Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, June 22, 1968, Image 14

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    —Lancaster Farming. Saturday. June 22.1968
Egg Breakage Problem
Expected To Increase
In general the egg industry
can expect more problems with
egg breakage this year than oc
curred last year according to
Hermit Birth, Marketing Specia
list at Penn State. The reason
is increased quantity of older
hens in the nation’s laying flock.
As the laying, year progresses
egg size increases which in it
self appears to add to the break
age problem. The problem is
not necessarily one of weak
shells but that of size of eggs.
Eggs from older flocks, primari
ly those in the second year of
lay, usually average larger than
eggs from flocks in their first
year of production.
The size of eggs becomes a
problem in many ways. If egg
production includes a high pro
portion of extra large and jum
bo eggs, packaging problems
are encountered. The eggs are
simply too large for the pack
aging material and as a result
additional breakage occurs.
Handling conditions which did
not result in breakage when
layers started to lay may now
result in breakage of eggs from
older hens. Twisting of a case
may result in breakage because
of the tighteness of the eggs
within the filler-flats. Those
who are keeping layers into the
second year of production must
exercise more care to avoid loss
of income due to egg breakage.
Yes, producers with older flocks
will probably experience more
loss of eggs due to leakers.
An increase in the quantity
of eggs with damaged shells
may take place anywhere be
tween the time eggs are laid un--
til they are used by the consum
er. The extra large and jumbo
sizes are more difficult to re
move from filler-flats with a
vacuum lift because of the vol
ume of eggs. Eggs fit tightly in
the cups of the filler-flat and
are difficult to remove. Second
ly, the eggs tend to bump to
gether as they are lifted out of
the case and placed on the in
feed conveyor. The same hand
ling conditions by the same per
sonnel for eggs from younger
birds usually do not result in as
much breakage as with larger
sized eggs. Not only can size add
to the quantity of eggs which
are broken but it can also slow
down the output of the cleaning
and sizing equipment. By slow
ing down output marketing
costs can be increased. In ex
treme cases, at least with cer
tain types of equipment, eggs
from older layers have been so
Homemakers Prefer
Chicken In Cutup Form
If there is any doubt that
homemakers prefer chicken in
cutup form, that fact came
home to roost to processors in a
survey among nearly 1,000 fami
lies in the'heart of the Eastern
Shore’s broiler country Sus
sex County. Details were re
leased last month by Delmarva
Poultry Industry, Inc, at
Georgetown, Del.
Nearly two-thirds of the 988
homemakers surveyed in 12
communities by high school stu
dents, under professional gui
dance, said they preferred
chicken cut up in some form
rather than whole.
Other findings from the DPI
study Housewives prefer fresh,
ice-packed chicken to frozen by
overwhelming odds; two-thirds
of them believe that chicken is
the least expensive meat to
serve. They respond to price
To the Moon
Over 6,000 pounds of nickel
are contained in each of the five
F-l engines that will propel the
Saturn V rocket to the moon.
close together on the conveyor
spools before going into the
washer that they were almost
touching each other. Then, if
an egg. because of its shape,
turns endwise it might bump or
push other eggs. It couldn’t help
but cause some breakage. Shell
damage could lead to consumer
resistance when purchasing
eggs. All too often, for one rea
son or another, eggs stick to
the carton and are extremely
difficult to remove. In some in
stances it may be impossible to
remove an egg without breaking
the shell. In today’s market,
with the need of increased sales
to move a larger quantity of
eggs, it behooves all in the in
dustry to take the necessary
precautions to insure that eggs
do meet consumer expectations.
The producer who is contem
plating keeping layers the
second year should consider the
income losses because of possi
ble increased egg breakage. In
all probability, more shell dam
age will occur with the older
beds which may offset, at least
in part, increased income due
to the larger eggs. Those who
keep layers for the second year
of lay will need to take extra
precautions, as compared to a
pullet flock in the early months
of production, fo avoid extra
breakage which may reduce in
come from eggs sand cause diffi
culty of processing which can in
turn add to marketing
Take Guesswork
Out Of Spraying
Guesswork is foolish when ap
plying chemical controls for
weeds, insects or diseases, says
Frank E. Boys, agricultural
chemical specialist at the Uni
versity of Delaware.
Costs of improper pesticide ap
plication arc much too high to
risk on a guess. Even on an edu
cated guess. But too many farm
ers who think they know exact
ly how much pesticide they are
using are, in fact, only guessing.
Less than the recommended
herbicide rate can result in less
than satisfactory weed control,
says Boys. And an overdose may
kill or seriously injure an entire
crop. Improper insecticide appli
cation can cause unlawful resi
due which will result in seizure
of a crop by government inspec
Another important considera-,
tion in using pesticides is field
size, he cautions. Estimating the
acreage to be treated increases
the chances of using improper
spray rates.
