimei is producing o\er 20 percent more products Food prices have risen onlv two-thirds as much as all other ■ ™ ie e ‘ imina tion of feier
•n S percent fewer acres than m 1957-59 Pioauct. consuffler goods m the past 10 ears T he retail cost of a market 111 cows - a major problem in
Output per man-hour on the farm increased 3’ nercent b u skel \u f _ f ° ods m the tost quarter of 1969 was 16 percent dau ’ y farrmng—>will be a practi
between 1957-59 and 1968 peicem above the 1957-o9 average, but the overall consumer price index cal possibility in the near fu
— In 1967, one U.S, farmworker supplied the food and fiber was U P 25 percent. ture, according to a Brigham
needs of 43 persons, compared with 23 in 1957-59 1116 farmer s share of the consumer's dollar varies widely Young University professor.
Crossincomeof U.S, farmers is currentlyaboutSSl billion among products.
‘“S, farm income is about $ l5 billion. Prices farmers out of each dollar s P ent for the product, the farmer gets:
pay £oi goods and services used in production have risen. First Quarter
f„v« 22 ° f pnce ® farmers pay for commodities, interest, 1969 1957-59
rates increased 28 percent from 1957-59 to „. „ , , Cents Cents
mid-1969. This compares with a rise of 17 percent in the see5 eef ’ Choice grade 61 62
' rlfin L C -° nSUI ?1 r p J’ lce index and a 24 Percent increase in ® ultei ’- .••; 72 72
retail prices of food. Eggs, Grade A large 65 64
Changes from 1957-59 in the second quarter of 1969 in Corn flakes 8 10
j important items of farmers* production expenses white 14 16 Cows become paralyzed with
J eed — up 3 percent; Fertilizer down 6 per ‘5 p ,. p , es 39 29 milk fever just after giving
S33S«IT«^il7p U foeKt nt; Motor vehicles - canS S cor„-1!;::;;; .; JJ ttSSSSttP 18 ca T h d
Agriculture is a big employer and purchaser of goods, services Canned peaches 17 18 hfnnH* 6 a n le "£ y of ,^ a f Clt ! m . m£he
equipment. Out of every dollar of realized gross farm income in . Increasing productivity of food marketing workers helps keep of . ,m ? iediate in i ect ‘° n
1998, about 71 cents went for production expenses. food costs down. °} calcium often relieves the
—ln 1968, farm production expenses totaled nearly $36 billion Despite the large increases in volume of food and services. s,tua tion.
compared with 535 billion in 1967 and $25 billion in 1957- the number of food marketing workers has not risen signifi- rnw „ hav . . , n - . . ,
59. Important items of expense in 1967 included: cantly in the last 10 years. nave a 305-day lactation
10K « KO Hourly earnings of food marketing employees went up ai milking—-period each year
niirfVia=Ps }'. "«! from $1.82 in 1957-59 to $2.67 in 1988, an increase of 47 per- a f ld a6O da y dry period immedi-
Pronertv taxes i q o n cent However, increased productivity kept the rise in labor ately preceding calving. Dr.
Interest nairi i i kui!®? „ „ £?},. costs per unit of product marketed to about 27 percent. Gardner’s tests showed that a
Fertilizer i i “S Consumer income has risen faster than food expenditures 2.3:1 ratio of caldum-phosohor-
Hifed labor' 2.8 billion 2 9 billion “S" 6 * for other Purchases. Between 1957-59 and us in the total diet during the
Depreciation on motor vehicles the half of 1968, o:n a per peison basis. dry period will prevent milk
and equipment .. . .. 2.9 billion 4.1 billion _ Food expeS percent f T n ® oth a narrower and
Si" food and fiber produced b y farmers P lovides - Income Mess 1 percent. rowin’ n 3 ay P redispoae
a hour 5 mijiinn wnri»>re „„ „ ....... Consumers’ food expenditures and farmers’ returns from food ow to fevei.
farm-food products k assem ble, process and distribute pro ducts take declining shares of consume! income. “If given free access to pala
— Workers rlmge from laborers to professional people and “ gJSe^rSSSiffaSS S* ph « rph ° rUS supplemen ‘<
executives milk truck drivers, processors, plant workers, £ t “®immediate 1 “ f he , co , ws have a partial abilit y
warehousemen, supermarket checkers, restaurant waitress- CostofSinn in°oods anrt leivic P rro^«!5 P qni ast vear Between to balance their mineral in
—ln 1Q67 m |25 to June 1968 and May d 969 > the cost o£ $ lOO “basket” o/all goods and £ak ®:” ® aid D >‘- Gardner “They
l oihoi n Cs s ehmfn na^nr l lih L bfn ^ t|^ o n a n t H services bought by consumers rose by an average of $5.90. Food P aitic ularly relish a combma
m°le th3n ,n 1957 ' 59 and 103 : Housing $2.35; Apparel and upkeep $.73; Transportation tlon of 60 per cent monocalcium
Dimon more man m i 951) $.58; Helth and recreation $1.21 $5.90 total. and 40 per cent dicalcium phos-
The F ar mers Contribution: An abundance of quality food at Higher marketing costs were also part of the increase in food phate mix.”