To eliminate the guesswork
from your spray program, cali
brate spray equipment before
applying pesticides, he advises.
And measure fields and mark
sizes down in a permanent place.
Prevent trouble before it be
gins. Know exactly how much
material your equipment will de
liver when properly calibrated
and toe sure to accurately meas
ure the correct amount of pesti
cide and water 'before spraying.
And always remember to read
and follow label directions ex
Feed Grain Program
Vita! To Poultrymen
Vital to poultrymen is the fu
ture of the federal government's
feed grain program, up for leg
islative action in 1069, according
to George E. Brandow, agricul
tural economist at The Pennsyl
vania State University.
Speaking at the recent annual
meeting of the Pennsylvania
Poultry Federation at Penn
State, >Dr. Brandow said stabil
ity of grain supplies and prices
has become essential to the
growth of specialized egg, poul
try, cattle feeding, and dairy op
In the past, he pointed out,
price support programs built up
large surpluses and, mainly as a
byproduct helped to stabilize
markets. Now that grain sur
pluses have been reduced, the
issue of purposely carrying re
serve grain stocks for stability
is an important part of the 1969
legislative agenda. Dr. Brandow
Blue Ball, Pa., Lancaster County
Load of 36 head outstanding horses and ponies from lowa.
Registered quarter and Arabian horses. Jumpers, Prospects,
Harness and Consigned horses. Tack at 6 PM. Horses at
7 P.M.
Ph. (717) 354-6671
Thursday, June 27th, 7:30 P.M. 1
At the Ass’n. Sales Pavilion, Lancaster, Pa.
About 60 HEAD including 4 service age bulls.
The vast majority will be fresh or due shortly,.which
should appeal to those who plan to increase their fall pi educ
tion or strengthen their base.
The selections come from 23 different consignors in Pa.,
Conn., N.J., and Maryland. We concentrated in selecting heif
ers of good size and conformation; dams with high records and
cows which have a real future.
Three Surge Milking Units*will be sold prior to cattle
sale. Don’t miss this opportunity to fill your stalls with money
P. 0. BOX 458 Camp Hill, Pa. 17011
Location, on the former Warren Hershey farm,, just north of Kt.
■340, ZVz miles east of Intercourse, 12 miles east of Lancaster, 7
miles west of Kt. 10 on Ked Well Drive, Lancaster County, Pa.
FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1968 12:30 P.M.
30 day tested, ready for out of state shipment. Fresh and close
springing; over Vz are 2 year olds.
• Star Man dtr., 2 year old milking 68 lbs. a day,
• (4) Milk and Honey Ivanhoe dtrs. with dams records
from 16,000 m. to 17,944 m.
• Flashy Boy dtr. with 2 yr. record of over 15,000 m.
• Beautiful dtr. of Pineyhill Maximilian, her full sister made
17,000 m. as a 2 year old and the dam over 23,000 m.
• Outstanding Whirlhill Kingpin dtr. bred to Galaxy from a
dam with record of 15,972 m., 3.6%, 316 da. as a 3 year old.
• (3) top heifers from Pecoradale Farms, (2) are by Maview
Maxim Royalist, their dams average 19,000 m., 628 f.
• (2) close heifers from Leroy Beiler, Lancaster, Pa. (1) a
Sevens Burke Skylark dtr. from a dam with 4 records
from 15,409 m. to 16,444 m. The other a Whirlhili Kingpin
• (7) Osborndale Ivanhoes, (5) are 4 year olds, with
records to over 17,000 milk.
• A Cloverbrook Prince dtr. from a dam with 18,732 m., 2 year
old Rockman dtr., ( Z ) Expectation dtrs., their dams With np
to 700 f. (2) Tidy Burke Jerry dtrs. with over 600 f. >
Included are several milky grade and Commercial cows. '
Write Carl Diller, 1101 Beaver Valley Pike, Lancaster, Pa. for
Cattle may he seen June 26 or after, be sure to inspect this out
standing group.
Aucts. and Sales Mgrs.
Carl Diller and J. Everett Kreider
Lunch Available
sold poultrymcn have a stake in
this issue and in the provisions
of any reserve plan enacted.
One option is to continue the
feed grain program about as it
is. In recent years, potential
production has been reduced by
making payments to growers to
cut acreage. Grain prices are
well below those of the early
1950’s but are higher than would
be expected without a program.
Exports are large and virtually
without subsidy. Acreage pay
ments, however, have cost the
government roughly 1 billion
dollars annually.
Failure to extend the feed
giain program would leave leg
islation on the books under
which the Secretary of Agricul
ture would be required to sup
port prices within a range of
roughly 80 cents per bushel to
$1.50 per bushel for corn.
Selections by
Elverson, Pa.