reasonable cost. Farmers have responded to consumer denumd with expenditures. In 1968, consumers spent $89.5 billion for food pro- Durino hiK ovno nim. n i n
a 3,2 percent per capita increase in production of preferred foods duc ts that originated on U.S. farms. Of this total, farmers got $28,9 r „ IT* " s n , c „ V £ t%
«nce 1957-59. bUlion: $60.6 billion went for marketing services. ” ardn v ei al f f i °. investigated the
Among the livestock products, poultry and beef show large —Of the $28.7 billion increase in farm food expenditures " .° y requirement of cows
gains. since 1957-59, $8 billion —2B percent went to farmers, curing the dry period. One
Vegetable oils, potatoes, processed fruits and vegetables Of the $46.1 billion rise since 1947-49, $lO billion about group of cows was fed only 13
made the largest gains among crops. 22 percent went to the farmers. Per cent above their actual
Food prices at retail, like prices of goods and services general- When the consumer spends a dollar on food at the grocery maintenance requirements be-
. store, he is buying 40 cents worth of products and 60 cents worth fore calving, while another
lof marketing service. Farmers received an average of 40 cents of group was fed 70 per cent more
each dollar consumers spend at retail for U.S. farm product food as i s curren ti v remmmpna.s
in January-March 1969, nearly the same as in 1957-59, but 10 cents f eeding standard* n. d fl,,-j
less than in 1947-49. The farmer’s share depends both on the there wnn
prices he receives for his products and the costs of marketing them. ~.s na difference in milk
The more marketing services, the greater the cost. The farmer’s Proaucuon during the ensuing
share of the consumer's dollar is smaller for a highly serviced lactation. Both groups were fed
product such as bread (14 cents) than for an unprocessed product 27 pounds of grain per day dur
such as eggs (65 cents). ing lactation.
As Percentage of Disposable Income Dr. Gardner said feeding less
Total Consumer Farm Value of during the dry period could
Expenditures U.S. farm mean a saving of $l,OOO in feed
for food feed for a 200 cow herd over a on“-
1968 17.2 percent 4.9 percent vear period
1967 17.4 percent 5.0 percent
(Continued on Page 12)
237 Com Picker
raises the speed limit
in high-yield corn
Shift up! Pick at speeds up to 5 mph, even when yields
run well over 100 bushels. Long, tapered gatherers and
high inside shield, funnel stalks right in. Even tangled
stalks seldom escape three roller-type gathering chains.
There’s new gathering and snapping speed. And the
237’s spiral snapping rolls cut shelling loss in half.
Faster elevators with higher flights move corn up fast.
Trash goes too, aided by new rotating trash paddles.
New husking rolls cast-iron spirals against serrated
rubber—peel husks, pull trash through. You pick clean.
See the new 237 soon. Ask about the Credit Plan.
Wenger Implement, Inc.
The Buck 284-4141
B, C. Groff/ Inc. Shofzberaer's
New Holland 334-4191 Elm 665-2141
,rs * ey Landis Bros. Ine.
We.it Chester 696-2990 Lancaster 393-3906
FREE Plastic Bucket
With each 100 lbs.
From now until October 18th we f)
are giving one 12 qt. neavy duty
plastic bucket with each 100 lbs.
of Be-Co-Nurse Calf Milk Replacer
or Be-Co-Vealer. These products
go into suspension easily, stay in
solution. Clean pails show the
calves get all the nutrients. Gains
are rapid and efficient.
H. JACOB HOOBER EARL SAUDER, INC.
GEHMAN FEED BOMBERGER'S
MILL INC. STORE
0. KENNETH I. B. GRAYBILL
McCracken & son
.•* wm v«...
* Offer expires October 13,1969,
Lancaster Farming. Saturday. September fi. 1969—1
Dr Robert W. Gardner, pro
fessor of animal science at
BYU, has been experimenting
to determine the exact amount
of calcium-phosphorus needed
in cattle feed to prevent milk
did you KNOW Tree.?
have two layers of bark the
inner bark which carries food
made in the leaves downward to
cambium and storage cells, and
the outer bark or inactive cells
which provide protection for the
PROTECT YOUR FARM
WITH A PINCOR PTO
TRACTOR DRIVEN ALTERNATOR
• 30,000 watts surge capacity
• 10,000 watts continuous duty
• Slow speed—l Boo RPM
• Cool running triple chain
• Heavy duty motor starting
• Close voltage regulation
• Meets NEMA codes
• Heavy duty construction
• Induction hardened input
• Rain proof construction
• Completely wired control
• Three phase available
2111 Stone Mill Rd.
Lancaster, Pa. 17603
Plu (717) 392-3723